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gar; when you may draw it off into another cask, bung it well up, and keep it in your cellar for use.

This vinegar will do for pickling; and if it be refined, and kept from turning musty, may pass in use as well as that made of wine.

Raisin Vinegar. To every gallon of spring water, add three pounds of Malaga raisins. Put these into an earthen jar, and place them where they may have the hottest sun from May till Michaelmas. Then press all well; tun the liquor in a very strong iron-hooped vessel, to prevent its bursting : it will appear very thick and muddy when newly pressed; but will refine in the vessel, and be as clear as wine. Thus let it remain untouched for three months before it is drawn off, and it will prove excellent vinegar, fit for any table.

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DYING.

To prepare ruw Silk. : - Put the raw silk into a bag, that it may not entangle; and to every pound add a quarter of a pound of soap; let this boil together two hours, then take it and cleanse it well, and it is ready for all sorts of colours, being first alumed.

Another Way to prepare raw Silk. Take it, and smear it well, putting to every pound of silk, a quarter of a pound of black or green soap; put it into a linen bag, and let it boil six or seven hours; then take it out of the bag and cool it, that you may handle it the better; after this, rinse it in a river or running water for fifteen minutes. Beat the water out very well, and then rinse it again; then dry it, and it is ready for dying. Ob- serve, that this preparation is absolutely necessary for all raw silks before they can be died.

To alun boiled Silk. Take a quarter of a pound of alum to every pound of silk, melt it in a skillet ; when done, throw it into a vessel or tub of water ; into which put the silk to steep twelve hours

or more. Observe carefully the just proportion of silk and alum.

To die red Silk. To prepare your liquor or suds right, take four handfuls of wheat bran to every pound of silk; then put it into six or seven gallons of water, boil them and poor the liquor into a tub, letting it stand twelve or fourteen hours ; then clarify it, and take half the water, in to which put eight ounces of alum, four ounces of tartar of red wine, beaten to a fine powder, and half an ounce of turmeric, finely pounded, boil them together a quarter of an hour, stirring them well; then take the kettle off the fire, and put the silk immediately in, covering the kettle very close, that the steam may not fly away ; thus let it stand three hours, and then take the silk and rinse it well in cold water, then beat it very well upon a block, and let it dry. This done, take four ounces of galls, beat them small, and put them into a pail of river or rain water, and boil them sixty minutes, or somewhat more ; then take the kettle off the fire, and when it is so cool that your hand can bear it, put in the silk and let it lie an hour, then take it out and let it dry.

A crimson Die for Silk. When your silk is well boiled, to every pound of silk take of crude alum eight ounces; when that is dissolved, lay the silk in the liquor one night, the next day rinse it well, and afterwards die as follows. Take a kettle of clear water, and to every pound of silk, put in together, of cochineal two ounces and a half, beaten very fine; of beaten galls three ounces; of gum purified, and turmeric, an eigbih part of an ounce each: boil the silk in this liquor two hours. After this is done, let it remain twelve hours, then wring and dry it.

To colour or die Wool or woollen Cloth a curious Red. Take a considerable quantity of alum, and dissolve it in water, wherein bran has been boiled and strained out, putting the cloth, wool, or yarn to steep in it, which being well steeped,, put it into other clear water, heating it over a gentle fire: then put in of greening weed, two pounds to four gallons of water, stirring it about, but not suffering it to boil; then add a handful of uuslacked lime, and as much wood ashes, stirring about the materials, then add

a like quantity of ashes, and a pound of the powder of logwood, or red wood, and the like of Brazil, and so in three or four hours time a good colour will be produced.

To die Linen, Thread, or Cloth red. Take a pound of sain-flour, and let it soak for the space of twenty-four hours in two gallons of water, heating over a gentle fire; then add half a pound of the powder of Brazil, two ounces of vermilion, and an ounce of alum, disa solved in a pint of clear watera

To die a clear or pleasant light Red. Take half a peck of wheat bran, two ounces of alum, and boil them in four gallons of water, then strain out the liquid part through a fine hair sieve; dissolve in it half a pound of alum, and the like quantity of white tartar, and put in the stuff, cloth, &c. intended for colouring, adding three pounds of madder, and perfect the colour in a moderale heat, without boiling.

