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Art. Sec. Page.
Witness, in criminal cases, no one compelled to be against
himself, 5th amendment.

32
Weights and Measures, standard of

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RULES AND ORDERS

OF THE

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

AS A MENDED

AT THE

COMMENCEMENT

OF THE

TWENTY-FIFTH CONGRESS,

SEPTEMBER, 1837.

STANDING RULES AND ORDERS,

FOR

CONDUCTING BUSINESS

IN THE

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES.

TOUCHING THE DUTY OF THE SPEAKER.

1. He shall take the chair every day precisely at the hour to which the House shall have adjourned on the preceding day; shall immediately call the members to order; and, on the appearance of a quorum, shall cause the Journal of the preceding day to be read.

2. He shall preserve order and decorum; may speak to points of order in preference to other members, rising from his seat for that purpose ; and shall decide questions of order, subject to an appeal to the House by any two members; on which appeal no member shall speak more than once, unless by leave of the House.

3. He shall rise to put a question, but may state it sitting.

4. Questions shall be distinctly put in this form, to wit: “ As many as are of opinion that (as the question may be) say Ay;" and, after the affirmative voice is expressed, “ As many as are of the contrary opinion, say No.” If the Speaker doubts, or a division be called for, the House shall divide : those in the affirmative of the question shall first rise from their seats, and afterwards those in the negative. If the

Speaker still doubts, or a count be required, the Speaker shall name two members, one from each side, to tell the members in the affirmative; which being reported, he shall then name two others, one from each side, to tell those in the negative; which being also reported, he shall rise, and state the decision to the House. No division and count of the House by tellers shall be in order, but upon motion seconded by at least one-fifth of a quorum of the members.

5. When any motion or proposition is made, the question, “Will the House now consider it ?" shall not be put, unless it is demanded by some member, or is deemed necessary by the Speaker.

6. The Speaker shall examine and correct the Journal before it is read. He shall have a general direction of the Hall. He shall have a right to name any member to perform the duties of the chair, but such substitution shall not extend beyond an adjournment.

7. All committees shall be appointed by the Speaker, unless otherwise specially directed by the House, in which case they shall be appointed by ballot; and if, upon such ballot, the number required shall not be elected by a majority of the votes given, the House shall proceed to a second ballot, in which a plurality of votes shall prevail ; and, in case a greater number than is required to compose or complete a committee shall have an equal number of votes, the House shall proceed to a further ballot or ballots,

8. In all other cases of ballot than for committees, a majority of the votes given shall be necessary to an election; and where there shall not be such a majority on the first ballot, the ballot shall be repeated until a majority be obtained. And in all ballotings blanks shall be rejected and not taken into the count in the enumeration of votes, or reported by the tellers.

9. In all cases of ballot by the House, the Speaker shall vote ; in other cases he shall not vote, unless the House be equally divided, or unless his vote, if given to the minority,

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