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the Principal or the Executive Clerk, the Sergeant-at-arms and Doorkeeper, and the Assistant Doorkeeper.

41. The legislative proceedings, the executive proceedings, and the confidential legislative proceedings, of the Senate, shall be kept in separate and distinct books.

42. The President of the United States shall, from time to time, be furnished with an authenticated transcript of the executive records of the Senate; and all nominations approved, or definitively acted on by the Senate, shall be returned by the Secretary, from day to day, as such proceedings may occur; but no further extract from the executive journal shall be furnished, except by special order; and no paper, except original treaties transmitted to the Senate by the President of the United States, or any executive officer, shall be returned or delivered from the office of the Secretary, without an order of the Senate for that

purpose. 43. When an amendment to be proposed to the Constitution is under consideration, the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present shall not be requisite to decide any question for amendments, or extending to the merits, being short of the final question.

44. When any question may have been decided by the Senate, in which two-thirds of the members present are necessary to carry the affirmative, any member who votes on that side which prevailed in the question may be at liberty to move for a reconsideration; and a motion for reconsideration shall be decided by a majority of votes.

45. Messages shall be sent to the House of Representatives by the Secretary, who shall previously endorse the final determination of the Senate thereon.

46. Messengers are introduced in any state of business, except while a question is putting, while the yeas and nays are calling, or while the ballots are counting.

47. The reporters shall be placed on the floor of the Senate, under the direction of the Secretary.

No person, except members of the House of Representa

tives, their Clerk, Heads of Departments, Treasurer, Comptrollers, Register, Auditors, Postmaster General, President's Secretary, Chaplains to Congress, Judges of the United States, Foreign Ministers and their Secretaries, Officers who, by name, have received or shall hereafter receive, the thanks of Congress for their gallantry and good conduct displayed in the service of their country, or who have received medals by the vote of Congress, the Commissioners of the Navy Board, Commissioner of Patents, Governor, for the time being, of any State or Territory of the Union, Judges of the Supreme Courts of Law and Equity of any State, such gentlemen as have been Heads of Departments or members of either branch of the Legislature, and at the discretion of the President of the Senate, persons who belong to such Legislatures of foreign Governments, as are in amity with the United States, shall be admitted on the floor of the Senate.

48. The presiding officer of the Senate shall have the regulation of such parts of the Capitol and of its passages, as are or may be set apart for the use of the Senate and its officers.

49. The Secretary of the Senate, the Sergeant-at-arms and Doorkeeper, and the Assistant Doorkeeper, shall be chosen on the Second Monday of the first session of the 21st Congress, and on the same day of the first session of every succeeding Congress.

JOINT RULES AND ORDERS

OF THE TWO HOUSES.

1. In every case of an amendment of a bill agreed to in one House, and dissented to in the other, if either House shall request a conference, and appoint a committee for that purpose, and the other House shall also appoint a committee to confer, such committees shall, at a convenient hour, to be agreed on by their chairman, meet in the conference chamber, and state to each other verbally, or in writing, as either shall choose, the reasons of their respective Houses for and against the amendment, and confer freely thereon.

2. When a message shall be sent from the Senate to the House of Representatives, it shall be announced at the door of the House by the door-keeper, and shall be respectfully communicated to the Chair, by the person by whom it may be sent.

3. The same ceremony shall be observed when a message shall be sent from the House of Representatives to the Senate.

4. Messages shall be sent by such persons as a sense of propriety in each House may determine to be proper.

5. While bills are on their passage between the two Houses, they shall be on paper, and under the signature of the Secretary or Clerk of each House, respectively.

6. After a bill shall have passed both Houses, it shall be duly enrolled on parchment, by the Clerk of the House of Representatives, or the Secretary of the Senate, as the bill may have originated in the one or the other House, before it shall be presented to the President of the United States.

7. When bills are enrolled, they shall be examined by a joint committee of two from the Senate, and two from the House of Representatives, appointed as a standing committee for that purpose, who shall carefully compare the enrolment with the engrossed bills as passed in the two Houses, and correcting any errors that may be discovered in the enrolled bills, make their report forthwith to their respective Houses.

8. After examination and report, each bill shall be signed in the respective Houses, first by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, then by the President of the Senate.

9. After a bill shall have been thus signed in each House, it shall be presented by the said committee to the President of the United States for his approbation, it being first endorsed on the back of the roll, certifying in which House the same originated; which endorsement shall be signed by the secretary or clerk (as the case may be) of the House in which the same did originate, and shall be entered on the journal of each House. The said committee shall report the day of presentation to the President, which time shall also be carefully entered on the journal of each House.

10. All orders, resolutions, and votes, which are to be presented to the President of the United States for his

approbation, shall also, in the same manner, be previously enrolled, examined, and signed, and shall be presented in the same manner, and by the same committee, as provided in cases of bills.

11. When the Senate and House of Representatives shall judge it proper to make a joint address to the President, it shall be presented to him in his audience chamber, by the President of the Senate, in the presence of the Speaker and both Houses

12. When a bill or resolution which shall have passed in one House, is rejected in the other, notice thereof shall be given to the House in which the same shall have passed.

13. When a bill or resolution which has been passed in one House shall be rejected in the other, it shall not be brought

in during the same session, without a notice of ten days, and leave of two-thirds of that House in which it shall be renewed.

14. Each House shall transmit to the other all papers on which any bill or resolution shall be founded.

15. After each House shall have adhered to their disagreement, a bill or resolution shall be lost.

16. No bill that shall have passed one House, shall be sent for concurrence to the other, on either of the three last days of the session.

17. No bill or resolution that shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall be presented to the President of the United States for his approbation, on the last day of the session.

18. When bills which have passed one House are ordered to be printed in the other, a greater number of copies shall not be printed than may be necessary for the use of the House making the order.

19. No spirituous liquors shall be offered for sale, or exhibited within the capitol, or on the public grounds adjacent thereto.

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