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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON BANKING AND CURRENCY

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-FIRST CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H. R. 4009

A BILL TO ESTABLISH A NATIONAL HOUSING OBJECTIVE AND THE
POLICY TO BE FOLLOWED IN THE ATTAINMENT THEREOF, TO PRO-
VIDE FEDERAL AID TO ASSIST SLUM-CLEARANCE PROJECTS AND
LOW-RENT PUBLIC HOUSING PROJECTS INITIATED BY LOCAL
AGENCIES, TO PROVIDE FOR FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE BY THE
SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE FOR FARM HOUSING,

AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

APRIL 7, 8, 11, 12, 25, 26, 27, 28, MAY 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, AND 9, 1949

Printed for the use of the Committee on Banking and Currency

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1949

89451

86 3795T XL
09/92 53-005-00

250

09

COMMITTEE ON BANKING AND CURRENCY

BRENT SPENCE, Kentucky, Chairman
PAUL BROWN, Georgia

JESSE P. WOLCOTT, Michigan
WRIGHT PATMAN, Texas

RALPH A. GAMBLE, New York
A. S. MIKE MONRONEY, Oklahoma

FREDERICK C. SMITH, Ohio
BROOKS HAYS, Arkansas

JOHN C. KUNKEL, Pennsylvania
ALBERT RAINS, Alabama

HENRY 0. TALLE, Iowa
FRANK BUCHANAN, Pennsylvania

ROLLA C. MCMILLEN, Illinois
ABRAHAM J. MULTER, New York

CLARENCE E. KILBURN, New York
CHARLES B. DEANE, North Carolina

ALBERT M. COLE, Kansas
GEORGE D. O'BRIEN, Michigan

MERLIN HULL, Wisconsin
CHASE GOING WOODHOUSE, Connecticut HARDIE SCOTT, Pennsylvania
CLINTON D. MCKINNON, California

DONALD W. NICHOLSON, Massachusetts
HUGH J. ADDONIZIO, New Jersey
ISIDORE DOLLINGER, New York
HUGH B. MITCHELL, Washington
BARRATT O'HARA, Illinois

WILLIAM J. HALLAHAN, Clerk
ORMAN S. FINK, Professional Staff
JOHN E. BARRIERE, Professional Staff

II

CONTENTS

275 V

Page

H. R. 4009. A bill to establish a national housing objective and the policy to

be followed in the attainment thereof, to provide Federal aid to assist

slum-clearance projects and low-rent public housing projects initiated

by local agencies, to provide for financial assistance by the Secretary

of Agriculture for farm housing, and for other purposes.

1

Statement of-

Alden, William, representing the National Association of Security

Dealers

371

Aronson, Arthur J., chairman, national housing committee, Jewish

War Veterans of the United States_-

158

Barger, Harry S., representing the National Economic Council, Inc.- 514
Bodfish, Morton, chairman, executive committee, United States Sav-
ings and Loan League_

413

Bourne, James P., president, Louisville and Jefferson County Property

Owners Association.-

362

Brown, Edgar G., director, National Negro Council -

235

Cain, Hon. Harry P., A United States Senator from the State of

Washington.--

613

Campbell, Howard V., Solicitor's Office, Department of Agriculture_- 190
('arlisle, Russell A., representing Paralyzed War Veterans of America 164
Carter, Jack, national housing officer, Veterans of Foreign Wars-- 129
Chatters, Carl H., executive director, American Municipal Association. 673
Clorety, Joseph A., Jr., national vice chairman, American Veterans
Committee_

1531
Cox, Lawrence M., president, National Association of Housing Offi-

cials, and executive director, Norfolk Redevelopment and Housing

Authority

Cunningham, S. K., representing S. K. Cunningham & Co., Inc.,

Pittsburgh, Pa----

390

D'Alesandro, Hon. Thomas, Jr., mayor of Baltimore, Md., and chair-
man, standing committee on legislation ---

528
D'Ewart, Hon. Wesley A., a Representative in Congress from the State
of Montana

663
Davis, William D., president, Farm Management Associates, Inc.,
Kansas City, Mo---

589

Edelman, John W., Washington representative, Textile Workers Union

of America, CIO_

263

Egan, John Taylor, Public Housing Commissioner.

