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EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No XXII.

JANUARY 1819.

VOL. IV.

Contents.

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Remarks on the Romance of Antarcomm 385 A Church-Yard Dreamca

455 Thoughts on Novel Writing

394 | Sonnetmasmanomamamaningane ib. Letters from the Lakes. (Translated Sonnetamanna

456 from the German of Philip Kempfer Lines written in consequence of hearing hausen written in thë Summer of of a Young Man that had voluntari. 1818.)

ly starved himself to Death on Skid. Letter I...

daw; and who was found, after his Letter II..

Decease, in a grave of Turf piled Our Joys. (From Goethe Janamamanan 404 - with his own Handscamonin

ib. The Interview. (From Schiller Jamaan 405 St Helena. April 1818...

ib. The Elements. (From Burger Jorn ib. The King's Crutches, and the Royal A Speech, to the Tune of the Emerald

Vision

457 Isle, delivered at the Dublin Dilet An Historical and Geographical Essay tanti Society, 12th January 1819...na 406 on the Trade and Communications Of some Memoirs written in the Fif.

of the Arabians and Persians with teenth Century mom

407 Russia and Scandinavia, during the The Story of Parasina. (From Frizzi's

Middles Ages. ( Continued from History of Ferrara Jumamoso a 411

påge 300)

460 Selections from Athenæus. No II. 413

Three original Sonnets by W. WordsOn the Removal of Memnon's Head

worth, Esq. ; suggested by Westall's from Thebes to Alexandria by M.

Views of the Caves in Yorkshire 471 Belzoni

417

Abstract of Metecrological ObservaThe Ægina Marbles.com

420 tions for the Year 1818.comcmicama 472 Specimen of an unpublished Transla Observations on the Revolt of Islam.om 475

tion of Aristophanes.. Dr Sternstare's Letters. No II. mananca 430 LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC Scheffer's Essay on English Politics.com. 432

487 Notice of Archibald Campbell, Author

WORKs preparing for PUBLICATION.. 490 of the Voyage round the World.mno 437 The Medical Schools of Dublin and

MONTHLY LIST OF NEW PUBLICA-
Edinburgh

439
TIONS

492 Of an Instrument to hear by the Eye and to see by the Ear......

442

MONTHLY REGISTER. Notices of the Acted Drama in London. Meteorological Report,

495 No VII.com

443
Commercial Reportman

496 Religious Interlude performed at the Promotions and Appointments. 505 Carnival in Romeinse

452

Births, Marriages, and Deaths.com 508

- 421

INTELLIGENCE.COM

EDINBURGH:
WILLIAM BLACKWOOD, NO 17, PRINCE'S STREET, EDINBURGH ;
AND JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET, LONDON ;

To whom Communications (post paid) may be addressed ;
SOLD ALSO BY ALL THE BOOKSELLERS OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.

(OLIVER & Boys, Printers.)

We gratefully acknowledge the receipt of the “Narrative of a Disputation held between two Christian and three Mahometan Doctors; translated from an Arabic MS. in the Bodleian Library, Oxford.” This very singular paper shall appear in our next Number.

We regret extremely that the “ Letters of a celebrated Nobleman” did not arrive till the present Number of our Magazine was made up.

The long and laborious Essay “ On the History of the Superstitions of the Middle Ages,” shall be divided into sections, and printed in the course of the present year. The Section, on “ Albertus Magnus,” probably in our next Number.

The “ Exmoor Courtship” shall appear as soon as possible.

We have received several communications concerning the late interference of the Customhouse officers at Leith, in regard to the specimens sent from the Polar Expedition to a scientific gentleman in Edinburgh. Among these is a very cutting epistle in verse, addressed to the Collector at Leith, which we would have willingly inserted had talent been the only thing which we esteem requisite in such compositions. We are willing, however, to ascertain the truth of the whole matter by a careful examination into the facts of the case, and shall for this purpose depute one or two of our most intelligent friends to hold a communing with the Collector himself, and report to us the result. For the greater convenience of that officer, we shall permit the scrutiny to be gone into at his own dwelling-house, any day he pleases, at 5 o'clock, P. M.

Our highly respected Correspondent T. must excuse us for once declining to insert a paper of his. On looking over the past Numbers of our Work, he will easily perceive that our plan quite excludes such communications as reviews of Single Sermons. The importance of one topic handled in the Synod Sermon, on which our Correspondent has commented, might perhaps have induced us to transgress our rule at some less busy period of the year ; but we hope its eloquent and energetic Author (Dr Hodgson) may be induced to place his ideas in a shape better adapted for our purposes.

