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FEDERAL EMPLOYMENT PROBLEMS

OF THE SPANISH SPEAKING

HEARINGS

BEFORE

OF THE

THE CIVIL RIGHTS OVERSIGHT SUBCOMMITTEE

(SUBCOMMITTEE NO. 4).
Whited States. Courses
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY,
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-SECOND CONGRESS

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COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

EMANUEL CELLER, New York, Chairman
PETER W. RODINO, JR., New Jersey WILLIAM M. MCCULLOCH, Ohio
HAROLD D. DONOHUE, Massachusetts RICHARD H. POFF, Virginia
JACK BROOKS, Texas

EDWARD HUTCHINSON, Michigan
JOHN DOWDY, Texas

ROBERT MCCLORY, Illinois ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin HENRY P. SMITH III, New York DON EDWARDS, California

CHARLES W. SANDMAN, JR., New Jersey WILLIAM L. HUNGATE, Missouri

TOM RAILSBACK, Illinois JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan

EDWARD G. BIESTER, JR., Pennsylvania ANDREW JACOBS, JR., Indiana

CHARLES E. WIGGINS, California JOSHUA EILBERG, Pennsylvania

DAVID W. DENNIS, Indiana WILLIAM F. RYAN, New York

HAMILTON FISH, JR., New York JEROME R. WALDIE, California

R. LAWRENCE COUGHLIN, Pennsylvania EDWIN W. EDWARDS, Louisiana

WILEY MAYNE, Iowa WALTER FLOWERS, Alabama

LAWRENCE J. HOGAN, Maryland JAMES R. MANN, South Carolina

WILLIAM J. KEATING, Ohio
ABNER J. MIKVA, Illinois

JAMES D. McKEVITT, Colorado
PAUL S. SARBANES, Maryland
JOHN F. SEIBERLING, Ohio
JAMES ABOUREZK, South Dakota
GEORGE E. DANIELSON, California
ROBERT F. DRINAN, Massachusetts

Bess E. Dick, Staff Director
BENJAMIN L. ZELENKO, General Counsel

GARNER J. CLINE, Counsel

HERBERT Fuchs, Counsel
WILLIAM P. SHATTUCK, Counsel

JEROME M. ZEIFMAN, Counsel

HERBERT E. HOFFMAN, Counsel
JOSEPH FISCHER, Laro Revision Counsel
HOWARD C. EGLIT, Corrections Counsel

DONALD G. BENN, Associate Counsel
FRANKLIN G. POLK, A880ciate Counsel

THOMAS E. MOONEY, A880ciate Counsel
SAMUEL A. GARRISON III, Associate Counsel

CIVIL RIGHTS OVERSIGHT SUBCOMMITTEE

(Subcommittee No. 4)

DON EDWARDS, California, Chairman JOHN CONYERS, JR.,Michigan

CHARLES E. WIGGINS, California ANDREW JACOBS, JR., Indiana

CHARLES W. SANDMAN, JR., New Jersey JEROME R. WALDIE, California

WILLIAM J. KEATING, Ohio EDWIN W. EDWARDS, Louisiana

ROBERT MCCLORY, Illinois
PAUL S. SARBANES, Maryland

JEROME M. ZEIFMAN, Counsel
FRANKLIN G. POLK, A880ciate Counsel
ALFRED S. JOSEPH III, A88istant Counsel
GEORGE A. DALLEY, A88istant Counsel

CONTENTS

2

130

130

learings held on-

March 8, 1972-

March 9, 1972-

March 10, 1972

Testimony of

Kator, Irving, Assistant Executive Director, U.S. Civil Service Com-

mission; accompanied by Higinio Costales, Director, Spanish speak-

ing program.-
Ochi Ralph M., deputy director, Greater Los Angeles Urban Co-

alıtion

Olivas, Roberto, national services officer, Southwest Council of La

Raza

Ramirez, Hon. Henry M., chairman, Cabinet Committee on Opportuni-

ties for Spanish Speaking People; accompanied by Manuel Oliverez,

Deputy Director for Programs and Robert Brochtrup, congressional

liaison

Roybal, Hon. Edward R., a Representative in Congress from the

State of California --

Ximenes, Vincente T., vice president for field operations, National

Urban Coalition ---

Statement of-

Badillo, Hon. Herman, a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York-----

Diaz, Manuel, Jr., senior vice president, New York Urban Coalition--

Railsback, Hon. Thomas F., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Illinois.--.

Tunney, Hon. John V., a Senator in Congress from the State of

California

Correspondence-

Brady, Rodney H., Assistant Secretary for Administration and Man-

agement, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, to Hon.

