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WE the People of the United States in order to form a more

perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.



All legislative powers herein granted shall be vest- Congress. ed in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.


The House of Representatives shall be composed bice, how of members chosen every second year by the people chosen. of the several States, and the electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State Legislature.

No person shall be a Representative who shall not Qualificahave attained to the age of twenty-five years, and Representabeen seven years a citizen of the United States, and

tion of

ment of Re. presenta tives and Di. rect Taxes.

Census every ten years.

ten years,

who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that

State in which he shall be chosen. Apportion Representatives and direct taxes shall be appor

tioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of

in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each State shall have at least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and

Georgia three. Vacancies, When vacancies happen in the Representation from

any State, the Executive authority thereof shall issue

writs of election to fill such vacancies. Representa The House of Representatives shall choose their officers and Speaker and other officers; and shall have the sole bring Impeachments. power of impeachment.

how filled.

tives choose


Senate, how chosen.

The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.

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