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lozenges with a lin lozenge cutter. These lozenges are adapted to sheathe and soften the acrimony by which the cough is excited, and to promote expectoration. For these purposes, a small lozenge must often be gradually melted in the mouth. Marshmallow lozenges are often made by beating the roots to a pulp, pounding them with pulverized sugar to a paste, rolling and cutting it out, and drying them in the shade.
The compound lozenges of marshmallows, celebrated for curing inveterate coughs, the asthma, and even consumption of the lungs, are thus made: Take two ounces of the pulp of boiled marshmallow roots; three drams each of white poppy seeds, Florentine iris, liquorice, and powdered gum tragacanth. Pound the white poppy seeds, iris, and liquorice together, and then add the powdered tragacanth. Having boiled a pound of loaf sugar, dissolved in rose water, to a sirup of a good consistence; 'mix into it, off the fire, first the pulp, and then the powders, tó compose the paste; which must be rolled out on oiled paper, and cut into lozenges, in the same manner as the former.
Pills, for a Cough. Take of Ruffus's pill, four scruples'; storax pill, one scruple; tartar of vitriol in fine powder, and squills in powder, ten grains each; chemical oil of camomile, ten drops; sirup of saffron, enough to make it up. Make it into twenty-four pills, and take two or three every third pight. On the intermediate days take a tea spoonful of the following tincture every four hours, wasbing it down with three table spoonfuls of the pectoral mixture.
Take conserve of roses and hips, each two ounces; pectoral sirup and sirup of violets, of each half an ounce; spermaceti, three drams; oil of almonds, six drams; confection of alkermes, half an ounce; genuine balm of Gilead, two drams; true oil of cinnamon, six drops; acid elixir of vitriol, two drams. Mix them 'well together.
For the pectoral mixture, take febrifuge elixir, four ounces; pectoral decoction, a quart'; balsainic sirup, three ounces; Mynsicht's elixir of vitriol, three dramıs, or as much as will make it gratefully acid.
Camphorated or Paregoric Elirir. Take of flowers of benzoin, half an ounce; opium, two drams. Infuse in one pound of the volatile aromatic spirit, for four or five days, frequently shaking the botile; afterwards strain the elixir. This is an agreeable and safe way of administeriug opium. It eases pain, allays tickling coughs, relieves difficult breathing, and is useful in many disorders of children, particularly the hoopingcough. The dose to an adult is from fifty to a hundred drops.
Stomach Plaister, for a Cough. Take an ounce each, of bees' wax, Burgundy pitch, and jęsin; welt them together in a pipkin, and stir in three quarters of an ounce of common turpentine, and half an ounce of oil of mace. Spread it on a piece of sheep's leather, grate soine nutmeg over, and apply it quite warm to the pio of the stomach.
Cure for a recent Cough and Cold. Put a large tea cupful of linseed, with a quarter of a pound of sun raisins, and two pennyworth of stick liquorice, into two quarts of soft water, and let it simmer over a slow fire till reduced to one quart ; add to it a quarter of a pound of pounded sugar-candy, a table spoonful of old rum, and a table spoonful of the best white-wine vinegar or lemon juice. The rum and vinegar should be added as the decoction is taken ; for if they are put in at first, the whole soon becomes flat, and less efficacious. The dose is half a pint, made warm, on going to bed; and a little may be taken whenever the cough is troublesome. The worst cold is generally cured by this remedy in two or three days; and, if taken in time, is considered' infallible. It is 'a fine balsamic cordial for the lungs.
Remedy for Consumption. Gently boil in a stewpan a pound of good honey; clean, scrape, and grate two large sticks of horse-radish; stir it into the honey. Let it boil for about five minutes, but it must be kept continually stirred. Two or three table spoonfuls a day, according to the strength of the patient, some time persisted in, may do a great deal, even where there is a confirmed consumption of the lungs. It is serviceable in all coughs where the lungs are affected,
Cure for a Wen. Pat some salt and water into a saucepan, and boil it for four or five minutes ; with which, while tolerably hot, bathe , the entire surface of the wen, however large; and continue
to do so, even after it is cold. Every time, before applying it, sur up the salt deposited at the bottom of the basin, and incorporate it afresh with the water. In this mapner the wen must be rubbed well over, at least ten or twelve limes every twenty-four hours; and, very often in less than a fortnight, a small discharge takes place, without any pain, which a gentle pressure soon assists to empty the whole contents. lo particular instances, the application must be continued several weeks, or even inonths: but it is said always finally to prevail, where persisted in, without occasioning pain or inconvenience of any kind, there being not the smallest previous notice of the discharge.
Remedy for Dropsy. Take sixteen large nutmegs, eleven spoonfols of broom ashes dried and burnt in an oven, an ounce and a half of bruised mustard-seed, and a handful of scraped horse-radish; put the whole into a gallon of mountain wine, and let it stand three or four days. A gill or half a pint, according to the urgency of the disease and strength of the patient, is to be drunk every morning fasting, taking nothing else for an hour or two after.
