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tible substance may have been thrown into $6,500 has been paid into the state treasuthe water; and even the collected mud at ry. The whole number of prisoners on the the sides of the hole is pulverised with first day of April, 1832, was 192, of whom heat, as at the mouth of a furnace. 18 were females. The prisoners in gene
Were this gas suitably confined and di- ral are robust and healthy; two deaths rected, I have no doubt it might be used only have occurred during the past year. to some valuable purpose, either to drive
Cod Fishery.— The Barnstable Journal a steam engine or illumine a city; but no use is made of it, nor does the owner of that district for the year 1831, from which
gives a statement of the Cod Fishery in the land seem to regard it with interest, it appears that licenses were granted to or as any curiosity. Whence this gas issues, or what pro- These vessels were manned by about 1500
188 vessels, averaging 58 tons each. duces it, I leave to the conjectures and
men and boys, averaging eight persons to experiments of the learned,
being confi- each. The gross proceeds from the fishe dent that it is the most singular and curious ry is estimated at $319,060; averaging phenomenon I have ever seen.
about $120 a share to those employed, Colonization Society.—The American after deducting the proportion of the ownColonization Society is now supported ers of the vessels and incidental expenses. with very great liberality in many parts of
Ojibeway Language.—Rev. Mr. Boutthe south. A letter has been received well, missionary to the Ojibeway Indians, from Natches, from which the following is has the following remark:“ We have raised funds for
“ The language is more flexible and the transportation of the free blacks resi- less difficult of acquisition than I imading among us to Liberia. One gentle gined, considering the length of many of man has raised on bis subscription paper,
its words; e. g. (sins), mut-che-izh-zheupwards of six thousand dollars, in less wa-biz-ze-win-nun. There are often thir. than a fortnight.” Among the donations acknowledged in the last number of the ty letters in a word. I have written out
more than two thousand forms of one African Repository, we also notice two of verb, and suppose I have
not found all yet, $500 each, from two gentlemen in Augus- viz. the verb to hear. There is one form ta, Georgia.
when connected with an animate object, North Western Expedition.-Dr. Hough- and another of inanimate; one for affirton, of Fredonia, (Chau. Co.) who last mation, and another for negation; causaseason accompanied an expedition through tion animate, and causation indefinite: Lake Superior, and to the sources of the reciprocal and reflex," &c. Mississippi river, in the capacity of U. S.
Death from Charcoal.-Yesterday foresurgeon and naturalist, again left that
noon, Mr. George W. Coombs was at place on the 2d ult. to join a second expe: work in the well of Mr. Wm. T. Spear, dition under the immediate direction of Prince street, about 35 feet from the surH. R. Schoolcraft, U. S. Indian Agent, at face, and Mr. Wm. Elm about eight below the Sault Ste. Marie. It is contemplated him, both in the employ of Mr. Isaac to visit the sources of Nelson's and Scott, laying lead pipe, and using a furM'Kenzie's river, and the Rainy Lakes;
nace with charcoal, for soldering. Coombs the Lake of the Woods, and Lake Winne. complained of faintness, and Elm went up peg will probably be visited in the out.
to assist him; but in passing the furnace ward route, after which the expedition he was likewise taken faint, yet succeeded will visit Red River, Red Lake, and Ot
in reaching the top, and calling assistance. ter Tail Lake, and by the river des Cor: Before it arrived, however, Mr. C. had beau the Mississippi will be entered and fallen to the bottom. He was drawn up, descended as far as the falls of St. An. and two physicians attended immediately, thony. The primary object of fitting out but life was extinct. Mr. Coombs was this expedition, upon the part of our go- about 25 years of age, and has left a wife vernment, is to check, if possible, the state
and child. It was the opinion of the phyof open hostility now existing among the sicians, that the fumes of the charcoal north-western tribes of Indians. We un
caused his death. derstand that the expedition of last year effected that object in a considerable de.
Brown University.-The Hon. Nicholas gree among those bands which were visit- Brown, of Providence, with great liberalied, and we trust that of this year will not ly, has resolved to erect at his own exeffect less.
pense, another college edifice of brick, to Connecticut State Prison.—The Con. Hall, Lecture Rooms, &c., as we learn
embrace a Chapel, Library, Philosophical necticut State Prison, during the past from the Rhode Island papers. It is to be year, has yielded to the state, after pay. three stories high, and a basement 86 feet ing every expense incurred for the sup long, and 42 wide. It will be placed in port and management of the establish the front yard of the College, on the south ment, $8,713 52; of which the sum of side. A subscription has also been com
menced, for raising twenty-five thousand shore, in Dutchess county, three miles dollars—to constitute a permanent fund above Newburg, has sunk one hundred the proceeds to be annually appropriated feet, so that the tops of the highest trees to the purchase of books for the library, growing upon it, are scarcely level with and of philosophical and chemical
appara the surrounding surface. tus. To this fund, Mr. Brown has sub
Foreign Plants.-Admiral Sir Isaac scribed ten thousand dollars. Another
Coffin, as a mark of his regard for his nagentleman of Providence, has subscribed
tive land, has sent from England to Mr. one thousand dollars.
