Extended Consciousness and Predictive Processing: A Third Wave View
In this jointly authored book, Kirchhoff and Kiverstein defend the controversial thesis that phenomenal consciousness is realised by more than just the brain. They argue that the mechanisms and processes that realise phenomenal consciousness can at times extend across brain, body, and the social, material, and cultural world. Kirchhoff and Kiverstein offer a state-of-the-art tour of current arguments for and against extended consciousness. They aim to persuade you that it is possible to develop and defend the thesis of extended consciousness through the increasingly influential predictive processing theory developed in cognitive neuroscience. They show how predictive processing can be given a new reading as part of a third-wave account of the extended mind.
The third-wave claims that the boundaries of mind are not fixed and stable but fragile and hard-won, and always open to negotiation. It calls into question any separation of the biological from the social and cultural when thinking about the boundaries of the mind. Kirchhoff and Kiverstein show how this account of the mind finds support in predictive processing, leading them to a view of phenomenal consciousness as partially realised by patterns of cultural practice.
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is more “enactive” in its themes, stressing integration and manipulation (
Rowlands 1999; Menary 2007, 2010). Sutton's complementarity approach
stresses the “wildly heterogeneous” and the various dimensions of difference in
the nature of ...
A alternative formulation of second-wave EM, found in the writings of Mark
Rowlands and Richard Menary, focuses on cognitive integration and normatively
regulated bodily manipulations of environmental structures, such as artefacts and
Menary stresses that the bodily actions that the agent performs are not simply an
alternative means of realising the informationprocessing functions that would
otherwise be performed by the brain. The agent is enacting skills developed for
Menary (2007) has described the developmental process humans go through in
learning such systems of public representation as one of “cognitive
transformation.” The development of such capacities is genuinely transformative
of an ...
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a role for cultural practice