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THE DAY ,
A MORNING JOURNAL OF LITERATURE, FINE ARTS, FASHION, &c.
To twine thee a flowery wreath,
Its shade on the grass beneath ?
NATURE AND ART.
tish school yet arrived at the zenith of its fame, has
it passed the period of its highest honours, or is it " Dast thou not love, in the season of spring,
likely to advance in its career, and to arrive at a height And to see the beautiful birch tree fling
and renown which, bitherto, it has not been destined Its glossy leaves, and its silvery stem,
to attain? To investigate this subject fully would lead Dost thou not love to look at them?"
us into a disquisition far beyond either our limits or Having been, for four months, or more, " in populous our inclination. We state, however, without hesitacity pent," it is impossible to describe the pleasure we tion, that the public taste is not yet qualified for a profelt, one day, last week, in leaving, for a short time, the per appreciation of the most elevated works of art, good town of Glasgow, and betaking ourselves to a and that, consequently, we have not arrived at our rural walk. Wben last we visited the country, the most distinguished era in them ; for fame lights up and howling winds of November bad deprived the trees of patronage keeps alive the fire of genius, and to chetheir leaves, and Nature, bare, chill and shuddering, was rish it in any other way is ineffectual. The Raphael timidly awaiting the approach of the wintery storms; of Great Britain is, at this moment, unknown, probbut, now she is bedecked with her mantle of green, ably unborn, and, if he who might have been her her trees are putting forth the young and the yellow Phidias, be really alive and amongst us, he is, undoubt. leaves, and the snowdrop proclaims the triumph of edly, prevented, by the temper of the times, from exspring to be achieved.
ercising his powers on those classical and congenial Our readers know the anxiety we feel, to cherish subjects which he would naturally have preferred. the fine arts, and, to say the truth, we have, under the That a country like Great Britain-rich in the most modest name of amateur, more than once attempted to
varied and beautiful landscape scenery, renowned for gain their applause by our contributions to the annual the lofty character and high bearing of her sons, and exhibition ; but we mention this, at present, merely the gracefulness and loveliness of her females—refor the purpose of stating that, ere we proceeded on nowned for her bards, ber historians, her orators and our ramble, we provided ourselves with some of the her warriors-should not have a Claude in landscape, celebrated Keswick pencils, and a supply of thick draw. nor a Raphael in historical painting, is a proof that ing paper, materials which always afford us a source she has only seen the first ray of her morning in art, of pleasing occupation, since we delineate most of the although that ray may bave shone on the names of picturesque objects we meet with, and, at times, have West, Barry, Fuseli, Wilson, Gainsborough and had not a little reason to be proud of our success.
Turner. It is acknowledged by all, that this elegant accom- Before commencing our ramble, the above remarks plishment has many advantages. It improves the taste, were suggested by the perusal of Allan Cunningby enabling it to enjoy, with more exquisite relish, the ham's fifth volume of the lives of the painters. If bighest and most elevated specimens of art. It im- we have read this volume with less admiration than proves the mind, by embuing it with the beauties of those that have preceded it, it is not because we think nature, and, by studying her in her varied characters Mr. Cunningbam has been less desirous to please, but of the picturesque, the beautiful and the sublime. It that the lives he has selected are not calculated to exassists the memory, by recalling scenes to the eye, cite interest. Of the English artists, there is not one that otherwise would bave been forgotten, and wbich we should name as entitled to rank with the first Briwords cannot describe, and it liberalizes the dispo- tish painters, and as to those of Scotland, with the sition, by the artist affording pleasure to those who exception of Raeburn, less interesting memoirs delight in his art, although they may be unable we have never perused. Of that entitled a life of to practise it. As a female acquisition, drawing is Jamesone, more than half the paper has as little reinvaluable, and we think there is something pecu- ference to the artist, as to any other subject, and conliarly graceful, in the young and innocent heart, tains a sketch of the state of art in Scotland, during conversing with nature in her 'sylvan bowers, and the reign of the Stuarts, whilst our other countryreceiving, from her romantic scenes, impressions so man Ramsay, appears to have been a cautious and sucsuitable for an uncorrupted bosom. We hope to cessful pursuer of wealth, but altogether deficient in sce art, far more extensively diffused in Scotland the characteristics of commanding genius. than hitherto, and that it shall be considered more We conceive that the biographer, will, generally, essential, that a lady should be able to sketch from be most successful, when his memoir either refers to nature, than that she should know the characters of a character distinguished for talent in the age he the “ last new novel,” or be familiar with the poetry of lived, or when celebrated for his peculiarities alone, the Lover's Magazine.
