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MILITARY. 6 Dr. G. Cap. E. Wildman, from 20 Dr. to be Major, vice Hartwell, ret.

24th Sept. 1818 Lieut. Robert M.Douall to be Capt. vice Fisher, dead

17th do. Ensign T. Jervis to be Cornet by

purch, vice Evered, ret. 10th do. 8 Dr. Hosp. Assist. G. Finlayson to be Assist.

Surg: vice Callow, dead 24th do. S F. Surg. T. Carton, from h. p. 79 F. to be

Surg, vice Crofton, ret. 25th do. 12 Lieut. F. Clarke, from h. p. to be Adjut.

and Lieut. vice Leith, ret, on h. p. as Adj.

17th do, 13

Gent. Cadet W. F. Marlton to be Ensign by purch. vice Jervis, 6 Dr. G.

do, 23

C. M. Chase to be 2d Lieut. by purch. vice Reeves, prom.

10th do. 24 Bt. Lt. Col. S. T. Popham to be Lieut. Col. vice Kelly, dead

do. Bt. Major T. C. Green to be Major, vice Popham

do. Lieut, P. Kelly to be Capt. vice Green do. Ensign W. Mellis to be Lieut. vice Kelly

do. H. W. Hartley to be Ensign, vice Mellis

do. 32 Assist. Surg. H. Caldwell, from h. p. 91

F. to be Assist. Surg. vice Quill, ret. on h. p. 91 F.

25th do. 48

Lieut. J. Brooke to be Capt. vice M'Intosh, dead

1st Oct. Ensign W. Kenworthy to be Lieut. vice Brooke

do, W.G. White to be Ensign, vice Kenwor.

thy 58 James Seymour to be Ensign, vice Brown, cancelled

loth Sept. 64 Lieut. J. A. Allen to be Capt. vice Jervois, dead

24th do. Ensign F. Bowra to be Lieut. vice Allen

do. Gent. Cadet J, Brown to be Ensign, vice

Bowra 72

Lieut. H. Jervis to be Adjut. vice Co ventry, res.

17th do. 76 Assist. Surg. T. M. Perrott, from h. p.

43 F. to be Assist. Surg. vice Bunny, ret. on h. p. 43 F.

25th do. 89 Gen. Sir G. Beckwith, G. C. B. from 2

W. I. R. to be Colonel, vice Earl of Lindsey, dead

21st do. 2 W. I. R. Maj. Gen. Sir H. Torrens. K.C.B. from

African Corps, to be Colonel, vice Sir
G. Beckwith

do. 3

Lieut. A. Turner to be Adj. vice Goode, cancelled

1st Oct. Af.Corps. Maj. Gen. Hon. Sir E. Stopford. K.C.B. to be Colonel, vice Sir H. Torrens

21st Sept. W.I.Ran. James M‘Nicol to be Ensign, vice Stevenson, dead

Ist Oct. Garrison. Lt. Gen. Sir J. Doyle, Bt. and G. C. B.

to be Governor of Charlemont, vice Earl of Lindsey, dead 21st Sept.

Com.Dep. Dep. Com. Gen. J. B. Butler to be Com. Gen. to the Forces

4th do. Med. Dep. Dr H. Bigger, from h.p. to be Dep. Insp. of Hosp. vice T. Gunning, h. p.

25th do, Staff Surg. James Roy, M.D. from h. p.

to be Surg. to the Forces, vice Lawrie, ret.

do. Staff Surg. J. Maling, from h. p. to be

Surg. to the Forces, vice Leath, ret. on h. p.

do. Bar. Dep. P. White to be Bar. Mast. at Newfoundland, vice Andrew, superan.

24th August Exchanges. Lieut. Col. de Bosset, from Staff in Mediterranean,

with Lieut. Col. Napier, h. p. 50 F. Bt. Lieut. Col. Cheney, from 2 Dr. rec. diff. with

Major Elphinstone, h. p. Wattev. Reg. Major Delancey, from 9 Dr. with Maj. Cavendish,

75 F. Brev. Major O'Brien, from 58 F. with Capt. Fuller,

h. p. 53 F. Capt. Shakspeare, from 10 Dr. with Capt. Arnold, 99 F.

