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(b)

If the Commission shall consider it necessary in order to determine whether the findings specified below may properly be made, it shall set said application for public hearing[] ; and a public hearing shall be held in all cases where carriers by railroad are involved unless the Commission determines that a public hearing is not necessary in the public interest.

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(10) Nothing in this section shall be construed to require the approval or authorization of the Commission in the case of a transaction within the scope of paragraph (2) where the only parties to the transaction are motor carriers subject to part II (but not including a motor carrier controlled by or affiliated with a carrier as defined in section 1 (3)), and where the aggregate number of motor vehicles owned, leased, controlled, or operated by such parties, for purposes of transportation subject to part II, does not exceed twenty.

Nothing in this section shall be construed to require the approval or authorization of the Commission in the case of a transaction within the scope of paragraph (2) where the only parties to the transaction are street, suburban, or interurban electric railways none of which is controlled by or under common control with any carrier which is operated as part of a general steam railroad system of transportation.

(13) As used in paragraphs (2) to (12), inclusive, the term "carrier" means & carrier by railroad and an express company and a sleeping-car company, subject to this part; and a motor carrier subject to part II; and a water carrier subject to part III.

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Sec. 6.

[(5) Every common carrier subject to this part shall also file with said Commission copies of all contracts, agreements, or arrangements with other common carriers in relation to any traffic affected by the provisions of this part to which it may be a party.]

(5) Every common carrier subject to this part shall also file with said Commission copies of all contracts, agreements, or arrangements, with other common carriers in relation to any traffic affected by the provisions of this part to which it may be a party; Provided, however, That the Commission, by regulations, may provide for exceptions from the requirements of this paragraph in the case of any class or classes of contracts, agreements, or arrangements, the filing of which, in its opinion, is not necessary in the public interest.

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SEC. 16.

(5) Every order of the Commission shall be forthwith served upon the desigDated agent of the carrier in the city of Washington or in such other manner as may be provided by law. In proceedings before the Commission involving the lawfulness of rates, fares, charges, classifications, or practices, service of notice upon an attorney in fact of a carrier who has filed a tariff or schedule in behalf of such carrier shall be deemed to be due and sufficient service upon the carrier, except where the carrier has designated an agent in the city of Washington, District of Columbia, upon whom service of notices and processes may be made, as provided in section 6 of the Act of June 18, 1910 (U. S. C., 1934 edition, title 49, sec. 50) C.]: Provided, That in such proceedings service of notice of the suspension of a tariff or schedule upon an attorney in fact of a carrier who has filed said tariff or schedule in behalf of such carrier shall be deemed to be due and sufficient service upon the carrier, and service of notice of the suspension of a joint tariff or schedule upon a carrier which has filed said joint tariff or schedule to which another carrier is a party shall be deemed to be due and sufficient notice upon the several carTiers parties thereto. Such service of notice may be made by mail to such attorney in fact or carrier at the address shown in the tariff or schedule.

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Sec. 20. (1) The Commission is hereby authorized to require annual, periodical, or special reports from [carriers (as defined in this section) and from lessors] carriers, lessors, and associations (as defined in this section), to prescribe the manner and form in which such reports shall be made, and to require from such [carriers and lessors] carriers, lessors, and associations specific and full, true, and correct answers to all questions upon which the Commission may deem information to be necessary, classifying such [carriers and lessors] carriers, lessors, and associations as it may deem proper for any of these purposes. Such annual reports

shall give an account of the affairs of the (carrier or lessor] carrier, lessor, or association in such form and detail as may be prescribed by the Commission.

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(5)

The Commission or any duly authorized special agent, accountant, or examiner thereof shall at all times have authority to inspect and copy any and all accounts, books, records, memoranda, correspondence, and other documents, of such [carriers and lessors,] carriers, lessors, and associations, and such accounts, books, records, memoranda, correspondence, and other documents, of any person controlling, controlled by, or under common control with any such carrier, as the Commission deems relevant to such person's relation to or transactions with such carrier.

