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a place, he was sent some years ago to M. Devaux, from the Council of State; India, on the part of the Garden of Plants, and M. Pariset, from the Academy of Meto enlarge the botanical collection of thai dicine, who each spoke of M. Cuvier's noble institution.

supereminent merit in his own peculiar In the zealous discharge of this inte. department. resting mission, M. de Vancel fell a victim The great anxiety of M. Cuvier, immeto the climate, after reaping and sending diately before his death, was to live long home a plentiful harvest of all that was enough to complete the work on which he rare and curious in the vegetable world. has some time been engaged—the Natural His only other surviving relative is Malle. History of Fishes-nine volumes of which Vancel, daughter of Mad. Cuvier, aud as have already passed through the press, all who visited the family can bear wit amounting, as I understand, to about a ness, a great personal favourite of the dis half of the whole work. tinguished individual who has just been So diligently had he applied himself to lost to science and the world. A subscrip- this undertaking, that within a month of tion has already been opened for the erec. his death, he had dictated to his amanution of a monument to his memory, and I ensis not less than a volume and a half of hope to hear that America is not behind new matter. His other writings, as you the rest of the world in paying the homage are aware, consist chiefly of his celebrated of gratitude and respect to a man, a Chris. treatise on comparative anatomy, his work tian and a philosopher, who has earned on fossil bones, and his history of the anithis mark of distinction by so many titles. mal kingdom, which are all monuments The funeral of M. Cuvier was extremely more durable in their nature than any. different in its character from that of the thing which his admirers can erect over late President of the Council; in the sim his remains. plicity of its details it was still more calculated to touch the feelings. It was at

The following anecdote of a French tended by deputations from the four Aca. Physician shoulă furnish an example for demies of the Institute, the University, all practitioners. A duke being restless the Royal College of France, the Council and unable to sleep, sent for an eminent of State, the Polytechnick' school, the doctor at midnight, to inquire if he had Normal school, and the Central school of the cholera.. The doctor simply advising Industry.

him to remain quiet and keep warm, was The procession set out last Thursday, about leaving, when the duke asked what at 12 o'clock, from the Garden of Plants, his fee was—" 200 francs.” The duke in and proceeded to the Lutheran Church, the utmost astonishment inquired what in the Rue des Billetes, where the usual he would have charged if he had had the religious ceremonies were performed. On

cholera. The doctor replied, “ If you had the arrival of the procession at the place had the cholera, I would have exerted of interment, in the great eastern ceme

the utmost of my skill and care cheerfully tery beyond the barrier, M. Arago, the

without charge. But they who call me colleague of M. Cuvier, as perpetual Se- from my rest when they are in perfect cretary of the Academy of Sciences, pro

health must expect to pay well.” Would nounced an oration over his tomb, in

not a few such charges be a specifick for which he spoke of the great scientifick many chronick complaints ? discoveries and the eminent private vir

A pilgrim travelling on the road to tues of the deceased. M. Jouy followed in the name of the French Academy, and Smyrna, met the demon of the plague; addressed himself more particularly to M. grim; “ To Smyrna, to kill 3000."-After

“Whither are you bound,” said the pil. Cuvier's literary merits. M. Villemain, the Vice President of the Royal Council

a time the parties met again. “You killof Publick Instructions, spoke of his pecu- pilgrim: “No, I killed not more than

ed not only 3000 but 30,000,” said the liar talents as a teacher, and showed how 3000, fear killed the rest,” said the demon. M. Cuvier, after enriching science by his discoveries, possessed the art of propa