Swinburne, from 43 F. with Capt. Hay, h.p. 73 F. Lieut. Fairlie, from 42 F. rec. diff. with Lieut. Stevenson, h. p. 37 F.

Pierard, from 47 F. rec. diff. with Lt. Mitchell, h. p. 41 F.

Saunders, from 20 Dr. rec. diff. with Lieut. Cooper, h. p. 66 F.

O'Brien, from 2 F. with Lieut. Crawford, 89 F.

Wyatt, from 2 L. Gds. rec. diff. with Lieut. Hanbury, h. p. 1 F.

Morris, from 1 F. with Lt. Babington, h.p.

Richardson, from 2 F. with Lieut. Berkeley, h. p. 92 F.

J. Shea, from 58 F. rec. diff. with Lt. Rice, 12 Dr.

Chambers, from 1 F. G. with Ensign Sir J, M. Burgoyne, h. p. 71 F. Cornet Jacob, from 4 Dr. G. with Cornet StevenEnsign Trimble, from 11 F. with Ensign Farmer, h. p. 103 F.

Smith, from 12 F. with Ensign Lewis, h.p. 81 F.

M'Coy, from 13 F. with Ensign Thomas, h. p. 100 €. Paymaster White, from 68 F. with Lt. Read, h. p.

81 F. Surg. Ballingall, from 33 F. with Surg. Vallange, h. p. 10 F

Resignations and Retirements.
Major Hartwell, 6 Dr. Gds.
Lieut. Leathes, R. Art.
Cornet Evered, 6 Dr. Gds.
Quart.-Mast. Webb, 1 Tower Hamlets Mil,

Appointments Cancelled.
Ensign Browne, 58 F.
Adj. Goode, 3 W. I. R.



Son, h.

p. 3 Dr. G.



C. Sturler, h. p. Wattev. Regt. Earl of Lindsey, 89 F.

26 ept.

Drouly, Capt. of Cowes Castle Calderwood, 12 Dr. 30 Sept. 18

Carter, h. p. 21 Dr. 27 Apr.
Marlow, R. Eng. 10 Oct. 1818 | Moore, 60 F.

24 Aug. Captains.

M'Arthur, h. p. 79 F.17 Dec. 17 Macintosh. 48 É.

Second-Lieut. $ Ensign Jervois, 64 F. 31 Aug. 1818 Carroll, 87 F. 29 Oct. 1817 Griffin, h. p. 27 F. 2 Oct. Stevenson, R.W. I.R. 21 June 18 Hearn, h. p. 47. F. 20 Aug. Little, York Rang. 20 Sept. 17

Francis, h. p. 81 F. 27 Apr. 1818 FitzGerald, R. Eng.

Paymaster. Hodgson, 8 F. 21 Aug. 18

Adjutant. Clark, Dumfries Mil. 30 Aug. 18

Miscellaneous. Dillon, Dep. Assist. Com. Gen. at St Kitt's

16 Aug. 1818 Rev. J. Guilding, Officiating

Chap, at St Vincent's only.


The month of October has been in almost every respect, a perfect contrast to the same month last year. In October 1817, the Thermometer never rose above 51d, and on no one day did the mean temperature exceed 46 ; in October 1818, the Thermometer frequently rose to 60, and once to 62ļ, while the mean temperature of some days was from 55 to 58. The lowest during the month last year was 29; this year it is 36}, viz. in the night of the 5th, but excepting that night the temperature was never below 40. The mean of the whole month last year was 11%, this year it is within a small fraction of 51%, being a difference of about 10 degrees. Both, indeed, have been extraordinary, the one being as much below, as the other is above, the average temperature of October. In the state of the Barometer, the difference between the two months has not been so great as in that of the Thermometer. In 1817, the mercurial column was both higher and more steady during the first part of the month than it was this year, but towards the end it became more variable, and sunk considerably lower, though the average was upon the whole higher. In the state of the Hygrometer, there appears, at first sight, to be scarcely any difference at all, the mean of Leslie's, in October 1817, being 109, and this year 10.

