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TABLE 1 OF SECTION 19.4-CIVIL MONETARY PENALTY INFLATION ADJUSTMENTS-Continued
U.S. Code citation
Civil monetary penalty description
New maximum pen
RESOURCE CONSERVATION & RECOVERY ACTIVIOLATION SUB- $27,500
TING FALSE INFORMATION.
MEDICAL WASTE TRACKING ACT AS $27,500
ARY AIR POLLUTION SOURCES JUDICIAL PENALTIES.
ARY AIR POLLUTION SOURCES-ADMINISTRATIVE PENALTIES
PER VIOLATION & MAX.
SOURCES FIELD CITATIONS.
VIOLATION OF 7522(a)(3)(A) OR (a)(3)(8)–BY PERSONS.
OR DEALERS; ALL VIOLATIONS OF 7522(a)(1),(2), (4),&(5) BY
MAXIMUM ADMINISTRATIVE PENALTY.
ANCE W/REQUEST FOR INFO OR ACCESS.
SECT. 9603, 9608, OR 9622.
9603, 9608, 9622.
OF SECT. 9603, 9608, 9622.
CLASS I & II ADMINISTRATIVE AND CIVIL PENALTIES.
VIOLATIONS OF SECTIONS 11022 OR 11023.
VIOLATIONS OF SECTIONS 11021 OR 11043(b).
42 U.S.C. 11045(d)(1)
(61 FR 69364, Dec. 31, 1996; 62 FR 13515, Mar. 20, 1997; 62 FR 35039, June 27, 1997]
PART 20-CERTIFICATION OF
APPENDLX A TO PART 20-GUIDELINES FOR
AUTHORITY: Secs. 301, 704, 80 Stat. 379, 83 Stat. 667; 5 U.S.C. 301, 26 U.S.C. 169.
SOURCE: 36 FR 22382, Nov. 25, 1971, unless otherwise noted.
§ 20.1 Applicability.
The regulations of this part apply to certifications by the Administrator of water or air pollution control facilities for purposes of section 169 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended, 26 U.S.C. 169, as to which the amortization period began after December 31, 1975. Certification of air or water pollution control facilities as to which the amortization period began before January 1, 1976, will continue to be governed by Environmental Protection Agency regulations published November 25, 1971, at 36 FR 22382. Applicable regulations of the Department of Treasury are at 26 CFR 1.169 et seq.
(d) Administrator means the Administrator,
Environmental Protection Agency.
(e) Regional Administrator means the Regional designee appointed by the Administrator to certify facilities under this part.
(f) Facility means property comprising any new identifiable treatment facility which removes, alters, disposes of, stores, or prevents the creation of pollutants, contaminants, wastes, or heat.
(g) State means the States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Canal Zone, Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
[36 FR 22382, Nov. 25, 1971, as amended at 43 FR 1340, Jan. 9, 1978)
(43 FR 1340, Jan. 9, 1978)
$ 20.2 Definitions.
As used in this part, the following terms shall have the meaning indicated below:
(a) Act means, when used in connection with water pollution control facilities, the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.) or, when used in connection with air pollution control facilities, the Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1857 et seq.).
(b) State certifying authority means:
(1) For water pollution control facilities, the State pollution control agency as defined in section 502 of the Act.
(2) For air pollution control facilities, the air pollution control agency designated pursuant to section 302(b)(1) of the Act; or
(3) For both air and water pollution control facilities, any interstate agency authorized to act in place of the certifying agency of a State.
(c) Applicant means any person who files an application with the Administrator for certification that a facility is in compliance with the applicable regulations of Federal agencies and in furtherance of the general policies of the United States for cooperation with the States in the prevention and abatement of water or air pollution under the Act.
$ 20.3 General provisions.
(a) An applicant shall file an application in accordance with this part for each separate facility for which certification is sought; Provided, That one application shall suffice in the case of substantially identical facilities which the applicant has installed or plans to install in connection with substantially identical properties; Provided further, That an application may incorporate by reference material contained in an application previously submitted by the applicant under this part and pertaining to substantially identical facilities.
(b) The applicant shall, at the time of application to the State certifying authority, submit an application in the form prescribed by the Administrator to the Regional Administrator for the region in which the facility is located.
(c) Applications will be considered complete and will be processed when the Regional Administrator receives the completed State certification.
(d) Applications may be filed prior or subsequent to the commencement of construction, acquisition, installation, or operation of the facility.
(e) An amendment to an application shall be submitted in the same manner as the original application and shall be considered a part of the original application.
in conformity with the State program or requirements for abatement or control of water or air pollution.