New York, June 18. gating and rendering them popular by his Boring for Water.-In the area in the publick lessons as a professorM. Geof. rear of Flolt’s marble building, workfroy de St. Hilaire, confined himself to men have been employed five months in the services which the creator of compa- boring for water. The work is carried on rative anatomy had rendered to the sci by means of a churn drill, worked by ence of zoology, and claimed the merit hand. The present depth of the bore is of having first inspired Cuvier with the 345 feet, 130 of which was through soil, knowledge and conviction of his own ge and 215 was through a solid rock. The nius. These orators were followed by M. water issuing from the rock is soft and of Dumeril, from the Museum of Natural the purest kind, and a plenty of it can be History; M. Walkenaer, from the Acade had at the present depth of the drill, for my of Inscriptions and Belles Lettres; ordinary purposes--say 20 to 30 gallons

per minute, in a perpetual stream. We ville rail road, comprised in the contract
learn that it is Mr. Holt's intention to of Messrs. Neligh, by whom the discovery
find the bottom of the rock if he descends was made while their workmen were en-
1000 feet. He will then be able to supply gaged in blasting. It is difficult to ac-
any quantity of water which may be want count for this extraordinary occurrence,
ed in the lower part of the city. The since the rock exhibited no trace of a fis-
bore is ten inches in diameter, and lined sure or opening whereby the lump might
with iron pipes. The manner of perform- have been introduced, but on the con-
ing the work is very curious, especially trary, presented the appearance of uni-
that of reclaiming a broken drill, at this form solidity.
great depth. The drill, when broken, is
Called a thief-the instrument employed wholesome and economical beverage, not

The following recipe is for a pleasant,
to take it up is called a sheriff—and whon
the sheriff is unsuccessful in the perform only for the warm season, but for the year

round. ance of its duties, another, called Hays, is employed, which never fails in drawing Ginger Beer.-Boil a handful of hops in the thief to light!-Gazette.

two quarts of water for an hour-take half

a pint of baker's yeast, a quart of molasses, Curious Geological Fact.-We have and five table spoonfuls of ginger tied up been informed that a lump of coal weigh in a linen cloth. Strain the hop-water ing sixteen ounces, was lately discovered hot upon the ginger, &c., and then add imbedded in the centre of a solid rock, five gallons and a half of cold water-for about ten feet in diameter, on a tract of a greater or less quantity, vary the ingrecoal land on the Broad Mountain, known dients in proportion. If made in the evenas the Pott and Bannan tract. The rock ing, it will be ready for bottling in the was a displaced fragment lying near the morning. It should not be corked too surface of the ground, found in the vici- tight for fear of bursting the bottles. nity of the line of the Pottsville and Dan

Religious Intelligence.

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menced in 1822, by Mr. William Howell, who had previously laboured for several years, chiefly in the capacity of superin

tendent of native schools, in connexion From the London Missionary Chronicle,

with the Society's mission at Bellary. Mr. for April.

Howell was ordained to the Christian mi. CUDDAPAH.

nistry in 1824.

Being already acquainted with the TeCuddapah (or Cudapali) is situated in loogoo language, he was enabled, immedithe Peninsula of India, in north latitude ately on his arrival at the station, to take 14° 28', and east longitude 79°; being about charge of two native boys' schools, on the 152 miles (travelling distance) from Ma invitation of F. Lascelles, Esq. registrar of dras. For many years it was the seat of an the Zillah court, by whom they had been independent Patan state, which had sur previously established; to which he himvived the destruction of the kingdoms of self shortly afterwards added two other the Deccan. At present, it forms the chief boys' schools, (of which one was an Hintown, or city, of one of the two great dis dostanee school,) and one for native fetricts, (or collectorates,) into which the males; all of them being supported by the Balaghaut ceded territories were divided; liberality of respectable Europeans resiCuddapah being the capital of the eastern, dent on the spot. These schools have been and Bellary, (another of the Society's sta since much increased. According to the tions,) being the capital of the western di returns of 1830, the number of schools vision. Cuddapah is supposed to contain a was seven, and that of the children inpopulation of 60,000, of which about two structed therein 193; of whom 164 were ibirds are Gentoos (or Hindoos,) and the boys, and the rest girls. The Scriptures rest Mohammedans, Indo-Britons, &c. have been uniformly taught in the schools, The name of the place is sometimes writ and the progress of the children has been ten Kirpa, but both Cuddapah and Kirpa very satisfactory. Some of the native are corruptions from the Sanscrit word youths, who had received their education Cripa, which signifies MERCY. The lan in these seminaries, have been, from the guage chiefly spoken throughout this col- reading of the Scriptures, so deeply im. lectorate is Teloogoo.