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(8) As used in this section, the words "keep" and "kept" shall be construed to mean made, prepared, or compiled, as well as retained; the term "carrier” means & common carrier subject to this part, and includes a receiver or trustee of such carrier; [and] the term "lessor” means a person owning a railroad, a water line, or a pipe line, leased to and operated by a common carrier subject to this part, and includes a receiver or trustee of such [lessor.] lessor; and the term association" means an association or organization maintained by or in the interest of any group of carriers subject to this part which performs any service, or engages in any activities, in connection with any traffic, transportation, or facilities subject to this Act.

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Sec. 20a. (1) That as used in this [section] section, the term "carrier" means a common carrier by railroad (except a street, suburban, or interurban electric railway which is not operated as a part of a general steam railroad system of transportation) which is subject to this part, or any corporation organized for the purpose of engaging in transportation by railroad subject to this [part.] part, or a sleeping-car company which is subject to this part.

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Sec. 220. (a) The Commission is hereby authorized to require annual, period, ical, or special reports from all motor carriers, brokers, (and lessors (as defined in this section), ] lessors, and associations (as defined in this section); to prescribe the manner and form in which such reports shall be [made, ] made; and to require from such carriers, brokers, [and lessors] lessors, and associations specific and full, true, and correct answers to all questions upon which the Commission may deem information to be necessary. Such annual reports shall give an account of the affairs of the carrier, broker, [or lessor] lessor, or association in such form and detail as may be prescribed by the Commission.

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(d)

The Commission or its duly authorized special agents, accountants, or examiners shall at all times have access to and authority, under its order, to inspect and examine any and all lands, buildings, or equipment of motor carriers, brokers, and lessors; and shall have authority to inspect and copy any and all accounts, books, records, memoranda, correspondence, and other documents of such carriers, brokers, (and lessors, ] lessors, and associations (as defined in this section), and such accounts, books, records, memoranda, correspondence, and other documents of any person controlling, controlled by, or under common control with any such carrier, as the Commission deems relevant to such person's relation to or transactions with such carrier.

(e) As used in this section, the words “keep” and “kept" shall be construed to mean made, prepared, or compiled, as well as retained; the term "lessor" means a lessor of any right to operate as a motor carrier; [and] the term “motor carrier", "broker”, or "lessor" includes a receiver or trustee of any such motor carrier, broker, or [lessor.] lessor; and the term association" means an association or organization maintained by or in the interest of any group of motor carriers or brokers subject to this part which performs any service, or engages in any activities in connection with any traffic, transportation, or facilities subject to this Act.

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Sec. 221. (a)

Service of notices or orders in proceedings under this part may be made upon a motor carrier by personal service upon it or upon the person so designated by it, or by [registered] mail addressed to it or to such person at the address filed.

In proceedings before the Commission involving the lawfulness of rates, fares, charges, classifications, or practices, service of notice of the suspension of a tariff or schedule upon an attorney in fact of a carrier who has filed [a] said tariff or schedule in behalf of such carrier naming the rates,

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fares, charges, classifications, or practices,' involved in such proceedings shall be deemed to be due and sufficient service upon the [carrier.] carrier and service of notice of the suspension of a joint tariff or schedule upon a carrier which has filed said joint tariff to which another carrier is a party naming the rates, fares, charges, classifications, or practices involved in such proceedings shall be deemed lo due and sufficient service upon the several carriers parties thereto, but such manner of service shall not be considered as excluding service in any other manner authorized by law.

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Sec. 222. (a) Any person knowingly and willfully violating any provision of this part, or any rule, regulation, requirement, or order thereunder, or any term or condition of any certificate, permit, or license, for which a penalty is not otherwise herein provided, shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not more than $100 for the first offense and not more than $500 for any subsequent offense. Each day of such violation shall constitute a separate offense.

(b) If any motor carrier or broker operates in violation of any provision of this part (except as to the reasonableness of rates, fares, or charges and the discriminatory character thereof), or any rule, regulation, requirement, or order thereunder, or of any term or condition of any certificate or permit, the Commission or its duly authorized agent may apply to the district court of the United States for any district where such motor carrier or broker operates, for the enforcement of such provision of this part, or of such rule, regulation, requirement, order, term, or condition; and such court shall have jurisdiction to enforce obedience thereto by a writ of injunction or by other process, mandatory or otherwise, restraining such carrier or broker, his or its officers, agents, employees, and representatives from further violation of such provision of this part or of such rule, regulation, requirement, order. term or condition and enjoining upon it or them obedience thereto