(b) Notice of actions taken under this section will be given to the appropriate State certifying authority.
(f) If the facility is certified by the Regional Administrator, notice of certification will be issued to the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate, and a copy of the notice shall be forwarded to the applicant and to the State certifying authority. If the facility is denied certification, the Regional Administrator will advise the applicant and State certifying authority in writing of the reasons therefor.
(g) No certification will be made by the Regional Administrator for any facility prior to the time it is placed in operation and the application, amended application, in connection with such facility so states.
(h) An applicant may appeal any decision of the Regional Administrator which:
(1) Denies certification;
(2) Disapproves the applicant's suggested method of allocating costs pursuant to $ 20.8(e); or
(3) Revokes a certification pursuant to $ 20.10. Any such appeal may be taken by filing with the Administrator within 30 days from the date of the decision of the Regional Administrator a written statement of objections to the decision appealed from. Within 60 days after receipt of such appeal the Administrator shall affirm, modify, or revoke the decision of the Regional Administrator, stating in writing his reasons therefor.
8 20.5 Applications.
Applications for certification under this part shall be submitted in such manner as the Administrator may prescribe, shall be signed by the applicant or agent thereof, and shall include the following information:
(a) Name, address, and Internal Revenue Service identifying number of the applicant;
(b) Type and narrative description of the new identifiable facility for which certification is (or will be) sought, including a copy of schematic or engineering drawings, and a description of the function and operation of such facility;
(c) Address (or proposed address) of facility location;
(d) A general description of the operation in connection with which the facility is (or will be) used and a description of the specific process or processes resulting in discharges or emissions which are (or will be) controlled or prevented by the facility.
(e) If the facility is (or will be) used in connection with more than plant or other property, one or more of which were not in operation before January 1, 1976, a description of the operations of the facility in respect to each plant or other property, including a reasonable allocation of the costs of the facility among the plants being serviced, and a description of the reasoning and accounting
accounting method or methods used to arrive at these allocations.
(f) A description of the effect of the facility in terms of type and quantity of pollutants, contaminants, wastes, or heat, removed, altered, stored, disposed of, or prevented by the facility.
(g) If the facility performs a function other than removal, alteration, storage, prevention, or disposal of pollutants, contaminants, wastes, or heat, a description of all functions performed by the facility, including a reasonable identification of the costs of the facility allocable to removal, alteration,
(36 FR 22382, Nov. 25, 1971, as amended at 43 FR 1340, Jan. 9, 1978)
$ 20.4 Notice of intent to certify.
(a) On the basis of applications submitted prior to the construction, reconstruction, erection, acquisition, or operation of a facility, the Regional Administrator may notify applicants that such facility will be certified if:
(1) The Regional Administrator determines that such facility, if constructed, reconstructed, erected, acquired, installed, and operated in accordance with such application will be in compliance with requirements identified in $ 20.8; and if
(2) The application is accompanied by a statement from the State certifying authority that such facility, if constructed, reconstructed, acquired, erected, installed, and operated in accordance with such application, will be
storage, prevention, or disposal of pollutants, contaminants, wastes, or heat and a description of the reasoning and accounting method or methods used to arrive at the allocation.
(h) Date when such construction, reconstruction, or erection will be completed or when such facility was (or will be) acquired;
(i) Date when such facility is placed (or is intended to be placed) in operation;
(j) Identification of the applicable State and local water or air pollution control requirements and standards, if any;
(k) Expected useful life of facility;
(1) Cost of construction, acquisition, installation, operation, and maintenance of the facility;
(m) Estimated profits reasonably expected to be derived through the recovery of wastes or otherwise in the operation of the facility over the period referred to in paragraph (a)(6) of 26 CFR 1.169–2;
(n) The percentage (if any, and if the taxpayer claims that the percentage is 5 percent or less) by which the facility (1) increases the output or capacity, (2) extends the useful life, or (3) reduces the total operating costs of the operating unit of the plant or other property most directly associated with the pollution control facility and a description of the reasoning and accounting method or methods used to arrive at this percentage.
(0) Such other information as the Administrator deems necessary for certification.
8 20.7 General policies.
(a) The general policies of the United States for cooperation with the States in the prevention and abatement of water pollution are: To enhance the quality and value of our water resources; to eliminate or reduce the pollution of the nation's waters and tributaries thereof; to improve the sanitary condition of surface and underground waters; and to conserve such waters for public water supplies, propagation of fish and aquatic life and wildlife, recreational purposes, and agricultural, industrial, and other legitimate uses.