pressed with the wickedness and folly of The mission at Cuddapah was com idolatry, as spontaneously to express their

desire that it might be entirely banished among the Hindoos at this station,) who, from the earth, and the Christian religion in every village through which they passed be universally established. One of the use on their tour, earnestly exhorted the peoful results (remarked by the missionary) ple to put away their idols, and to receive from these schools is, that the children in the Gospel; and, in his capacity of reader, general, who have been educated therein, read aloud to them out of a work lately grow up with less prejudice against Chris- composed by the missionary, entitled Critianity than those Hindoo youths who ticisms on the Shasters, which excited have not participated in the same advan- great attention and inquiry. tages.

Christian knowledge is likewise dissemiFrom the commencement of operations nated, in various and distant parts of the at this station, the missionary has preach collectorate, by means of the distribution ed the Gospel to the natives with much en of the Scriptures, and other religious books, couragement and success; and, in 1824,

at Hindoo festivals; and also among the had established four stated weekly ser natives who are summoned every half year vices for that purpose. A considerable to attend the court of sessions, at Cuddanumber of the natives have made an open pah, together with others who, on these profession of Christianity, and have been occasions, go there to renew their leases. baptized. In the last mentioned year, a na The people who are thus, periodically, tive Christian church was formed, consist- brought up from the country to the capital ing of 10 members, which number has been of the district, remain there in a greater or since increased to nearly 30, but with in. less number, for a term of nearly two termediate fluctuations, chiefly occasioned months, during which many of them have by removals to other places.

the privilege of daily hearing the word of The good attendance of the native con life dispensed by the missionary. Each of gregation, and the earnest attention paid them also receives from him a copy of the to the reading of the Scriptures by many gospels, or some other portion of the Scripof its members, have been a source of great tures. For the means afforded him of encouragement to the missionary; and the making this distribution, the missionary is benefits ihence derived by the people have indebted to the liberality of the Madras been further increased by the opportuni. Auxiliary Bible Society. ties they have enjoyed of assembling, from In 1825, an attempt was made to form, time to time, for religious conversation at under the wing of the mission, a Christian his house, on which occasions he endea. Village at this station, which in a pleasing vours, as far as possible, to ascertain their degree, has succeeded. The population of advance in spiritual attainments, and to this village, according to the latest returns, explain to them the word of God more comprises about 150 souls, every family perfectly.

subsisting on the produce of their own laThe itinerant labours of the missionary bour. Some of the people are "spinners, belonging to this station have been very others weavers; some are engaged as paextensive and not unfrequent; sometimes per-manufacturers, and some in agricultuembracing circuits of 100, 150, 200, and

ral labours. No one, (with the exceptions even 250 miles, performed chiefly within of children and infirm persons,) is allowed the limits of the collectorate. In the course to reside in the village, who does not conof these missionary tours, he has preached tribute by his own industry, to his own the Gospel in numerous places, and in the support. Those admitted as members of more populous towns and villages, to this interesting community, beside making crowded congregations; beside conversing a credible profession of Christianity, are with small groups of the natives, and with required to conform to certain prescribed individuals, as opportunities have offered. regulations. They must agree, for instance, He also, at the same time,

distributes nu to unite in settling all differences and dismerous copies of the New Testament, and “putes by arbitration. Again, they are resmaller portions of the Scriptures, in Te- quired to keep their dwelling-houses in loogoo, together with tracts in that lan- good repair at their own expense; a reguguage. The books distributed are usually lation which must tend at once to render received with eagerness, and apparently them careful of their residences, and to atread with pleasure. To the Scriptures and tach them to the place. A chapel was other books heretofore put into circula erected in the village in 1826, the whole tion, has been lately added Bunyan's fil expense of which was defrayed by the ligrim's Progress, a translation of which berality of European residents on the spot. into Teloogoo has been made by the mis The stated preaching of the missionary sionary, and printed at the sole expense of here has been attended with pleasing rea respectable European lately resident at sults. Cuddapah. On one of the more recent ex The families inhabiting the Christian cursions of the missionary, he was accom Village have gradually acquired settled panied by one of the native teachers, (se- habits, and now show no inclination to quit veral of whom have been raised up from the place; and what is far better, they be