and the biographer has an opportunity of presenting In every country, eminent for art, there has gener- them to bis readers, in all their aspects, both public ally been what may be termed an Augustan age, an
and private. We attribute the charm which perera, not of very long duration, in which her character vades the life of Raeburn, in Mr. C.'s volume, to for taste was acquired, and in which ber most distin- the minute particulars which he has been able to guished artists flourished. In Greece, Phidias was select, regarding this distinguished artist, and we almost immediately succeeded by Praxiteles, and how object to almost nothing in his placid history, but much of its glory in art do they absorb ? Leonardi da the name which Mr. C. would apply to him, that of Vinci and Michael Angelo extinguish all the lesser “the Scottish Reynolds,"-Henry Raeburn requires no names in the Florentine school, whilst Raphael bears such appendage. We also differ from Mr. C. in some away almost the whole honours of the Roman. The of his remarks regarding Raeburn's uniform success, very natural question therefore arises, has the Bri- in pourtraying individual character. The life of
Bonington requires to be particularly attended to, and know. But, above all things, standest thou in need of we shall reserve the rest of this paper for it. A work,*
that prudence which can only be acquired by much inwhich ought to be better known in Scotland than it tercourse with the world, and by studying, attentively,
the has hitherto been, enables us to give some emenda
and varied characters of our fellow-mortals. tions, along with Mr. Cunningha m's memoir, and we
Therefore is it, that I wish thee to spend several years shall leave our readers to exercise their own judgment in foreign countries. Travelling gives experience, and on the subject.
the more that we see of mankind, the better do we Mr. Cunningham remarks," that Bonington's father
know how to live with them. The world is a great directed his studies, made him familiar from his cradle
book, from which an attentive reader may derive much with works of art, guided bis hand in sketching, and valuable information ; it is like a mirror, which shews bade him study the pasture hills, the ruined towers,
us mankind stripped of all disguise. Look attentively, &c." page 296. But, saith the Library, “so far from my son, into this glass, and learn, in particular, that his father taking every opportunity of leading him to prudence, by means of which, a wise man obtains the the arts as a profession, he never considered the sub- greatest blessing of life; I mean a friend. If thou ject at all; and the whole training and pupilage of the findest even one in the course of thy life, so wilt thou was left to his affectionate and accomplished
possess the most beautiful, as well as the most lasting mother. It is true his father practised as a portrait
of all earthly possessions, of which death alone, can painter, but it was more in the name than the principle, deprive thee. Riches and happines are subject to a and, even if he had possessed the talent, sufficiently for thousand mishaps ; but no human power can rob them directing his son's abilities, his inclinations withdrew of this treasure. Search, therefore, on thy travels for him to other scenes and pursuits. When be ought to
such a jewel, and hesitate not to sacrifice even thy all have been in attendance on his family and establish- to obtain possession of it.” ment, he was enacting the political mountebank in some part of the town. It was during one of these performances in the market place at Nottingham, when
BENEFITS OF RAIL-ROADS. à vast assemblage were listening to the orations of Mr. Bonington that young Bonington and his friend The following extract has been selected from a very happened to pass. The latter said, look at your popular and clever work-Arnott's Elements of Phyfather,' "ah l’ replied the other, with tears in his
sic :this is all I get by it,' at the same time taking a soli
In reviewing the history of the human race, we find every retary penny bun from his pocket, to eat for his dinner,
markable increase in civilization, to bave taken place, very much as symbolical of his tben lowness of fortuue.” With some of Mr. Cunningham's criticisms on Bon
in proportion to the facilities of intercourse offered in particular ington's works we cannot agree. Is he consistent
situations. First, therefore, civilization grew along the banks of with himself? “ When, in after life he had an oppor
great rivers, as the Nile, the Euphrates, and the Ganges, or along
the shores of inland Seas and Archipelagos of Greece; or over tunity of comparing his conceptions with the truth of actual nature, be found that he had seized the grand
fertile and extended plains, as in many parts of India. When and leading features, but had missed those subordinate
the situation thus bound a great number of individuals into one charms which lend such allurements to landscape."
