Extended Consciousness and Predictive Processing: A Third Wave View
In this jointly authored book, Kirchhoff and Kiverstein defend the controversial thesis that phenomenal consciousness is realised by more than just the brain. They argue that the mechanisms and processes that realise phenomenal consciousness can at times extend across brain, body, and the social, material, and cultural world. Kirchhoff and Kiverstein offer a state-of-the-art tour of current arguments for and against extended consciousness. They aim to persuade you that it is possible to develop and defend the thesis of extended consciousness through the increasingly influential predictive processing theory developed in cognitive neuroscience. They show how predictive processing can be given a new reading as part of a third-wave account of the extended mind.
The third-wave claims that the boundaries of mind are not fixed and stable but fragile and hard-won, and always open to negotiation. It calls into question any separation of the biological from the social and cultural when thinking about the boundaries of the mind. Kirchhoff and Kiverstein show how this account of the mind finds support in predictive processing, leading them to a view of phenomenal consciousness as partially realised by patterns of cultural practice.
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List of boxes, figures, and tables Acknowledgements Introduction 1 The extended
mind: three waves 1.1 Introduction 1.2 First-wave extended mind 1.3 Second-
wave extended mind 1.4 Third-wave extended mind 1.4.1 Dynamic singularities ...
account of the extended mind (Sutton 2010; see also Kirchhoff 2012).1 The
central tenets of third-wave extended mind detailed in Table 0.1 inform our
interpretation of the philosophical implications of predictive processing. Table 0.1
extended. mind. Three. waves. 1.1. Introduction. The topic of this chapter is the
debate surrounding the boundaries of the mind. We will be concerned with the
thesis discussed in the literature on the extended mind that the mechanisms that
In the remainder of this chapter, we survey these different waves in the extended
cognition debate. Our aim is to showcase the theoretical virtues of a thirdwave
approach to the extended mind (henceforth “third-wave extended mind”).
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From extended mind to extended consciousness?
Extended dynamic singularities models processes
Flexible and openended boundaries Markov blankets
a role for cultural practice