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The few detached passages translated of the scholars who frequented the into German in the Mines de l'Orient, court of Haroun-al-Raschid ; but there can scarcely be said to have done more is no reason to doubt the real existence than excite the attention of scholars of its hero. Antar was a poet as well to this Arabian Romance. The merit as a warrior; and the well known proof having introduced even them to any duction, which goes under his name and thing like an acquaintance with its which forms part of the Moallakhat, merits, belongs exclusively to Mr Ha- is introduced into the body of this romilton. We are not aware that any mance itself, although Mr Hamilton só considerable addition has for a long has not yet reached it in his translatime been made to our stock of orien- tion. Smaller pieces in verse tal knowledge and amusement as by every where scattered throughout the his excellent production ; nay, we al- narrative ; a mode of composition very most think that when he has furnish- common, both among the Persians ed his version, he will have conferred and Arabs. For even in the thouon us a favour only second to that sand and one nights, although the which has immortalized the name of European reader would scarcely susGalland.

pect it to be so, the more passionate Antar, or Antara, of whom, on a speeches and descriptions are all in former occasion, we have spoken a verse. The style has indeed much few words, t is the knight-errant higher authority in its favour, for the (Ker sexno) of Arabia ; and our read- prophetic books of the Old Testament, ers will be able to judge for them, and even some of the historical ones, selves, wheiher he be not also, in all abound in the same sort of intermixprobability, the original and prototype ture. The time when the incidents of the knights-errant of Europe. His of the story occur is in the century adventures bear a likeness which can before Mahomet, when the Arabs still scarcely be supposed to be entirely ac drank wine, and “ blasphemed in ig

cidental to those of our western Pal- norance.” * merin and Amadis; or rather, per Nothing can be more delightful

haps, we should say, to our romantic than the feeling which attends us in stories of Caur-de-Lion and the Cam our first perusal of Antar. We are peador. The history was, it is sup- transported into a scene of which we posed, compiled from the oral narra- have before seen nothing, but in which tives of the story tellers, and thrown we recognise at once, as if by intuition, into its present form by Osmay, one the glow, the wildness, the vastness

Antar, a Bedoueen Romance ; translated from the Arabic. By Terrick Hamilton, Esq. Oriental Secretary to the British Embassy at Constantinople. London, Murray, 1819. pp. 298.

+ See Magazine, No XVII. for August 1818 Article, On Menil's edition of Antara's Poem. VOL. IV.

3 C 2

ocean.

-all the unchanged and unchange- black of the night, the dawn would able features of the eternal desert. not rise." The personages into whose company “Shedad visited her morning and evening ; we are introduced have the most in- and thus matters continued till she became imitable air of dignified barbarism ; pregnant; and when her time came, she they have no idea of pleasure ex

brought forth a boy, black and swarthy like cept what consists in gallopping a

an elephant, flat nosed, blear eyed, harsh fealong the sand on the back of a far- hanging down, and the

inner angles of his

tured, shaggy haired; the corners of his lips descended courser, or reposing be

eyes bloated ; strong boned, long footed ; neath the shadow of some green palm- he was like a fragment of a cloud, his ears trees by the side of a fountain. immensely long, and with eyes whence Even their plundering expeditions flashed sparks of fire. His shape, limbs, seem to be undertaken by them more form, and make resembled Shedad ; and for the excitement of the chase and Shedad was overjoyed at seeing him, and the combat, than for the sake of the called him Antar, and for many days he

continued to gaze on him with delight. booty itself. And yet their booty is

But when Zebeeba wished to wean him, he of no despicable kind. The slow ca

grumbled and growled exceedingly, and ravan is terrified in the midst of the the corners of his eyes became fiery red, desert by a cloud of dust, more regu so that he appeared like a mass of crimson lar in its shape and its progress than blood ; and this was his condition till he those which are tost up by the wind was weaned.” alone, and which form, as it were,

This hopeful child is, of course, the perpetual waves of that limitless duly prized by his father ; but the

From the midst of the cloud companions of the foray in which his they soon hear the cry of onset, and mother was captured, when they learn see the flashing of the javelins. “They that the lady has produced a boy, alcome down to the field, and they are lege that they were not aware of her like furious lions; they gallop and fruitfulness, and that Shedad has got charge before the warriors. They too great a share of the booty, in the rush into the scene of blows and possession of such a quick breeder. thrusts. They dash down on them, King Zoheir, the patriarch of the tribe, mounted on raven-coloured steeds, hearing of the dispute, expresses a strong sinewed.

Then begins the wish to see the child, who is its chief storm and the bluster-the sport and Antar is brought into the preexertion - the give and take the sence, and his majesty is so much terstruggle and the wrestle--and every rified by his shocking appearance, that eye gazes intently, and every neck is he tosses a piece of raw meat at him, stretched out.” The prize is “ fine by way of bon-bon. The King's bulllinen,”-and “ precious stones," -and dog, however, thinks the present an "all manner of merchandize ;” among infraction upon his dues, and snatches the rest, beautiful damsels covered up it—but mark the issue : in long veils, Koptish and Arabian followed him till he came up with some having “ cheeks like the piony, him; he was greatly enraged, and eyes like the roe of the desert," seized hold of him with all his

glances like the arrows of strength. He wrenched open his death ;'

hers, in the language of jaws, and tore them in twain even to Solomon, “ black but comely.'

his shoulders, and snatched the meat In one of these expeditions, a noble out of his mouth.” The possession of Bedoueen, by name Shedad, receives “ this wretch,” as the King calls him, as his share a negress called Žebeebah. is, however, confirmed to Shedad, who Like the King of Israel, he has no ob- gives Zebeebah a small house to live jection to her dark colour. “ She had in by herself with her children. Antar made a great impression on the heart of continues to grow every day in bulk Shedad, and he longed for her in his and in boldness. One day he is emsoul. Her form was delicate; her ployed to look after some cattle, when eye inspired love; her smile was en a wolf darts upon them from a thickchanting, and her gestures graceful.” et. Antar“ runs after him and smites “ In blackness," says Shedad, “ there him with his staff between the eyes, is some virtue; if thou observest its and makes the oil of his brains to fly beauty well, thy eyes do not regard out from between his ears, and slays the white or red. Were it not for the him.” In short, neither beast nor

cause.