body, the useful thought or action of any one unusually gifted, Does not such a description indicate breadth of style
and which, in the insulated state, would soon bave been forgotten as forcibly as language can speak, and yet Mr. c. and lost, extended its influence immediately to the whole body, asserts afterwards—that "it cannot be denied he wants and became the thought or action of all who could benefit by it, vigour and breadth.” Let our readers look to W. besides that it was recorded for ever, as part of the growing science Miller's engraving from Bonington's picture of a coast of art of the community. And in a numerous society, such usescene, Cornwall, which appeared about a year ago, and ful new thoughts and acts, would naturally be more frequent, decide.
because the persons feeling that they had the eyes of a multitude There are still two lives to which we hope to see upon them, and that the rewards of excellence would be propor. Mr. Cunningham direct his attention--the one, that of tionally great, would be excited to emulation in all the pursuits W. H. Williams, and the other of Sir Thos. Lawrence. that could contribute to the well-being of the society. Men soon Mr. C.'s note, regarding the former, will not do. We learned to estimate aright these and many other advantages of easy cannot allow him to decline this task for the cause he
intercourse, and, after having seized with avidity all the stations mentions. A life of Williams is not perhaps to be
naturally fitted for their purposes, they began to improve the old, derived from biographical dictionaries, and notices and
and to make new stations. They created rivers and shores and memoirs already printed, but he yet lives in a hundred
plans of their own, that is, they constituted canals, and basins, and hearts, and his taste and feelings are recorded not only
roads, and so artificially connected regions, which nature seemed in his Grecian Tour, but also in numerons private
to have separated for ever. In the British Isles, the advantages letters, all of which would be at Mr. C.'s disposal,
arising from certain lines of canal and road, first executed, soon were he to make personal application to the artist's friends. With the influence of Chantry, and
Jed to numberless similar enterprises, and, within half a century, of Lockhart, which he can command, and his own
the empire has been thus intersected in all directions; and it admirable taste in combining his materials, we should
seems as if the noble work were now to be crowned by the substihave a life of Lawrence altogether unrivalled. We
tution of level railways, for many of the common roads and canals. are anxious Mr. Cunningham should undertake this
Several rail-roads of considerable extent have already been estahonourable office, because we are unacquainted with
blished. If we suppose the progress to continue, and the price of any person capable of doing it so well.
transporting things and persons to be reduced by them to a fourth of the present chargemand in many cases it may be less and if
we suppose the time of journeying with safety, also to be reduced A REAL FRIEND.
in some considerable degree-of which there can be as little doubt (From the German of Herder.)
-the general adoption of them would operate an extraordinary
revolution and improvement in the state of society. Without in A RICH merchant had an only son, whom he loved most affectionately. He educated him with the ut
reality changing the distances of places, it would in effect bring most care and employed every means to improve and
all places nearer to each other, and would give to every spot in cultivate his mind. At length, when he grew up to
the kingdom the conveniences of the whole of town and counbe a youth, his father called him before him and thns
try, of sea-coast and of Highland district-crowded and unbealthy addressed him :-“My son, I have taught thee all
parts of towns would scatter their inhabitants into the country; that becomes a man of thy situation and calling, to
for the man of business could be as conveniently at his post from
a distance of several miles, as he is now from an adjoining street: * Library of the Fine Arts.
The present heavy charges for bringing distant produce to market,
being nearly saved, the buyer every where would purchase cheaper, and the producer would be still better remunerated. In a word, such a change would be effected, as if by magic, the whole of Britain had been compressed into a circle of a few miles in diameter, yet without any part losing aught of its magnitude or beauty. All this may appear visionary, but it is less so than seventy years ago, it would have been to anticipate much of wbat has really come
To the Editor of the The Day. SIR,—Having observed in some of the earlier numbers of The Day, several communications from different persons on the above subject, allow me to transmit the following narrative, which appears to me, in some measure to realize the wishes of your correspondents.
