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TABLE 4.-Number of workers excluded by size-of-firm restrictions of State unem

ployment insurance laws, by industry division, 35 States, March 1951 1

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6, 144

15, 738

1, 900 24, 111 16, 819

1, 794 60, 095

5, 885 115, 861 115

12, 122 47, 514 5, 044 4,877

8, 171 2,706 50, 120

33, 443 113 3, 230

3,093 9,072 5, 116

1, 745 154, 839

1, 143

25, 554 949 13, 167

2, 145

9, 566 9, 507 4,719

3, 253 56, 268

75, 438 203

12, 931 | 32, 080 4,977 2, 474

6,048 11, 471

1, 879 (6)

29, 937 1, 287

4,088 10, 678 906 444

2,032 103, 609

4, 980 698
50
12, 240

2,648 496 369, 004

5,219

3, 221 44, 803 553 22, 941

10, 197 | 23, 483 24, 051 9, 509

4, 396 109, 797

151, 218 164 9, 297

57, 612 87, 912 10, 566

15, 208 20, 800

3, 530 51, 310 62 1,483

5, 121

23,022 716 678

6, 697 86, 672

12, 503 663 8,736

1, 314 3, 520 524 3,500 2, 221 79, 088 2, 915

36, 524 7,010

7,467 26, 322 3,429

1, 239 34, 736

2,180 37, 801 71 3,020

5,052 16,793 3, 297

3, 908 14, 705

1, 458
(5)

13, 742 2, 117
1, 722
994

8, 397 2, 634

336 55, 974

6, 518 67 4, 163

1,040 3,436 658 5,038

1,492
25, 442

27,792
91
1, 976

2,895 | 10, 799
1, 134 1, 006

3,728 91, 599

14, 428 735

1,640 7, 345

4, 351 816 7, 124 312, 009 6, 795

2,214 44, 886 35, 011

4,958 20, 097 14, 229

4, 240 14,894

8, 301

141, 756 1, 287

17, 305 70, 018 1,611 730

18, 594 102, 183

6, 767 746 1,084 10, 642

2, 763 944 7, 139 56, 871

3, 512 3,551

45, 311 3, 877

6, 431 21, 468 4,086

6,596 105, 799

2, 261

25, 163 253 12, 610

3, 362 12, 237 7,855

2,334 3, 584 50, 975 7, 305 20, 492

2,725

1 Estimates based on data furnished by Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance.
: Represents employment of single-unit employers whose March 1951 BOASI employment

is less than the minimum number of workers requiring an employer to become subject to the State unemployment insurance law, for the 35 States with size-of-firm restrictions. : Transportation, communication,

and other public utilities. * Includes agriculture, forestry and fishing, not shown separately; also data for establishments not classified by industry.

Less than 50.

TABLE 5.-Number of employers excluded by size-of-firm restrictions of State un.

employment insurance laws, by industry division, 85 States, March 1951 1

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1, 608

293 1, 175 1, 204 4, 185 2, 445 4, 806 2, 439 2,066 1, 417 1, 365 1, 800

880 3,831

642 1, 353 2,694

958

6, 995 62, 732 224, 433 38, 018

8, 268 65, 832 29, 547 20, 764

8, 992 19, 373 10, 048 32, 320 114, 288

5, 986 37, 308 21, 470 48, 629

30 7, 203 328 13, 705 48 2,683

577
538 6, 173
1,016 2, 316
42 1, 751

1, 018
1, 204

801
193 2, 216
2, 340 | 10, 803

525 293 3,318 1, 245 1, 317

104 5, 122

515 2, 878 13, 412 2, 796

224 2, 467 1, 025

286 1, 807 5, 464 1, 124

269 1, 833

765 881 190 476 410

775 2, 865

275 1, 253

833 1, 666

2,865 429 1, 746 25, 979 6, 563 15, 388 86, 902 37, 975 56, 683 16, 905 2, 004 9, 740

4, 705 533 1, 659 27, 117

5, 561

20, 195 13, 128 1, 952 7, 554 7, 846 1, 315

5, 311 3, 920 618

2, 268 9, 335 1, 105 4, 515 5, 347

652 2,067 15, 186 2,092

8, 166 49, 261 7, 110 29, 552

2, 447 285 1, 379 15, 625 2, 731 9, 162

9, 086 1, 367 5, 355 22, 571 3, 584

10. 915

346 2,884 9, 964 2, 718

278 1, 948 1, 791 1, 714

438 1, 449

404 1, 737 8, 133

549 2,868 1,066 1, 483

1, 904

538 1, 273

343 1, 955 4, 224

513 2, 058 1, 201 3, 184

1 Estimates based on data furnished by Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance.

* Represents single-unit employers whose March 1951 BOASI employment is less than the minimum numbers of workers requiring an employer to become subject to the State unemployment insurance law, for the 35 States with size-of-firm restrictions. 3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

Includes agriculture, forestry, and fishing, not shown separately; also data for establishments not classi) fied by industry. "Less than 26.

TABLE 6.— Percentage distribution of workers excluded by size-of-firm restrictions of

State unemployment insurance laws, by industry division, 35 States, March 1951

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| Estimates of excluded employment based on data furnished by Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance. Represents employment of single-unit employers whose March 1951 BOASI employment is less than the minimum number of workers requiring an employer to become subject to the State unemployment insurance law, for the 35 States with size-of-firm restrictions.

