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ordnance. On peace with Spain being propesed, earl of Southampton, to make an unconditional Essex insisted that the queen should listen to no surrender. Ilo was now committed to the Tower, terms of accommodation, and pressed his views found guilty by a jury of peers, and received on the council with considerable haughtiness : sentence of death. The queen is said long to have when his guardian, lord Burleigh, is said to have hesitated as to signing the warrant for his execudrawn a prayer-book from his pocket

, from which tion, hut was persuaded by his enemies that he he read to Essex the too prophetic warning— wished to die, and, considering his silence insult· Men of blood shall not live out half their days.' ing or obstinate, she at length signed it, and the On the death of Burleigh he succeeded him in earl was executed within the Tower on the 25th the chancellorship of Cambridge: and soon after, of February, 1601. A story rejected by Dr. at a private council which was called to de- Lingard, but which rests on what most others of termine upon a proper governor to be sent to our historians have thought tolerably good eviIreland, he had a serious difference with the dence, is told concerning a ring sent by the earl queen. On the dispute becoming warm, Essex, to the queen during his confinement; which unable to persuade his sovereign, is said, con- ring, in the height of his favor, he had received temptuously to have turned his back upon her; as a pledge, on the return of which, she would when, provoked at his insolence, she bade him pardon any future offence. He is said to have * retire and be hanged,' accoinpanying her com- entrusted this ring to the countess of Nottingham, mand with a blow on the side of his face. The his relation, but the wife of his enemy, the admifavorite, thrown off his guard, instantly clasped ral, who would not suffer her to deliver it, by his sword, and swore he would not put up with which the queen's clemency was frustrated. It the affront. He withdrew in anger, and for some is added that, upon her death-bed, the countess time seemed to set the queen's displeasure at having confessed the secret to the queen, the defiance, but at length he submitted, and was so latter was greatly agitated, and told her "That far restored to favor, that he was himself ap- God might forgive her, but she never could.' pointed governor of Ireland, the cursedest of all Essex suffered in the thirty-fourth year of his islands,' as he still ventured to call it in his let- age: and having exhibited together with many ters to the queen. In his absence his enemies at wild, ambitious, and violent traits of character, court were not idle: he was currently reported much that was estimable, both in public and prito have reflected on the queen's age and infirmi- vate life. He was of an open, brave, and geneties, and to have become secretly connected with rous disposition: of a cultivated mind; and the the king of Scotland. He soon, therefore, resolved decided friend of literature. He gave an estate to return to vindicate himself: and, arriving un to the ungrateful Bacon, patronised Wotton, and expectedly at the court, threw himself at Eliza- erected a monument to Spenser. beth's feet, entreating her protection. She Essex (Robert Devereux, third earl of), son received him with apparent cordiality, but he was of the preceding, and born in 1592, was at the soon after committed to private custody, and the period of his father's death, or soon after, entered exercise of his public employments suspended. at Merton College, Oxford, under the care of the It was alleged that he had indulged himself in warden, Henry Saville, who had been his father's some freedoms of speech respecting the queen, particular friend; and James I., almost immewhich she was neither likely to forget or pardon: diately upon his succession to the throne, restored one was, “That she grew old and cankered, and this youth to almost all his hereditary honors. that her mind was become as crooked as her He already evinced his father's high spirit, in a carcass. It was also said that, in his correspon- quarrel which he had with prince Henry. Some dence with the king of Scotland, the object was dispute arose between them at tennis; when the to procure a public declaration of his right of prince calling his companion the son of a traisuccession to the English throne, and that he tor, he retaliated by giving him a severe blow would have engaged his friend, lord Mountjoy, with his racket; and the king was obliged to indeputy of Ireland, to bring over troops to com- terfere to restore peace. At the age of fourteen pel that measure. Still he sufficiently possessed young Essex was betrothed to lady Frances the personal favor of Elizabeth to have been able, Howard, who was still younger: but he immewith a prudent temper, to overcome all his diffi- diately set out on his travels, and during his culties, but he rashly encouraged, if he did not absence the affections of his wife were estranged originate, a conspiracy to seize the queen's per- from him, and fixed upon the king's favorite, son, and remove his enemies from her councils. Carr, afterwards earl of Somerset. The conseElizabeth however received tidings of the plot, quence was a suit instituted against the husband and sent Egerton, the lord-keeper, and other for impotency, in which the king, to his disgrace, persons of distinction, to expostulate with him. interfered, and which ended in a divorce. The These he had the rashness to detain as prisoners, earl of Essex now retired to his country seat, and whilst the earl and his friends went into the city spent some years in a rural life. Being wearied (where he fattered himself he was popular) to however of a state of inaction, he joined the earl raise the inhabitants. But here he was bitterly of Oxford in the year 1620, in a military expedisappointed; instead of meeting with friends, dition to the Palatinate, where they served with he was proclaimed a traitor, and the streets were companies of their own raising, under Sir Horatio barricadoed against the return of his party. Vere. In the following year they served in HolMaking his way to the river, therefore, he returned land, under prince Maurice. The next winter to his house in the Strand in boats, but was soon they returned to England, and lord Essex apinvested hy the queen's forces, and obliged, with peared in parliament in the ranks of the oppoall his principal adherents, among whom was the sition. He was of course not favorably received