(c) Any person, whether carrier, shipper, consignee, or broker, or any officer, employee, agent, or representative thereof, who shall knowingly offer, grant, or give, or solicit, accept, or receive any rebate, concession, or discrimination in violation of any provision of this part, or who by means of any false statement or representation, or by the use of any false or fictitious bill, bill of lading, receipt, voucher, roll, account, claim, certificate, affidavit, deposition, lease, or bill of sale, or by any other means or device, shall knowingly and willfully assist, suffer or permit any person or persons, natural or artificial, to obtain transportation of passengers or property subject to this part for less than the applicable rate, fare, or charge, or who shall knowingly and willfully by any such means or otherwise fraudulently seek to evade or defeat regulation as in this part provided for motor carrier or brokers, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof be fined not more than $500 for the first offense and not more than $2,000 for any subsequent offense.

(d) Any special agent, accountant, or examiner who knowingly and willfully di vulges any fact or information which may come to his knowledge during the course of any examination or inspection made under authority of section 220, except as he may be directed by the Commission or by a court or judge thereof, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be subject, upon conviction in any court of the United States of competent jurisdiction, to a fine of not more than $500 or imprisonment for not exceeding six months, or both.

(e) It shall be unlawful for any motor carrier or broker engaged in interstate or foreign commerce or any officer, receiver, trustee, lessee, agent, or employee of such carrier, broker, or person, or for any other person authorized by such carrier, broker, or person to receive information, knowingly to disclose to, or permit to be acquired by, any person other than the shipper or consignee without the consent of such shipper or consignee, any information concerning the nature, kind, quantity, destination, consignee, or routing of any property tendered or delivered to such motor carrier or broker for such transportation, which information may be used to the detriment or prejudice of such shipper or consignee, or which may improperly disclose his business transactions to a competitor; and it shall also be unlawful for any person to solicit or knowingly receive any such information which may be so used.

(f) Nothing in this part shall be construed to prevent the giving of such information in response to any legal process issued under the authority of ary court, or to any officer or agent of the Government of the United States, or of any State, Territory, or District thereof, in the exercise of his power, or to any officer or other duly authorized person seeking such information for the prosecution of persons charged with or suspected of crimes or to another carrier or broker, or its duly authorized agent, for the purpose of adjusting mutual traffic accounts in the ordinary course of business of such carriers or brokers.

(g) Any motor carrier, broker, or other person, or any officer, agent, employee, or representative thereof, who shall willfully fail or refuse to make a report to the Commission as required by this part, or to make specific and full, true, and correct answer to any question within thirty days from the time it is lawfully required by the Commission so to do, or to keep accounts, records, and memoranda in the form and manner prescribed by the Commission, or shall knowingly and willfully falsify, destroy, mutilate, or alter any such report, account, record, or memorandum, or shall knowingly and willfully file with the Commission any false report, account, record, or memorandum, or shall knowingly and willfully neglect or fail to make fuil, true, and correct entries in such accounts, records, or memoranda of all facts and transactions appertaining to the business of the carrier, or person required under this part to keep the same, or shall knowingly and willfully keep any accounts, records, or memoranda contrary to the rules, regulations, or orders of the Commission with respect thereto, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof be subject for each offense to a fine of not more than $5,000. As used in this subsection, the words "keep” and "kept" shall be construed to mean made, prepared, or compiled, as well as retained.

(1) Any motor carrier, broker, or lessor, or other person, or any officer, agent, employee, or representative thereof, who shall fail or refuse to keep, preserve, or forward any account, record, or memorandum in the substance, form, or manner prescribed in this part or in any rule, order, or regulation prescribed under this part; or who shall fail or refuse to comply with any requirement of this part with respect to the filing with this Commission or with any agency, office, or representative of the Commission, as prescribed by the Commission, any annual, periodical, or special report, or other report, tariff, schedule, contract, document, or data or with any rule, order, or regulation prescribed with respect to such filing; or who shall fail or refuse to make full, true, or correct answer to any question required by the Commission to be made under the provisions of this part, shall forfeit to the United States the sum of $100 for each such offense, and, in case a continuing violation, not to exceed $50 for each additional day during which such failure or refusal shall continue. All forfeitures provided for in this paragraph shall be payable into the Treasury of the United States and shall be recoverable in a civil suit in the name of the United States, brought in the district where the motor carrier or broker has its principal office, or in any district in which such motor carrier or broker was, at the time of the offense, authorized by ihis Commission, or by this part, to engage in operation as such motor carrier or broker; or in any district where such forfeiture may accrue; or in the district where the offender is found. All process in any such case may be served in the judicial district whereof such offender is an inhabitant or wherever he may be found. It shall be the duty of the various district allorneys under the direction of the Attorney General of the United States to prosecute for the recovery of such forfeitures. The costs and expenses of such prosecution shall be paid out of the appropriation for the expenses of the courts of the United States.