thority. It is not for us, in newspaper phraséology, to catalogue the names, and proclaim the endowments of the celebrated personages who formed the majority of this company. It is enough to say of them, that it was delightful to witness the eminent of all parties and classes mingling in polite and friendly union together, and discoursing on subjects which possess an interest for every rational and well-informed mind civilized society. There was neither Whig, nor Tory, nor Aristocrat, por Radical, nor Reformer, nor Anti-Reformer, in the rooms: all who were there were lovers of literature and science, well-wishers to the progress of human amelioration. Cabinet and ex-cabinet ministers ; peers not jealous of their order, and “liberal” commoners not thinking of innovation ; physicians forgetting the questions of cholera and contagion ; bishops wbo will vote for the second reading, and whose palaces bave been burnt for the first; astronomers, including the first names in the Astronomical Society and Europe ; naturalists of similar rank in their study, with the President of the Linnean Society ; members of distinction belonging to the Royal Academy, the Geographical Society, the Royal Society, the Society of Antiquaries, the Geological Society, the Society of Arts, and other bodies of the same nature ; besides private characters, whose labours had attracted the public regard—all were mingled in a fusion very pleasant to behold, and the effect of which, it requires but a slight notion of the slight strings which lead to great results, to prognosticate are calculated to be far more momentous than their apparent cause. An introduction, a recommendation, a hint, a word, on such an occasion, may produce much good; but were nothing produced, the mere satisfaction of bringing (all the grades between being equally amalgamated,) the ingenious mechanic, the inventor of a new power, and the illustrious inheritor of that other power of patronage, together, is a proud and laudable office. Long may His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex fill and enjoy it. He may believe us, there is no popularity to be compared with it.-Athenæum.
General Union of Ministers and Congregations in Newcastle and
Gateshead. The ministers and others of different evangelical denominations in Newcastle and Gateshead, deeply lamenting the depravity and irreligion prevailing in these towns, and, fearful of a deficiency in the piety and zeal of many professing Christians have formed themselves into a union for the purpose of promoting a revival of religion. The union consists of twenty ministers and fourteen congregations of Methodist, Presbyterian, Baptist, and independ. ent denominations. ' Any measures which may be deemed likely, under the divine blessing, to proinote a diffusion of vital Christi. anity, will be adopted. A tract has been published, entitled, “ An Affectionate Address to the Inbabitants of Newcastle and Gateshead, on the present alarming visitation of Divine Providence, in the fatal Ravages of the Spasmodic Cholera ;" twenty thousand copies of which have been distributed. Monday, the 26th of December, was set apart for humiliation and prayer, under the aw. ful judgments with which the town was then visited. Monday, the 30th of January, was also observed as a day of special prayer for the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, when the different congregations united in devotional exercises. A prayer meeting took place in the Baptist Chapel, New Court, at eight in the morning, and another in the Secession Chapel, Campbell Place, at twelve
In the evening a meeting was held in the Methodist Chapel, Brunswick Place, addresses on a revival of religion were delivered by the Rev. Richard Pengilly, of the Baptist Chapel, Tuthill Stairs; the Rev. Alex. Reid, of the Independent Chapel, Postern ; and the Rev. Valentine Ward, the Superintendent of the Newcastle Circuit of Wesleyan Methodists. The Rev. James Pringle and the Rev. John Lockhart (Presbyterians,) and the Rev. George Sample (Baptist,) engaged in prayer. A montbly meeting for prayer and the communication of intelligence regarding revivals of religion has been instituted, which it is intended shall be held alternately in the Chapels of the different ministers composing the union, on the evening of the second Friday of every month. The ministers intend connecting private consultation and prayer with the public services, and they affectionately entreat their respective flocks to co-operate with them in the diligent and zealous use of all proper means for the furtherance of the gospel.
Bone is a tissue of cells and partitions, as little solid as a heap of empty packing boxes.
It has been said there would be no more wars in the world, if every Sovereign would visit his military hospitals the next day after a battle.
Industrious babits are a far better inheritance for children than large estates. The day bas been considered as an image
and the year as the representation of life. The morning answers to the spring, and the spring to childhood and youth; the noon corresponds to the summer, and the summer to the strength of man. hood. The evening is an emblem of autumn, and autumn of declining life. The night with its silence and darkness shows the winter, in which all the powers of vegetation are benumbed ; and the winter points out the time when life shall cease ; with its hopes and pleasures.
PROLIFIC SUBJECTS. - Wilderson has 152 lectures on the 51st psalm, and 108 lectures on the 8th of John.
Vanity inclines us to find faults any where rather than in ourselves. He that reads and grows no wiser, seldom suspects bis own deficiency; but complains of hard words and obscure sentences, and asks why books are written which cannot be understood.