gin to prize the gospel, and to show, by provement in this respect. There was no their lives and conversation, that they have series of books in the language, in any experienced its benefits. Of the native department of science or literature, adaptschools already mentioned, one is situated ed to conduct the opening minds of a in the Christian Village, and it is impor. people, before utterly uninstructed, up tant to state, that the improvement in it is from the lower to the higher gradations of greater than in any of the other schools. knowledge. The first object with the * All the children, (says the missionary in missionaries, in this department of their his journal for 1830,) make good advances, labours, was to prepare elementary books, but most in the Christian Village.” It may and to multiply copies, so that the ability be proper to add also, that some of the fac to read intelligibly might become as exmilies are now able, from the profits of tensive as possible. Their next object was their labour, to provide more than the to translate the Scriptures, and thus put means necessary for the mere sustentation it within the power of the whole populaof life, viz. those of comfortable subsist. tion, who would take the trouble to learn,

to read the word of God in their own lanWe cannot allow ourselves to conclude guage. But when these objects were acthis brief sketch of the mission at Cudda- complished, much still remained to be pah, without more distinctly noticing, and done. The work of educating the whole gratefully acknowledging, the great libe- nation was to be performed. The minds rality uniformly manifested by the more of the people must be nourished, strengthrespectable European residents at this ened, and taught to act. The fields of station, in aiding the operations of the mis- knowledge must be opened and the peosion, but particularly in the support of the ple encouraged to range through them. native schools in connexion with it, no To this task the teachers which had been part of the expense of which has fallen on employed were altogether incompetent. the Society,

Their own stock of knowledge was soon May it be the prayer of all the meinbers exhausted, and as they could teach the of the Society, that the Almighty, who has pupils little more than to spell and read, already conferred on this mission many and had no power to awaken deep and distinguished marks of his goodness, would continued interest, it was seriously feared be pleased to regard it, in future, with an that, without some new measures on their eye of favour, and to bestow upon it abun. part, the attention to the schools would dantly the blessings of his grace. As the be diminished and the progress of the city bears the name of MERCY, may the spi- people in knowledge would be checked. ritual results of each successive year of At the general meeting of the missionmissionary labour therein, still add to the aries at Honolulu in June, 1831, the folappropriateness of this original designa- lowing resolutions were adopted. tion. Contemplating the impression alrea Resolved, That we consider the educady made, by the dissemination of Christian tion of the natives of these islands genetruth on the population of this part of In. rally, and the preparation of some of them dia, the missionary has been led to the in- in particular,' for becoming teachers of ference, that things there cannot long con- religion, as holding a place of great imtinue in their present state! while some of portance in our missionary labours. the natives themselves express their ex Resolved, That, though we consider pectation that great changes will shortly the present situation of this people as recome to pass, and even particularize the quiring all our efforts in the way heretosubversion of idolatry as one of them. fore directed; yet we believe this subject May this anticipation be realized, and the of sufficient importance to demand the whole earth be speedily filled with the glory exclusive time, attention, and labours of of the Lord! Amen and amen.

one of our number. 19th March, 1832.

Resolved, That, relying on the strength of the Great Head of the Church, we

agree to establish a High School, for the From the Missionary Herald for June. purposes abovementioned, and on a plan

hereafter to be submitted. SANDWICH ISLANDS.

