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vion than fhe opinionco much
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' fitted for home consumption than for foreign exportation, is peculiarly adapted to women. The opinion of the great Dr. Johnson was, “that a woman cannot have too much arith. metic.” It is a solid, practical acquirement, in which there is inach use, and little display; it is a quiet, sober kind of knowledge, which she acquires for herself and her family, and not for the world.
A woman of good sense will never forget, that while the greater part of her proper duties are such as the most moderately gifted may fulfil with credit (since Providence never makes that to be very difficult which is generally necessary,) yet that the most highly endowed are bound to fulfil them: and let her remember, that the humblest of these offices, performed on Christian principles, are wholesome for the minds even of the most enlightened, as they tend to the casting down those high imaginations, which women of genius are too much tempted to indulge.
For instance, women whose natural vanity has been aggravated by a false education, may look down on economy as a vulgar attainment, unworthy of the attention of her cultivated intellect; but it is the false estimate of a shallow mind. Economy, such as I would inculcate, and which every woman, in every station of life, is called to practise, is not merely the petty detail of small daily expenses, the shabby eurtailments and stinted parsimony of a little mind, operate ing on little things; but it is the exercise of a sound judge: ment exerted in the comprehensive outline of order, of arrangement, of distribution; of regulations by which alone well-governed families, great and small, rich and poor, subsist. She who has the best regulated mind will, other things being equal, have the best regulated family. As in the superintendance of the universe, wisdom is seen in its effects; and as in the visible works of Providence, that which goes on with such beautiful regularity, is the result not of chance, but of design : so that management which seems the most easy, is commonly the consequence of the best concerted plan; and a well concerted plan is seldom the offspring of an ordinary mind. A sound economy is a sound understanding brougbt into action : it is calculation realized ; it ' is the doctrine of proportion reduced to practice: it is foreseeing consequences, and guarding against them; it is ex- pecting contingences, and being prepared for them. The difference is, that of a narrow-minded vulgar economist, the details are continually present; she is overwhelmed by their weight, and is perpetually bespeaking your pity for *
her labours, and your praise for her exertions; she is afraid . you will not see how she is harrassed. Little wants and trivial operations engross her whole soul: while a woman of sense, having provided for their probable recurrence, guards against the inconveniences, without being disconcerted by the casual obstructions which they offer to her generad scheme.
In the following most interesting story the advantages of domestic economy are fully exemplified; and though it is not every female who will be called, like Mrs. Clermont, to save a husband from distress and ruin by its exercise, yet it is desirable that every one should acquire the habits and dispositions which would lead her to the same line of conduct, if called to the same difficulties and trials. "
AT the early age of two and twenty, Charles Clermont; by the death of his father, became possessed of an estate of two thousand pounds per annum. Unfortunately his father's habits had been so parsimonious, and bis ideas on the subject of expenditure so narrow, that his son had never been allowed by him an income adequate to the common wants of a gentleman. Therefore when he saw himself possessor of a large estate, and a considerable sum of ready money besides, the sudden change from poverty to wealth had the pernicious 'effect of making him deem his riches so hadene pornicione offerta of making him der great as to be inexhaustible, and his heart and his hand became as open, as his predecessor's had been the contrary.
Generosity and fine feeling marked indeed all his actions: but he wanted judginent, he wanted reflection. Each quick and benevolent impulse he eagerly obeyed, nor waited to consider how far ihe meditated action was, or was not, pregnant with good or evil. .. 18
But of some of his benevolent impulses he had no reason to repent. The impulse which led him to introduce himself to an oppressed orphan, the daughter of a clergyınan, in order that he might offer her his purse and interest, to enable her to defend an unjust suit instituted against her by a
man whose addresses she had rejected, was the means of making him the husband of one of the best of women. For the orphan, whom he first visited from pity, he revisited from, love; and when she modestly reminded him of the difference of their fortunes, and that his friends and family would disapprove so, disproportionate an union, he wisely observed, that he considered money not as happiness, but as the means of happiness; that he had inoney, she had none; but then she had beauty, sense, and virtue-qualities, the possession of which was, exhibited as they appeared in her person, essential to his felicity. i . .. The man who talked thus was young, handsome, eloquent, and impassioned. The woman who listened was equally young, suill handsomer, and had as inuch secret tenderness in her heart as he had avowed passion in his. Nor did her reserve and her scruples hold out long against · the pleadings of Clermont's affection and her own; but after a few weeks of courtship they were united ; and the grate :: ful Augusta, having in the course of their acquaintance discovered that Clermont had every virtue but those necessary'. ones of prudence and economy, wisely resolved, that as she did not bring him a fortune, she would, were it necessary, endeavour to save one; and that she would try to make amends, by her care, for his pernicious want of management.
In the mean while Clermont's marriage had, though he kept it a seci'et from Augusta, done an irreparable injury, to . some of his expectations in life.