Molle. TAGLIONI.-- We regret to learn that this lady is dangerously ill, from a severe accident; while in the act of flying as a sylph at a considerable height, she fell to the stage-surgical assistance was promptly had, and she was twice bled, but remains in a dangerous state.
Dr. Johnson being asked his opinion of the title of a small volume, remarkable for its pomposity, replied, that it was similar to placing an eight-and-forty pounder at the door of a pig-sty.
THE DUKE OF SUSSEX'S EVENING PARTIES.
The following beautiful lines bave been ascribed to the youthful muse of Thomas Moore, Esq.
On beds of snow, the moon beam slept,
And sullen was the midnight gloom ;
Sweet maid ! it was her Lindor's tomb.
As President of the Royal Society, his Royal Highness has, with great condescension and urbanity, opened his residence in Kensington Palace for the reception, on certain appointed evenings, of individuals distinguished by rank and station, or by their connexion with the literature, the arts, and the sciences of their time. The second of these meetings took place last Saturday, when a brilliant assemblage of about five hundred persons of the description alluded to, foreign and English, were gratified by the kind and courteous attentions of their royal host. Having always been of opinion that the intercourse among enlightened men, engaged in all the varieties of intellectual pursuit, which is promoted by such means, is of very high importance, we cannot but congratu. late them and the country on the liberal example thus shewn by a Prince of the blood royal, at the head of one of our foremost national institutions, and well able, by his own great attainments, his comprehensive knowledge of books and men, his intimate acquaintance with the progress of philosophical improvement, as well as the refinements of the age, to appreciate the claims of others, and establish so meritorious a practice by the sanction of his au
A warm tear gushed-the wintr'y air
Congeal'd it as it flow'd away: All night it lay, an ice drop there-
At morn, it glittered in the ray.
An angel, wand'ring from his sphere,
Who saw the bright, the frozen gem; To dew-eyed pity brought the tear,
And hung it on her diadem.
LONDON FASHIONS FOR APRIL.
The following story is still preserved of a Glasgow merchant of the old school long since dead. He was at one time charged with a fraud upon the revenue, and the case became the subject of an exchequer trial. It was then customary for the Crown to pay the jury, provided a favourable verdict was returned; but, if a verdict was returned for the defendant, the Crown paid nothing. A most reprehensible custom also prevailed, which was that, the Counsel for the Crown stated this very important fact to the jury at the close of his opening speech. We do not mean to say that this was done for the purpose of biassing the jury, but we merely state the fact that such was the case. Mr.
was present at the trial in which he was involved, and he heard the counsel conclude his address, by saying, “ Gentlemen, I have farther to inform you, that, if you find in favour of the Crown, you are entitled to half-aguinea each, and, should you find for the defendant, you receive nothing.” The indignant merchant on hearing this, instantly started to bis feet, and looking to the jury, called out, “ Gentlemen, if you fin' for me, I'll gie ye a guinea the piece.” The wigs of the Lawyers were variously agitated at this rather extraordi. nary address : the Chief Baron instantly ordered bim to sit down, and angrily asked him, if he meant to bribe the jury. “Weel, ma Lord,” said the defendant “if I should, it was that man that began first; and I'll double't wi' him ony day."
HATS AND BONNETS. —Moire bonnets have not yet wholly displaced velvet ones, but they will before the end of the month. Most of the new ones, whether hats or bonnets, are of the bibi shape, and in general trimmed with feathers, or ratber we should say, with a single feather to correspond in colour with the bat; it may be placed either from the right to the left, or else quite up. right, with the tip bending over the crown of the bat. In the latter case the feather must be shorter than in the former.
Our-Door CostUMES.—A few Spring shawls have already appeared of a novel material, and very elegant patterns, the material is white, it resembles cachemirienne, but is still lighter, though not demi-transparent. The border is embroidered in very rich patterns in different coloured silks, some of the most elegant have rosaces at the four corners and in the centre. As yet those shawls have hardly appeared, but before the end of the month they will be very generally adopted. At this moment cachemires are more worn, and are indeed more appropriate to demi-saison costume. Among the novelties in preparation, but which have not yet appeared for carriage dress, are shawls of black China crape, embroidered in gold at each corner. Spring pelisses begin to be seen. A good many are open in front. The only novelty in their form is the excessive width of the skirt, and its extraordinary fulness round the waist, Moire is the favourite material for pelisses, the fashionable colours for them are emerald green, pearl grey, and out brown. This last colour is in particular favour for dresses and bonnets, as well as pelisses. It seems likely to succeed aventurine.
