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FEDERAL EMPLOYMENT PROBLEMS
OF THE SPANISH SPEAKING
THE CIVIL RIGHTS OVERSIGHT SUBCOMMITTEE
(SUBCOMMITTEE NO. 4).
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
EMANUEL CELLER, New York, Chairman
EDWARD HUTCHINSON, Michigan
ROBERT MCCLORY, Illinois ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin HENRY P. SMITH III, New York DON EDWARDS, California
CHARLES W. SANDMAN, JR., New Jersey WILLIAM L. HUNGATE, Missouri
TOM RAILSBACK, Illinois JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan
EDWARD G. BIESTER, JR., Pennsylvania ANDREW JACOBS, JR., Indiana
CHARLES E. WIGGINS, California JOSHUA EILBERG, Pennsylvania
DAVID W. DENNIS, Indiana WILLIAM F. RYAN, New York
HAMILTON FISH, JR., New York JEROME R. WALDIE, California
R. LAWRENCE COUGHLIN, Pennsylvania EDWIN W. EDWARDS, Louisiana
WILEY MAYNE, Iowa WALTER FLOWERS, Alabama
LAWRENCE J. HOGAN, Maryland JAMES R. MANN, South Carolina
WILLIAM J. KEATING, Ohio
JAMES D. McKEVITT, Colorado
Bess E. Dick, Staff Director
GARNER J. CLINE, Counsel
HERBERT Fuchs, Counsel
JEROME M. ZEIFMAN, Counsel
HERBERT E. HOFFMAN, Counsel
DONALD G. BENN, Associate Counsel
THOMAS E. MOONEY, A880ciate Counsel
CIVIL RIGHTS OVERSIGHT SUBCOMMITTEE
(Subcommittee No. 4)
DON EDWARDS, California, Chairman JOHN CONYERS, JR.,Michigan
CHARLES E. WIGGINS, California ANDREW JACOBS, JR., Indiana
CHARLES W. SANDMAN, JR., New Jersey JEROME R. WALDIE, California
WILLIAM J. KEATING, Ohio EDWIN W. EDWARDS, Louisiana
ROBERT MCCLORY, Illinois
JEROME M. ZEIFMAN, Counsel
mission; accompanied by Higinio Costales, Director, Spanish speak-
Deputy Director for Programs and Robert Brochtrup, congressional
Badillo, Hon. Herman, a Representative in Congress from the State of
Railsback, Hon. Thomas F., a Representative in Congress from the
Tunney, Hon. John V., a Senator in Congress from the State of
Hon. Robert McClory, March 29, 1972_
Leonard, Jerris, Administrator, Law Enforcement Assistance Adminis-
McClory, Hon. Robert, a Representative in Congress from the State of
Tunney, Hon. John V., a Senator in Congress from the State of Cali-
Wilson, Vernon E., M.D., Administrator, Health Services and Mental
Edwards, Hon. Don, a Representative in Congress from the State of
California, and chairman, Civil Rights Oversight Subcommittee.
Responses to Subcommittee Questionnaire, March 10, 1972_
Federal Civil Rights Enforcement Effort, pp. 19-42---
November 1971, pp. 3–13_
THE FEDERAL EMPLOYMENT PROBLEMS OF THE
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 8, 1972
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 10 a.m., pursuant to notice, in room 2237, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Don Edwards (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Present: Representatives Edwards of California, Waldie, Wiggins, Sandman, Keating, and McClory.
Staff members present: Jerome M. Zeifman, counsel, Alfred S. Joseph III, assistant counsel, and George A. Dalley, assistant counsel.
Mr. EDWARDS. The subcommittee will come to order.
Today the Civil Rights Oversight Subcommittee convenes hearings on the Federal Employment of Spanish Speaking People.
The Federal Government is the Nation's largest employer. It pays salaries for almost every conceivable skill, stations people in almost every city and town, and deals with problems of vital interest to every citizen.
Yet, in spite of a clear constitutional mandate, congressional legislation, and policy statements issued by both Democratic and Republican administration, only minimal progress appears to have been made in establishing true equal opportunity for minority group members in the Federal civil service.
In an August 8, 1969, memorandum for the heads of all executive departments and agencies, President Nixon eloquently described the importance and the subject of today's hearing. The President said this:
No more serious task challenges our Nation domestically than the achievement of equality of opportunity for all our citizens in every aspect of their lives regardless of their race, color, religion, national origin, or sex. This includes the opportunity for all persons, with full recognition of their dignity as individuals, to seek and to achieve their highest potential and productivity in employment situations. Discrimination of any kind based on factors not relevant to job performance must be eradicated completely from Federal employment. In addition, we must, through positive action, make it possible for our citizens to compete on a truly equal and fair basis for employment and to qualify for advancement within the Federal service. We must search for new ways to provide the necessary encouragement, assistance, and training opportunities, where appropriate, so that all employees may utilize their capabilities to the fullest extent in meeting the manpower needs of Federal agencies.
Until very recently discrimination against nonwhite employees was the accepted practice among Federal agencies. During the First World War black clerks employed by the Navy were required to work behind