at court, and shortly after we find him command In the popular sense of the word, the climate ing a regiment, raised in England for the United of Essex is mild and genial. Its northerly and States. On the accession of Charles I., he was easterly winds, however, are very pernicious both employed as vice-admiral in an unsuccessful to animals and vegetables; and agues are prevaexpedition against Spain. In 1626 he made a lent, notwithstanding the practice of draining, third campaign in the Low Countries, and shortly and the highly improved cultivation of the lands

. after married the daughter of Sir William Paulet. The surface is generally very flat and open. Indeed, He now courted popularity among the Puritans, Essex composes part of that tract of country on the and the officers of the army. He was however eastern side England, which forms the largest still employed by the king in various services; connected space of level ground in the island; but, when the measures of that monarch forced not one lofty eminence or rocky ridge being the court to retire from the metropolis, lord found in several contiguous counties. The sur Essex pleaded his obligation to stay and attend face of this county, however, is not totally flat, in his place as peer of the realm. This fixed him it having many gentle hills and dales. The most in opposition to the king, and in July, 1642, he level tracts are those of the southern and eastern accepted the post of general of the parliamentary hundreds. army: and opposed the king in person at the The most beautiful part of Essex, without the battle of Edge-hill. After this he was occasion-' addition of a river, is in the liberty of Havering. ally successful in other instances, but, though From Romford to Brentwood is a fine country; treated with external respect, he had not the but the more striking scenes are not within view entire confidence of the ruling party, and the of the road. From Dagenham to the earl of self-denying ordinance (see CROMWELL) threw St. Vincent's, who commands a portion of the him out of the command. Unwilling, however, fine park of Mr. Towers, the country is truly beauto lose his services altogether, the parliament tiful. From Thorndon, Lord Petre's, to Epping, voted that he should be raised to a dukedom, and is all nearly of this description, a perpetual vabe allowed £10,000 per annum, to support that riety of undulation thickly wooded with much dignity. Neither of these resolutions was car fine timber. The fields generally offer a verdure ried into effect, and the earl died suddenly, Sep- refreshing to the eye; and gentlemen's houses tember 14th, 1646, when the parliament directed are thickly strewed in every direction. Between a public funeral for him, at Westminster Abbey. Hockley and Raleigh there is a very beautiful With him the title of Essex became extinct. view of a rich vale, bounded by distant higher

Essex, one of the eastern maritime counties grounds; the whole, a scene to the eye of rich of England, is bounded on the east by the Ger- cultivation well wooded Landon Hill commands man Ocean; on the west by the rivers Lea and the greatest and finest view in the county the Stort, with a part of Hertfordshire; on the north Thames is seen distinctly for many miles, and by the river Stour, and part of Cambridgeshire; the distant hills of Kent terminate the view with and on the south by the Thames. Its extent an interesting outline; it exceeds the view from from east to west is about sixty miles, from Danbury, though that also is a striking one. The north to south fifty ; its circumference about 226 high lands at Purfleet, formed by a chalk cliff, miles, containing nearly 1,240,000 acres. Its without the intervention of marsh, offer a scene divisions are two-fold: natural and artificial, the not common on the Essex side of the Thames: first consisting of continent and islands; the it is full of business, shipping, and animation, latter of hundreds, towns, parishes, and hamlets. always an agreeable prospect when mixed with The islands lie bordering partly on the German rural features. Ocean, and partly on the Thames. The first South End, now a favorite watering place, deand most valuable to the east is the island of pends for beauty, as the scenes on tide rivers Mersey, eight or ten miles south of Colchester. necessarily must, on the moment of view being The islands towards the south-east, in the hundred high or low water. The river here is five miles of Rochford, are Foulness, Wallasea, Potten, wide; the highlands of Sheppey and the coast of Havengore, and New England, contiguous tó Kent are distinctly seen; and opposite is the each other. The remaining island, going towards mouth of the Medway. The cliff