(b) The general policy of the United States for cooperation with the States in the prevention and abatement of air pollution is to cooperate with and to assist the States and local governments in protecting and enhancing the quality of the Nation's air resources by the prevention and abatement of conditions which cause or contribute to air pollution which endangers the public health or welfare.
[36 FR 22382, Nov. 25, 1971, as amended at 43 FR 1340, Jan. 9, 1978]
$ 20.8 Requirements for certification.
(a) Subject to 8 20.9, the Regional Administrator will certify a facility if he makes the following determinations:
(1) It has been certified by the State certifying authority.
(2) That the facility:
(i) Removes, alters, disposes of, stores, or prevents the creation of pollutants, contaminants, wastes, or heat, which, but for the facility, would be released into the environment;
(ii) Does not by a factor or more than 5 percent: (A) Increase the output or capacity, (B) extend the useful life, or (C) reduce the total operating costs of the operating unit (of the plant or other property) most directly associated with the pollution control facility; and
(iii) Does not significantly alter the nature of the manufacturing or production process or facility.
(3) The applicant is in compliance with all regulations of Federal agencies applicable to use of the facility, including conditions specified in any NPDES permit issued to the applicant under section 402 of the Act.
(4) The facility furthers the general policies of the United States and the
8 20.6 State certification.
The State certification shall be by the State certifying authority having jurisdiction with respect to the facility in accordance with 26 U.S.C. 169(d)(1)(A) and (d)(2). The certification shall state that the facility described in the application has been
been constructed, reconstructed, erected, or acquired in conformity with the State program or requirements for abatement or control of water or air pollution. It shall be executed by an agent or officer authorized to act on behalf of the State certifying authority.
States in the prevention and abatement of pollution.
(5) The applicant has complied with all the other requirements of this part and has submitted all requested information.
(b) In determining whether use of a facility furthers the general policies of the United States and the States in the prevention and abatement of water pollution, the Regional Administrator shall consider whether such facility is consistent with the following, insofar as they are applicable to the waters which will be affected by the facility:
(1) All applicable water quality standards, including water quality criteria and plans of implementation and enforcement established pursuant to section 303 of the Act or State laws or regulations;
(2) Decisions issued pursuant to section 310 of the Act;
(3) Water pollution control programs required pursuant to any one or more of the following sections of the Act: Section 306, section 307, section 311, section 318, or section 405; or in order to be consistent with a plan under section 208.
(c) In determining whether use of a facility furthers the general policies of the United States and the States in the prevention and abatement of air pollution, the Regional Administrator shall consider whether such facility is consistent with and meets the following requirements, insofar as they are applicable to the air which will be affected by the facility;
(1) Plans for the implementation, maintenance, and enforcement of ambient air quality standards adopted or promulgated pursuant to section 110 of the Act;
(2) Recommendations issued pursuant to sections 103(e) and 115 of the Act which are applicable to facilities of the same type and located in the area to which the recommendations are directed;
(3) Local government requirements for control of air pollution, including emission standards;
(4) Standards promulgated by the Administrator pursuant to the Act.
(d) A facility that removes elements or compounds from fuels that would be released as pollutants when such fuels
are burned is eligible for certification if the facility is
(1) Used in connection with a plant or other property in operation before January 1, 1976 (whether located and used at a particular plant or as a centralized facility for one or more plants), and
(2) Is otherwise eligible for certification.
(e) Where a facility is used in connection with more than one plant or other property, one or more of which were not in operation before January 1, 1976, or where a facility will perform a function other than the removal, alteration, storage, disposal, or prevention of pollutants, contaminants, wastes, or heat, the Regional Administrator will so indicate on the notice of certification and will approve or disapprove the applicant's suggested method of allocating costs. If the Regional Administrator disapproves the applicant's suggested method, he shall identify the proportion of costs allocable to each such plant, or to the removal, alteration, storage, disposal, or prevention of pollutants, contaminants, wastes, or heat.
(36 FR 22382, Nov. 25, 1971, as amended at 43 FR 1341, Jan. 9, 1978]
8 20.9 Cost recovery.
Where it appears that, by reason of estimated profits to be derived through the recovery of wastes, through separate charges for use of the facility in question, or otherwise in the operation of such facility, all or a portion of its costs may be recovered over the period referred to in paragraph (a)(6) of 26 CFR 1.169–2, the Regional Administrator shall so signify in the notice of certification. Determinations as to the meaning of the term estimated profits and as to the percentage of the cost of a certified facility which will be recovered over such period shall be made by the Secretary of the Treasury, or his delegate: Provided, That in no event shall estimated profits be deemed to arise from the use or reuse by the applicant of recovered waste.
$ 20.10 Revocation.
Certification hereunder may be revoked by the Regional Administrator