. The brother of his mother, a gentleman of the name of Morley, went to India at an early age, in order to make a, fortune; and he succeeded so well, that he was able very soon to send considerable remittances over to his less prosperous relatives in England; and amongst these, though she was married to a man of landed property, he considered Mrs. Clermont, for he well knew the parsimonious disposition of her husband; and all the litile indulgences which Charles Clermont-could boast of in his childhood and early youth were the result of his uncle's bounty to his mother. But on the death of Mrs. Clermont, an event which had a fatal effect for some time on the health and spirits of her affectionate son, the bounty of Mr. Morley was continued to Charles : and if ever he was observed to bę dressed like... a gentleman, or to make a present to some indigent neighbour, equal to the generosity of his heart, it was inme... diately after a remittance from India; and Clermont had .
recently received and expended a gift from his uncle, wher, his father died, and he saw himself the uncontroled master of what appeared to him an immense fortune. Soon after, he received news that his uncle was about to sail for Eng land; but the latter part of the letter contained informa-. tion which completely counterbalanced the pleasure which the first part of it had given him. ::;.."; surts en
Mr. Morley, informed Clermont that he had long in tended he should marry his ward, a beautiful and rich heits ess, who boarded with a relation near London, and who, having seen him at a watering-place, had written to her guardian that she was willing to comply with his wishes, and receive the addresses of her nephew, Therefore, continued Mr, Morley, “ you, and you only, 'can prevent this union, on which my heart is set, from taking place: but beware how you disappointime -Obey me, and I will give you thirty thousand pounds on the day of marriage; disobey me, and I renounce you for ever !”; 18: 32 mm
Clermont was already well acquainted with his uncle's positiveness and love of arbitrary power, therefore the ty». rannical conditions on which he offered biin his favour of thirty thousand pounds did not surprise, though it painfully affected him. He had seen the lady intended for his wife, and he had con versed with her; -for she had introduced herself to him as his uncle's ward, and had obligingly hoped that they should be better acquainted. But though she was beautiful, there was a forwardness in her 'manuer, and a degree of self-conceit in her whole deportment, which made it impossible for her to make as pleasing an impres-*** sion on Clermont's heart as he had made on hers. Besides, ** he had already seen Augusta, and his heart had formed a sort of involuntary vow never to allow him to marry another*** woman. .
Therefore, had oot Clermont's love of the freedom of choice struggled considerably against his desire to oblige bis peremptory uncle, he would have rejected instantly the offer of Miss Blagrave's hand, from the resistless influence of a prior attachment; an attachment too on the eve of being crowned by marriage. . . . . . $. domowe
The arrival of Mr. Morley was at length announced in a the papers, a few days after Clermont' was married to Augusta ; and the latter instantly wrote a letter to his uncle, welcoming him in the warmest inanner to England, and begging leave to set off for Portsmouth directly, it order *: to accompany him to bis house; but lainenting, at the same
time, his inability to comply with his wishes, and marry his lovely ward, as he was already married to one of the most amiable of wonen., .
Mr. Morley was ait old bachelor, and was so accustomed to have his own way, that this unexpected disappointment to his dearest hopes was as new to him as it was unwelcome; and in the first transports of his rage, on receiving Clermont's letter, he struck his name out of his will; and not contented with writing immediately to Clerinont, to let him know, that never while he lived would he see or speak to him, he desired: that no one in future would dare to mention'his nephew in his presence.
Clermont's affectionate heart was sensibly affected by his uncle's positive renunciation of him, for his mother had taught him to lave Mr. Morley, and his repeated kindnesses had endeared him to bim still more.
About this time,'to Augusta's vexation as well as sur. prise, Clermont presented her with a case of very fine jewels; nor were his equipages and the other bridal preparations at all inferior to what they would have been had he married an heiress.
“ My dear Charles, you seem to forget that I bring you no fortune," cried Augusta.
"On the contrary-I have proved that I remember it.”.. " Not by expending so much on bridal splendour.”..
« On the contrary-by that means I intend to prove to the world that I think you rich only as you are, in virtues and attractions, as worihy of shining in all the state which wealth can give, as if you were the heiress of thousands:"
“ Kind, but not considerate, Clermont! for will not the world be more inclined to inpute our parade to my extravagance, than to your delicate and jealous affection? Will they not be apt," continued she, smiling, “ to talk very innpolitely about a beggar og horseback
" Psha !” replied Clermont, warınly, “ let them if they dare." : “ Well, but dear Charles, when the first six months of our marriage are over, surely one of the carriages at least may be laid down?"
• What! would you bave me lead people to imagine that you had lost some of your value in my eyes?"
« Yes-provided you give me no reason to fear that I have lost any such value. Fear of what the world may, think will never, I trust, derer us from acting prudently: indeed, my dear Charles, I hope that neither you por I b13