Ball Dress.- Gauze de Turin is the only novel material, it is worn plain and embroidered ; and we must cite to dresses which are particularly in favour of very young ladies. The one is of crape, the corsage cut low and square, is full round the bottom of the waist, and trimmed round the top with a single row of plain tulle, quilled very full, which falls over. Bèret sleeves sor. mounted by three rows of tulle forming a jockey. A very broad ribbon borders the skirt, and mounts in front from the right to the left nearly as high as the knee, where it is attached by a light bouquet of wild tlowers. The other dress is of white gauze, a Grecian corsage bordered with a narrow blond lace, which stands up round the bust. The sleeves are trimmed with small coques of gauze ribbons on the shoulders, ends of different lengths fall from them, and form jockeys. The trimming of the skirt consists of a very broad satin striped gauze ribbon, which descends from the ceinture, and is retained at the hem by a rose with buds and foliage; the ribbon turning back remounts to the ceinture, where a similar bouquet attaches it to the left side.
Mr. P. Agar of Trinity College, Oxford, has in the press,
6 The City of Tombs," an Egyptian Tale, and other Poems.
We understand that the Earl of Mulgrave is about to give the world a tale of high life, entitled “ The Contrast," a New Story of Nature and Art."
It is also said, that the Author of “ Granby" is about to publish a New Novel, to be entitled, “ Arlington.”
Among the host of cheap periodicals, which our example has summoned into existence, in the West Country, we understand there is a weekly periodical about to be started in Lanark! In the course of a few days, we hope to be able to announce to the lovers of literature and taste, the appearance of the “ Camlachie Chatterer,” the “ Partick Pettifogger," and the “ Gorbals Growler."
TIT FOR TAT.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.
On Monday, or Tuesday, we sball insert a paper “on Fumigation, as a preventative of Cholera,” containing practical directions regarding this important application.
“ XL.” does not excel.
Our fair poetical correspondents, must, really, permit our poetical critic to judge for himself. “ The Remonstrance" is inad. missible.
Epiphany.—A festival observed to commemorate the appearance of our Saviour to the Wise men.
Septuagesima.--Supposed to be so named from being about 70 days before Easter.
Sexagasima.-Supposed to be so named from being about 60 days before Easter.
Quadragesima.— First Sunday of Lent.
Ash Wednesday.— The first day of Lent—the name probably connected with the ancient penance of “ Sackcloth and Ashes."
Annunciation or Lady Day.
Palm Sunday— The sixth Sunday of Lent—so called from our Saviour's triumphant entry into Jerusalem.-—“ The people took branches of palm trees and went forth to meet him."-St. John, xii. chap.
Good Friday. In memory of the Death of the Saviour.
Rogation Week.—Preceding Whitsunday, from the number of petitions and prayers offered.
Ascension Day.-In memory of our Saviour's ascension to heaven.
Whitsunday.--A solemn festival commemorative of Pentecost. Trinity Sunday.--A festival in honour of the blessed Trinity.
Advent Sunday. The approach or coming on of the feast of the Nativity.
A MORNING JOURNAL OF LITERATURE, FINE ARTS, FASHION, &c.
GLASGOW, FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 1832.
THE ART OF BOWING.
