« PreviousContinue »
Several other exercises in prose and verse are here subjoined for the learner's practice.
Prose. Dissimulation in youth is the forerunner of perfidy in old age. Its first appearance is the fatal omen of growing depravity, and future shame.
If we possess not the power of self-government, we shall be the prey of every loose inclination that chances to arise. Pampered by continual indulgence, all our passions will become mutinous and headstrong. Desire, not reason, will be the ruling principle of our conduct.
Absurdly we spend our time in contending about the tri. fles of a day, while we ought to be preparing for a bigher existence.
How little do they know of the true happiness of life, who are strangers to that intercourse of good offices and kind affections, which, by a pleasing charm, attaches men to one another, and circulates rational enjoyment from heart to heart.
If we view ourselves, with all our imperfections and failings, in a just light, we shall rather be surprised at our enjoying so many good things, than discontented because there are any which we want.
True cheerfulness makes a man happy in himself, and promotes the happiness of all around him. It is the clear and calı sunshine of a mind illuminated by piety and virtue.
Wherever views of interest, and prospects of return, miagle with the feelings of affection, sensibility acts an imperfect part, and entitles us to small share of cominendation.
Let not your expectations from the years that are to come rise too high; and your disappointments will be fewer, and more easily supported.
To live long ought not to be our favourite wish, so much as to live well. By continuing too long on earth, we might only live to witness a greater number of melancholy scenes, and to expose ourselves to a wider compass of human woe.
How many pass away some of the most valuable years of their lives, tost in a whirlpool of what cannot be called pleasure, so inuch as mere giddiness and folly.
Look round you with an attentive eye, and weigh characters well, before you connect yourselves too closely with any who court your society,
The true honour of man consists not in the multitude of riches, or the elevation of rank; for experience shows, that these may be possessed by the worthless as well as by the deserving.
Beauty of form has often betrayed its possessor. The fiower is easily blasted. It is short-lived at the best; and trifling, at any rate, in comparison with the higher, and more lasting beauties of the mind.
A contented temper opens a clear sky, and brightens every object around us. It is in the sullen and dark shade of discontent, that noxious passions, like venomous animals, breed and prey upon the heart.
Thousands whom indolence has sunk into contemptible obscurity, might have come forward to usefulness and honour, if idleness had not frustrated the effect of all their powers.
Sloth is like the slowly-flowing putrid stream, which stagnates in the marsh, breeds venomous animals, and poisonous plants; and infects with pestilential vapours the whole country around it.
Disappoioiments derange, and overcome vulgar minds. The patient and the wise, by a proper improvement, frequently make them contribute to their high advantage.
Vice is a monster of so frightfal mien,
If nothing more than purpose in thy power,
To be resign’d when ills betide,
And pleas’d with favours giv’n :
Whose fragrance smells to heav’n.
The spacious firmament on high,
Who noble ends by noble means obtains, Or failing, smiles in exile or in chains, Like good Aurelius let him reign, or bleed Like Socrates, that man is great indeed.
But soon I found 'twas all a dream;
And learn'd the fond pursuit to shun, Where few can reach their purpos'd aim,
And thousands daily are undone.
THAT every young woman should have a knowledge of the art of computing by numbers, is indispensable, if she would fit herself for some of the most useful employments of life. Indeed, without an acquaintance with the first principles of this science, she must forego many of the ad'vantages and pleasures which others enjoy, and be exposed to the mistakes of the ignorant, or submit to the impositions of the designing. Its utility is in fact so general, that there is no situation in which females can be placed where the benefits to be derived from it will not be evident.
The following narrative is given as a striking instance; illustrative of the necessity of beiog acquainted with the art of computation.
A poor farmer had sold a certain number of cattle, at so much per head, and being uniacquainted with arithmetic, re. lied on the calculation of the buyer, and was about to receive the amount; when the farmer's daughter, a little girl; the mother of whom he had often reproved for giving her so much“ larning," as he called it, happened to pick up the paper containing the price and number, which her father had accidentally dropped ; aud, either in the hope of amusement, or to see if the sum was right, unknown to her parents she made the calculation herself, and found a deficiency in the amount of upwards of twenty pounds; which, without this timely inspection of the child, the father must certainly have lost.
In the following system the professed object is simplicity. The rules will appear so plain and easy that it is unnecessary to perplex the learner with prolix directions; and as females are seldom called upon to practise as deep skilled accountants, it will not be advisable to go beyond tbe rudiments, of this most useful science.
NUMERATION is the art of expressing properly and me. thodically any proposed number by figures.
Thus the whole series are described :
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine.
Another character formed by the letter 0, is called a cipher, signifying, when alone, nothing, but when joined to
another figure it adds tenfold to its original value, thus : :, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90.
Ten, twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, sixty, seventy, eighty, ninety.
Other ciphers added, still increase it tenfold, thus : ,
100, -1,000, 200,000, 1,000,000. One hundred, one thousand, 2 hundred thousand, one million.
The value of any number may be known by learning the following Table, which must be read from right to left, beginning with No. 1, calling it units.
1 0 9 8 7 6 5,' 4.3 2 1
. - tens of
The figures together in one sum, thus, 10,987,654,321, would read or be called as follows, ten thousand, nine hundred eighty seven millions, six hundred fifty-four thousand, three hundred and twenty one. Fisi....
The Roman figures, called numerals, are I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. L. C. D. M. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 50, 100, 500,1000.