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Additional data submitted to the committee by-Continued
Congress of Industrial Organizations—Continued

Supplementary statement-
Unemployment insurance under State laws..
United Automobile, Aircraft, and Agricultural Implement

Workers of America, CIO, statement on unemployment com-
pensation amendments..

News release of June 11, 1954.-
Workmen's compensation under State laws, January 1954.

Department of Agriculture:

Number of employers and workers now covered under State

unemployment insurance laws with provisions similar in effect

to definition of agricultural labor is section 1426 (h) of the

Internal Revenue Code.

Provisions affecting benefit rights of seasonal workers..

Table 1.—Earnings or employment required to qualify for

benefits.

Table 2.-Special provisions in State laws regarding seasonal

employment-

Department of Labor:

Comparison of selected unemployment insurance statistics for

industry 121 (bituminous coal mining) and 122 (semianthracite

mining) and all industries for selected States, calendar year

1953

Comparison of selected unemployment insurance statistics for

industry 103 (lead and zinc mining) and all industries for se-

lected States, calendar year 1953 -

Estimated number of employers and workers added by specified

coverage provisions, 35 States, March 1949.

Estimated cost of unemployment insurance benefits payable to

Federal civilian employees under H. R. 6539 for a normal year

of operations.

Table 1.-Number of reductions in force and terminations

during first half and during entire fiscal year, 1947–54.--

Table 2.—Average actual duration of benefits under State

unemployment insurance programs adjusted for present

State benefit formulas, fiscal years 1947–54.

Exhaustions (table).

Increase in covered employment by coverage of small firms,

March 1951

Letter of April 13, 1954, from Secretary James P. Mitchell..

Explanation of bill to extend coverage of the unemployment

compensation system and provide reduced rates for new

employers

Letter of May 24, 1954, from Acting Secretary Arthur Larson..
Proposed amendment on "Finality of Federal Agency Find-

ing,” H. R. 6539..

Proposed amendment on "Coverage,” H. R. 6537 and 6539_

Technical amendments, H. R. 6539-

Letter of June 10, 1954, from Under Secretary Arthur Larson -

History of the position of the interstate conference on

extension of coverage to one or more-

Number of Federal workers, June 1941 to December 1953.

Number of Federal workers, selected States.-

Percent increase in covered employment by coverage of small

firms (map).

Selected data on unemployment compensation (table)

Separations from Federal employment, 1949 and 1953.

State coverage of employers automatically resulting from exten-

sion of coverage under Federal Unemployment Tax Act--

Table 1.—Effect of size-of-firm restrictions of State unemploy-

ment insurance laws on number of workers covered, by State,

March 1951

Table 2.—Effect of size-of-firm restrictions of State unemploy-

ment insurance laws on number of employers covered, by

State, March 1951.

98

61

63

28

Page

Additional data submitted to the committee by-Continued
Department of Labor-Continued

Table 3.-Effect of size-of-firm restrictions of State unemploy-

ment insurance laws on amount of taxable wages covered, by

State, first quarter 1951.-

Table 4.–Number of workers excluded by size-of-firm restric-

tions of State unemployment insurance laws, by industry

division, 35 States, March 1951.--.

68

Table 5.— Number of employers excluded by size-of-firm restric-

tions of State unemployment insurance laws, by industry divi-

sion, 35 States, March 1951..

69

Table 6.—Percentage distribution of workers excluded by size-of-

firm restrictions of State unemployment insurance laws, by

industry division, 35 States, March 1951.--

Table 7.- Percentage distribution of employers excluded by size-of-

firm restrictions of State unemployment insurance laws, by in-

dustry division, 35 States, March 1951.-

71

Table 8.—Percentage increase in covered employment if size-of-

firm restrictions are removed from State unemployment insur-

ance laws, by industry division, 35 States, March 1951.-

72

Table 9.-Summary distribution of States by minimum size of firms

covered under State laws, specified dates, 1937–54..

72

Table 10.-Contributions: Size-of-firm distribution of rated ac-

counts and assigned contribution rates, 48 States, rate years

beginning in 1953..

73

Table 11.—Minimum effective period of coverage required under

State experience rating laws and regulations for rate variation

of employer contributions.

74

Table 12.–Selected data on unrated employers for tax-rate years

beginning in 1953..

75

Table 13.- Paid civilian employment in the executive branch of

the Federal Government, June 1941-December 1953..

75

Table 14.-All separations from Federal employment by type of

action, full-time employees, January-December 1949 and 1953. 76

Table 15.-— Average monthly separation rates of full-time civilian

employees and Wage Board emplovees, by selected Federal

agencies, January-December 1949 and 1953 (number of separa-

tions per 100 employees)

76

Table 16.—Paid civilian employment in the executive branch of

the Federal Government, by State, December 31, 1953, and

weekly benefit amount for total unemployment plus maximum

potential benefits in a benefit year, for claimants with specified

high-quarter and base period wages, by State, June 1, 1954.-- 77, 78

Weekly benefit of Federal employees under State laws (selected

States) --

64

International Apple Association:

Dwinnell Bros. Orchards, Oroville, Wash., telegram of June 2,
1954.

217
North Central Washington Warehousemen's Association, Wenat-
chee, Wash., letter of June 2, 1954..

217
Textile Workers Union of America:

Average contribution rate for unemployment insurance in the
textile mill products industry---

267
Employment and average weekly man-hours in textile mill prod-
ucts industry by State, February 1951 and April 1954..

266
Treasury Department:

Letter of June 9, 1954, from Acting Secretary M. B. Folsom - 18

United States Chamber of Commerce:

Letter of June 9, 1954, regarding questior by Mr. Forand relat-

ing to the President's recommendations for liberalizing and ex-

tending the coverage for unemployment benefits.

