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OLD LAW

THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT,

PUBLIC LAW 414

(4) last entered the United States (d) The provisions of subsection (c) within two years prior to, or at any shall not be applicable in the case of any time after the date of enactment of alien who is deportable under (1) the this Act; is deportable under para. Act of October 16, 1918 (40 Stat. 1008; graph (1) of section 241 (a) insofar U. S. C., title 8, sec. 137), entitled “An as it relates to criminals, prostitutes Act to exclude and expel from the or other immoral persons, subver- United States aliens who are members: sives, violators of narcotic laws and of the anarchist and similar classes," similar classes or under paragraph as amended ; (2) the Act of May 26, (2) of section 241 (a), as a person 1922, entitled “An Act to amend the who entered the United States with- Act entitled 'An Act to prohibit the imout inspection or at a time or place portation and use of opium for other other than as designated by the At- than medicinal purposes', approved torney General, or without the proper February 9, 1909, as amended” (42 Stat. documents and is not within the pro- 596; U. S. C., title 21, sec. 175); (3) visions of paragraph (5) of this sub- the Act of February 18, 1931, entitled section; has been physically present “An Act to provide for the deportation in the United States for a continuous of aliens convicted and sentenced for period of not less than ten years after violation of any law regulating traffic such entry and immediately preced- in narcotics”, as amended (46 Stat. ing his application under this para- 1171; U. S. C., title 8, sec. 156 (a); (4) graph and proves that during all of any of the provisions of so much of such period he has been and is a per- subsection (a) of this section as related son of good moral character ; has not to criminals, prostitutes, procurers, or been served with a final order of de- other immoral rersons, the mentally portation issued pursuant to this Act and physically deficient, anarchists, and in deportation proceedings up to the similar classes; or (5) subsection (b) of time of applying to the Attorney Gen- this section. (Act of 1917, sec. 19 (d).) eral for suspension of deportation ; and is a person whose deportation would, in the opinion of the Attorney General, result in exceptional and extremely unusual hardship to the alien or to his spouse, parent, or child, who is a citizen or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence; or

(5) is deportable under paragraph (4), (5), (6), (7), (11), (12), (14), (15), (16), (17) or (18) of section 241 (a) for an act committed or status acquired subsequent to such entry into the United States or having last entered the United States within two years prior to, or at any time after the date of enactment of this Act, is deportable under paragraph (2) of section 241 (a) as a person who has remained longer in the United States than the period for which he was admitted ; has been physically present in the United States for a continuous period of not less than ten years immediately following the commission of an act, or the assumption of a status, constituting a ground for deportation, and proves that during all of such period he has been and is a person of good moral character; has not been served with a final order of deportation issued pursuant to this Act in deportation proceedings up to the time of applying to the Attorney General for suspension of deportation; and is a

OID LAW

THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT,

PUBLIC LAW 414

person whose deportation would, in the opinion of the Attorney General, result in exceptional and extremely unusual hardship to the alien or to his spouse, parent, or child, who is a citizen or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence.

(b) Upon application by any alien who is found by the Attorney General to meet the requirements of paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of subsection (a) of this section, the Attorney General may in his discretion suspend deportation of such alien. If the deportation of any alien is suspended under the provisions of this subsection, a complete and detailed statement of the facts and pertinent provisions of law in the case shall be reported to the Congress with the reasons for such suspensions. Such reports shall be submitted on the first and fifteenth day of each calendar month in which Congress is in session. If during the session of the Congress at which a case is reported, or, prior to the close of the session of the Congress next following the session at which a case is reported, either the Senate or the House of Representatives passes a resolution stating in substance that it does not favor the suspension of such deportation, the Attorney General shall thereupon deport such alien or authorize the alien's voluntary departure at his own expense under the order of deportation in the manner provided by law. If neither the Senate nor the House of Representatives shall, within the time above specified, pass such a resolution, the Attorney General shall cancel deportation proceedings. The provisions of this subsection relating to the granting of suspension of deportation shall not be applicable to any alien who is a native of any country contiguous to the United States or of any adjacent island, unless he establishes to the satisfaction of the Attorney General that he is ineligible to obtain a nonquota immigrant visa.

(c) Upon application by any alien who is found by the Attorney General to meet the requirements of paragraph (4) or (5) of subsection (a) of this section, the Attorney General may in his discretion suspend deportation of such alien. If the deportation of any alien is suspended under the provisions of this subsection, a complete and detailed statement of the facts and pertinent provisions of law in the case shall be reported to the Congress with the reasons for such suspension. Such reports shall be submitted on the first and

OLD LAW

THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT,

PUBLIC LAW 414

fifteenth day of each calendar month in which Congress is in session. If during the session of the Congress at which a case is reported, or, prior to the close of the session of the Congress next fol. lowing the session at which a case is reported, the Congress passes a concurrent resolution stating in substance that it favors the suspension of such deportation, the Attorney General shall cancel deportation proceedings. If within the time above specified the Congress does not pass such a concurrent resolution, or if either the Senate or House of Representatives passes a resolution stating in substance that it does not favor the suspension of the deportation of such alien, the Attorney General shall thereupon deport such alien in the manner provided by law.