Winship of Brighton, a collection of scarce The Woodbury, N. J. Herald slates, that and valuable plants, including several a bear, which weighed, when dressed, hundred of the choicest productions of about two hundred pounds, was killed near English gardens. We understand they Little Ease, in that county, Gloucester, a have been received in good order, and few days since. He was seen to visit a they will make a valuable addition to the flock of sheep, one of which he killed, and choice collection of plants, with which carried to the swamp. A company of Mr. Winship’s gardens were already sportsmen, with dogs, got upon the track, stored. and after a number of shots, succeeded
Gambling.-It appears from an official in bringing the offender down.
document, that the enormous sum of nineThe large balloon which Mr. Durant ty thousand dollars was received during has been constructing for an aerial expe the last year by the city of New Orleans, riment, was destroyed by spontaneous from the single source of licenses to gamcombustion, at Jersey City, between the bling houses kept open within its limits. hours of 8 P. M. on Saturday, and 5 A. M.
Removal of a Block of Buildings.-In on Sunday. On Saturday, 9 A. m. it was
widening a street in New York, it was dipped in varnish, and suspended in the
deemed necessary to remove or demolish air to dry till 8 P. M. when it was removed
a large block of seven brick buildings. to a room, where it lay on four chairs, co
Mr. Simeon Brown, a civil engineer, unvering a surface of 14 or 15 square feet.
dertook to remove them, and performed The following morning it was almost en
the extraordinary feat last Tuesday in tirely reduced to a cinder.
three hours. The whole mass of buildBy the Poughkeepsie Telegraph, we ings, 192 feet long, was removed back learn that a piece of land, embracing an upon horizontal ways, a distance of seven area of an acre and a half, on the eastern feet by screws, without the least injury.
The General Assembly of the were eventually withdrawn, and Presbyterian Church in the United the election of Dr. Hoge was unaStates, commenced its annual Ses- nimous. 'The Rev. Philip Hay sions in the first Presbyterian was chosen temporary clerk. On Church in Philadelphia, on Thurs- the second day of the Sessions, the day, the 17th of May ult., at eleven Assembly, at the close of the morno'clock A.M.; and was opened with ing Session, adjourned to meet in a sermon by the Rev. Nathan S. S. the afternoon of that day, in the Beman, D.D., the moderator of the seventh Presbyterian Church: and last year, from Acts xix. 20. Af- in this church, as more retired ter the roll was made out accord. and free from the noise of the ing to a standing order, two candi- street than the first Church, the redates for the Moderator's chairmaining Sessions were held. There were put in nomination—the Rev. were present in the Assembly this Drs. James Hoge, and Gardiner year, about 320“ members, includSpring. At the pressing and re- ing delegates from corresponding peated request of Dr. Spring, his bodies. name was withdrawn from the no The first interesting question nomination. Several other nomi. which came before the Assembly, nations were then made, all of was that which related to the divi. which, at the request of the parties, sion of the Presbytery of Philadel
phia, on the principle of what has exercises, was this year, on a mo. been called elective affinity, or the tion to that effect, appropriated choice and personal attachment of to common business transactions, its members. This subject was ar- The Missionary and Education dently discussed for a whole week: Boards of the Assembly, were refirst by the complainants against appointed without any opposition; the Synod that had refused to form and other important decisions were such a Presbytery, then by the repre- made agreeably to the wishes of sentatives of the Synod in reply, and those who have been denominated finally by the members of the Assem- Old Schoolmen, with but little rebly. The complaint against the Sy. sistance. On the last day of the nod was eventually sustained, and Sessions, there was the appearance the petition for the erection of the of as much mutual concession and new Presbytery, on the principle of fraternal feeling, as we ever reelective affinity, was granted. The member to have seen in any Gene. vote was taken by yeas and nays, ral Assembly of former years. which were at first recorded, but Our present purpose is merely in the last afternoon of the Ses- to state some leading facts. Our sions, were, by a unanimous vote of opinions on the several measures the house, expunged from the mi- adopted, and the aspect which the nutes. The yeas were 166, the whole proceedings of the last Asnays 87. The Synod of Philadel. sembly bear on the state and prosphia was, as a party, not permitted pects of our church, we withhold to vote: but had the votes of its mem- for the present. Whether we shall bers been taken, there would still withhold them ultimately or not, is have remained a majority of more yet a matter of deliberation. We than forty, in favour of the decision should strongly incline to leave which was made. After this deci- every thing as the Assembly left it, sion, many questions of considera- did we not see that some of the ble importance were disposod of, journals that have heretofore opwithout any unusual warmth or posed the views which we enterearnestness