132

Maximum potential benefits.

131

State unemployment compensation, maximum potential benefits- 132

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UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE

TUESDAY, JUNE 8, 1964

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS,

Washington, D. C. The committee met at 10 a. m., pursuant to call, in the hearing room of the Committee on Ways and Means, New House Office Building, Hon. Daniel A. Reed (chairman of the committee), presiding. The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.

This hearing is scheduled to consider H. R. 8857, which I have introduced, H. R. 6537, by Mr. Forand, H. R. 6539, by Mr. Mason, H. R. 7054, by Mr. Dingell, and H. R. 8585 by Mr. Baker.

Without objection those bills will be placed in the record at this point. (The bills referred to follow:)

(H. R. 8857, 83d Cong., 2d sess.) A BILL To extend and improve the unemployment compensation program Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That effective with respect to services performed after December 31, 1954, subsection (a) of section 1607 of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended, is amended to read as follows:

(a) EMPLOYER.—The term 'employer' means any person who, at any time during the taxable year, pays wages for employment with respect to one or more individuals."

SEC. 2. Effective with respect to services performed after December 31, 1955, subsection (1) of section 1607 of the Internal Revenue Code is repealed, subsections (m), (n), and (o) are designated (1), (m), and (n), respectively, and paragraph (1) of subsection (c) is amended as follows:

(1) Agricultural labor (as defined in section 1426 (h));". SEC. 3. A new paragraph is added immediately following paragraph (3) of subsection (a) of section 1602 of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended, to read as follows:

"For any person (or group of persons) who has (or have) not been subject to the State law for a period of time sufficient to compute the reduced rates permitted by paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of this subsectior on a three-year basis, the period of time required may be reduced to the amount of time the person (or group of persons) has (or have) had experience under or has (or have) been subject to the statute, whichever is appropriate, but in no case less than one year.”

SEC. 4. Effective with respect to the calendar year 1955 and succeeding calendar years, section 1605 of the Internal Revenue Code is amended by striking out all of subsection (c) thereof, by striking out the words “or any installment thereof" wherever they appear in subsection (d), and by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections (c) and (d), respectively.

[H. R. 6537, 83d Cong., 1st sess.] A BILL To amend the Social Security Act to provide unemployment insurance for Federal civilian

employees, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Social Security Act, as amended, is further amended by adding after title XIV thereof the following new title:

1

“TITLE XV-UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION FOR FEDERAL

EMPLOYEES

“DEFINITIONS

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“SEC. 1501. When used in this title

• (a) The term 'Federal service' means any service performed after 1951 in the employ of the United States or any instrumentality thereof which is wholly owned by the United States, except that the term shall not include (1) service performed by an elective officer in the executive or legislative branch of the Government of the United States, (2) service performed as a member of the Armed Forces of the United States, (3) service performed by foreign service personnel for whom special separation allowances are provided by the Foreign Service Act of 1946 (60 Stat. 999), (4) service performed prior to January 1, 1953, for the Bonneville Power Administrator if such service constitutes employment under section 1607 (m) of the Federal Unemployment Tax Act, or (5) service performed outside the United States by an individual who is not a citizen of the United States. For the purpose of clause (5) of this subsection, the term ‘United States' when used in a geographical sense means the States, Alaska, Hawaii, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.

“(b) The term 'Federal wages' means all remuneration for Federal service, including cash allowances and remuneration in any medium other than cash.

“(c) The term 'Federal employee' means an individual who has performed Federal service.

“(d) The term 'compensation' means cash benefits payable to individuals with respect to their unemployment (including any portion thereof payable with respect to dependents).

'(e) The term 'benefit year' means the benefit year as defined in the applicable State unemployment compensation law; except that, if such State law does not define a benefit year, then such term means the period prescribed in the agreement under this title with such State or, in the absence of an agreement, the period prescribed by the Secretary. (f) The term ‘Secretary' means the Secretary of Labor.

“COMPENSATION FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES UNDER STATE AGREEMENTS “Sec. 1502. (a) The Secretary is authorized on behalf of the United States to enter into an agreement with any State, or with the agency administering the unemployment compensation law of such State, under which such State agency (1) will make, as agent of the United States, payments of compensation, on the basis provided in subsection (b) of this section, to Federal employees, and (2) will otherwise cooperate with the Secretary and with other State agencies in making payments of compensation under this title.

(b) Any such agreement shall provide that compensation will be paid by the State to any Federal employee, with respect to unemployment after December 31, 1953, in the same amount, on the same terms, and subject to the same conditions as the compensation which would be payable to such employee under the unemployment compensation law of the State if the Federal service and Federal wages of such employee assigned to such State under section 1504 had been included as employment and wages under such law.

"(c) Any determination by a State agency with respect to entitlement to compensation pursuant to an agreement under this section shall be subject to review in the same manner and to the same extent as determinations under the State unemployment compensation law, and only in such manner and to such extent.

"(d) Each agreement shall provide the terms and conditions upon which the agreement may be amended or terminated.

“COMPENSATION FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES IN ABSENCE OF STATE AGREEMENT

"SEC. 1503. (a) In the case of a Federal employee whose Federal service and Federal wages are assigned under section 1504 to 8 State which does not have an agreement under this title with the Secretary, the Secretary, in accordance with regulations prescribed by him, shall, upon the filing by such employee of a claim for compensation under this subsection, make payments of compensation to him with respect to unemployment after December 31, 1953, in the same amounts, on the same terms, and subject to the same conditions as would be paid to him under the unemployment compensation law of such State if such employee's Federal service and Federal wages had been included as employment and wages

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