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Sec. 313. (a) The Commission is hereby authorized to require annual, periodical, or special reports from water [carriers and lessors] carriers lessors, and associations (as defined in this section), and to prescribe the manner and form in which such reports shall be made, and to require from such [carriers and lessors] carriers, lessors, and associations specific and full, true, and correct answers to all questions upon which the Commission may deem information to be necessary. Such annual reports shall give an account of the affairs of the [carrier or lessor] carrier, lessor, or association in such form and detail as may be prescribed by the Commission.

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(f) The Commission or its duly authorized special agents, accountants, or examiners shall have authority to inspect and copy any and all accounts, books, records, memoranda, correspondence, and other documents, of such water carriers and lessors, and of associations (as defined in this section), and such accounts, books, records, memoranda, correspondence, and other documents of any person controlling, controlled by, or under common control with any such carrier as the Commission deems relevant to such person's relation to or transactions with such carrier.

(h) As used in this section, the words "keep" and "kept” shall be construed to mean made, prepared, or compiled, as well as retained; the term "lessor” means a lessor of any right to operate as a water carrier; [and] the term "water carrier" or "lessor" includes a receiver or trustee of such water carrier or (lessor.] lessor; and the term association" means an association or organization maintained by or in the interest of any group of water carriers subject to this part which performs any service, or engages in any activities in connection with any traffic, transportation, or facililies subject to this Act.

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Sec. 315. (a)

Service of notices or orders in proceedings under this part may be made upon such carrier by personal service upon it or upon an agent so designated by it, or by [registered] mail addressed to it or to such agent at the address filed

In proceedings before the Commission involving the lawfulness of rates, fares, charges, classifications, or practices, service of notice of the suspension of a tarifi or schedule upon an attorney in fact of a carrier who has filed a said tariff or schedule in behalf of such carrier naming the rates, fares, cha, yes, classifications, or practices involved in such proceedings shall be deemed to be due and sufficient service upon the [carrier] carrier and service of notice of the suspension of a joint tariff or schedule upon a carrier which has filed said joint iariff to which another carrier is a party naming the rales, sares, charges, classifications, or practices involved in such proceedings shall be deemed to be due and sufficient service upon the several carriers parties thereto, but such manner of service shall not be considered as excluding service in any other manner authorized by law.

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SEC. 412. (a) For purposes of administration of the provisions of this part, the Commission is hereby authorized to require annual, periodical, or special reports from freight [forwarders,] forwarders and associations (as defined in this section), and to prescribe the manner and form in which such reports shall be made and to require from such forwarders and associations specific, full, true, and correct answers to all questions upon which the Commission may deem information to be necessary. Such annual reports shall give an account of the affairs of the freight forwarder or association in such form and detail as may be prescribed by the Commission

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(d) The Commission or its duly authorized special agents, accountants, or examiners shall at all times have access to and authority, under its order, to inspect and examine any and all lands, buildings, or equipment of freight forwarders; and shall have authority to inspect and copy any and all accounts, books, records, memoranda, correspondence, and other documents of freight forwarders and of associations (as defined in this section), and such accounts, books, records, memoranda, correspondence, and other documents of any person controlling, controlled by, or under common control with any freight forwarder, as the Commission deems relevant to such person's relation to or transactions with such freight forwarder.

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(f) As used in this [section] section, the words "keep” and “kept” shall be construed to mean made,, prepared, or compiled, as well as [retained. I retained; and the term association" means an association or organization maintained by or in the interest oj any group of freight forwarders subject to this part which performs any service, or engages in any activities in connection with any traffic, transportation, or facilities subject to this act.

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