23, 56, 111
Farrell, Gen. Thomas F., chairman, New York Housing Authority,
representing the mayor of New York City--

521
Foley, Raymond M., Housing and Home Finance Administrator----- 23, 37,

111, 690
American Veterans_

156

Fuller, George M., vice president, National Lumber Manufacturers

Association.--

506

Gerholz, Robert P., chairman, realtor's Washington committee of the

National Association of Real Estate Boards_-

582

Giesecke, Bertram E., chairman, national housing committee, the

American Legion---

123

Gillespie, John J., chairman, United Veterans Council Housing Com-
mittee_-

166
Goodman, Leo, director, CIO Committee on Housing-

263
Graham, Thomas A., representing the National Security Traders As-
sociation -

373
Gray, Richard J., president, building and construction trades depart-
ment, American Federation of Labor__

245

Statement of—Continued

Page
Halvorson, Lloyd C., economist, representing the National Grange-- 486
Hatcher, Lloyd B., vice president, Trust Co. of Georgia -

563
Henderson, Elmer W., director, American Council on Human Rights-- 233
Holden, Thomas S., president, F. W. Dodge Corp.---

453
Javitz, Hon. Jacob J., a Representative in Congress from the Twenty-
first Congressional District of New York_---

550, 690
Jones, Hon. Robert E., Jr., a Representative in Congress from the
Eighth District of Alabama---

171
Ketchum, Omar, director, national legislative service, Veterans of
Foreign Wars_-

132
King, Joseph T., representing the National Retail Lumber Dealers

Association---

479

Kreutz, Oscar R., executive manager, National Savings and Loan

League_

555

Lasseter, Dillard, Administrator, Farmers Home Administration - 190

Lockwood, Rodney M., president, National Association of Home

Builders--

295

McDowell, John, executive director, the National Federation of Settle-
ments, Inc_

293

Marcantonio, Hon. Vito, a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York.

664

Marcus, Arthur I., representing the American Legion, State of Wis-
consin --

169
Mitchell, H. L., president, National Farm Labor Union -

217
Nunn, Alexander, managing editor, the Progressive Farmer, Birming-
ham, Ala-

216
O'Dwyer, Hon. William, mayor of New York City, N. Y..

521
O'Grady, Rt. Rev. Msgr. John, secretary, National Conference of
Catholic Charities -

621
Orchard, Malcolm, editor, Southern Agriculturist, Nashville, Tenn_- 184
Perry, Leslie S., representing the National Association for the Advance-
ment of Colored People---

218

Poston, Robert R., associate director, national housing committee,

the American Legion.

122

Proffitt, George W., representing the National Apartment Owners As-
sociation---

497
Sawyer, Hon. William, Secretary of Commerce_

655
Schiff, Philip, representing the American Association of Social

Workers, National Association of Jewish Center Workers, and the
American Association of Group Workers_

291

Scriven, Frank D., cochairman, AMVETS National Housing Committee 132

Shufelt, Bernard E., president, Paralyzed War Veterans of America

164
Smith, Ralph M., chairman, legislative committee, United States Sav-
ings and Loan League---

407
Smith, Raymond C., Assistant Chief, Bureau of Agricultural Eco-
nomics, Department of Agriculture_-

190
Snyder, Calvin K., secretary, realtor's Washington committee of the
National Association of Real Estate Boards_

568

Stubbs, George, Birmingham, Ala_-

388

Tobin, Maurice J., Secretary of Labor-

651

Veit, Robert T., representing Shields & Co., New York, N. Y

386

Vinton, Warren J., chief economist, Public Housing Administration.. 100

Weinfeld, Edward, president, National Public Housing Conference_- 137

Weitzer, Bernard, national legislative representative, Jewish War

Veterans of the United States_---

163

West, George W., representing the Chamber of Commerce of the
United States_

394
Whitlock, Douglas, chairman, the Building Products Institute -

595
Additional material submitted for the information of the committee:

Abrams, Charles, New York, N. Y., letter of February 21, 1949, ad-
dressed to Senator John Sparkman.

