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Summary of the Proceedings of the Twenty-fourth Annual


Philadelphia, Pa., Sept. 29 to Oct 3, 1919.

Notable progress, both in the design, development and manufacture of metal working and foundry equipment and in the solution of problems affecting casting practice and foundry administration, was indicated in the meetings and exhibition of the twenty-fourth annual convention of the American Foundrymen's association at Philadelphia. Free from the restraint of war time activities, foundrymen attended the meetings in greater number than ever before in the history of the association. Among those who registered during the week were foundrymen from many foreign countries including England, France, Norway, Japan, India, Java and Australia.

Sharply in contrast with the 1918 convention, the meeting at Philadelphia reflected an enthusiastic tendency on the part of foundrymen to attack the problems of reconstruction. For the first time in the history of the association a session was devoted to the subject of industrial relations. Recognition of the gravity of the labor situation confronting the country was given in a communication sent to the senate committee investigating the steel strike, following its unanimous adoption at the final session on Friday.

The first session on Tuesday, Sept. 30 was conducted jointly with the Institute of Metals division of the American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers. There were two sessions on general topics on Wednesday and Friday, respectively. A session devoted especially to steel foundry problems was held simultaneously with the general session Wednesday and on Thursday, gray iron, malleable and industrial relations sessions were held simultaneously. An extensive discussion on welding problems was a feature of the final session on Friday. The great volume of work accomplished may be measured from the fact that there were 43 papers and 11 committee reports on the program, Upon recommendation of the committee on foundry costs, the association decided to publish the American Foundrymen's association uniform foundry cost keeping system, which appears elsewhere in this volume.

Joint OPENING SESSION Tuesday, Sept. 30, 10 a. m., Ball Room, Bellevue-Stratford

The convention was formally opened by a joint opening session of the Institute of Metals division of the American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers and the American Foundrymen's association in the ballroom, BellevueStratford hotel, at 10 a. m., Tuesday, Sept. 30.

A. 0. Backert, president of the American Foundrymen's association, occupied the chair. The annual address of the president was read by Mr. Backert, after which he read the following letter from Thomas H. Firth, past president of the British Foundrymen's association:

A. O. Backert, president,
American Foundrymen's Association,
Cleveland, Ohio.
Dear Mr. President:

Although my term of office as president of the British Foundrymen's association has just expired, it gives me great pleasure as representative of the casting interests of the United Kingdom to send a message of good will and a friendly greeting to the American Foundrymen's association and the large number of foundrymen who will attend your convention and exhibition at Philadelphia on September 29. I only regret that stress of work and the uncertainty of labor conditions at present obtaining in this country prevent me from accepting your warm and pressing invitation to deliver my message in person, and from giving such support as I could to a convention with such extensive and useful aims.

Whatever tends to cement the bond of friendship between the two great English-speaking nations, whatever tends to promote harmony and co-operation between them, and whatever increases their cordial relations in commerce tends also to further the future peace and progress of the world.

With regard to the objects of your convention and exhibition, it is our sincere hope that from every standpoint it will prove a complete success. We know that yours was the pioneer association of foundrymen, and it was on your association that those of this and other countries were modeled. The debt which is owed to the investigations of such men as Keep, Moldenke, Outerbridge, West and others of your members is universally recognized. The splendid work accomplished by your various committees is generously appreciated. Their investigations and experiments on improved methods of molding, casting, testing and reports on methods of analysis and casting, have been of the greatest value to iron founders of this country and on the continent, and have been widely and carefully studied.

With our own methods and shops you will doubtless deal in the report which you intend to present of your recent visit to the iron foundries of this country, and it is by this mutual and friendly exchange of views and ideas that the two associations will profit, and from which will accrue considerable advantage to both.

The increase of labor unrest and the continued high cost of living are undoubtedly disturbing factors in commerce today, and it is now generally recognized in this country and also in America that the one thing on which the future success of all industry depends, and which alone can preserve the comparatively low price level of iron and steel products, is increased output. To effect this must be our first and foremost aim.

Please accept my warmest regards and best wishes for the success of your association convention and the renewed assurance of our good will.

Yours sincerely,


The following letter from Ivan Lamoureux, secretary of the Belgian Foundrymen's association, was received too late to be read during the convention:


Liege, Belgium
Mr. A. O. Backert, president,
American Foundrymen's association,
Cleveland, Ohio.

Sept. 8, 1919. Dear Sir:

I have the honor of expressing to you my sincere thanks for your kind invitation to the interallied congress in Philadelphia from September 29 to October 3.