sions ; you must, also, be prepared to decide, at a mo
ment's warning, the reasons for and against favouring “ PLACE your left foot behind yonr right, keeping your any individual, with that mark of your patronage or body erect and your head inclining a little to the right dependence. It is in this, that the difficult secret of shoulder. Then, when you have completed your po- fashion consists, and it is by a rigid adherence to it, sition, bend
neck till balf an inch of your chin is that one has the only chance of rising to haut ton. In hid in your neckcloth, and throw your elbows a little Almack's, and the other resorts of high life, the rule is forward, gently and gracefully, if you can.” This is so well understood, that the most intimate friends, the beau ideal of a bow, and, if you will go to any when aware of any impropriety in their being seen todancing master in Paris, London, or Glasgow, he will gether, acknowledge it by mutual consent, and look at teach you the first rule of politeness in nearly the one another without the slightest surprise, though same words which we have used. It is a point upon neither betray any mark of recognition. Indeed, the which there are no diversities of opinion entertained practice is founded upon a law, which has its origin in by pragmatical disputants, and no darling theories human nature, namely, the desire of pleasing the cherished by conceited pedants. The first principles many, and hence, as long as society exists, on its preof the bow are as universally acknowledged as any sent footing, it must obtain in every refined communiaxiom in Euclid, and the manner of teaching it in ty. In Glasgow, as in other towns of Scotland, where England and upon the continent, differs no more than the influence of fashion predominates, this desirable the system of Mathematics in this country from that accomplishment is practised, though, unfortunately, of the French. In both cases the same results are not always understood. A dandy, of the first water, evolved; the method of attaining them is not strictly will lose caste, if he bows to an unknown face, or a similar, but, in the fundamental laws upon which they broad-brimmed hat; and, it is pretty generally acknowdepend, there is no difference whatever.
ledged, that it is a gentleman's duty to cut his most inYet, notwithstanding the general understanding timate friend, whenever the latter has trangressed the which exists upon this subject, certain necessary cir- most trivial rule of etiquette, and incurred the opprocumstances render it impossible to act, in every case,
brium of society. in accordance with it. Hence it happens, that the Perhaps, reader! you sometimes promenade in St. theory of bowing, however beautiful in its elements, Vincent Street, yourself, or join those loitering groups becomes useless like many other theories, because it which are to be seen, daily, at four o'clock, on the will not apply to practice. It would not do to stop in genteel side of the Trongate. In these excursions, a crowded street, and go through the motions describ- you may have bad your own decision exercised, in the ed above, whenever you met an acquaintance-nor manner of refusing a nod with civility. You may would you even find it convenient to repeat the whole have turned up your eyes to the sky, when you met a of them before taking off your hat to salute a lady. It tradesman who bad been danning you for money for a is obvious, that there are some occasions where haste fortnight; and you may have assumed a convenient requires an abbreviation of the process, and prevents obliquity of vision, in order to escape encountering a the ceremonial bow from being used, except in such troublesome companion. This you may bave repeatplaces as the stage or a ball-room. Individuals, there- edly done with impunity ; for a man never thinks of fore, in proportion as they mingle in society, adopt expecting a bow from a gentleman who owes him or form for themselves a particular manner of express- money, and a fellow who has not the sense to make ing the courtesies of life; so that, in general, they are himself agreeable, must make up his mind to be distinguished as much by their bow, as by any other in- treated just as it happens to be convenient. With dication of character. You have seen a man, hurrying shabby gentlemen, you generally have little troualong the Trongate, with distended palms, and diving ble ; for they are prepared to receive or be denied his head into the waistcoat pocket of every one whose your courtesies, when occasion requires, and knowface he recognized. You, probably, suppose him a ing that they can purchase your arm in a crowded busy-body, and one who thrusts his nose into the af- street, by a new pair of pantaloons or a London coat, fairs of other people. You see another man coming they virtually resign all claim to your favours, when along, kissing his hand to every side, and keeping his they make their visits to the tailor less frequent than head as erect as it was planted upon his shoulders. yours.
Men of this sort understand the thing, and You analyze him into the essence of vanity. A third never ask you why you sometimes pass them without struts up with a determined air, and gives such an ear- notice, and at others dignify them with a condescendnest nod, that you think he has walked out of his way, ing inclination. But there are others whom it is not on purpose to salute you. He is, undoubtedly, not a so easy to satisfy in this respect, as they have such man who can choose his own society. The next per- antiquated notions of breeding, that they cannot for son you meet may pass you with a supercilious noli me their lives conjecture, why you do not always receive tangere signal. No matter though you set him down them with the same politeness. It would be in vain for a coxcomb.
to attempt explaining to them, that you must occaThese illustrations may show what an important sionally see them without pretending to know it. It branch of education the art of bowing ought to form ; is not impossible that they should be so absurd as to but it is of importance to know, that how to bow is construe such an apology into an insult, and demand not the only material point, but that the when and satisfaction for what is done, in compliance with the where are circumstances of equal consequence. It is rules of fashion. not enough to know the particular inclination of the Some of these fellows are apt to get obstreperous, if head, which you are to measure out upon given occa- you refuse to introduce them to a lady of your acquaint