of debate, till a motion tain, are already taking, or rather was made to appoint a committee keeping up, a controversial characto draught a pastoral letter to the ter, and are endeavouring to reministers and churches under the present those with whom we have care of the Assembly, relative to thought and acted, as having rethe state of religion, with special ceived discomfiture and rebuke, by reference to the subject of revivals. the general doings of the last AsThe appointment of such a com- sembly. If spared to the coming mittee was vigorously and earnest. month, we shall then be better able ly opposed on one side, and pleaded than at present, to make up our for on the other, and was at length mind as to the course which a redecided in favour of a committee, by gard to our duty as a Christian Adone of the closest votes we have vocate, and a friend to the Presbyever witnessed. On taking the terian Church, may call us to puryeas and days, it appeared that the yeas were 126, and the nays We add the Narrative on the 122. Yet when the letter was State of Religion, which ought to brought in and read, it was adopt- be read in connexion with the pased, with all but a perfect unani- toral letter, in order to obtain a mity. We believe there was but full view of the Assembly's estia single dissenting voice. One mate of the state of religion in the half of the day, which had been ex- churches under their care. clusively set apart for devotional
Narrative of the State of Religion, within
more of the triumphs of grace over the the bounds of the Presbyterian Church, powers of sin, than in any other year of in the United States of America, and
our history. corresponding Churches. May, 1832.
In giving to our churches a brief narra.
tive of the progress of religion within our In reviewing the events of the past year, bounds, since the last meeting of the Asas detailed in the reports of the Presbyte- sembly, it is rendered less important to ries, we cannot fail to notice manifest in. enter into particular details, by the fact, terpositions of divine mercy. At the ris that most of this information has already ing of the last Assembly, painful appre- been diffused, through the numerous chan. hensions were felt, by those who love our nels, by which religious intelligence is so Zion, that times of darkness and trial were generally disseminated. All that can be approaching. The political contentions expected, from this body, is a condensed which agitated the public mind, and the view of the general results of the blessed lamented controversies among ourselves, revivals, which so many of the churches seemed to present formidable barriers have enjoyed. against the progress of the Redeemer's It is our delightful privilege to report,
A dark cloud obscured the future, that sixty-eight Presbyteries have been and we could not but justly fear the frowns blessed with the special influences of the of divine pleasure. An unhallowed spirit Holy Spirit, reviving the churches, and of party, so far destroyed the harmony bringing perishing sinners to the saving and Christian affection, among some of our knowledge of the truth. In these highly members, as to excite exultation in the favoured Presbyteries, about seven hunranks of the enemies of the gospel, and to dred congregations are reported as having clothe our church in mourning.
been thus visited in rich mercy. In .But amid the darkness caused by these many of these places, thus refreshed by discouragements, when.confidence in man the showers of divine grace, the displays had failed, and we hardly dared to hope of the power of the gospel have been glofor help from God, the Lord himself has rious, almost beyond example. Several appeared to build up Zion, in troublous Presbyteries have had their whole territotimes: He has stretched out his own right ry pervaded by an heavenly influence, and arm, to accomplieh the purposes of his every congregation has become a harvestmercy, and the mountains have flowed field for the ingathering of souls, to the down at his presence. So signal have fold of the good Shepherd. The following been the displays of unmerited mercy, list includes those Presbyteries, which have that this year, which began in gloom and been distinguished by a mighty prevalence discouragement, has been gloriously dis of the work of God, viz. tinguished, by the manifested presence of the Holy Spirit, and the signal triumphs
Londonderry, Buffalo, of the gospel. In the midst of deserved Champlain,
Detroit, wrath, God has remembered mercy. In. Troy,
Hudson, stead of inflicting upon us those spiritual
Columbia, judgments, which our criminal ingratitude
Newark, and abuse of mercy deserved, the Great
Elizabethtown, Head of the Church has displayed the
District of Columbia, riches of his grace, in order that his over
Ontario, powering goodness may lead us to repent.
Niagara, stance, designed to bring our whole church in the dust before God, and to banish for: Cayuga,
Hopewell, ever the baleful spirit of sectional jealousy
Georgia. from our councils, that the showers of These bodies send us the animating blessing have descended upon all portions message, that all, or nearly all their of our wide extended bounds, and crowned churches, have enjoyed a precious season the labours of our ministry generally, of revival. “Never," says the report from with precious tokens of divine approbation. West Hanover, “have we had the privi.
