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UNIVERSIT)

SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE

COMMITTEE ON
GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-NINTH CONGRESS

Printed for the use of the
Committee on Government Operations

FIRST SESSION

JUNE 2, 3, 4, 7, 23, AND SEPTEMBER 23, 1965

Ti

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1966

55-347

COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

WILLIAM L. DAWSON, Mlinois, Chairman OHET HOLIFIELD, California

OLARENCE J, BROWN, Ohio JACK BROOKS, Texas

FLORENCE P. DWYER, New Jersey L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina

ROBERT P. GRIFFIN, Michigan PORTER HARDY, JR., Virginia

OGDEN R. REID, New York JOHN A. BLATNIK, Minnesota

FRANK J. HORTON, New York ROBERT E. JONES, Alabama

DELBERT L. LATTA, Ohio EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland

DONALD RUMSFELD, Illinois JOHN E. MOSS, California

WILLIAM L. DICKINSON, Alabama DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida

JOHN N. ERLENBORN, Minois HENRY S. REUSS, Wisconsin

HOWARD H. CALLAWAY, Georgia JOHN S. MONAGAN, Connecticut

JOHN W. WYDLER, New York
TORBERT H. MACDONALD, Massachusetts
J. EDWARD ROUSH, Indiana
WILLIAM S. MOORHEAD, Pennsylvania
CORNELIUS E. GALLAGHER, New Jersey
WILLIAM J. RANDALL, Missouri
BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York
JIM WRIGHT, Texas
FERNAND J. ST GERMAIN, Rhode Island
DAVID S. KING, Utah
JOHN G. DOW, New York
HENRY HELSTOSKI, New Jersey

CHRISTINE RAY DAVIS, Staff Director

JAMES A, LANIGAN, General Counsel
MILES Qi. ROMNEY, Associate General Counsel

J. P. CARLSON, Minority Counsel
RAYMOND T. COLLINS, Minority Professional Staff

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON INVASION OF PRIVACY

CORNELIUS E. GALLAGHER, New Jersey, Chairman BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York FRANK J. HORTON, New York

NORMAN G. CORNISH, Chief of Special Inquiry

CHARLOTTE C. BICKETT, Clerk
NOTE.-Changes in full committee since hearings were commenced:

Clarence J. Brown, Ohio, deceased August 23, 1965.
Delbert L. Latta, Ohio, resigned from committee August 31, 1965.
Robert Dole, Kansas, came to committee August 31, 1965.
Clarence J. Brown, Jr., Ohio, came to committee January 12, 1986.

CONTENTS

Hearings held ons nie to

El Page

Wednesday, June 2, 1965.-

1

Thursday, June 3, 1965..

35

Friday, June 4, 1965..

91

THE Monday, June 7, 1965-

237

Wednesday, June 23, 1965..

271

Thursday, September 23, 1965.

301

Statement or testimony of -

Beaney, William M., professor of politics, and Cromwell professor of
law, Princeton University--

10
Berlew, F. Kingston, Acting Associate Director for Peace Corps Volun-

teers, accompanied by Dr. Abraham Carp, Director of Selection;
and William Josephson, General Counsel-

222, 237

Brayfield, Dr. Arthur H., executive officer, American Psychological

Association

324

Crowder, Edward T., clearance officer, Office of Statistical Standards,

Bureau of the Budget; accompanied by Carey P. Modlin, Jr., as-

sociate clearance officer..

294

Eckler, A. Ross, Acting Director, Bureau of the Census, Department

of Commerce; accompanied by C. Kyle Randall, Chief, Farm

Income Branch, Economic Research Service, Department of Agri-

culture; and Conrad Taeuber, Assistant Director, Bureau of the

Census.

274

Freedman, Monroe H., associate professor of law, George Washington

University -

344

Gross, Martin L., author of "The Brain Watchers”.

63

Ianni, Dr. Francis, Acting Associate Commissioner for Research,

Office of Education; accompanied by Dr. Herbert Conrad, program

evaluation officer for the Bureau of the Budget-

303

Luce, Charles F., Administrator, Bonneville Power Administration,

Department of the Interior..