(d) Upon the cancellation of deportation in the case of any alien under this section, the Attorney General shall record the alien's lawful admission for permanent residence as of the date the cancellation of deportation of such alien is made, and the Secretary of State shall, if the alien was classifiable as a quota immigrant at the time of entry and was not charged to the appropriate quota, reduce by one the quota of the quota area to which the alien is chargeable under section 202 for the fiscal year then current at the time of cancellation or the next following year in which a quota is available. No quota shall be so reduced by more than 50 per centum in any fiscal year.

(e) The Attorney General may, in his discretion, permit any alien under deportation proceedings, other than an alien within the provisions of paragraph (4), (5), (6), (7), (11), (12), (14), (15), (16), (17), or (18) of section 241 (a), (and also any alien within the purview of such paragraphs if he is also within the provisions of paragraph (4) or (5) of subsection (a) of this section), to depart voluntarily from the United States at his own expense in lieu of deportation if such alien shall establish to the satisfaction of the Attorney General that he is, and has been, a person of good moral character for at least five years immediately preceding his application for voluntary departure under this subsection.

OLD LAW

THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT,

PUBLIC LAW 414

ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS OF NONIMMI

GRANT TO THAT OF PERSON ADMITTED
FOB PERMANENT RESIDENCE

SEC. 245. (a) The status of an alien who was lawfully admitted to the United States as a bona fide nonimmigrant and who is continuing to maintain that status may be adjusted by the Attorney General in his discretion (under such regulations as he may pre scribe to insure the application of this paragraph solely to the cases of aliens who entered the United States in good faith as nonimmigrants) to that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence as a quota immigrant or as a nonquota immigrant under section 101 (a) (27) (A), if (1) the alien makes application for adjustment, (2) the alien is admissible to the United States for permanent residence under this Act, (3) a quota or nonquota immigrant visa was immediately available to him at the time of his application for adjustment, (4) a quota or nonquota immigrant visa is immediately available to him at the time his application is approved, and (5) if claiming a nonquota status under section 101 (a) (27) (A) he has been in the United States for at least one year prior to acquiring that status. A quota immigrant visa shall be considered immediately available for the purposes of this subsection only if the portion of the quota to which the alien is chargeable is undersubscribed by applicants registered on a consular waiting list. Any alien who shall file an application for adjustment of his status under this section shall thereby terminate his nonimmigrant status.

(b) Upon the approval of an application for adjustment made under subsection (a), the Attorney General shall record the alien's lawful admission for permanent residence as of the date the order of the Attorney General approving the application for the adjustment of status is made, and the Secretary of State shall reduce by one the quota of the quota area to which the alien is chargeable under section 202 for the fiscal year current at the time such adjustment is made.

RESCISSION OF ADJUSTMENT OF STATUB

SEC. 246. (a) If, at any time within five years after the status of a person has been adjusted under the provisions of section 244 of this Act or under section 19 (c) of the Immigration Act of

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THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY AOT,

PUBLIO LAW 414

February 5, 1917, to that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence, it shall appear to the satisfaction of the Attorney General that the person was not in fact eligible for such adjustment or status, the Attorney General shall submit to the Congress a complete and detailed statement of the facts and pertinent provisions of law in the case. Such reports shall be submitted on the first and fifteenth day of each calendar month in which Congress is in session. If during the session of the Congress at which a case is reported, or prior to the close of the session of the Congress next following the session at which a case is reported, the Congress passes a concurrent resolution withdrawing suspension of deportation, the person shall thereupon be subject to all provisions of this Act to the same extent as if the adjustment of status had not been made. If, at any time within five years after the status of a person has been otherwise adjusted under the provisions of section 245 or 249 of this Act or any other provision of law to that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence, it shall appear to the satisfaction of the Attorney General that the person was not ir fact eligible for such adjustment of status, the Attorney General shall rescind the action taken granting an adjustment of status to such person and cancelling deportation in the case of such person if that occurred and the person shall thereupon be subject to all provisions of this Act to the same extent as if the adjustment of status had not been made.

(b) Any person who has become a naturalized citizen of the United States upon the basis of a record of a lawful admission for permanent residence, created as a result of an adjustment of status for which such person was not in fact eligible, and which is subsequently rescinded under subsection (a) of this section, shall be subject to the provisions of section 340 of this Act as a person whose naturalization was procured by concealment of a material fact or by willful misrepresentation.

ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS OF CERTAIN

RESIDENT ALIENS TO NONIMMIGRANT
STATUS

SEC. 247. (a) The status of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence shall be adjusted by the Attorney General, under such regulations as he may prescribe, to that of a nonim

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