Remedy for St. Anthony's Fire. Take equal parts of spirits of turpentine and highly rectified spirits of wine;, mix them well together, and anoint the face gently with a feather dipped in it iminediately after shaking the bottle. This should be done often, always shaking the bottle, and taking care never to approach the eyes ; it will frequently effect a cure in a day or two: though it seems at first to inflame it softeas and heals.
Emollient Gargle. Take an ounce of marshmallow roots, and two or three figs; boil them in a quart of water till near one half of it be consumed : then strain out the liquor. If an ounce of honey, and half an ounce of water of ammania, be added to the above, it will then be an exceedingly good attenuating gargle. This gargle is beneficial in fevers, where the tongue and fauces are rough and parched, to soften these parts, and promote the discharge of saliva. The learned and accurate Sir Joho Pringle observes, that, in the inflammatory quinsey, or strangulation of the fauces, little benefit arises from the common gargles; that such as are of an acid nature do more harm than good, by contracting the emunc
tories of the saliva and mucus, and thickening those humours; that decoction of figs in milk and water has a contrary effect, especially if some sal ammoniac be added, by which the saliva is made thioner, and the glands brought to secrete more freely; a circumstance always conducive 10 the cure.
Anodyne Plaister. Melt an ounce of adhesive plaister, and, when it is cool. ing, mix with it a dram of powdered opiuin, and the same quantity of camphor, previously rubbed up with a little oil. This plaister generally gives ease in acute pains, especially of the nervous kind.
Diachylon, or common Plaister. Take of common olive oil, six pints; litharge, reduced to a fine powder, two pounds and a half. Boil ihe litharge and oil together over a gentle fire, continually stirring them, and keeping always about half a gallon of water in the vessel : after they have boiled about three hours, a little of the plaister may be taken out and put into cold water, to try if it be of a proper consistence: when that is the case, the whole may be suffered to cool, and the water well pressed out of it with the hands.—This plaister is generally applied in slight wounds and excoriations of the skin. It keeps the part soft and warm, and defends it from the air, which is all that is necessary in such cases. Its principal use, however, is to serve as a basis for other plaisters.
Blistering Plaister. Take of Venice turpentine, six ounoes; yellow wax, two ounces ; Spanish flies in fine powder, three ounces ; powdered mustard, one ounce. Melt the 'wax; and while it is warm, add to it the turpentine, taking care not to 'evaporate it by too much heat. After the turpentine and wax are sofficiently incorporated, sprinkle in the powder, continually stirring the mass till it be cold. Though this plaister is inade in a variety of ways, it is seldom made of a proper consistence. When compounded with oils and other greasy substances, its effects are blunted, and it is apt to ron; while pitch and resio render it too hard, and very in: convenient. When the blistering plaister is not at hand, its place may be supplied by mixing with any soft ointment a sufficient quantity of powdered fies; or by forming thein into a paste with flour and vinegar.
Stomach Plaister. Take of gum plaister, half a pound; campborated oil, an ounce and a half; black pepper, or capsicum, where it can be had, one ounce. Melt the plaister, and mix with it the oil; then sprinkle in the pepper, previously reduced to a fine powder. An ounce or two of this plaister, spread upon soft leather, and applied to the region of the stomach, will be of service in flatulencies arising from hysteric and hypochondriac affections. A little of the expressed oil of mace, or a few drops of the essential oil of mint, may be rubbed upon it before it is applied. This may supply the place of the anti-hysteric plaister.
Friar's Balsam Put four ounces of sarsaparella cut in short picces, two. ounces of China root thinly sliced, and an ounce of Vir. ginian sgake-weed, cut small
, with one quart of spirits of wine, in a two quart bottle. Set it in the sun, or any equal degree of heat; shake it two or three times a day, till the spirit be tinctured of a fine golden yellow. Then clear off the infusion into another bottle; and put in eight ounces of gom guaiacum ; set it in the sun, or other similar heat, shaking it often, till all the gum be dissolved, except dregs, which will be in about ten or twelve days. It must be again cleared from the dregs; and, having received an ounce of Peruvian balsam, be well shaken, and again placed in the sun for two days : after which, add an ounce of balm of Gilead, shake it together, and finally set it in the sun for fourteen days, when it will be fit for use.
Anodyne Balsum. Take of white Spanish soap, one ounce; opium, unprepared, two drams; rectified spirits of wine, nine ounces. Digest them together in a gentle heat for three days; then strain off the liquor, and add to 'it'three drams of camphor. This balsain, as its title expresses, is intended to ease pain. It is of service in violent strains and rheumatic complaints, when not attended with inflammation. It must be rubbed with a warm hand on the part affected; or a linen rag moistened with it may be applied to the part, and renewed every third or fourth hour, till the pain abates. If the opium is left out this will reseinble the soap liniment, or opodeldoc.