174

Macy, John W., Jr., Chairman, U.S. Civil Service Commission

36

Meagher, George, director of legislation, American Federation of

Government Employees

55

Speiser, Lawrence, director, Washington office, American Civil

Liberties Union

24

Werts, Leo R., Assistant Secretary of Labor for Administration, De-

partment of Labor ----

92

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by-

Beaney, William M., professor of politics, and Cromwell professor

of law, Princeton University: Statement...

10

Berlew, F. Kingston, Acting Associate Director for Peace Corps

Volunteers:

Costs of administering tests in the Peace Corps.

264

Proposed introduction and instructions submitted to the Psycho-

logical Corp----

240

Proposed introduction and instructions to be included in the

revised version of the Peace Corps Handbook.

241

Supplementary instructions for the MMPI transmitted to all

field assessment officers on June 11, 1965.--

239

Brayfield, Dr. Arthur H., executive officer, American Psychological

Association:

Excerpt from preamble for ethical standards of psychologists.- 324

Letter from Arthur H. Brayfield to Norman Cornish, dated

November 12, 1965..

337

American Psychological Association, annual grant and con-

tract awards and expenditures, Federal Government

agencies, period January 1, 1960, to September 30, 1965.. 338

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Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by—Continued
Carp, Dr. Abraham, Director of Selection of the Peace Corps:
Case studies illustrating the use of psychological tests in Peace

Pago
Corps volunteer selection..

252, 254

Excerpts from a statement by Dr. George K. Bennett, president,

Psychological Corp-

228

List of 185 questions being eliminated from Peace Corps applica-

tion.

242

Statement.

225

Cornish, Norman G., Chief of Special Inquiry, Special Subcommittee

on Invasion of Privacy:

Examples of questions which have been given under the grants

and contracts from Office of Education.

308

Excerpt from testimony of Dr. Abraham Carp..

264, 266

Excerpt of letter from Dr. George K. Bennett, president, Psycho-

logical Corp., to editor, True magazine, June 1959, re article

criticizing personality testing, Martin L. Gross, author.

266

Letter from Hon. Cornelius E. Gallagher to Hon. Francis Keppel,

Commissioner of Education, Department of Health, Educa-
tion, and Welfare, August 6, 1965---

302

Letter from Francis Keppel, U.S. Commissioner of Education, to

Hon. Cornelius E. Gallagher, August 27, 1965.--

303

Letter from Ralph C. M. Flynt, Associate Commissioner, Educa-

tional Research and Development, Office of Education, Depart-

ment of Health, Education, and Welfare, to Norman Cornish:

March 29, 1965, with list of projects ---

315

June 30, 1965, with exhibit I, commercial tests used in Office

of Education research projects---

317

Letter from William J. Crockett, Under Secretary of State, to

Hon. Cornelius E. Gallagher, March 26, 1965.

91

Memorandum of the Export-Import Bank of Washington, April
20, 1965.-

91

Eckler, A. Ross, Acting Director, Bureau of the Census, Department

of Commerce:

Excerpt from a Department of Agriculture report on the expand-

ing and contracting sectors of American agriculture.

274

Section 8 of title 13, United States Code—Census.

285

Possible war exceptions---

286

Section 9 of title 13, United States CodeCensus.

284

Freedman, Monroe H., associate professor of law, George Washington

University:

Excerpt from letter of former Peace Corps worker to Monroe H.

Freedman, re offended by the psychological testing to which

she was subjected.---

349

Excerpts from opinion and statement of Justice Frankfurter.. 346, 349

Excerpt from statement by Justice Holmes in wiretapping case.- 346

Excerpts from statements of Justice Brandeis_-

347, 350

Excerpt from Supreme Court opinion in direct response to the

McAuliffe notion..