It is thus worthy of special commemo- lege of recording so many signal triumphs ration; that while our prospects at the of Almighty grace.” “The angel having beginning of the past year were darkened the everlasting gospel in his hand, has by uncommon discouragements, while the assed through our borders, and has obstacles, to the progress of a work of brought salvation to almost every house." grace, were never more formidable, and “ So powerful and extensive has been the while our sins seemed to call for the visi- divine influence among us, that one distations of wrath, we are called upon to re- trict is known, where not one adult could cord more of the loving kindness of the be found, unconcerned, upon the subject Lord towards our churches generally, and of religion.” “On some occasions, a whole
congregation, without one exception, guished by the triumphant dominion of have been prostrate before God, anxiously worldliness and impiety, the transformainquiring for salvation." Eighteen of tion produced by the influence of the our congregations have been revived, and gospel, is so great, as to force all men to in one of them 300 hopeful conversions exclaim,“ What hath God wrought!” have taken place.” “Every church with It is another distinguishing characterin our bounds," says the report from Nia istick of the recent revivals, that so many gara,
" has shared in the ascension gift, of the subjects of renewing grace have the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.” been found in those classes of society, in
The following Presbyteries report a which instances of conversion have usual. very interesting work of grace, within ly been of very rare occurrence. We have their respective bounds, extending, how been aceustomed to consider men of ever, only to a part of their congregations. wealth and political eminence, whose cha
racters were already formed under an unTioga, Cincinnati,
holy influence, as far removed from all Bath, Athens,
probability of conversion, and almost beBedford, Miami,
yond the reach of the means of grace. New York, Oxford,
But we have lately been most impressive. New York, 3d, Madison,
ly taught, not thus to limit the Holy One Long Island, St. Louis,
of Israel. In many places, the most nuOnondago, Trumbull,
merous instances of conversion have been Huron, St. Charles,
found among the most active and influenPortage, Ebenezer,
tial members of society. And in several Grand River, Charleston Union, Ohio, Shiloh,
instances, the leading persons in the com
munity, consisting of professional men, Steubenville, Muhlenburg,
men of wealth, talents, and high political Newton, Winchester,
standing, have been subdued to the obedi. Susquehanna, Orange, Philadelphia, North Alabama,
ence of faith, and led willingly to renounce
forever all glory, excepting that which is Newcastle, Louisville,
found in the cross of Christ. Carlisle, Concord,
One more distinctive trait in the work Huntingdon, Tombigbee,
of grace, with which our churches have Erie, Union,
been so extensively blessed, is found in the Cleveland, South Alabama.
resistless energy which has accompanied Thus the voice of praise and thanksgiv it. Several of our reports recount such ing is heard from our most distant bor. triumphs of grace, over all opposition, as ders. A harmonious testimony comes have rarely been witnessed. So overpowfrom the north and the south, the east and ering have been the manifestations of the the west, proclaiming that the past has divine presence in some places, that hardbeen a year of the right hand of the Most ly a single adult, in a whole community, High.
remained unaffected. Large congregaIn the details of these numerous revi tions have been brought by the mighty vals, we cannot fail to notice some cir. power of God, anxiously to inquire with cumstances, which distinguish the present one united voice, what must we do to be age, and manifestly deserve particular at saved? Often, and in places far distant tention. One of these is the general ex from each other, has the thrilling specta. tension of this work of grace. Formerly, cle been presented, before angels and it was a prevalent opinion, that some men, of the wealthy and the learned, the places and some communities were so en eminent and high-minded, falling prostirely occupied and strongly fortified by trate at the footstool of mercy and prayer. the enemy, that no rational hopes could be 'The barriers of pride, the fortresses of cherished, that they would ever rejoice in false religion, and the strong holds of inthe presence and power of the Holy Spi- fidelity and licentiousness, have been utrit. So that, in reference to the exist. terly demolished, by the manifested preence of a work of grace in such localities, sence of the Holy One. Bitter party conwe have been ready to say, if the Lord tentions have been forgotten, and deadly would make windows in heaven, might foes have come hand in hand, bathed in such a thing be! But these conclusions tears of contrition, to the Saviour's feet. of unbelief have been put to shame, by the We cannot omit to mention the extraeasy conquests which divine love has re ordinary extension of this gracious influcently achieved, in the very strong holds ence. From the shores of the northern of proud infidelity, over the congregated lakes to the plains of Florida; from the forces of the world, the flesh, and the devil. Atlantic border, to the banks of Missouri, Some sterile regions, where scarcely a we hear one united testimony, that the plant of righteousness was ever seen, have Lord hath appeared to build up Zion. In become like the garden of the Lord. And the crowded city, and the forest wild-in in some communities, heretofore distin. the halls of legislation, and the cottages