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Implementing the RC&D Plan Ihrough Measures
In the 184 authorized RC&D areas, the sponsors have developed goals and set courses of actions to reach those goals. Specific actions called RC&D measures are adopted and approved for planning of action. The following is an estimated national summary of those measures as of September 30, 1980.
Adopted "Planned Completed Canceled Total Total Total Total FY to FY to FY to FY to
1980 Date 1980 Date 1980 Date 1980 Date
- - - - - - - 349 3,792 94 1,681 91 1,016 89 656 Flood Prevention.............. 42 2,490 14 440 14 334 71 863 Farm Irrigation............... 11 670 l 117 7 104 24 210 land Drainage................. 23 703 14 170 4. 120 40 186 Agriculture-Related Pollutant Control............ 11 153 2 28 l 32 4 38 Public Water-Based Recreation. 28 1,318 12 203 8 75 44 308 Public Water-Based Fish & Wild. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 408 l 41 l 25 14 120 Subtotal 468 9,534 T38 2,580 V26 T.T06 286 2,381 With Other Than RC&D Financial Assistance: Accelerated Services.......... 9 1,721 3 882 15 668 20 466 Public Recreation or Fish & Wildlife Developments........ 95 5,250 -- -- 209 2,215 80 1,230 Water Developments............ 35 1,585 -- -- 60 550 20 460 Special Resource Studies & Inventories.................. 285 5,005 -- -- 185 2,695 50 620 Highways, Roads, Trails, & Scenic Highways.............. 15 1,520 -- -- 40 550 30 330 Cooperatives & Associations... 20 425 -- -- 5 193 15 110 Agric. & Forest Product Proces. or Marketing Indust.......... 50 1,105 -- -- 35 420 25 240 Industrial Development........ 30 785 -- -- 10 395 15 160 Public Facilities or Services. 120 7,050 -- -- 240 3,320 90 1,150 Educational................... 140 2,050 -- -- 120 1,090 30 270 Other......................... 280 5,930 -- -- 81 2,830 140 130 Subtotal.................... 1,079_32,426 3. 882 1,100 lo,926 515 , 166 Totals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,547 All-S60 141 3,552 la226_16,632 801 ,547
Selected Examples of Progress: Accomplishments under this appropriation that represent the types of activities completed are described below: five Rivers RC&D Area, Tennessee - South Guthrie Measure: South Guthrie in Wontognery County is a community of about 200 black residents. In 1972, the residents contacted the Five Rivers RC&D Area Council seeking help for a flooding problem. Through the Council, work was begun. The FmHA county director aided them in organizing an all important improvement association, a legal body to enable the citizens to receive loans and grants. The Soil Conservation Service worked closely with officials from Montgomery County and
Montgomery County Soil Conservation District and South Guthrie residents to plan a flood prevention system.
In 1980, after 8 years and starting from scratch, the measures were completed. Periodic flooding had restrained the community's growth, development, and quality of life. With the flood protection system installed, the flooding and other related health hazards have been corrected with results in improved
drinking water and correction of unsanitary sewage disposal systems. There are now 34 new or improved homes, a renovated community center with a new library facility and a classroom for adult education. Frank G. Merriwether, a resident of South Guthrie now in his eighties, summed it all up when he said "There wasn't anything here before. I'm so proud of what our community has done, I just feel like sticking my chest out."
Shawnee RC&D Area, Illinois - Land Use Measure:
resources, important farm lands, and the impacts of misuse on the community's economy.
From these concerns came a 16mm documentary motion picture titled "Land Use -A Moral Dilemma." The film is narrated by Eddie Albert. The citizens of the Shawnee RC&D Area are involved. They tell of the local concerns and of how important it is to protect our land for future generations.
The film is the cornerstone of a RC&D Program to create awareness for land use problems in the 19 county Shawnee Area. It was the RC&D Councils serving as the vehicle to involve concerned individuals who in turn coordinated funding from 48 sponsor groups including 15 banks, three coal companies and 25 units of government that made the production of the film possible.
Since land use, particularly protecting important farm land, is a national issue this film's use has expanded beyond the boundaries of the Shawnee RC&D Area into virtually every State. It is an RC&D measure that contributes to understanding the national land use issue.
Western Wyoming RC&D Area, Wyoming - Salt River Measure: The Salt River meanders throught the agricultural oriented Star Valley. During spring floods, the river overflows cutting new channel, gauging river banks and dumping sediments that destroy fish habitats. The 1971 flood started a concerted effort by landowners working through the Star Valley Soil Conservation District and Wyoming Game and Fish. With the RC&D Council coordinating the efforts, the necessary landrights were collected, plans and designs made, and a financial package developed.
Correcting the problem resulted in a multi-objective effort along a 12 mile reach. The fisheries objective was to protect and reestablish the fish habitat for river's brown and native cutthroat trout. The erosion control objective was to fit into the river's regime erosion control measures that would stabilize the stream banks and reduce meandering. The works of improvement were designed and installed to accomplish both. The total initial cost was $41,250. RC&D funds provided for 75 percent of the cost. Maintenance will be the job of the Star Walley Soil Conservation District.
The RC&D Council didn't stop with this effort but has encouraged additional work to be done without RC&D financial assistance. This includes an experiment where barrier trees are to be planted for the purpose of keeping livestock away from the stream bank. Willows removed in the past to make way for hay fields are now being planted to provide a continuous type of streambank protection. The sponsors agree that this has been a success and are planning to treat another 15 mile reach.
Bear River RC&D Area, Idaho and Utah - Deep Creek Irrigation Measure:
the RC&D Program. The measure was to focus on erosion control, improved water management and water conservation. By December 1976, the Deep Creek Irrigation Company, Oneida Soil Conservation District and the Soil Conservation Service had reached agreement on the work to be done, its financing and the necessary operation and maintenance. This was recorded and agreed to in a RC&D Measure Plan. The total cost was estimated to be $6,290,000 of which RC&D funds were $2,760,000.
The measure construction began in FY 1979 and was completed in FY 1980. The RC&D Council arranged for financial assistance from RC&D funds to replace open canals with gravity pressurized pipelines. Assistance from other sources including technical assistance from the Soil Conservation Service provided for improvements of 76 onfarm sprinkler systems and Malad's City water system at costs to local people of over $1.2 million.
The results now being realized are to fully irrigate 3,800 acres and provide supplemental water to an additional 962 acres. Canal maintenance will be eliminated. Onfarm efficiencies will increase from a low of 30 percent to 65 percent. The hazards of an open ditch are eliminated and erosion and sediments greatly reduced. An additional benefit is in energy conservation resulting from conversion of pumped pressures to a gravity system and the improved efficiencies.
National report on RC&D-11 and other financial assistance: This report is cumulative from the beginning of field activity in 1964 to June of 1980. Only financial assistance funds are shown which exclude funds to provide SCS technical assistance.