These quantities, however, do not indicate the actual state of the atmosphere with regard to dryness, for, had the temperature in 1817 been as high as it has been this year, even though the moisture had been undiminished, Leslie's Hygrometer would have stood much higher. This appears more obviously by comparing the mean points of deposition, that of 1817 being 35, and this year 47. The atmosphere in October 1817 was therefore much drier than 1818. The facts respecting the mean temperature, and the points of deposition, so often mentioned in these reports, have been again verified last month. The mean of 10, morning and evening, differs from the mean of the maximum and minimum only by 3 tenths of a degree, the former, as usual, being the lowest ; and the mean point of deposition differs from the mean of the minimum temperature, only by 2 tenths of a degree.

MeteoroLOGICAL Table, extracted from the Register kept on the Banks of

the Tay, four miles east from Perth, Latitude 56° 25', Elevation 185 feet.



24th, 5th, 24th,

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THERMOMETER. Degrees. Miean of greatest daily heat,

56.6 Maximum,

16th day,

62.5 cold, 46.9 Minimum,


36.5 temperature, 10 A. M.

52.8 Lowest maximum,


49.0 . 10 P. M.

Highest minimum, 14th,

55.0 • of daily extremes, 51.7 Highest, 10 A. M. 14th,

58.0 .... 10 A. M. and 10 P. M. 51.4 Lowest ditto, 12th,

46.0 4 daily observations,

51.6 Highest, 10 P. M.


58.0 Whole range of thermometer,

303.0 Lowest ditto


40.0 Mean daily ditto, 9.7 Greatest range in 24 hours, 5th,

temperature of spring water,
51.9 Least ditto,


Inches. Mean of 10 A. M. (temp. of mer. 57) 29.680 Highest, 10 A. M.

30,200 .... 10 P. M. (temp. of mer. 57) 28.681 Lowest ditto,

29.040 both, (temp. of mer, 57) 29.680 Highest, 10 P. M.

30.185 Whole range of barometer,

-5.780 Lowest ditto,


28.930 Mean daily ditto,

.186 Greatest
range in 24 hours, 11th,

.660 Least ditto,


.033 HYGROMETER (LESLIE'S.) Degrees. Mean dryness, 10 A. M.


HYGROMETER. Degrees. 10 P. M. 8.0 Highest, 10 A. M.


26.0 of both, 10.0 Lowest ditto,


3.0 ... point of deposition, 10 A. M.

47.8 Highest, 10 P. M.


18.0 10 P. M.

Lowest ditto,


0.0 of both, 47.1 Highest P. of n. 10 A. M. 15th,

54.2 Rain in inches,

1.957 Lowest ditto,


37. 1 Evaporation in ditto, 1.330 Highest P. of D. io p.'m. 15th,

52.4 Mean daily Evaporation,

Lowest ditto,



WILSON'S HYGROMETER. Mean dryness, 10 A. M. 17.8 Greatest dryness, 3d, 10 A. M.

30.0 ..... 10 P. M.

Least ditto,
27th, 10 P. M.

0.6 Fajr days 16; rainy days 15. Wind west of meridian 16; East of meridian 15.

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METEOROLOGICAL TABLE, extracted from the Register kept at Edinburgh, in

the Observatory, Calton-hill. N.B.-The Observations are made twice every day, at nine o'clock, forenoon, and four o'clock, afterThe second Observation in the afternoon, in the first column, is taken by the Register



[blocks in formation]

.711 M.56



A. 50



M.59 29.371 M.54 |
Oct. 1

A. 47 .371 A.54

M.59 .328 M-55

Ditto fore.
A. 49

S, E.
.268 A. 57

clear aftern. M.59 28.995 M.58

.999 A.58

M.59 .975 M.56

A. 48 .914 A.54

M.59 .908 M.50

A. 42 .908 A. 52 S

M.59 .955 M.50


Ditto, frost
A. 38 29.154 A.53

M.59 .261 M.50

A. 40
.356 A.51 )

M.59 .470 M.49

A. 40 .489 A.53
M.572 .354 M.56

N.W. Ditto.
A. 48 .380 A.56
103 M.57% 28.994 M.58

A.51 .999 A.57

M.577 29.129 M.53

W. Clear.
A. 43 .129 A.53
12 M.572 28.994 M.51

s. W. Ditto. A. 40 29.318 A.50 13. M.573 .261 M.52

s.w. Showery: A. 42 .461 A, 54)