349

Gallagher, Hon. Cornelius E., a Representative in Congress from the

State of New Jersey, and chairman, Special Subcommittee on In-
vasion of Privacy:
Article from the New York Times, September 5, 1965, entitled

"Peace Corps Psychiatric Tests Called Essentially Irrelevant,
by Natalie Jaffe_

269

Excerpt from dissent in the Olmstead case, 1928, by Justice

Brandeis.--

4

Excerpt from George Orwell's book, "1984".

8
Excerpt from statement by English Chief Justice Pratt-

4
Excerpt from statement by Justice Holmes.

4
Excerpt from statement of Dr. Abraham Carp-

266
Excerpt from statement of J. Edgar Hoover, Director, FBI,
December 1964..

2

Excerpt from writings of George K. Bennett, Ph. D., president of

the Psychological Corp--

217

Letter from D. Otis Beasley, Assistant Secretary of the Interior,
to Hon. Cornelius E. Gallagher, dated September 2, 1965.-

221

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by—Continued
Gallagher, Hon. Cornelius E.-Continued

Letter from Harry L. Graham, legislative representative, Na-

tional Grange, Washington, D.C., to Hon. Cornelius E. Page
Gallagher, dated
June 23, 1965_

293

Letter from Hon. Cornelius E. Gallagher, to John W. Macy, Jr.,

Chairman, U.S. Civil Service Commission, May 24, 1965---- 36

Letter from Hon. Cornelius E. Gallagher,' to Hon. Stewart L.
Udall, dated June 28, 1965-

220
Letter from Hon. Cornelius E. Gallagher, to Hon. W. Willard
Wirtz, Secretary of Labor, May 24, 1965-

142
Text of section 11 of the 1964 Census of Agriculture question-
naire

273

Gross, Martin L., author of the "Brain Watchers”:

Excerpt from New York Sunday Times Book Review by Dr.

John Dollard.---

65

Excerpt from policy statement of John W. Macy, Jr.

78

Excerpt from statement of Dr. Henry S. Dyer, vice president,

Educational Testing Service, Princeton, N.J..

65

Excerpts from "The Brain Watchers''.

77

Excerpt of review of test efficiency, by Dr. George K. Bennett,

president, Psychological Corp., in Fifth Mental Measurement

Yearbook...

65

Luce, Charles F., Administrator, Bonneville Power Administration,

Department of the Interior:

Appraisal report regarding John Smith by the Psychological

Service of Pittsburgh.

198

Letter from D. Otis Beasley, Assistant Secretary of the Interior,

to Hon. Cornelius E. Gallagher, dated May 28, 1965, with

attachments..

187

Memorandum to Secretary of the Interior, from Charles F.

Luce, dated May 18, 1965, re BPA personnel testing

program..

187

Criteria for use of psychological evaluation in BPA.

189

Positions filled using test augmentation of evaluation factors

as of May 18, 1965.-

206

Statement with attachments.

178

Memorandum to division directors and area managers by

Charles W. Kinney, Deputy Administrator, Bonneville

Power Administration.--

180

Attachment No. 1-Article from Electrical World, March
22, 1965, entitled "Management Newsletter”,

182
Attachment No. 2—Excerpts from Federal Personnel
Manual.

185

McDonald, Angus, director of research, National Farmers Union,

statement.

292

Macy, John W., Jr., Chairman, U.S. Civil Service Commission:

Excerpt from restatement of policy on personality tests.

38

Letter from John W. Macy, Jr., to Hon. Cornelius E. Gallagher,

September 16, 1965.-

Statement entitled "The Appraisal of Personal Characteristics in

the Selection of Federal Employees Under the Merit System”. 39

Reuss, Hon. Henry S., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Wisconsin:

Excerpt from brochure "Join Your Career Youth Opportunity

Centers”.

49

Excerpt from "Selection of Applicants for Youth Opportunity

Training Program".

147

Excerpt from statement of F. Kingston Berlew..

250

Excerpt from statement of Leo R. Werts---

141, 145

Letter from Hon. Henry S. Reuss, to Robert C. Goodwin, Admin-

istrator, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Employment

Security:

January 6, 1965.

98

February 10, 1965.

100

February 24, 1965.

100

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