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CONTENTS

Paga

1

Opening statement of the chairman..

Biographies of incorporators:

Connor, John T.---

Charyk, Dr. Joseph V., president of Communications Satellite Corp--

Feldman, George J--

Graham, Beardsley-
Harris, Sam-----

Kaiser, Edgar F---

Kennedy, David M---

Killion, George (Leonard)

Litschgi, A. Byrne..

Marks, Leonard..

Sundlun, Bruce---

Weinberg, Sidney James---

Welch, Leo D., chairman and chief executive officer of Communica-

tions Satellite Corp---

Woodcock, Leonard..

Statements:

Charyk, Dr. Joseph V., president of Communications Satellite Corp--

Engle, Hon. Clair, a U.S. Senator from the State of California---

Feldman, George, incorporator of the Communications Satellite Corp-

Holland, Hon. Spessard L., a U.S. Senator from the State of Florida.-

Keating, Hon. Kenneth B., a U.S. Senator from the State of New York.

Pell, Hon. Claiborne, a U.S. Senator from the State of Rhode Island -

Sundlun, Bruce G., on behalf of the incorporators of the Communi-

cations Satellite Corp-----

Weinberg, Sidney James, incorporator of the Communications Satel-

lite Corp-

Communications :

Case, Hon. Clifford P., a U.S. Senator from the State of New Jersey,

letter from, to Senator Anderson, March 18, 1963_-

Kennedy, Hon. John F., President, letter from, to incorporators of the

Communications Satellite Corp., January 31, 1963_-

Kennedy, Hon. Robert F., Attorney General, letter from, to the Presi-

dent, October 25, 1962, and January 31, 1963-
Kuchel, Hon. Thomas H., a U.S. Senator from the State of California,

letter from, to Senator Anderson, March 15, 1963-
Schlei, Norbert, Assistant Attorney General, letter from, to Senator

Anderson.
Smathers, Hon. George A., a U.S. Senator from the State of Florida--
Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering, special counsel to the incorporators, letter

from, to Communications Satellite Corp., March 29, 1963.-

Documents :

Articles of Incorporation of Communications Satellite Corp---

Bylaws of Communications Satellite Corp--

Communications Satellite Act of 1962, Public Law 87–624.

Communication Satellite Corp. names two principal officers--

Report on activities and accomplishments under the Communications

Satellite Act.

Section-by-section annotations to the Articles of Incorporation of

Communications Satellite Corp--

Index.

107

20

99
21

101

112

125

NOMINATIONS OF JOSEPH V. CHARYK, JOHN T. CON

NOR, GEORGE FELDMAN, BEARDSLEY GRAHAM, SAM HARRIS, EDGAR F. KAISER, DAVID M. KENNEDY, GEORGE L. KILLION, A. BYRNE LITSCHGI, LEONARD MARKS, BRUCE G. SUNDLUN, SIDNEY J. WEINBERG, LEO D. WELCH, AND LEONARD WOODCOCK TO BE INCORPORATORS OF THE COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE CORP.

TUESDAY, MARCH, 19, 1963

U.S. SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES,

Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 a.m., in room 235, Old Senate Office Building, Senator Clinton P. Anderson, chairman, presiding.

Present: Senators Anderson, Symington, Young, Holland, Edmondson, Smith, Curtis, and Keating.

Also present: Everard H. Smith, Jr., chief counsel; William J. Deachman, Dr. Glen P. Wilson, professional staff members; and Richard R. Wolfe, technical assistant,

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will please come to order.

We have before the committee today the nominees of the President to be incorporators of the Communications Satellite Act of 1962.

Under section 302 of the Communications Satellite Act of 1962, the President is required to appoint an unspecified number of incorporators by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The duties of the incorporators would be to organize the corporation, serve as its initial board of directors, and arrange for an initial stock offering.

On October 4, 1962, the President submitted the names of thirteen men to be incorporators of the new corporation. Because of the substantial interest of both the Aeronautical and Space Sciences Committee and the Commerce Committee of the Senate in the Communications Satellite Corp., these names were referred jointly to both committees.

Unfortunately, because of the lateness of the session, and despite joint staff efforts, it was not possible to arrange for confirmation hearings prior to the adjournment of the Congress.

The President, during the adjournment of the Congress, made recess appointments and the incorporators began their duties on October

1

15, 1962. Subsequent to that date, one incorporator withdrew because of illness. After the convening of the 88th Congress, the President, on January 30, 1963, resubmitted 12 of the original 13 nominees. These names were referred to the Commerce Committee. On February 28, two additional names were submitted to be incorporators and these names were also referred to the Commerce Committee.

Because of the untimely death of its chairman, Senator Kerr, and the delay of the organization of the Senate, the Space Committee did not have its initial meeting until February 28.

At that time the committee discussed the matter of the incorporators and it was decided to try to arrange to meet with the Commerce Committee if possible. Due to the press of time and the existence of previous commitments, however, it was not feasible to conduct a joint hearing on March 11, the time already scheduled for hearings by the Commerce Committee. Therefore, on March 14, after consultation with the chairman of the Commerce Committee, Senator Magnuson, I asked unanimous consent of the Senate that, upon the referral back to the Senate of the names of the incorporators by the Commerce Committee, these names be re-referred to the Space Committee for further consideration.