Resolved, That the school go into ope

ration as soon as suitable accommodations PLAN OF A HIGH SCHOOL FOR TEACHERS.

for the principal and scholars shall be The incompetency of the 500 or 600 ready; and that we show a plan of the native teachers now employed in the school to the chiefs, and invite them to schools at the Sandwich Islands, and the co-operate with us. importance of training a supply of such The design of the school is thus stated. as possess higher qualifications, have long It is the design of the High School to been felt by the missionaries; but various instruct young men of piety and promisdifficulties have stood in the way of mak- ing talents, in order that they may become ing any systematick and thorough im assistant teachers of religion, or fellow

labourers with us in disseminating the they become proficients in any one branch gospel of Jesus Christ to their dying fel. to another of the next importance; and low men.

that next to arithmetick and geography, In connexion with the foregoing, it is should be composition in their own lanalso the design of this institution to disos guage, and such other studies as the board seminate sound knowledge throughout may direct. these islands, embracing literature and The study of the doctrines and duties the sciences, and whatever may tend contained in the word of God should be a eventually to elevate the whole mass of prominent study, never to be lost sight of. the people from their present ignorance; The year shall be divided into two sesthat they may become a thinking, en- sions, of five months each. The first to lightened and virtuous people.

begin with July of each year, and end Another design of the High School is with November; the second to begin with to qualify native school teachers for their January and end with May. respective duties, to teach them, theoreti At the close of each session there shall cally and practically, the best methods of be a publick examination of the scholars, communicating instruction to others. in presence of the directors, and such

The school is placed under the super, others as they may invite to attend. intendence of five directors, “ whose duty The length of time necessary for the it shall be to watch over the interests of students to attend the school will depend the school; to point out the course of in on circumstances. It is to be hoped that struction to be pursued; and to make an they may be induced to attend until they annual report to the mission, of the state shall become competent to instruct, and and progress of the school;" who are also skilful in communicating instruction in to examine the school, the plan of in such ways as may be beneficial to the struction, the progress and the qualifica. people at large. tions of such as seek admittance to it, It is designed that a piece of land shall and annually report on these several be connected with the institution, and points to the mission. Messrs. Richards, the manual labour system introduced as far Bingham, Thurston, and Whitney, were as practicable; that the scholars may not appointed directors, with Mr. Andrews, orly support themselves, but be enabled who was also appointed the principal. to furnish their own stationary, and such Lahaina was fixed upon as the location of other articles as will be necessary in pưr. the school. After specifying the duties suing their studies. and powers of the principal, the statement proceeds—

Scholars and their Qualifications. The The following letter was written by number of scholars for the present year Kaahumanu in the Hawaiian language, in shall be limited to fifty, to be apportioned reply to one written her by Mr. Evarts in as follows:-Hewaii, 18; Maui, 14; Oahu, December, 1830, shortly before the termi. 10; Kauai, 8; and liberty granted to the nation of his labours as Corresponding king to attend with five of his favourite Secretary. The writer, as the readers of

this work are aware, is the highest chief The number may be increased hereafter, in the islands, and has acted as regent provided facilities and ability shall increase during the minority of the king. She for instructing them.

was one of the earliest converts, and After the present year, that is, from among the first received to the mission June, 1832, the candidates for the privi. church. The translation was made and leges of the school shall be examined and the explanatory clauses inserted by Mr. approved by two or more of the directors, Bingham. and none shall be admitted but with their approbation.

Oahu Sept. 11, 1831. Every scholar, after the abovemention: missionaries, my first brother in Christ

Love to you Mr. Evarts, the director of ed time, before entering the school, must be able to read fluently and intelligibly in

Jesus. This is my thought for you and his own language; must be able to write myjoy. I now abide by the voice of the a neat, plain, legible hand; and be ac

Saviour, Jesus Christ, who hath redeem

ed me from death. I was dwelling in the quainted with common arithmetick and the fundamental principles of geography. adorned in the glory and likeness of

eyeball* of death, I was clothed and It shall be the duty of the scholars to

death. When I heard the voice of Jesus, attend regularly and faithfully upon all the duties assigned them by the principal.

Course of Study.--As school books are * The word onohi may mean the ball, or so extremely limited, it is nearly impossi- the pupil of the eye, and it means also the ble at this time to lay out a course of stu central or upper part of a flame of fire. dy. It is desirable, however, that the The figure is not very clear in the present scholars should be put forward as fast as case, which is intended.



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