, on which the the south, is Canvey, surrounded by branches of terrace at South End is built, is high enough to the river Thames, and situated nearly at its command the whole, and the broken woodland mouth, There are fourteen hundreds, five shore that sinks to the water's edge gives to it an smaller districts called half-hundreds, and one outline of foliage. royal liherty, containing in all 415 parishes, with A finer country is no where to be seen than the twenty-one market towns. This county is in the banks of the river Stour from Shoebury to Hardiocese of London, and the province of Canter- wich: the vale through which the river glides has bury, and is included in the home circuit. It great variety of breadth and features; and the received its name from its situation, in contra- bounding hills in all directions offer rich scenes distinction to the districts occupied by the West of cultivation ; towns, villages, steeples, farms, and South Saxons. They called it East Deaxa and woods are intermixed, and form a succession and East Dexscire, which were changed by the of landscapes extremely pleasing. The animated Normans into Exssesa. At the time of the Roman as well as decorated scene at Mistley, is at high invasion it was inhabited by the people subse- water, singularly beautiful. From the summit of quently called Trinobantes. On the subdivision Jarvis Hill, near Barking, a most delightful prosof this island by the Romans this county formed pect is obtained over the river Thames, which is part of the province named Flavia Cæsariensis. here seen to singular advantage, spreaaing its erIn the Heptarchy it formed a distinct kingdom. pansive bosom for many miles in extent, con

tinually enlivened by the numerous vessels a considerable distance. There are severa! constantly navigating this important portion of smaller cuts in different parts. The agricultural the river, while the scene is rendered truly en- produce consists of live stock, chiefly calves, for chanting by the broken range on the coast of which Essex has long been proverbial; all sorts Kent, the whole undulating surface, clothed with of grain and hops, coriander, teazel, caraway the softest verdure, and bespangled with flourish- and saffron. Potatoes are also grown to a great ing villages, forming a sylvan back-ground to the extent. This county returns eight members to view.

parliament; viz. two for the county, two for By much the larger portion of the soil, ex- Maldon, two for Harwich, and two for Colchestending diagonally quite across the county, from ter. Walthamstow and West Ham on the Middlesex We may enumerate the following eminent border to the Suffolk border, near Clare in that men born in this county.--Samuel Angier, a county, consists of various loams. This district nonconformist divine, one of the 2000 ejected contains 681 square miles. The variety of soils ministers. Born at Dedham, 1545. Died 1617. in this district is so great as to prevent the possi - Thomas Audley, lord chancellor of England. bility of any accurate yet brief view of them. He sat in judgment on Sir Thomas More, Clayey soils are found in three patches of land, and bishop Fisher, in the reign of Henry the largest of which is on the borders of Suffolk VIII.- Richard de Badew, the original founder and Cambridgeshire, between Saffron Walden of Clare Hall, Cambridge, born at Badow, west; and a little beyond Tilbury east, in this towards the close of the thirteenth century.-Dr. county; and from near Lindsell south, to beyond Thomas 'Bourchier, archbishop of Canterbury. Sturmer north, containing 222 square miles. The He introduced the art of printing into England, fertile loams run along the entire borders of in 1464, by bringing over a compositor from Kent, the Thames mouth, and the German Ocean Haerlem. He was born at Hawstead. Died as far as Harwich, making several indentations 1486.—Sir Anthony Cooke, tutor to Edward VI. inco the interior of the county on the eastern Died 1576. He had some very learned and acside. They contain 255 square miles. The complished daughters; one of whom was married chalky district, forty-five square miles, is an un to lord Burleigh, another to Sir Nicholas Bacon, shapen tract, west north and south of Saffron a third to Sir John Russel, and a fourth to Sir Walden, particularly west of that town. Mr. Henry Killigrew. Lady Russel was a most exYoang, in his Agricultural Report, has denomi- cellent woman and elegant scholar.—Sir William nated that tract of land which surrounds Col- Dawes, a learned prelate, born near Braintree, chester in nearly a circular form, embracing 255 1671. Died 1724.- George Edwards, an emisquare miles, a turnip loam. It is a dry sandy nent naturalist, born at West Ham, in 1693. and gravelly loam, perfectly well adapted to the Died 1773. George Gascoigne, a soldier and a culture of that plant, with but few exceptions. poet of some merit. Died 1577. Dr. John An extensive districi, containing 156 square Gauden, bishop of Exeter. He was somewhat miles, consists of a crop and fallow clay. It is of the spirit of įhe vicar of Bray, vacillating a triangular tract, the base of which extands from between the king and the parliament, for whom near the northern extremity of Epping Forest, has been claimed the merit of having written the south-west, to Saffron Walden north. This is a Elxwv Baoilun; he was born at Mayfield in 1605. strong, wet, heavy, reddish, or brown loam, upon Died about 1662.-William Gilbert, a learned a whitish clay marl bottom; adhesive, which will physician, who wrote on magnetism. Born at yield nothing without draining, and very litt Colchester, 1540. Died 1603.-Sir Harbottle with it. Speaking of the soil of this county Grimston, a distinguished lawyer. He assisted generally, Speed says, that it is rich and fruitful, Burnet in his History of the Reformation. Born though in some places sandy and barren; yet so at Bradford Hall, near Manningtree, about 1594. that it never frustrates the husbandman's hopes, Died 1683.—The learned and amiable Joseph or fills not the hands of her harvest laborers; Mede, born at Berden in 1586.-Sir Walter but in some parts so fertile, that after three years Mildmay, the good and virtuous founder of glehe of saffron, the land, for eighteen more, Emanuel College, Cambridge. Born at Chelmswill yield plenty of barley, without either dung ford. Died 1589. &c. &c. or other fattening earth. This coloring is cer Few minerals are found in Essex; and there tainly too high for modern times. But all its are hardly any quarries or masses of rocks. It grain is of good quality, and its wheat obtains was formerly noted for woollen manufactures of the best prices at Mark Lane. This county is dis- various descriptions; but of late they have been tinguished for its skilful agriculture.