To die Silk a sanguine Colour. Take a pound of alum and two pounds of greening weed, bruise them well, and pour upon them soft water ; add then half a pound of ground Brazil, heat them over the fire, and put the silk in some part of the liquid matter, suffering it io seethe in it, and so renew it with the remainder, till you find your colour take, and having so done three times, rinse it in lie of oak bark, or wood ashes, and afterwards in water.

To die a good Blue. - Take white silk, stuff, or cloth that is white, and soak it in water; then having wrung the water out, add two pounds of woold or woad, a pound of indigo, and three ounces of alum; and then gently heat and dissolve them in the water, and so dip your materials till you perceive your colour bas taken.

. To die a purple Colour. Take a silk, stuff, or cloth that has already taken a blue, and dip it in Brazil and alum water, at moderate heats; and you will soon perceive the colour answer your expectation

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To die a deep red Carnation. ?". Take white linen and woollen, gall and alum it well, and take the herb called by the Dutch foli, which is to be found on the banks of ditches, to the quantity of a pound, well dried; Indian lake, four ounces ; Spanish red, two ounces; make of these and alum water' a hot liquor, and dip the materials in it, at a gentle heat, three or four tiines, and it will produce a curious colour.

. . To die a good Yellow. Take the stalks, leaves, and seeds, &c. of woad, the roots being cut off, and lay them to soak in lie of wood ashes, for ihe space of three hours; after that seethe them in hot water and urine, and heat them up moderately, straining the liquid part through a sieve, adding to every two pounds of woad two pounds of verdigrease, with the lie already sod, stirring it and mixing it together for the space of three hours, and dip into it very hot at three or four times what you intend to colour.

To make a curious green Water. Take half an ounce of verdigrease, bruise it well, put to it the yolk of an egg, and a few blades of saffron; then take half a handful of the leaves of spurge; bruise them with a quarter of a pint of vinegar, straining the liquid part through a cloth, and mingle it with the materials before mentioned, so thin that it may take either in dying or painting

To make a black Water to die Șilk, Cloth, 8c. Take half a pound of nut-galls, add to them a pottle of water, and an ounce of lamp-black, with a handful of the rust or filings of iron; beat them up, adding half a pound of copperas, seethe them to one half, adding then a pint of gum water, and so set it by for use, and it will prove very good ; the longer it is kept the better.

To die Linen or Silk a rose Red. * Take to every four yards and a half, a pound of nut-galls, and seethe them in soft water unbruised, for the space of two hours, when pouring out the liquid part into another vessel or vat, put the linen, &c. into it, and suffer it to soak for the space of four hours; then wring it dry, and heat it again in alum and water, adding half a pound

of Brazil powder, and a pound of greening weed, and so by gentle heats make your colour to the height.

. To die Green. Take bran water and alum, a gallon of the former to a pound of the latter, and seethe them up till the alum is dissolved; then for about a quarter of an hour let your silk or cloth lie in it; then take more bran water, and a few bandfuls of woad, and put in it till it becomes a dark yellow; then add verdigrease and indigo, of each half a pound; or more or less of the one or the other, as you · would have it lighter or darker.

To die a good Black.. Take two pounds of galls and half a pound of copperas ; seethe them in water over a gentle fire, putting your silk, staff, or cloth in it, and stirring it about; then bang it to dry, and prepare your die in this manner, namely: Take a large vat, and put in it. three or four handfuls of ryemeal, and half as much of swarf of the grindstone, or smith's water, with two handfuls of elder bark, and the like quantity of the rust of iron, and having suffered it to stand for the space of three days, heat it up, and put your inaterials in it.

To make a curious red Water. Take two quarts of water, four ounces of gum-arabic, a pound of faucet woad, seethe them together till half be consuined ; and then taking it off, put into the remainder half an ounce of Spanish green, and about thirty grains of cochineal, and so use it as you see convenient.

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To make a curious blue Water for Silks, Stuffs, and Woollen,

Take three parts of soap-boilers' ashes and one part of unguenched lime, make of them a lie, and suffer it well to settle; then add to the thinner part, taken off, a pound of boloemen, stirring them well together over a gentle fire, adding a pound of woad, and half a pound of indigo, dipping what you intend to colour in it when it is very hot.

To work on yellow Silk, white, grey, or azure Colour. • Take a pottle of water, and a fourth part of gum-arabic, and half a potile of faucet woad, an ounce of arsenic, and the like quantity of turmeric ground small, and seeibe

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