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How does it apply to the man

fond of popularity? To the

miser ? When does the man of pleasure

pay too much for his "whistle''9 When does the one who cares too much for appearance?

Express this thought in other

words. Do you like your expression as

well as Franklin's way of say

ing it?
Tell what you

about the author.

can

Words and Phrases for Study PRONUNCIATION: di-réct’ lý

lěv-ee' dis-túrb'-ing

pop-ū-lăr'-1-tý îm-prés'-sion (prěsh'-un)

săc'rî-fic-ing (fīz') ăm-biotious (bish’-xs)

eq'-ui-page (ěk’-wi-paj) cha-grìn' (shå-grìn')

ăc-cū'-mů-lāt-ing laud'-å-ble (lôd'-å-b'l)

cor-po'-re-ăl

VOCABULARY:

věx-a’-tion (věk-sā'-shủn) state of being troubled. săc'-ri-fice—to give up something in order to gain something else. bê-něv'-7-lent-having a desire to do good; generous; kind.

WORDS AND PHRASES:

"voluntarily" "reflection's

chagrin” 6. observed' "accumulating” a laudable'

corporeal sensations"
"equipages'
"miseries'
"court favor',
"attendance on levees"
"above his fortune"

AN AX TO GRIND

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN

When I was a little boy, I remember, one cold winter' morning, I was accosted by a smiling man with an ax on hie shoulder. "My pretty boy,” said he, "has your fathers grindstone ?”

“Yes, sir,” said I.

"You are a fine little fellow !” said he. “Will you let me grind my ax on it?”

Pleased with the compliment of “fine little fellow," "Oh, yes, sir," I answered. “It is down in the shop."

“And will you, my man,” said he, patting me on the head, "get me a little hot water ?”

How could I refuse? I ran, and soon brought a kettleful.

“How old are you?—and what's your name?” continued he, without waiting for a reply. "I'm sure you are one of the 10 finest lads that I have ever seen. Will you just turn a few minutes for me?"

Tickled with the flattery, like a little fool, I went to work, and bitterly did I rue the day. It was a new ax, and I

toiled and tugged till I was almost tired to death. The school 15 bell rang, and I could not get away. My hands were blistered, and the ax was not half ground.

At length, however, it was sharpened, and the man turned to me with, “Now, you little rascal, you've played truant! Scud

to the school, or you'll rue it !" 20 “Alas!” thought I, "it was hard enough to turn a grindstone this cold day, but now to be called a little rascal is too much.”

It sank deep into my mind, and often have I thought of it since.

HELPS TO STUDY

Notes and Questions How did the

secure the of use to Franklin afterward! boy's help?

What is meant when we say of How did he show ingratitude in a person that he has an ax his treatment of the boy?

to grind’'? How would you have sought the How do you think Franklin val. boy's help?

ued sincerity ? In what way was this incident How do you value it?

man

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VOCABULARY:

com'-plň-ment-an expression of approval.
in-grăt'-1-tūde-a lack of thankfulness; ill return for a favor.

WORDS AND PHRASES:

"accosted'
"sank deep into my mind'

"rue the day'
"Tickled with the flattery”

THE YELLOW VIOLET

WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT

William Cullen Bryant (1794-1878) was born in the rugged hill country of western Massachusetts. He removed to New York and became editor of the “Evening Post, a position which he continued to hold throughout his long life. He was kind and polite to all. He had a remarkable memory and it is said he could repeat "by heart' every poem he had written.

1
When beechen buds begin to swell,

And woods the blue-bird's warble know,
The yellow violet's modest bell

Peeps from the last year's leaves below.

2

Ere russet fields their green resume,

Sweet flower, I love, in forest bare,
To meet thee, when thy faint perfume

Alone is in the virgin air.

3

Of all her train, the hands of Spring

First plant thee in the watery mould,
And I have seen thee blossoming

Beside the snow-bank's edges cold.

4
Thy parent sun, who bade thee view

Pale skies, and chilling moisture sip,
Has bathed thee in his own bright hue,

And streaked with jet thy glowing lip.

5
Yet slight thy form, and low thy seat,

And earthward bent thy gentle eye,
Unapt the passing view to meet,

When loftier flowers are flaunting nigh.

6
Oft, in the sunless April day,

Thy early smile has stayed my walk,
But ’midst the gorgeous blooms of May,

I passed thee on thy humble stalk.

7

So they, who climb to wealth, forget

The friends in darker fortunes tried.
I copied them—but I regret

That I should ape the ways of pride.

8
And when again the genial hour

Awakes the painted tribes of light,
I'll not o’erlook the modest flower

That made the woods of April bright.

HELPS TO STUDY

Notes and Questions When does the poet say the vio Why is the violet called a "modlet makes its appearance?

est'' flower What is the "violet's modest When does the poet say he loves bell'%8

to meet the violet

What does "Alone' add to the

meaning of the last line of

stanza two? In the third stanza what is meant

by "her train"'? What are "the hands of

Spring''? In what sense is the sun the

parent” of the violet ? What are the "Pale skies' re

ferred to in stanza four% Why does Bryant say the vio

let's seat is low What does the poet mean by

"early smile''? What does the poet say “Thy

early smile” has often done for

him? Why does Bryant stop to view

the violet in April and pass it by in May?

With what does the poet com

pare this treatment of the vio

let? What is meant by the word

climb' in stanza seven? What does the poet say he re

grets What are “the painted tribes of

light''? To what “genial hour” does the

poet refer in the first line of

stanza eight? Why does the poet say he will

not again o'erlook “the mod.

est flower''? Which stanza of the poem do you

like best? What other poem on the violet

have you read ! Tell what you

can about the author.

Words and Phrases for Study PRONUNCIATION: war'-ble (wôr'-b'l)

löft'-i-er (ti-ér) re-sume' (rė-zūm')

ůn-ăpt' streaked (strēkt)

flaunt'-ing (flänt)

cop'-ied (id) earth'-ward (ürth'-wērd) fôr'-tunes

mould (mõld) bathed (bāthd) stayed (stād) ge'-ni-ál (jē) vir'-gin (vûr'-jin)

pâr'-ěnt

VOCABULARY:

mod'-ěst-not forward or bold; retiring. gôr'-geous (jūs)-rich in color; magnificent; beautiful.

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