392

American Federation of Labor :

Appendix I. Executive council statement on housing legislation,

January 31, 1949__.

246

Appendix II. Distribution of family income compared with exist-

ing and proposed housing program-

249

[graphic]

Page

672

123

271

679

Additional material submitted for the information of the committee-Con.

American Home Economics Association, letter of May 5, 1949, from,

to Hon. Brent Spence---

American Legion : Resolution adopted at Miami, October 18–21, 1948__

Congress of Industrial Organizations :

Cooperative plan on housing drawn-real-estate group considers

urging Swedish idea for United States in place of public proj-

ects, article from New York Times of December 20, 1948_

National Association of Real Estate Boards, letter of February

2, 1949, from, to Walter Reuther-

Realtors' group support of plan for cooperative home owning pre-

dicted, article from the Wall Street Journal, December 24, 1948_

Catholic War Veterans of the United States of America, statement---

Council for Social Action, Congregational Christian Churches, state-

ment

Additional letter and statement regarding Federal farm-labor

camps--

D'Alesandro, Hon. Thomas, Jr., mayor, city of Baltimore, Md. :

Baltimore Plan-Slum Clearance at a Profit, article by Edgar

L. Jones and Burke Davis, from Atlantic Monthly, May 1949_-

Cash, Hon. Albert D., mayor, Cincinnati, Ohio, letter from, to Paul

V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors-

Curley, Hon. James M., mayor, Boston, Mass., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors.

D'Alesandro, Hon. Thomas, mayor, Baltimore, Md., letter from,

to Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors--

Darden, Hon. Pretlow, mayor, Norfolk, Va., letter from, to Paul

V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors_

Delaney, Hon. Edward K., mayor, St. Paul, Minn., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States ('onference of Mayors--

Devin, Hon. William F., mayor, Seattle, Wash., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors---

Disalle, Hon. Michael V., mayor, Toledo, Ohio, letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors_--

Farnsley, Hon. Charles P., mayor, Louisville, Ky., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors_---

Green, Hon. W. Cooper, mayor, Birmingham, Ala., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors.

Hartsfield, Hon. William B., mayor, Atlanta, Ga., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors.---

Hoyer, Hon. Eric G., mayor, Minneapolis, Minn., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors_-

Kaufmann, Hon. Aloys P., mayor, St. Louis, Mo., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors_

Kemp, Hon. William E., mayor, Kansas City, Mo., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors---

Lawrence, Hon. David L., mayor, Pittsburgh, Pa., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors.--

Murphy, Hon. Vincent J., mayor, Newark, N. J., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States ('onference of Mayors_-

O'Dwyer, Hon. William, mayor, New York, N. Y., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors_

Overton, Hon. Watkin, mayor, Memphis, Tenn., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors_-

Roberts, Hon. Dennis J., mayor, Providence, R. I., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors.--

Robinson, Hon. Elmer E., mayor, San Francisco, Calif., letter

from, to Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors-

Samuel, Hon. Bernard, mayor, Philadelphia, Pa., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors--

Thomas, Roderic B., city manager, Dallas, Tex., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States ('onference of Mayors---

Van Antwerp, Eugene I., Detroit Housing Commission, letter from,

to Paul V. Betters, l'nited States ('onference of Mayors_-
Zeidler, Hon. Frank P., mayor, Milwaukee, Wis., letter from, to

Paul V. Betters, United States Conference of Mayors--

540

541

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