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as a recreation; traveled as chaplain to the Duke of Bolton; becanze second master at Winchester School, 1755, remaining there till 1793 (head master from 1766); was a friend of Dr. Johnson, Sir Joshua Reynolds, Burke, and Garrick; retired to Wickham in 1793, where he died February 23, 1800. Warton's works include: Odes on Various Subjects, 1746; edition and translation of Virgil, 1753; contributions to Dr. Johnson's Adventurer, 1753-56; Essay on the Genius and Writings of Pope (vol. i) 1756 and (vol. ii) 1782; an edition of Pope's Works, 1797
There is no modern edition of the Essay on Pope. For biography, see Sidney Lee's article in the D. N. B.; for criticism, an essay on "The Wartons” in John Dennis's Studies in English Literature, and Beers's History of Romanticism in the 18th Century.
THOMAS WARTON (brother of Joseph Warton) was born at Basingstoke, January 9, 1728. He was educated by his father and at Trinity College, Oxford (B. A., 1747); took orders, but remained at the University as tutor and fellow; wrote poetry as an amateur; studied early English literature with a thoroughness very unusual for his time; was elected Professor of Poetry in 1757, and for ten years lectured on classical topics; in 1785 became Camden Professor of History; was appointed Poet Laureate on the death of Whitehead in 1785, but was unsuccessful as an official poet; died in his college, May 20, 1790. Warton's works include: Observations on the Fairy Queen of Spenser, 1754; contributions to Johnson's Idler, 1758-59; an edition of Theocritus, 1770; History of English Poetry, 1774-81 (never finished); an edition of Milton's minor poems, 1785; and various poems.
There is no modern edition of Warton's Observations on the Fairy Queen. For biography and criticism, the references are the same as for Joseph Warton.
GILBERT WHITE was born at Selborne, Hampshire, July 18, 1720. He attended Oriel College, Oxford (B. A., 1743); became a fellow of Oriel; entered the church, 1747, and held various curacies, but apparently never aspired to important livings because of his desire to live at Selborne; resided there continuously until his death, and devoted himself largely to observation as a naturalist; in 1767 became acquainted with the naturalist Pennant, and in 1769 with Barrington, his later letters to these friends forming the nucleus of his Selborne; contributed to the transactions of the Royal Society; gradually formed the idea of making a book from his notes and letters; never married, but entertained hospitably at his home; died there on June 26, 1793. White's one book was The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne, 1789.
There have been several modern editions of Selborne; one of the best is an American reprint with an Introduction by John Burroughs, 1895. The Life and Letters of Gilbert White of Selborne, by R. Holt-White, appeared in 1901.
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