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“(3) treason, sedition, or the giving of aid and

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assistance to any foreign power, group, or association

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engaged in armed conflict with the United States, or the advocacy thereof;

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“(4) inciting hostilities or conflicts against the United States, or against any foreign power friendly to the United States which might involve the United States

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in hostilities;

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“(5) establishing or continuing sympathetic association with a saboteur, spy, traitor, seditionist, anarchist, revolutionist, members of an organization referred to in paragraph (1) of this subsection, or with an espionage agent or other secret representative of a foreign nation whose interests may be inimical to the United States,

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under circumstances and of such a nature as to raise a

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“(6) advocacy of rebellion, or of force and violence,

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to alter the constitutional form of government of the

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United States, or of any political subdivision thereof, or

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to obstruct the execution or enforcement of any Federal

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law;

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(7) service as an organizer, propagandist, courier, or messenger for any foreign government, or any orga

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nization, foreign or domestic, which is Communist or

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"(8) giving of aid or assistance to any foreign

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power, group, or association which is Communist or

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“(9) refusal to testify, upon the ground of selfincrimination, in any authorized inquiry relating to subversive activities conducted by any congressional committee, Federal court, Federal grand jury, or any other duly authorized Federal agency, as to any question relating to subversive activities of the individual in

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volved or others;

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"(10) the presence of a spouse, parent, brother, sister, or child in a nation whose interests may be

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inimical to the interests of the United States, or in

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satellites or occupied areas of such a nation, under

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circumstances permitting coercion or pressure to be

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brought on the individual through such relatives which may be likely to cause action contrary to the national

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defense or security interests;

“(11) any deliberate misrepresentations, falsifica

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tions, or omission of material facts from a personnel

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security questionnaire, personal history statement, or similar document;

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"(12) performing or attempting to perform his duties, or otherwise acting, so as to serve the interests

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94-756 088-pt. 1

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of another government in preference to the interests of

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the United States;

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“(13) intentional, unauthorized disclosure to any person of classified information;

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“ (14) willful violations or disregard of security regulations, or recurrent and serious, although unintentional, violations of such regulations or unauthorized dis

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closures of classified information;

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“ (15) any illness, including any mental condition, of a nature which in the opinion of competent medical authority may cause significant defect in the performance, judgment, or reliability of the individual, with due regard to the transient or continued effect of the

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illness;

“ (16) any criminal, infamous, dishonest, immoral,

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or notoriously disgraceful conduct, habitual use of in

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toxicants to excess, drug addiction, or sexual perversion;

“ (17) any other fact, activity, association, condition, or behavior which tends to establish reasonable

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“(e) For the purposes of this section, probable cause 25 shall exist for the characterization under subsection (d) of

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1 organizations, and individuals other than the individual who 2 is the subject of clearance for access to a defense facility or 3 classified information, when based upon (1) reports of the 4 Federal Bureau of Investigation, Central Intelligence 5 Agency, or of any other investigative agency of the United 6 States, (2) reports or findings of congressional or State legis7 lative investigations, (3) matters of public or common 8 knowledge, or (4) any other information or source of in

9 formation which the President or his designee for that pur

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determines to be substantial and reliable. Nothing con11 tained in this subsection shall be construed to support a de

12 mand by any such individual (including an individual who is 13 the subject of clearance) or organization for access to investi14

gative reports of any agency of the United States, or to 15

require the disclosure of information, or the source of any 16 information, when such disclosure would be deemed contrary

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“(f) In determining the significance to be given for the purposes of this section to the organizational membership or associations of any individual who is the subject of clearance

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for access to a defense facility or classified information, but

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with due regard to the prohibitions of section 5 (a) (1) (C), consideration shall be given to

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“(1) the character and history of that organization; "(2) the time during which such person was a

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member of or affiliated with such organization and, if

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such person no longer is a member of or affiliated with

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such organization, the time at which his membership or association was terminated, the circumstances of such

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termination, whether such termination was for tem

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porary, deceptive, or spurious purposes, and the degree to which he has separated himself from the activities of

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that organization;

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“(3) such person's knowledge of the nature and purposes of that organization, and factors relevant thereto, including but not limited to the extent to which the nature and purposes of the organization were publicly known at the time of such membership or association; and, if such organization has been found by final order of the Board to be a Communist organization, or if publicly designated by the Attorney General, the Direc

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tor of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, or any

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Federal agency as totalitarian, Fascist, Communist, or subversive, whether such person had actual knowledge or notice of such final order or designation; and such

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“(4) such person's commitment to the purposes

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