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SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
SUBCOMMITTEE ON DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND RELATED
JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi, Chairman WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky
WALT HORAN, Washington
ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois
(Pages 1089 to 2151)
Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1968
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
GEORGE W.MON, Texas
CLARENCE CANNON, Missouri, Chairman
BEN F. JENSEN, Iowa
WALT HORAN, Washington
GERALD R. FORD, JR., Michigan
HAROLD C. OSTERTAG, New York
FRANK T. BOW, Ohio
CHARLES RAPER JONAS, North Carolina
MELVIN R. LAIRD, Wisconsin
ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan
GLENARD P. LIPSCOMB, California
JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona
JOHN R. PILLION, New York
WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio
ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois
EARL WILSON, Indiana
ODIN LANGEN, Minnesota
WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, Wyoming
LOUIS C. WYMAN, New Hampshire
KENNETH SPRANKLE, Clerk and Staf Director
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE APPROPRIATIONS
TUESDAY, MARCH 5, 1963.
ECONOMIC RESEARCH SERVICE
NATHAN M. KOFFSKY, ADMINISTRATOR, ECONOMIC RESEARCH
SERVICE SHERMAN E. JOHNSON, DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR, FOREIGN ECO
NOMICS, ECONOMIC RESEARCH SERVICE CARL P. HEISIG, DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR, AGRICULTURAL ECO
NOMICS, ECONOMIC RESEARCH SERVICE HARRY A. STEELE, DIRECTOR, RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT ECO
NOMICS DIVISION, ECONOMIC RESEARCH SERVICE CHARLES F. KIEFER, DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT
SERVICES JOHN J. KAMINSKI, CHIEF, DIVISION OF BUDGET AND FINANCE,
OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT SERVICES GEORGE WALDMAN, CHIEF, BUDGET BRANCH, DIVISION OF BUDGET
AND FINANCE, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT SERVICES CHARLES L. GRANT, DIRECTOR OF FINANCE AND BUDGET OFFICER,
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
SALARIES AND EXPENSES
Total personnel compensation. 12 Personnel benefits.. 21 Travel and transportation of persons. 22 Transportation of things.. 23 Rent, communications, and utilities. 24 Printing and reproduction.. 25 Other services..
Services of other agencies. 26 Supplies and materials. 31 Equipment
26 113 181 718 320
70 449 243 65 49
10 124 170 366 245 65 45
Mr. WHITTEN. Gentlemen, the committee will come to order.
We have with us today Mr. Nathan M. Koffsky, Administrator of the Economic Research Service, and his associates. We are indeed glad to have you with us today, Mr. Koffsky.
JUSTIFICATION OF THE ESTIMATES
At this point we should like to have pages 1 through 5, 30, and 31, volume II, of the justifications included in the record.
(The material referred to follows:)
The Economic Research Service was established by Secretary's Memorandum No. 1446, Supplement No. 1, of April 3, 1961, under Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953 and other authorities. The Service develops and carries out a program of economic research designed to benefit farmers and the general public. The findings of this research are made available to farmers and others through research reports and through economic outlook and situation reports on major commodities, the national economy, and the international economy. The Seryice carries out the following major activities :
1. Farm economics research consists of a nationwide program of research dealing with the economic problems of agricultural production and resource use to measure, appraise, and analyze on a continuing basis, the current and prospective changes that occur in agriculture, and to evaluate the adjustments which farmers and the industry can make feasibly to meet these changing conditions.
2. Marketing economics research, including economic and cost analyses and research relating to the marketing of specific agricultural commodities; the organizational structure and practices of commodity markets; costs and margins involved in the marketing of agricultural products; farmers' bargaining power ; the economics of product quality and grade; market potentials, distribution, and merchandising of agricultural products; and the economics of transportation.
3. Domestic and foreign economic analysis : Domestic economic analysis consists of economic and statistical research on agricultural prices, farm income, commodity outlook and situation, the supply and consumption of farm products, farm population and rural life, and agricultural history. Foreign economic analysis includes economic studies of supply of, demand for, and trade in farm products in foreign countries and their effect on prospects for U.S. exports, analysis of farm export programs, progress in economic development and its relationship to sales of farm products; assembly and analysis of agricultural trade statistics; and analysis of international financial monetary programs and policies, as they affect the competitive position of U.S. farm products.
4. Research under sections 104 (a) and (k) of Public Law 480 : Economic analyses and research projects beneficial to the United States which can be ad. vantageously conducted overseas by foreign research institutions and universities are financed with foreign currencies through contracts and grants. Professional personnel carefully review and appraise for technical adequacy these projects prior to carrying on the negotiations leading to contract execution. During the course of the work, the Service periodically appraises progress and methods used in the contract or grant, and reviews reports produced as a part of the project. The explanatory notes under the appropriations for the Foreign