? Transportation, communication, and other public utilities. : Includes agriculture, forestry, and fishing; also data for establishments not classified by industry.

TABLE 7.-Percentage distribution of employers excluded by size-of-firm restrictions

of State unemployment insurance laws, by industry division, 35 States, March 1951

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6.1 4.7 5.4 4.7 8.6 7.1 3.6 4.5 4.8 4.5 6.5 9.0 5. 9 4. 3 2.9 7.8 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.6 4.4 7.1 3.4 3.0 6.1 8.3 4.9 7.5 4.0 5.4 7.1 9. 2 7. 7 5. 0 3.0

1 Estimates of employers based on data furnished by Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance, ? Transportation, communication, and other public utilities. : Includes agriculture, forestry, and fishing; also data for establishments not classified by industry.

TABLE 8.-Percentage increase in covered employment if size-of-firm restrictions

are removed from State unemployment insurance laws, by industry division, 35 States, March 1951 1

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7.6
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2.7

5.9

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1.9 3.1 2.7 5.6 24. 5 13.2 1.2 1.2

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Alabama.
Arizona..
Colorado
Connecticut.
Florida.
Georgia.
Illinois.
Indiana.
Iowa.
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine..
Michigan.
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri.
Nebraska.
New Hampshire..
New Jersey.
New York.
North Carolina.
North Dakota..
Ohio
Oklahoma.
Oregon
Rhode Island
South Carolina.
South Dakota
Tennessee.
Texas
Vermont.
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin

17.6

7.2 27.2

6.2 28. 7 17.8 11.5 14. 5 30.8 29.2 8.8 7.3 21.2 13. 2 10.9 26.0 19.0 33.1 8.8 7.5 8.3 15.7 47.6

3.8 27.2 11.0

5.9 16.4 51.3 17.5 23. 6 24. 1 19.0 14. 9 13. 7

4.0

.7 4.4 12.0 23.9

18.8

5. 6 37.5 17.8 29.9 19.8 24. 2 32.0 57.4 29.9 9.8 4.9 72.4 40.2 15.4 20.3 33. 4 47.7 26.7 15.9 11.5 18.9 36.2

8.0 30.0 14. 7 17.2 18. 7 53.2 18.8 27.2 65.4 24. 2 27.9 38.6

3. 3
1.3
5.7

.5
8.5
3.6
1.3
1.3
3.4
3.3

.9 1.1 5. 1 1.5 2. 5 5.9 2.6 5.0 1.1

.6 1.2 2.5 14.8

.3 5.2 2.5

.6 2.3 11.6 2.8

5.6 7.3 16.9 10.7 4. 5 1.7 17. 2 5. 9 6. 2 8. 1 6.7 11.0 6.3 3.2 2.4 10.0 13.6 1.7

40.7

8.8 36.2 15.2 33.9 35.0 22. 7 41.1 54.8 55. 2 17.0 12.5 48. 4 39.8 18.8 52.9 33.5 48.9 21.5 18. 2 13. 7 40.8 57.0

7.3 45.5 15.8 14.1 46.8 65.6 36. 6 36. 7 58.8 35. 2 42.6 31.5

34. 7

9.3 42.3

8.5 46.6 27.9 29.7 34. 3 43.8 53.8 16.5 12.1 42. 1 27.5 10.1 43.4 32.8 34. 1 18. 3 21. 2 17.0 31.1 66.1 10.3 40.5 16.3 10.8 47.0 71.1 26.0 29.7 33.0 31.3 52.6 29.0

67.3 15. 4 62.3 33.6 49.8 60.7 31.1 63.8 80.6 93.4 30.4 20.7 87.2 53.3 17.0 63.8 51.0 68. 7 41.1 27.1 19.4 66.8 90.8 18.0 70.4 31.4 28. 8 72.5 106. 2 53.6 63.9 96.1 59. 9 68. 2 41.7

1. 2
5.4
5.0
9.7
2.6
7.1
6.1

6.3

5.1 4. 2 6.5 6.7

4.8 2.5 10.0 20.0 7.0 5.6 18.6 8. 4 8. 9 7.5

3.8

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1 Data on employment of covered workers reported by State employment security agencies. 3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

TABLE 9.-Summary distribution of States by minimum size of firms covered under

State laws, specified dates, 1937–54

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1 In most States, specified number of workers must be employed for a stated period during a calendar year (usually 20 weeks). In some States the size of an employer's payroll is an alternative, additional, or sole factor in establishing whether or not he is subject. States with size-of-payroll requirements only are listed as covering employers of 1 or more.

2 Includes Wisconsin: Firms employing 8 or more in current year covered as of Jan. 1 of that year; firms employing 7 or more in 18 weeks during 1937 covered as of Jan. 1, 1938.

3 Includes Wisconsin: Firms employing 8 or more in current year covered as of Jan. 1 of that year; firms employing 6 or more during 1938 or subsequent years subject as of Jan. 1 of ensuing year.

* Includes Minnesota: Services for employers not subject to Federal unemployment tax and located outside the corporate limits of a city, village, or borough of 10,000 population are excluded; and New Mexico; employers with $450 quarterly payroll, or 2 in 13 weeks.

67 States cover employers of 1 or more at any time; in 4 States, coverage is based solely on size of payroll in a specified period; in remaining States, employment must extend for a specified period.

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