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the true place of a planet, from a given mean anomaly, founded upon an hypothesis, that the motion of a planet, though it be really performed in an elliptic orbit, may yet be considered as equable as to angular velocity, or with an uniform circular motion round the upper focus of the ellipse, or that next the apbelion, as a centre. By this means he rendered the prasis of calculation much easier than any that could be used in resolving what has been commonly called Kepler's problem, in which the coequate anomaly was to be immediately investigated from the mean elliptic one. His hypothesis agrees very well with those orbits which are elliptical but in a very small degree, as that of the Earth and Venus: bụt in others, that are more elliptical, as those of Mercury, Mars, &c. this approximation stood in need of a correction, which was made by Bulliald. Both the method, and the correction, are very well explained and demonstrated, by Keill, in bis Astronomy, lecture 24.1

WARD (THOMAS), whom we mentioned under the article Edward Ward, as being the real author of the Hu. dibrastic po«m called “England's Reformation,” was, accorjing to Dodd, a learned schoolmaster, who becoming a Roman catholic, in the reign of James II. published several books concerning religion. Dodd says that in these “he was so successful, that, though a layman, he was able to give diversion 10 some of the ablest divines of the church of England. He some time rode in the king's guards; and it was no small confusion to his adversaries, when they understood wbo it was they engaged with; imagining all the while, they were attacking some learned doctor of the Roman communion.” After the revolution he retired into Flanders, where he died soon after. He left two children, a daughter who became a nun, and a son whom Dodd speaks of as now (about 1742) a worthy catholic clergyman."

The “ books concerning religion" which Dodd ascribes to him, are, 1.“ Monomachia ; or, a duel between Dr. Tenison, pastor of St. Martin's, London, and a catholic soldier.” 2. “ Speculum Ecclesiasticum.”, 3. “ The Tree of Life,” taken from a large copper cut. 4.“ Errata's of the Protestant Bible," 1688, 4to. 5. “ The controversy of

ma

| Life by Pope.--Biog. Brit.-Hutton's Dictionary, --Granger. Atb. Ox. col. II.--Warton's Life of Bathurst, p. 52-54, 145,

ordination truly stated," Lond. 1719, 8vo, which occasioned several treatises on both sides upon that subject; especially that of Le Courayer. 6. " A confutation of Dr. Burnet's Exposition of the Thirty-nine articles,” a MS, in the English college at Doway. 7. England's Reforma. tion, in several cantos, in the Hudibrastic style,” 4to, printed at Hamburgh, but reprinted at London in' 1716, 8vo, and afterwards in 2 vols. 12mo. This is a malicious and scurrilous history of the changes in religion, from Henry VIIlth’s being divórced from Catherine of Arragon, to Oates's plot in the reign of Charles II.; and is accompanied with many extracts from acts of parliament, state papers, and public records of all sorts. The imitation of Hudibras is tolerably successful, and there is a considerable share of humour, wit, and liveliness, but not enough to atone for the many nisrepresentations of fact, and the malignant tendency of the whole.'

WARE (JAMES), an eminent antiquary, was descended from the ancient family of De Ware, or De Warr in Yorkshire, the only remains of which are, or lately were, in Ireland. His grandfather, Christopher Ware, was an early convert to the protestant religion in the beginning of the reign of queen Elizabeth, and that principally by the arguments and persuasion of Fox, the celebrated martyrologist. His father James, who was liberally educated, was introduced to the court of queen Elizabeth, where he soon became noticed by the ministers of state, and in 1588 was sent to Ireland as secretary to sir William Fitz-Williams, the lord deputy. He had not filled this office long before he was made clerk of the common pleas in the exchequer, and afterwards obtained the reversion of the patent place of auditor general, a valuable appointment, which remained nearly a century in bis family, except for a short time during the usurpation; and bis income having enabled him to make considerable purchases in the county and city of Dublin, &c, his family may be considered as now removed finally to Ireland. While on a visit in England, James I. bestowed on him the honour of knighthood, and as a particular mark of favour, gave his eldest son the reversion of the office of auditor general. He also sat in the Irish parliament which began May 1613, for the borough of Mallow in the county of Cork. He died suddenly, while walking the street in Dublin, in 1632.

who was"; the celebripally by in

I Dodd's Ch. Hist, vol. III.-Gent. Mag. vol. LIV.

By his lady, Mary, sister of sir Ambrose Briden, of Maidstone in Kent, he had five sons and five daughters. His eldest son, the subject of this article, was born in Castlestreet, Dublin, Nov. 26, 1594, and discovering early a love of literature, his father gave him a good classical education as preparatory to his academical studies. In 1610, when sixteen years of age, he was entered a fellow commoner in Trinity college, Dublin, under the immediate tuition of Dr. Anthony Martin, afterwards bishop of Meath, and provost of the college; but his private tutor and chamber-fellow was Dr. Joshua Hoyle, an Oxford scholar, and afterwards professor of divinity. Here Mr. Ware applied to his studies with such success, that he was admitted to his degree of M.A. much sooner than usual.