Don Edwards, April 14, 1972_

Carlucci, Frank, Associate Director, Office of Management and Budget,

to Hon. Don Edwards, April 6, 1972---

Edwards, Hon. Don, a Representative in Congress from the State of

California, and chairman, Civil Rights Oversight Subcommittee, to-

Robert E. Hampton, Chairman, U.S. Civil Service Commission-

February 15, 1972.-

March 10, 1972-

April 13, 1972

Jerris Leonard, Administrator, Law Enforcement Assistance Ad-

ministration, March 10, 1972.--

George P. Shultz, Director, Office of Management and Budget,

March 15, 1972

Elliot L. Richardson, Secretary, Department of Health, Education

and Welfare, March 16, 1972_-

Vernon E. Wilson, M.D., Administrator, Health Services and Men-

tal Health Administration, Department of Health, Education,

and Welfare, March 10, 1971.--.

Hampton, Robert E., Chairman, U.S. Civil Service Commission, to-

Hon. Don Edwards-

March 10, 1972_

April 4, 1972

Hon. Robert McClory, March 29, 1972_
Kator, Irving, Assistant Executive Director, U.S. Civil Service Com-
mission, to Hon. Don Edwards, April 28, 1972_

(JIT)

171

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59
391

Leonard, Jerris, Administrator, Law Enforcement Assistance Adminis-

tration, to-

Hon. Don Edwards, April 9, 1972-

McClory, Hon. Robert, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Illinois, to-

Hon. Don Edwards, March 21, 1972

Robert E. Hampton, Chairman, U.S. Civil Service Commission,

April 12, 1972_-

Tunney, Hon. John V., a Senator in Congress from the State of Cali-
fornia, to Hon. Don Edwards, March 9, 1972-
Valenzuela, Ed, to Hon. Paul S. Sarbanes--

Wilson, Vernon E., M.D., Administrator, Health Services and Mental

Health Administration, Department of Health, Education, and Wel-

fare, to Hon. Don Edwards, April 12, 1972----

Additional Materials

Edwards, Hon. Don, a Representative in Congress from the State of

California, and chairman, Civil Rights Oversight Subcommittee.
Speech in the House of Representatives, "The Federal Government
perpetuates 2d-class citizenship for Spanish Americans," March 16,

1972

Executive orders-

No. 11246

No. 11375_-

No. 11478_-

U.S. Civil Service Commission-

Bulletin No. 713–16. February 12, 1971.

News release, January 26, 1972-

Operations Memo 713–12, January 19, 1972_

Progress Report on the 16-Point Program for the Spanish Speak-

ing. Bureau of Recruiting and Examining, January 5, 1972--

Responses to Subcommittee Questionnaire, March 10, 1972_
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights-

Federal Civil Rights Enforcement Effort, pp. 19-42---
The Federal Civil Rights Enforcement Effort: 1 Year Later,

November 1971, pp. 3–13_

347

498

337

463

486

THE FEDERAL EMPLOYMENT PROBLEMS OF THE

SPANISH SPEAKING

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 8, 1972

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE No. 4 OF THE
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 10 a.m., pursuant to notice, in room 2237, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Don Edwards (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Representatives Edwards of California, Waldie, Wiggins, Sandman, Keating, and McClory.

Staff members present: Jerome M. Zeifman, counsel, Alfred S. Joseph III, assistant counsel, and George A. Dalley, assistant counsel.

Mr. EDWARDS. The subcommittee will come to order.

Today the Civil Rights Oversight Subcommittee convenes hearings on the Federal Employment of Spanish Speaking People.

The Federal Government is the Nation's largest employer. It pays salaries for almost every conceivable skill, stations people in almost every city and town, and deals with problems of vital interest to every citizen.

Yet, in spite of a clear constitutional mandate, congressional legislation, and policy statements issued by both Democratic and Republican administration, only minimal progress appears to have been made in establishing true equal opportunity for minority group members in the Federal civil service.

In an August 8, 1969, memorandum for the heads of all executive departments and agencies, President Nixon eloquently described the importance and the subject of today's hearing. The President said this:

No more serious task challenges our Nation domestically than the achievement of equality of opportunity for all our citizens in every aspect of their lives regardless of their race, color, religion, national origin, or sex. This includes the opportunity for all persons, with full recognition of their dignity as individuals, to seek and to achieve their highest potential and productivity in employment situations. Discrimination of any kind based on factors not relevant to job performance must be eradicated completely from Federal employment. In addition, we must, through positive action, make it possible for our citizens to compete on a truly equal and fair basis for employment and to qualify for advancement within the Federal service. We must search for new ways to provide the necessary encouragement, assistance, and training opportunities, where appropriate, so that all employees may utilize their capabilities to the fullest extent in meeting the manpower needs of Federal agencies.

Until very recently discrimination against nonwhite employees was the accepted practice among Federal agencies. During the First World War black clerks employed by the Navy were required to work behind

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