The names of the incorporators before us today are Joseph V. Charyk, of California; John T. Connor, New Jersey; George Feldman, New York; Beardsley Graham, Kentucky; Sam Harris, New York; Edgar F. Kaiser, California, David M. Kennedy, Illinois; George L. Killion, California; A. Byrne Litschgi, Florida; Leonard Marks, District of Columbia; Bruce G. Sundlun, Rhode Island; Sidney J. Weinberg, New York; Leo D. Welch, New York; and Leonard Woodcock, Michigan. Without objection, we will place the biographies of these men in the record at this point.

(The material follows:)

BIOGRAPHY OF JOHN T. CONNOR, PRESIDENT, MERCK & Co., Inc., RAHWAY, N.J.

A graduate of Syracuse University (A.B., 1936) and Harvard Law School (LL.B., 1939), Mr. Connor was associated for several years with the New York City law firm of Cravath, de Gersdorff, Swaine & Wood.

In 1942 Mr. Connor was appointed General Counsel of the Office of Scientific Research and Development, then headed by Dr. Van evar Bush, who later served as chairman of the board of Merck & Co., Inc. For his OSRD work, Mr. Connor received a Presidential Certificate of Merit.

In 1944 he went on active duty with the U.S. Marine Corps, serving in the Pa. cific as an air combat intelligence officer. Returning in 1945 from Japan, he became counsel to the new Office of Naval Research, and later, Special Assistant to Navy Secretary James Forrestal.

Joining Merck & Co., Inc., in 1947, as general attorney, Mr. Connor held several other executive positions before being elected president in 1955.

Mr. Connor received the 1962 Jefferson Medal of the New Jersey Patent Law Association for outstanding services to the cause of the American patent system. In 1959 he was awarded an honorary doctor of science degree by the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science and also received the New Jersey Brotherhood Award of the National Conference of Christians and Jews.

Mr. Connor is a member of the honor societies, Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Kappa Phi, and Phi Kappa Alpha, and is an honorary member of Beta Gamma Sigma. He is in a retired status as a captain in the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. His numerous civic, professional, and other affiliations are listed on below.

A native of Syracuse, N.Y., Mr. Connor lives in Summit, N.J., with his wife and three children. Present affiliations :

Member, the Business Council, Washington, D.C.
Member, Council on Foreign Relations, Inc.
Member, board of trustees, Committee for Economic Development.
Member, board of directors, American Management Association.
Member, board of directors, Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association.
Member, National Commission on Community Health Services.
Trustee, Syracuse University.

Member, Visiting Committee for School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University.

Member, board of advisors to the president, Seton Hall University.
Member, board of trustees, Pingry School, Elizabeth, N.J.
Member, board of directors, Economic Club of New York.
Member, board of directors, General Foods Corp.
Member, Phi Beta Kappa Associates.

Incorporator (recess appointment), Communications Satellite Corporation. Former affiliations

Chairman, board directors and executive committee. (1958-60), Manufacturing Chemists' Association, Inc.

Member, Second Citzens Advisory Committee, Food and Drug Adminstraton. Member, National Advisory Heart Council of the National Institutes of Health.

New Jersey chairman for 1957, Crusade for Freedom Committee.
Chairman, Fourth Annual Rutgers Pharmaceutical Conference-1955.
Member, Board of Directors, National Industrial Conference Board.

Chairman, 1959–60, New Jersey Committee for Improving Science and Mathematics in the Secondary Schools.

Chairman, New Jersey Association for Mental Health, 1954 fund campaign.

Member, board of directors, and member, executive committee, New Jersey State Chamber of Commerce.

Member, New Jersey State Water Resources Advisory committee.
General chairman, 10th Annual Business conference at Rutgers—May 15, 1958.

Head of chemical industry subcommittee, Seton Hall College of Medicine and Dentistry fundraising campaign.

Member, board of trustees, Thomas Alva Edison Foundation.
Member, policy board, Business Council for International Understanding.
Member, board of directors, Sperry & Hutchinson Co., New York City.
Trustee, Research Analysis Corporation, Washington, D.C.
Member, board of directors, Fidelity Union Trust Co., Newark, N.J.
Member, board of trustees, Overlook Hospital, Summit, N.J.

BIOGRAPHY OF JOSEPH V. CHARYK

Born: September 9, 1920, at Canmore, Alberta, Canada.
Home: 5126 Tilden Street NW., Washington 16, D.C.

Family: Wife, Edwina Elizabeth Rhodes; four children, William Rhodes, Joseph John, Christopher Edwin and Diane Elizabeth.

Education: University of Alberta, B. Sc. in Engineering Physics, 1942; Callfornia Institute of Technology, M.S. in Aeronautics, 1943; California Institute of Technology, Ph. D., magna cum laude, 1946 (Major-Aeronautics, Minor Physics and Mathematics).

Professional career: Instructor in Aeronautics at the California Institute of Technology in 1945; during period 1943–46 originally engineer and finally section chief of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology ; associated with Princeton University with appointment as Assistant Professor of Aeronautics in 1946; Associate Professor from 1949 to 1955; assisted in establishment of Guggenheim Jet Propulsion Center at Forrestal Research Center, Princeton University; joined Lockheed Aircraft Corp. 1955 as director of Aerophysics and Chemistry Laboratory; became connected with Aeronu

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