on the decline. Baize, however, and sacking, The principal rivers are the Colne, the Black- are still manufactured in various parts; artificial water or Pont, the Chelmer, Crouch, Ingerbourn, slates are also made. Near the metropolis large Roding, and Cam. The Thames, Lea, Stort, and calico-printing manufactories are established; Stour, also contribute to the irrigation and fer- and on the Lea there are mills for making sheet tility of this county. The principal harbour on lead. The plaiting of straw has also been introthe coast is that of Harwich, situated on a tongue duced with success. A considerable proportion of land opposite to the united mouths of the of the inhabitants are employed in the oyster Stour and the Orwell. The greater part of Essex fishery. About 200 vessels, of from eight to fifty is well watered by the many brooks and rivers tons, are engaged in dredging near the mouths which run through its vales. The canal from of the Crouch, the Colne, the Blackwater, and in Malden to Chelmsford is of considerable utility other parts; and, independent of the supplies to the adjacent villages, and even to parishes at sent to the metropolis, oysters are exported to

the continent: it is calculated that 20,000 bushels nie. He that has his presence forborne or ex are taken annually. See COLCHESTER. In cused upon any just cause; as sickness. AllegeFoulness Island there are salt water stews for ment of an excuse for him that is sunimoned, or various kinds of fish; and formerly there seem sought for, to appear and answer to an action to have been several fish ponds for fresh water real, or to perform suit to a court-baron, upon a fish. In the inarshy parts there are decoys for just cause of absence. Excuse; exemption. wild ducks. Not having before viewed a decoy From every work he challenged essoin, in the taking season,' says the author of the

For contemplation sake ; yet otherwise Agricultural Survey of Essex, *I had not re His life he led in lawless riotise. Frerie Queene. marked the practice of each person taking a ESTABʻLISH, v.a. Fr. etablir; Span. piece of lighted turf stuck on a table fork in his


establuer ; Ital. stabihand, to approach the decoy; as the wild ducks,

ESTA BÖLISHMENT, n. s. ) lire, from Lat. stabilis, it is said, would certainly smell the person with- firm, from sto, to stand. To fix or settle firmly; out this precaution, and immediately quit the

to ratify, form, or found. Establisher and estapond. I found the expenses of this decoy (at blishment follow each of these senses : but the Mersey) considerable; two men who attend it

, latter word is frequently used in theology for the who are paid above £100 a year; repairs, nets, endowed church of these realms. rent, &c., amount in all to about £300 a year. Ducks are sometimes so low as 14s. a dozen.

I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant.

Gen. xvii. 19. The contrivance for taking dun-birds was new to me. At the decoy for them, near Ipswich, there

Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the are a series of high poles, to which the nets are

soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband

Nonbera, attached for taking them in their flight; and these may make it void. poles are permanent. At this Mersey decoy, to

So were the churches established in the faith.

