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SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE
The estimates include proposed changes in the language of this item as follows (new language underscored; deleted matter enclosed in brackets).
For necessary expenses for carrying out the provisions of the Act of
cts: Provided further. That this appropriation shall
The first change in language would eliminate language providing for earmarking of specific amounts for Snow Survey and Water Forecasting and for Operation of Plant Materials Centers. This language was added by the Congress to the 1981 Appropriation Act to ensure that it be consulted prior to the Department taking any action to reduce or phaseout these programs. The 1982 Budget Estimate proposes no phaseout of these programs and provides funding for continuation at the 1981 level. The continued inclusion of this earmarking in the language itself would restrict the management flexibility of the agency to respond to changing needs such as unforeseen emergencies or delays in contracting and other situations where it might be advisable to temporarily reprogram funds from these to other activities after consultation with the Congress.
The remaining changes in language would increase the limitations on funds that may be used to replace, purchase, or improve SCS buildings. The construction cost limitations on buildings should be increased in fiscal year 1982 to maintain the previous values of these authorizations which have not been increased since FY 1976. Escalation in construction costs over this period of time have made it increasingly difficult and sometimes impossible to make needed alterations and improvements or to replace outdated or unsafe structures. These construction costs will have increased by approximately 60% between 1976 and 1982.
a/ Includes a total increase of $5,474,000 toward increased operating costs to
Project 1. Technical assistance:
(a) Planning........... (b) Application........
Total, technical asst.. 2. Inventory & monitoring, 3. Soil surveys........... 4. Snow survey and water
forecasting..... 5. Operation of plant
materials centers...... 6. Resource appraisal and
program development... 7. Rural clean water b/... Total available or est..... Proposed supplemental for
pay increase costs....... Total, appropriation......
4,051,000 66 3,581,000 67 +82,000(4) 3,663,000
4,348,000 98 5,605,000 98 +192,000(6) 5,797,000
b/ funds appropriated in FY 1978 only.
1981 (estimated) Increase 1982 (estimated) Staff
Amount Years Amount Years Decrease Amount Years Direct obligations: 1. Technical assist.:
(a) Planning...... $ 81,765,718 3,174 $ 95,121,354 3,293 - $ 1,354 $ 95, 120,000 3,246 (b) Application... 122,648,576 / 4,762 142,682.030 4,939 - 2,030 142,680,000 4.869 Total, technical
asst.............. 204,414,294 7,936 237,803,384 8,232 - 3,384 237,800,000 8,115 2. Inventory &
monitoring...... 13,220,894 462 17,094,930 569 +667,070 17,762,000 578 3. Soil surveys..
43,334,229 1,446 49,272,082 1,488 +800,918 50,073,000 1,488 4. Snow survey & water forecasting 3,920,213
-366,471 3,663.000 67 5. Operation of plant materials centers. 2,713,496
3,423,903 100 +180,097 3,604,000 100 6. Resource appraisal & prog. develop..... 4.254.845
5,618,025 98 +178,975 5,797.000 98 7. Rural clean water.
272, 256,547 10,116 318,622,494 10,554 + 76,506 318,699,000 10,446 Unobligated balance brought forward. .... (-3,744,369)
(-4,434,494) --|(+4,434,494) Unobligated balance
carried forward..... (+4,434,494) Unobligated balance lapsing............
appropriation....... 274,670,000)(10,116) (314,188,000)(10,554)(+4,511,000)(318,699,000) (10,446)
22,985,000 633 +1,010,000 23,995,000 664 2. Inventory & monitoring......
200,000 3. Soil surveys ..... 8,514,737
297 4. Snow survey and water forecasting
350.000 6. Resource appraisal &
prog. develop..... Total, reimbursable oblig...............
28,497,616 895 32,415,000 944 +1,010,000 33,425,000 975 Obligational authority...... 300,754,163 11,00 351,037,494 11,498 -497,494 352, 124,000 11,421
Total, tech. asst.... 2. Inventory & monit.... 3. Soil surveys......... 4. Snow survey and water
forecasting.......... 5. Operation of plant
materials centers.... 6. Resource appraisal &
program development.. 7. Rural clean water.... Total outlays...........
The appropriation "Conservation Operations," funds seven Soil Conservation Service activities authorized by the Act of April 27, 1935, (16 U.S.C. 590a-590f); the Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977, (16 U.S.C. 2001-2009); Section 35 of the Rural Clean Water Act of 1977, (33 U.S.C. 1251, 1281). These activities are designed to reduce erosion, solve soil and water management problems, bring about physical adjustments in land use, improve agriculture, and reduce damage caused by floods and sedimentation. Activities include:
Technical assistance - The Soil Conservation Service provides technical
More than 800,000 district cooperators receive help on an annual basis.
Conservation plans developed by land users consist of their decisions to
Installation services are provided to cooperating land users to help them
Technical services are provided to individuals and groups participating in
the Agricultural conservati con su
ing - The inventory and monitoring program provides for collecting and interpreting natural and related resource data, other than soil survey data, for national assessments, and providing the results to users for resource programing and planning decisions. In addition, special resource inventories are made of wind erosion conditions in the Great Plains, and for identification of prime and unique farmlands.
Soil surveys - Special investigations and interpretations are made to determine
correlation, interpretation, investigations, and laboratory work. These surveys are conducted cooperatively with other Federal agencies, land grant colleges, other State agencies, and local organizations. The published soil survey for a county or designated area includes maps with explanatory
nany Federal, State, county, and local community programs Special reports are prepared and released as needed for local uses.
Snow survey and water forecasting - Snow survey and water forecasting provides a valuable service to irrigators and others who rely upon snow data and water
in planning annual operations. More than 10.000.000 acres of irrigated land in the Western States and Alaska are served by water supply forecasts. Although water supply forecasts are geared primarily to the needs of rural farm and ranch operators, they are also helpful to a wide variety of water management groups that have responsibility for flood control, recreation, fish and wildlife, power generation, municipal and industrial water supply, and water quality management.
Operation of plant materials centers - Plant materials centers are operated for testing, selection, and providing for the commercial production of plants for erosion control, special conservation purposes, and adaptation to unusual soil and site conditions. The work at the 20 centers includes cooperation with State and Federal agencies, commercial businesses, and seed and nursery associations to encourage production, release, and use of new or uncommon plant materials needed in soil and water conservation programs. Over 140 new conservation plant varieties from this program are in large scale use in combating the many problems encountered in a total program of soil, water, and related resource conservation. An average of seven new conservation plants have been released each year for conservation purposes.
Resource appraisal and program development - Activities carried out under this program include a nationwide soil, water, and related resource appraisal and development of future long-range conservation programs which will help USDA, soil and water conservation districts and other Federal, State, and local agencies make the necessary shift towards the highest priority policy issues and identify the present and likely future demands on the soil, water, and related resources of the Nation.
Rural clean water - Rural clean water activities consist of program formulation and implementation, technical training and workshops in FY 1980 funded from unobligated balances from the FY 1978 supplemental appropriation.
An increase of $2,011,000 in technical assistance consisting of:
(a) An increase of $1,046,000 for pay costs.
funds are needed in order to maintain the same level of program effort as in FY 1981. They would be used to cover cost increases for non-salary