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o The development and application of improved systems will reduce costs of processing and marketing. The CHALLENGE I believe you will agree that no task facing this nation is more complex or more important than that of increasing the ability of our food and agricultural system to produce, and to do so within a framework compatible with competing interests. As we look to the future, the strategic importance of

agriculture takes on added significance in that:

o By the year 2000 our world's population will be about 40 percent larger

and will, no doubt also require a doubling of food grain production.

o Our Nation depends upon massive agricultural exports to partially

offset a $47 billion trade deficit in non-agricultural products.

o Our cropland is losing about 2 billion tons of topsoil annually and

millions of acres are lost to non-agricultural uses.

o Our food and agricultural system is dependent upon petroleum fuel and

dangerously vulnerable to international instability.

o Our water supply for agricultural use is diminishing and faces increased

competiton from energy and urban uses.

o Our need to improve human nutrition and consumer safety and to preserve

and enhance our environment cannot be disregarded.

o Our production, distribution, and storage systems must continue to

fight losses and leveling out of yields caused by insects, diseases,

fungus, adverse weather, and obsolete technology.

o Our agricultural productivity in the past 10 years continued to

increase, but at a slower rate than the previous 10-year period.

Mr. Chairman, these factors indicate that increasing our agricultural

productivity must be one of the highest priorities for science and education

programs. Now, more than ever, SEA's research and education programs must be

coupled with those of our cooperators to find answers to diverse problems faced

by this country's and the world's food and agriculture community.


productivity can help us in the near-term to moderate the devastating impact

inflation has on our standard of living and help our export products become

competitive in foreign markets. The cadre of future agricultural educators and scientists with the expertise necessary to address the expanding frontiers of

science must continue to be trained in our university system.


We formulated our FY 1982 Budget with keen awareness of these challenges.

A tot al budget of $1,005,748,000 is proposed to maintain scientific and educational excellence in the area of food and agriculture. By major program

activity, the total SEA proposal will provide:

Agricultural Research - $426.2 million, an increase of $23.6 million over


Cooperat ive Research - $232.5 million, an increase of $31.4 million over


Extension - $305.1 million, an increase of $12.6 million over 1981;

Human Nutrition - $32.5 million, an increase of $2.6 million over 1981;

Technical Information Systems - $9.4 million, an increase of $.5 million

over 1981; and

Higher Education - $11.5 million funded under Bankhead-Jones eliminated.

Overall, the total Budget proposed for the Science and Education Administration

in FY 1982:

o will rise by $59.1 million above 1981.

o Provides SEA and its State cooperators with additional monies to

maintain high-priority programs at present levels.

o Reflects a modest growth for research programs.

O Allows for accelerated growth for some high-priority programs designed

to increase agricultural productivity and efficiency.

o Supports work of other agencies who rely on research data to improve the

quality of their action programs.

o Addresses natural resource concerns in the areas of water use

efficiency; pollution prevention; soil erosion; and conservation


o Emphasizes support for the research being performed by the State

Experiment Stations, Forestry Schools and other SEA cooperators.

Recognizes that Federal spending must be reduced by tightening up on

program management wherever possible.

I am proud to be a part of the science and education system that has

contributed so much to the ability of our farmers and those in the market ing channels to improve the well-being of consumers across this country. This Committee, which you have chaired for many years, is clearly recognized as a major factor in providing the support and guidance essential to its success. As we are proud of our past success, we are also concerned about the future. We

find ourselves being challenged to continue finding ways to expand our limits of

knowledge to support the ever increasing food and fiber demands of our people,

the U.S. economy, and people around the world, and while, at the same time

protect our natural resources. The science and education system senses the

urgency with which this commitment must be met in order to develop the human

talent, science, and technology essential to the tasks ahead.

Mr. Chairman, this concludes my statement. At this point, I could either

ask Dr. Kinney to detail the FY 1982 Budget request for Agricultural Research or

I can answer questions from the Subcommittee, whichever you prefer.

Lark P. Carter
Assistant Director, Higher Education
Science and Education Administration

Dr. Carter is a native of Sac County, Iowa, where he grew up on a diversified grain crop, livestock farm. He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Agricultural Education in 1953 and 1956 and a Ph.D. in Agronomy in 1960 from Iowa State University. He served as an Air Intelligence Officer in the U.S. Air Force from 1954-56. In 1960, he began employment at Montana State University beginning as an Assistant Professor of Agronomy and later as Assistant Dean of Agriculture, Assistant Director of the Agricultural Experiment Station, and finally, as Professor of Agronomy and Associate Dean of Agriculture with primary responsibility for the resident instruction program in the College of Agriculture.

Dr. Carter has served as a consultant to the Agency for International Development in Ethiopia and was administratively responsible for the International Agriculture Program at Montana State University. He is an active member of the American Society of Agronomy, Alpha Zeta, Sigma X1, and several other professional organizations. He has coauthored two text books on crop production and numerous professional and popular publications.

He is currently serving as Assistant Director for Higher Education, Science and Education Administration, u.s. Department of Agriculture.

Dr. and Mrs. Carter currently reside in Arlington, Virginia.

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