Acts. xvi. 5. which this bird resorts in large quantities as well

All happy peace, and goodly government, as ducks, the net poles are suspended when not Is settled there in sure establishment. at work.'

Faerie Qucene. Antiquities, both of the Roman and the ancient Who life did limit by almightye doome, Britons, abound in Essex; such as encampments, Quoth he, knows best the termes established. Id. tesselated pavements, roads, &c., and there are Now come into that general reformatinn, and bring besides many interesting architectural remains, in that establishment by which all men should be conboth military and ecclesiastical.

tained in duty.

Spenser. Essex, a county of Massachusetts, thirty-eight

We will establish our estate upon miles long, and twenty-five broad, bounded on Our eldest Malcolm, whom we pame hereafter the south and east by the Atlantic; north and

The prince of Cumberland. Shakspeare. Macbeth. north-west by New Hampshire, and west by

He had not the art penned by way of recogniMiddlesex county.

The north part of the tion of right; as, on the other side, he avoided to county is intersected by Merrimack River: be- have it by new law; but chose rather a kind of

of establishment. tween it and the New Hampshire line are the

Bacon's Henry VII. towns of Ethuen, Haverhill, Almsbury, and

I reverence the holy fathers as divine establishers of Salisbury. It contained twenty-two townships. faith.

L. Digby. Salem is the capital.

He appointed in what manner his family should be Essex, a county of New Jersey, twenty-five established.

Clarendon. miles long and sixteen broad ; bounded on the The Normans never obtained this kingdom by east by the Pasaick and Newark Bay; south by such a right of conquest, as did or might alter the Middlesex county; north-west by Somerset and established laws of the kingdom. Hale's Common Law. Morris counties; and north by Bergen. It is

It is an established opinion among some men that divided into three townships, viz. Newark, Ac- there are in the understanding certain innate princi

Locke. quacknack, and Elizabeth-town. The soil is ples; some primary notions.

Whilst we set up our hopes and establishment here, Éssex, a county of Virginia, fifty-five miles another and better place for us.

we do not seriously consider that God has provided

Wake. long and twelve broad; bounded on the east

The sacred order to which you belong, and even the and north-east by the Rappahannock; south- establishment on which it subsists, have often been east by Middlesex; south and south-west by struck at; but in vain.

Atterbury. King and Queen county; and north-west by

Against all this there seems to be no defence, but Caroline.

that of supporting one established form of doctrine and Essex, a county of the United States, in discipline.

Swift. Vermont, which contained, in 1816, 3087 inha His excellency, who had the sole disposal of the bitants.

emperor's revenue, might gradually lessen your estaEssex, a county of the state of New York, on blishment.

id. the western shore of Lake Champlain, erected His court is immediately established in the plenary from Clinton county.

Franklin. It is about forty-three possession and exercise of its rights. miles long north and south, and forty-one in its

Never did a serious plan of amending any old average breadth, being nearly square; and is tyrannical establishment propose the authors and abetbounded north by Clinton and Franklin counties, tors of the abuses as the reformers of them. Burke. east by Lake Champlain, or the state of Vermont, ESTACHAR, ESTAKER, or ISTACHAR, a town south by Washington county, and west by Mont- of Persia, in the province of Kuzistan, near which gomery and Franklin counties.

are the ruins of the celebrated PERSEPOLIS, which ESSOʻINE, n. s. Of the Fr essonié, or eron

middle way, by way

very fertile.



ESTAING (Charles i lenry Countd'), a French Some thought that Christ translated them (the admiral of the last century, and lieutenant-general souls of the faithful] into a far more glorious place, of the armies of France. He was born at Ravel and estated them in a condition far more happy.

Pearson on the Creed. in Auvergne, and descended from an ancient family in that province, one of whom had saved Themistocles, the great Athenian general, being

asked whether he would rather choose to marry his the life of Philip Augustus at the battle of Bovines, in the twelfth century. Count d'Estaing daughter to an indigent man of merit, or to a worthbegan his career by serving in the East Indies less man of estate, replied, that he should prefer a

man without an estate to an estate without a man. under Lally, when he was taken prisoner by the

Hughes. English, and sent home on his parole. Having The estate his sires had owned in ancient years dishonorably engaged in hostilities again before Was quickly distanced, marched against a peer's. he had been exchanged, he was, on being again Jack vanished, was regretted and forgot : taken, kept a close prisoner at Portsmouth. In 'Tis wild goodnature's never failing lot. Cowper. the American war he was a vice-admiral, and

