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*Much of the research was of a short-term nature. In those cases where the research has not been brought to a satisfactory conclusion, the work will be completed with existing base funds.
SUGARBEET AND DRY BEAN RESEARCH Mr. TRAXLER. Could you once again provide me with an update on the sugarbeet and dry bean research work that has been underway at Michigan State University? I know the industry is extremely appreciative of your support and they find this research to be essential with the type of severe moisture problems we have had in parts of Michigan in the past year.
Dr. KINNEY. SEA-AR has three full-time scientists located at Michigan State University working on sugarbeet projects. The objectives of this research are to develop new and improved breeding lines; develop and improve disease resistance screening techniques; develop cultural, biological, and chemical methods of pest control for sugarbeets; and develop tissue culture techniques to regenerate plants from individual cells. This tissue culture research has application to sugarbeet genetics, variety improvement, and preservation of germplasm.
Our research program on dry beans involves two scientists and the research is fully cooperative with the Michigan State Agricultural Experiment Station.
Primary emphasis is on disease control and breeding varieties for resistance to the major diseases that reduce production in Michigan and the North Central region. There are additional research thrustson identifying the biological and physical determinants that limit food quality components and utilization of dry edible beans and breeding for improved nutritional and culinary quality. The research conducted at Michigan is an important and integral part of the total national program on bean production.
Soil compaction is detrimental to the production of dry beans in Michigan. At the request of the Congress, SEA-AR is initiating a cooperative research project with Michigan State University to identify the causative factors and to develop technology to overcome the problems of soil crusting as they affect dry bean production. We are in the final stages of negotiating a cooperative agreement with the Agronomy Department at Michigan State University. This will be a 3-year agreement involving the soils staff from the Agronomy Department of Michigan State University and SEA-AR scientists at Morris, Minnesota. Research work under this cooperative agreement should start this spring.
Mr. TRAXLER. Could you also give me a 3-year projection on these projects at Michigan State?
Dr. KINNEY. At the present time, we have no plans to substantially change our sugarbeet or dry bean research programs at East Lansing, Michigan. We plan to work cooperatively with Michigan State University to resolve or reduce industry problems relating to the two important crops and no major changes are projected during the next 3 years.
Mr. TRAXLER. We discussed briefly last year some varietal work that was being done on dry beans. Can you tell me if the new varieties you discussed last year have been released and if so what kind of grower acceptance has there been of the new variety?
Dr. KINNEY. Five new dry bean varieties have been approved for joint introduction by SEA-AR and the Michigan Agricultural Experiment Station. These new improved red kidney varieties are now in the process of seed multiplication. It is expected that it will take 2 or 3 years to build up enough seed to meet grower demand. Grower interest and acceptance of these new varieties has been very good.
Mr. TRAXLER. Last year you indicated that you were renegotiating the sugarbeet germplasm research agreement that you had with Michigan State. You also said that the project would be reevaluated at the end of fiscal year 1981, with its cost of only $25,000 per year, not allowing for inflation in future years. Can you now tell me where your agreement with Michigan State stands, what you have learned as a result of the germplasm research project, what your efforts will be for fiscal 1982 and beyond, and whether or not this budget contains sufficient funds to continue the work that you believe needs to be done on this project?
Dr. KINNEY. Earlier, SEA-AR negotiated a $25,000 cooperative · agreement with Michigan State University for research relating to developing tissue culture techniques that could be used in the sugarbeet breeding program. This cooperative research will continue in fiscal year 1982. The thrust of this basic research is to identify tissue culture media which can be used to selectively screen sugarbeet cells for specific disease organisms. Screening for cercosporin, a toxin produced by the Cercospora leaf spot fungus, is of particular interest. Another objective is to define the various tissue culture media that would allow the progressive transfer of sugarbeet cell cultures from a cell culture to a mature plant. While these major objectives have not yet been fully realized, considerable progress has been made. Michigan State University has also received a 3-year competitive grant for $70,000 for research on fungal toxins which will allow for an expansion of this research on sugarbeets.
Mr. TRAXLER. Are there any differences in the funding levels for any of these projects as a result of changes made by President Reagan in the original Carter budget?
Dr. KINNEY. With the exception of increases for pay costs, there are no changes in the fiscal year 1982 budget for the sugarbeet or dry bean research programs at East Lansing, Michigan.
Mr. TRAXLER. You and I have discussed the needs for research on these commodities many times in the past. As I visit farms, I am constantly impressed by the value of agricultural research and the return that we get from every dollar spent in agricultural research. Some of my dry bean farmers have been suffering terrible problems with rust in recent years. What projects do you have underway to deal with rust problems?
Dr. KINNEY. A cooperative breeding program has now been initiated with the SEA-AR bean breeding program at the Mayaguez Institute of Tropical Agriculture in Puerto Rico for the express purpose of developing bean varieties resistant to the rust disease. There also is cooperative research in Michigan on the use of cultural practices and methods of disease control as an additional approach to reducing losses from bean rust disease.
Mr. TRAXLER. Could you once again provide me with a description of those projects you have undertaken in dry bean and sugarbeet research throughout the country this past year and a listing of what projects you believe need to be done if you had sufficient