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FOUR CITIES IN OREGON AND WASHINGTON 1
PRSONAL CARE: AVERAGE EXPENDITURES OF FAMILIES FOR PERSONAL SERVICES AND FOR SPECIFIED TOILET ARTICLES AND PREPARATIONS, BY INCOME, 1935-36

(White nonrelief families that include husband and wife, both native-born)

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Average expenditures per family 3/ for
Total

Personal services 47 of
number

Specified toilet articles and preparations
All

specified members
Income class 2)

of personal All

All other All toilet
families

Toilet
Tooth paste,

Toilet
Shaving Cosmetics

Othor tollot
care
members
Husband Wife

mombers articles and

soap tooth porders, soap and

articles articlos and

5/
preparations
pouta waahos

61

preparations 11
$250 $1199
$2

$1

$1
500 - 749

19
9

1 10

3 2

1 750 - 999 115

22 10 5 12

1

1
1,000 - 1,249 191

27 15
7

3 12

1

2
1,250 - 1,499 181

31 17
8
14

1

2

1 1,500 - 1,749 172

36 20 9 16

2

2

1 1,750 - 1,999

174 41 22

8 9 19

2 6

1 2,000 - 2,249 1414

42 23

9
9
19

2
6
2

1
2,250 - 2,499 109

27
10
11
19

6

1
2,500 - 2,999 142
52 31

12
7

6

1
3,000 - 3.999 128

61 36

12
15

9
25

7

1
4,000 4,999

241
11
17
13
27

2

2 5,000 - 9,999 25

87 57

24
21
12

6

2
12

2
1 The cities studied wore: Ástoria, Eigena, and 11 amath Falls, Oregon; and Olymnia, Washington.
2) Expenditures of a few families with incomes of less than $250 and of $20,000 and over were not analyzed.
31 Averages are based on the total mumber of families in each income class, regardless of who ther they had expendi tures.

This is expense (including tips) for hair-cuts, shampoos, waves, manicures, facials, shaves, and othor sinilar services.
5 Includes cold creams, powders, rouges, per funes, nail polishes, deodorants, bath sclts, shampoos, and make-up preparations.
6 Includes brushes, conbs, razors, files, nanicure scissors, and shaving mirrors.
7 Includes cleansing tissue, powdor puffs, and sanitary supplies.

5/23/38
3 Less than fifty cents.
ck

From Study of Consumer Purchases by the Bureau of Homo Economics, Department of Agriculture, Washington.

68

REPRODUCED FROM "STANDARDS OF LIVING IN FOUR SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN MOUNTA IN COUNTIES", A STUDY

OF THE FARM SECURITY ADMINISTRATION AND BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS, WASHINGTON.

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US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

NEG. 34196

DUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS

US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

AV. ALL UNDER 400500 750

AV. ALL

UNDER 400500

750FAMILIES

400
499
749

FAMILIES
OVER

400
499
749

OVER
VALUE OF LIVING GROUPS (DOLLARS)

VALUE OF LIVING GROUPS ( DOLLARS)
MEG. 34197 OUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
FIGURE 2.- PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF TOTAL VALUE OF FAMILY

FIGURE 3.- PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF TOTAL VALUE OF FAMILY
LIVING *MONG PRINCIPAL GROUPS OF GOODS AND SERVICES CON-

LIVING AMONG PRINCIPAL GROUPS OF GOODS AND SERVICES CON-
SUMED, BY VALUE-OF-LIVING'GROUPS, 733 OPEN-COUNTRY

SUMEO, BY VALUE-OF-LIVING GROUPS, 83 VILLAGE FAMILIES,
FAMILIES, FOUR APPALACHIAN COUNTIES, 1935.

FOUR APPALACHIAN COUNTIES, 1935. * "Furnished" refers to that part of the family living produced by the family, such as food raised and fuel cut on the land, and, with regard to "Housing & Maintenance", the value of living quarters

which would be paid as rent by non-owners. I

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RETAIL SALES AS INDICATED BY FIGURES COLLECTED
BY THE BUREAU OF TOREIGN & DOMESTIC COMMERCE

Prepared in the Marketing Research Division

Rotail trade picked up considerably during November when the margin of decline from November 1937 contracted to percent jaccording to estimates of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce based on figures reported to the Bureau and to other governmental agencies. This was the smallost margin of decline from the previous year's level recorded during 1938, and compares with decreases of 12 per cent for October and of about 15 percent for the first nine months of the year. It will be recalled that November 1937 marked the first ronth of the recession period during which sales fell below the corresponding month of the previous year.

One of the most encouraging factors was the pronounced improvement in the automobile trade, passenger car sales recording a marked increase, both as compared with November of the previous year and with the first ten months of' 1938. Other durable goods likewiso recorded improvement, lumber and building materials and furniture and household appliances going forward in good volume.

Independent Store Sales:- Sales of more than 20,300 Independent retail stores in twentyseven states reporting to the Bureau of foreign and Domestic Commerce and representing all regions with the exception of New England, showed a decrease of about 15 percent for November from November 1937. Motor vehicle sales, which include tires, accessories, etc., increased about 73 percent and lumber and building materials were up 13 percent. All other groups recorded declines, which, with the exception of drug store and department store sales, were considerably larger than the relative decrease averaged for all groups shown. The losses, however, did not vary widely among the different kinds of business and ranged between 4 percent for florists and about 8 percent for Jewelry stores.

November sales as compared with October 1938 showed an increase of 15 percent for the total twenty-seven states, with notable gains being recorded for several kinds of business. Motor vehicle dealer sales were up 36 percent, while florists increased their salos 10 percent during the month and jewelry stores about 7 percent; department store sales advanced 14 percent. 411 of the remaining business groups show recorded declines which ranged from less than one percent to about 17 percont.

November sales were relatively better in the metropolitan centers than in the smaller cities and rural sections. Por cities of 50,000 population and over a decrease of less than one porcent was show from last year and an average increase of 2percent when compared with October of this year. In the other cities declines ranged from 2 to 5 percent from November 1937, and from less than one percent to about 4 percent when compared with October. About 50 percent of the cities of 50,000 population and over reported sales at a higher level than last year..

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1 Based on rural chain store and mail order sales.

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TOTAL 27 STATES...

20, 311 1.6 + 1.6 213,479.1
*Group totals include data of related kinds of business not shown separately.

Detailed figures may be obtained from the Marketing Research Division, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce for the states included in the Current Statistical Service for Independent Stores as follows: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

113

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BITUMINOUS COAL PRODUCTION

( THOUSANDS OF SHORT TONS)

CRUDE PETROLEUM PRODUCTION (THOUSANDS OF BARRELS DAILY AVERAGE)

ELECTRIC POWER PROOUCTION

(MILLIONS OF KILOWATT HOURS)

3.600

2,400

10,000

19

-1937

2,200

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2000

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1930

4000

2.000

4000

2600

1937

- 18

3,200

8.000

2,800

6.000

2400

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