.565 M.56 A. 48

S.W. Clear.
.489 A. 59
M.578 .458 M.59

S.W. Rain,
A.517 .527 A. 58
.479 M.58

s.w. Clear.
A.50 .614/A, 57

Oct. 17
M.57329.768 M.56

S.W. Clear.
A. 46

.815 A, 56

S.W. Ditto.

.619 A.56S

.655 M.59
A. 46


.678 A. 57 )
.678 M.55

Rain fore.
A. 48%

S.E. .871A.55

fair after. 21 M.573

.922 M.55 A. 444

S.E. Cloudy.

.922 A.54 )

M.573 .846 M.542

S.E. Ditto.
.816 A.51)
23 M.572 .909 M.51
A. 437

S.E. Ditto.

.953 A. 50

M.574.973 M.49
A. 452

S.E. Ditto.
.952 A. 48
.952 M.18


Rain fore. A. 132 .950 A. 47

fair after.
M.57 .912 M.59

S.E. Cloudy.
A. 45 .840 A.50
M.57 .788 M.53
A. 452

S.E. Ditto.
.840 A.52

.828 M.54
A. 462

Cble. Ditto.
.767|A. 55

.999 M.55
A. 46

W. Ditto.
.999 A.55

.898 M.55
A.391 .739 A.56

W. Ditto. 31

M.59 .518 M.55
} A. 50 .586 A.52

Average of rain 1.1 inches.




14 M.573

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COMMERCIAL REPORT.-11th November 1818.

Sugar. The demand for Sugar during all last month has, upon the whole, been limited, and the prices depressed. For a few days prices appeared to revive, but they quickly sunk back to their previous depressed state. The shipments for the Baltic may now be considered as completely closed for the season. The quantity of Sugar is also complete, in as far as regards arrivals from the West Indies, till the ensuing crop begins to arrive at market, which cannot take place before the middle of May next. There is the strongest probability, from the quantity at present on hand, that the price of Sugar will advance as spring approaches. -Coffee. The price of Coffee, though much below what it once was, may still be considered as high. The price has fluctuated greatly, and is moved by every breath of speculation, and according as the reports from the Continent are put in circulation. Upon the whole, however, the market may be stated as dull, and the prices on the decline. Within these few days there is more appearance of steadiness in the den mand and the prices.-Cotton. The market for this article continues greatly depressed, and, considering the high prices paid for it in foreign countries, the loss to the importers must be very considerable. The importation this year has been unprecedentedly large, and the stock on hand very considerable, notwithstanding the continued activity of our manufactures. Large supplies are still on the way from the East Indies and other places. There is but a small chance of Cotton increasing any thing considerable in price for some time to come. The exports of Cotton from the port of New Orleans to Europe this year has amounted to 80,000 packages, which shews the immense extent of the trade of that place, and the extent to which Cotton is cultivated on the Banks of the Mississippi and the Southern parts of the United States.- -Corn. The importation of grain from foreign ports continues very great, yet, notwithstanding the demand in England for finer qualities, continues steady and considerable. The harvest is now concluded in superior order, and in Scotland, in particular, the quantity has been most abundant, and quality excellent. Plenty is therefore secured for another year. The prices of sheep and black cattle, particularly the latter, the great and indeed only support of the Highlands and hilly districts of Scotland, have greatly advanced, so that after their late severe disasters, the prospects of the Scots farmer is become more cheering.-Wines. Almost every description of Wines have advanced in price, and a farther and still very considerable advance in price is anticipated. The vintage in France has been severely injured by the long continuance of dry weather. In Spain and Portugal it has not turned out nearly equal to the expectations once formed of it; while latter advices inform us, that in Portua gal the vintage has suffered severely from excessive rains during the ingathering of the VOL. IV.

2 1

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