Mind the Body: An Exploration of Bodily Self-Awareness
Mind the Body provides the first comprehensive treatment of bodily awareness and of the sense of bodily ownership, combining philosophical analysis with recent experimental results from cognitive science. Our own body seems to be the object that we know the best for we constantly receive a flow of internal information about it. Yet bodily awareness has attracted little attention in the literature, possibly because it seems reducible to William James's description of a 'feeling of the same old body always there'. But it is not true that our body always feels so familiar. In particular, puzzling neurological disorders and new bodily illusions raise a wide range of questions about the relationship between the body and the self. Although most of the time we experience our body as our own, it is possible to report feeling parts of our body as alien. It is also possible to experience extraneous objects, such as prosthetic hands, as our own. Hence, what makes us feel this particular body as our own? The fact that we feel sensations there? The fact that we can voluntarily move it? Or the fact that we need to care about it to survive? De Vignemont argues that to answer these questions, we need a better understanding of the various aspects of bodily self-awareness, including the spatiality of bodily sensations, their multimodality, their role in social cognition, and their relation to action and self-defence.
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action affective alien amputees anosognosia argue Bermúdez bodily awareness bodily experiences bodily IEM bodily illusions bodily know-how bodily location bodily ownership bodily sensations body as one’s body image body schema bodyguard hypothesis Chapter Cognitive Sciences cortex delusion disownership dissociation egocentric location Ehrsson embodied feel sensations first-person function Gallagher Gallese hot body map immune to error instance interoception involves judgements legs Martin mirror neurons modalities motor movements multimodal multisensory binding multisensory integration Neuropsychologia Neuroscience notion O’Shaughnessy object one’s body one’s hand one’s own body participants people’s perception peripersonal space person’s phantom limbs phenomenology phenomenology of ownership Philosophical Pinocchio illusion PPRs proprioceptive protective body map referred sensations report feeling represented right hand role rubber hand rubber hand illusion sense of bodily sense of ownership sensorimotor sensory somatoparaphrenia somatosensory sortal spatial content specific stimulation stroked syndrome tactile tactile sensations tool Tsakiris types of body Vignemont vision visual experiences visual information