« Antar

and or

boy can resist the prowess of this in breadth were all one mass. When the fant Alcides, and ere long “his name

deed was done his fury was unbounded, is a terror among all the servants of and he roared aloud even as a lion. And Shedad."

when the slaves perceived the fate of Daji,

they shrieked out to Antar, saying, You The first exploit which makes him

have slain the slave of Prince Shas! What celebrated in a more extensive circle,

man on earth can now protect you? They is his killing of a favourite slave of attacked him with staves and stones, but he Prince Shas, the son of King Zoheir. resisted them all ; he rushed with a loud This is narrated in a style of most yell upon them, and proved himself a harpatriarchal simplicity.

dy warrior, and dealt among them with his “ One day the poor men, and widows,

stick as a hero with his sword.” and orphans met together, and were driving The result of this fray might have their camels and their flocks to drink, and proved fatal to Antar, but for the interwere all standing by the water side. Daji came position of Malik, a brother of Prince up and stopped them all, and took posses Shas, who takes a fancy to the boy, and sion of the water for his master's cattle.

intercedes for him with King Zoheir. Just then an old woman belonging to the His majesty sends him back to his fatribe of Abs came up to him, and accosted him in a suppliant manner, saying, Be so

ther's dwelling in triumph, where he is good, master Daji, as to let my cattle drink; immediately surrounded by all the fethey are all the property 1 possess, and í males of the establishment, “ amongst live by their milk. Pity my flock and whom were his aunts and his cousin, cover my nakedness ; have compassion on whose name was Ibla. Now Ibla was me and grant my request, and let them younger than Antar, and a merry lass; drink. But he paid no attention to her de

she was lovely as the full moon, and mand, and abused her. She was greatly distressed and shrunk back. Then came an.

she frequently joked with Antar, and other old woman and addressed him, O mas

was very familiar with him as he was ter Daji, I am a poor weak old woman, as

her servant." The particular kindyou see ; time has dealt hardly with me, it ness of Ibla, on this occasion, seems has aimed its arrows at me ; and its daily to have made a strong impression on and nightly calamities have destroyed all the heart of Antar, and from that momy men. I have lost my children and my ment his love for this “ husband, and since then I have been in

forms the chief passion of his soul, and great distress ; these sheep are all I possess;

the strongest stimulus to all his herolet them drink, for I live on the milk

ic exertions. The maiden, however, they produce. Pity my forlorn state ; I have no one to tend them, therefore grant

takes no notice of her admirer, because, my request, and be so kind as to let them being a slave, and the son of a slave, drink.

he cannot for a moment be supposed “ As soon as Daji heard these words, worthy of a noble born Arabian damand perceived the crowd of women and sel like Ibla. T'here is much nature, men, his pride increased, and his obstinacy we think, in this little incident. was not to be moved, but he struck the

“ One day he entered the house of his woman on the stomach, and threw her down

uncle Malik, and found his aunt combing on her back, and uncovered her nakedness,

his cousin Ibla's hair, which flowed down whilst all the slaves laughed at her. When

her back, dark as the shades of night. AnAntar perceived what had occurred, his pa

tar was quite surprised, but Ibla ran away gan pride played throughout all his limbs, and he could not endure the sight. He

as soon as Antar had entered and seen her,

as her sable locks waved to the ground beran up to the slave, and calling out to him,

hind her. This increased Antar's astonishYou bastard, said he, what mean you by

ment; he was greatly agitated, and could this disgusting action? Do you dare to violate an Arab woman? May God destroy ous and thoughtful.”

pay no attention to any thing; he was anxi. your limbs, and all that consented to this

From this time his “

anguish be“ When the slave heard what Antar comes oppressive;" the tears rush insaid, he almost fainted from indignation ; to his eyes whenever he sees her; he he met him, and struck him a blow over addresses to her the most fervent effuthe face that nearly knocked out his eyes. sions in verse, and manifests every Antar waited till he had recovered from the symptom of the most authentic pasblow, and his senses returned ; he then ran

sion. He is aware that he has in his at the slave, and seizing him by one of the legs, threw him on his back. He thrust present condition no hope, and he reone hand under his thighs, and with the solves to raise himself to the state of a other he grasped his neck, and, raising him free Arab by means of his sword. In by the force of his arm, he dashed him the meantime, however, his passion is against the ground. And his length and suspected, and he is ordered into cons

merry lass”

act.

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