Estate, in law, signifies the interest that a behaved gallantly at the taking of Grenada. In the Revolution he was (1789) appointed to the person has in lands, tenements, or other effects : command of the national guard at Versailles, and comprehending the whole in which a person has suffered by the guillotine as a counter-revolutionist any property: Estates are either real or personal


otherwise distinguished into freeholds, which in 1793, aged sixty-five.

descend to heirs; or chattels, that go to executors ESTATE', n. s. & v. a. Fr. etat; Span. and

or administrators. Port. estado; Ital. státo; Lat. status, from sto, estate our law admits of. See Fee. Estates are

A fee simple is the amplest Gr. oraw, to stand. The general interest; standing or universal condition of things ; particular father to a son; by conveyance or grant from one

obtained several ways; as, by descent from a condition of life; fortune; possession ; rank ; and, in an obsolete sense, a person of high rank? person to another; by gift or purchase; or by

deed or will. See DESCENT, SUCCESSION, TENURE, Shakspeare, and others of our early drainatists,

&c. use the verb for to settle as a fortune, and Pear

Estates, in a political sense, is used either to son for to establish generally.

denote the dominions of a prince, or the general Herod, on his birth-day, made a supper to his classes into which the people are divided. In lords, high-captains, and chief estates of Galilee.

Mark vi. 21.

Britain, the estates are the king, lords, and comMore especially we pray for the good estate of the Catholic church; that it may ba so guided and

ESTE, an ancient walled town of the Venetian governed by thy good Spirit, that all who profess and territory, in the Paduan. It is situated at the call themselves Christians, may be led into the way conflux of the Bacchiglione and Gua, in a deof truth, &c.

Common Prayer.

lightful country: containing several good buildShe is a dutchess, a great estate.


ings, and a population of 6000. Thirteen miles The highest point outward things can bring unto, south-west of Padua, and thirty-six east of is the contentment of the mind; with which no estate

Mantua. can be poor, without which all estate will be miserable.

ESTEEM', v. a., v. n. & n. s.

Fr. estime ; Sir P. Sidncy. ESTEEM'ABLE, adj.

Span. and Por. Why hath thy queen


estima ; Ital. Summoned me hither?


stima ; Lat. as- A contract of true love to celebrate, And some donation freely to estate

Es'timATE, v. a. & n. s. timatio from On the blest lovers. Shakspeare. Tempest.

Estima’TION, n. s.

εις and τιμαω, , To venture a sure estate in present, in hope of a Es’TIMATIVE, adj.

to value. Both better in future is mere madness. Raleiyh. Es’TIMATOR, n. s.

esteem and esMany times the things adduced to judgment may timate signify to affix a value upon; to calcude meum and cuum, when the reason and conse- late; compare ; think, or imagine ; but the forquences thereof may reach to point of estate: I call mer is applied to thinking of, or valuing highly, matters of estate not only the parts of sovereignty, but or with preference : also, as a neuter verb, to whatsoever introduceth any great alteration, or danconsider, or to value: esteemable and estimable gerous precedent, or concerneth manifestly any great

mean valuable; worthy of preference. portion of people.

Bacon's Essays. A covetous man nakes a hard shift to be as poor When a man shall sanctify his house to the Lord, and miserable with a great estate, as any man can be then the priest shall estimate it whether it be good or without it.

Tillutson. bad : as the priest shall estimate it, so shall it stand.j Who hath not heard of the greatness of your estate

Lev. xxvii, 14. Who seeth not that your estate is much excelled with One man esteemeth one day above another; another that sweet uniting of all beauties?

esteemeth every day alike.

Rom. xiv, 5. Go, miser! go ; for lucre sell thy soul;

I preferred her before sceptres and thrones, and Truck wares for wares, and trudge from pole to pole, esteemed riches nothing in comparison of her. That men may say, when thou art dead and gone,

Wis. vii. 8. See what a vast estate he left his son !

I shall have estimation among the multitude, and Dryden. Pers. honour with the elders.

Id. viii. 10. Thanks to giddy chance,

The worth of all men by their end esteem, She cast us headlong from our high estate. And then due praise, or due reproach them yield. Dryden.

Spenser. Truth and certainty are not at all secured by innate A knowledge in the works of nature they honour, prirciples; but men are in the same uncertain, Aoat- and esteem highly profound wisdom; howbeit this ing estaie with as without them. Locke. wisdom saveth not.


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