After continuing about six years at college, he improved what he had learned at his father's house. It was here that he became acquainted with the celebrated Dr. Usher, then bishop of Meath, who discovering in him a taste for antiquities, gave him every encouragement in a study in which himself took so inuch delight. From this time a close friendship commenced between them, and Usher, in his work “ De Primordiis,” took occasion to announce to the public what might be expected from sir James Ware's labours. In the mean time his father proposed a match to him, which proved highly acceptable to all parties, with Mary, the daughter of Jacob Newmail, of Dublin, esq. But this alteration in his condition did not much interrupt his favourite studies. He had begun to collect MSS. and to make transcripts from the libraries of Irish antiquaries and genealogists, and from the registers and chartularies of cathedrals and monasteries, in which he spared no expence, and had frequent recourse to the collections of Usher, and of Daniel Molyneux, Ulster king at arms, an eminent antiquary, and his particular friend, whom in one of his works he calls “ venerandæ antiquitatis cula torem."

After extending his researches as far as Ireland could afford, le resolved to visit England in quest of the treasures which its public and private libraries contained. Arriving at London in April 1626, he had the happiness to find his friend Usher, then archbishop of Armagh, by whom he was introduced to sir Robert Cotton, who admitted him to his valuable library, and to his friendship, and kept up a constant correspondence with him for the five remaining years of his life. Having furnished binself with many materials from the Cotton collection, the Tower of London, and other repositories (many of which, in his hand-writing, are in Trinity college library) he returned with Usher to Ireland, and immediately published a tract entitled “ Archiepiscoporum Cassiliensium et Tuamensium Vitæ, duobis expressæ commentariolis," Dublin, 1626, 4to; and two years after, “ De præsulibus Lageniæ, sive provinciæ Dubliniensis, lib. unus,” ibid. 1628, 410, both which he afterwards inserted in his larger account of the Irish bishops. About the same time he published “ Cenobia Cistercientia Hiberniæ,”, which was afterwards included in bis “ Disquisitiones de Hibernia.” In the latter end of 1628 he went again to England, and carried with him some MSS. which he knew would be acceptable to sir Robert Cotton : and in this second journey added considerably to his own collections, by his acquaintance with Selden and other men of research and liberality. About the end of the summer 1629 he returned home, and soon after received the honour of knighthood from the hands of the lords justices.

On his father's death in 1632, he succeeded him in his estate and in the office of auditor-general, of which, in 1643, he procured from the marquis of Ormond, then lord lieutenant, a reversionary grant for his son, also called James, who died in 1689. It appears by a letter which the marquis wrote on this occasion that sir James, “even when his majesty's affairs were most neglected, and when it was not safe for any man to shew himself for them, then appeared very zealously and stoutly for them,” and, in a word, demonstrated his loyalty in the worst of times. His studies, however, were now somewbat interrupted by the duties of his office, on.wbich he entered in 1633, on the arrival of the lord-deputy Wentwortlı, afterwards earl of Strafford, who took him into his particular confidence, and consulted him upon all occasions. To render him more useful in the king's service, he called him to the privycouncil, and there he had frequent opportunities of shewing his address and talents in the most important affairs. This year (1633) he published “ Spenser's view of the state of Ireland,” and dedicated it to the lord-deputy, as he did afterwards Meredith Hanmer's “ Chronicle," and Campion's “ History of Ireland.”

His talents were not more valued by Strafford, than by

the whole body of the clergy. When the two houses of convocation in Jan. 1634 petitioned his majesty, and the lord-deputy, for i he settlement of some impropriations in the possession of the crown ou a resident clergy, they annexed a schedule of particulars to their petition, setting forth a true state of what they requested. Lest the crown should be deceived in the matters prayed for, they requested that she same should be referred to some able commissioners therein named to examine the contents of the schedule; of whom they desired that sir James Ware should be one, wbich was accordingly granted, and a report made in their favour. Of the clerical character, sir James held an opinion equally just and humane, for in-his office of auditor-general, he always remitted the fees to clergymen and their widows.

In 1639, notwithstanding the hurry of public business, he published “ De Scriptoribus Hiberniæ, lib. duo,” Dublin, 4to. It is unnecessary to say much of this outline of the history of Irish writers, as it has since been so ably translated, enlarged, and improved by Mr. Harris, forming nearly a half of his second folio. In the same year, sir James was returned a member of parliament for the university of Dublin : of his conduct here, we shall only notice that when a ferment was raised in both houses against the earl of Strafford, sir James exerted his utmost zeal in his defence. When the Irish rebellion broke out in 1641, he closely attended the business of the council, and we see bis name to many orders, proclamations, and other acts of state against the rebels. He engaged also with others of the privy-council, in securities for the repayment of considerable sums advanced by the citizens of Dublin, for the support of the English forces sent to quell the rebellion. The marquis of Ormond, lieutenant-general of these forces, reposed great trust in sir James, and advised with him on all important occasions. In 1642, when Charles I, wished for the assistance of these troops against his rebellious subjects at home, he determined on a cessation with the rebels for one year, and in this the marquis of Ormond, sir James Ware, and others of the privy council concurred, rather, however, as a measure of necessity than prudence. This news was very acceptable at the king's court, then held at Oxford, but the measure' was condemned by the parliament. While the treaty of peace with the Irish rebels was pending, the marquis of Ormond, having occasion to send

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