I regret not being able to come to your beautiful country because the departure of the barbarian hordes from our unhappy land has left us much ruin and so much misfortune that we must all throw ourselves with all our energy into the work of reconstructing our industries which formerly were so fresh.

I have transmitted your invitation to my confreres who find themselves in the same position as myself.

I beg you to believe, Mr. President, that the Belgian foundrymen feel for your country in general, and for your noble president, Mr. Woodrow Wilson, sentiments of admiration and of gratitude.

We have admired the enthusiasm which accompanied your declara

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tion of war on those who broke all their bonds of honor, falsifying their given word and by acting contrary to all the laws of war and by instituting a reign of terror among defenseless populations. President Wilson nas put an end to all the inhuman acts promoted by the central powers and he has established a foundation for the league of nations; and all humanity is following him as a leader,

We cherish our gratitude for the aid which you have brought to our invaded country both in sending us the necessities of life throughout the war and for the co-operation of your brilliant army which enabled the allied powers to drive from our country an execrated enemy.

President Wilson has also set forth in his own noble personality the ideal of your whole people, which I can summarize in the three words: Strength, wisdom and beauty.

I would have liked to bring to you in person the thanks of the Belgian foundrymen to their American confreres and at the same time to take part in the discussion of your important congress and to visit your beautiful exposition.

Please believe, Mr. President, that in thought I am with you and that I hope your congress will be a success which it deserves and that it will mark an unforgetable day in the annals of the foundry industry.

Please accept, Mr. President, my most paternal and distinguished sentiments.


A. O. Backert, president of the American Foundrymen's association, then extended a welcome to foreign foundrymen, many of whom attended the convention.

An address of welcome was delivered by Thomas H. Devlin, president of the Philadelphia Foundrymen's association. John A. Penton, honorary member of the American Foundryment's association, spoke briefly in appreciation of Mr. Devlin's activities in behalf of the foundry industry. Mr. Cattell, statistician, city of Philadelphia, outlined the growth and importance of Philadelphia's institutions and industries.

Response to the address of welcome was made on behalf of the allied societies by J. P. Pero, past president of the American Foundrymen’s association.

Following the address of welcome and response, President A. O. Backert announced the appointment of the following convention committees :

Nominating Committee.--Benjamin D. Fuller, chairman, Niagara Wall Paper Co., Niagara Falls, N. Y.; R. A. Bull, Duquesne Steel Foundry Co., Pittsburgh; J. P. Pero, Missouri Malleable Iron Co., East St. Louis, Ill.: Alfred E. Howell,

Phillips & Buttorff Mfg. Co., Nashville, Tenn.; and Stanley S. Flagg Jr., Stanley S. Flagg & Co., Philadelphia.

Committee on Resolutions.-Alfred E. Howell, Phillips & Buttorff Mfg. Co., Nashville, Tenn.; Charles Lundberg, Iron Age Publishing Co., Philadelphia ; Thomas Pangborn, Pangborn Corp., Hagerstown, Md.; Lloyd Uhler, Union Steel Casting Co., Pittsburgh; and A. B. Root Jr., Hunt-Spiller Mfg. Corp., Boston.

The following reports and addresses also were presented at the joint opening session:

Report of the board of directors of the American Foundrymen's Association, Inc. Report of the secretary-treasurer of the

the American Foundrymen's Association, Inc., by C. E. Hoyt, Chicago,

“The Need for Co-operative Research in Alloys," by Harrison E. Howe, National Research council, Washington.

"Considerations Affecting Brass Melting in Gray Iron Shops," by Russell R. Clarke, Eagle Brass Foundry, Seattle.

“The Weeks Electric Rotating Furnace as Applied to the Brass Foundry Industry,” by F. J. Ryan, American Metallurgical Corp., Philadelphia.

"Publicity Work of Foundry Equipment Manufacturers' Association,” by Franklin G. Smith, chairman publicity committee, Foundry Equipment Manufacturers association, Cleveland Osborn Mfg. Co., Cleveland.


Wednesday, Oct. 1, 10 a. m. Ball Room A. 0. Backert, president, American Foundrymen's association, in the chair.

The following papers and reports were presented and discussed:

“Audible Signals in Foundries,” by Prof. Vladimir Karapetoff, Cornell university, Ithaca, N. Y.

"The Care of Foundry Equipment," by G. L. Grimes, Grimes Molding Machine Co., Detroit.

"How to Secure Best Results in Combining Hoisting

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