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COMMITTEE ON AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES
CLINTON P. ANDERSON, New Mexico, Chairman

RICHARD B. R USSELL, Georgia MARGARET CHASE SMITH, Maine
WARREN G. MAGN USON, Washington CARL T. CURTIS, Nebraska
STUART SYMINGTON, Missouri MARK O. HATFIELD, Oregon
JOHN STENNIS, Mississippi BARRY GOLD WATER, Arizona
STEPHEN M. YOUNG, Ohio WILLIAM B. SAXBE, Ohio
THOMAS J. DODD, Connecticut RALPH. T. SMITH, Illinois

HOWARD W. CANNON, Nevada
SPESSARD L. HOLLAND, Florida
JAMEs J. GEHRIG, Staff Director
EveRARD H. SMITH, Jr., Professional Staff Member
Dr. GLEN P. WILson, Professional Staff Member
CRAIG Voorhees, Professional Staff Member
WILLIAM PARKER, Professional Staff Member
SAM Bouch ARD, Assistant Chief Clerk
DoNALD H. BRENNAN, Research Assistant

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Opening statement, Senator Clinton P. Anderson, chairman--- - - - - - - - - - - 1

Opening statement, Senator Margaret Chase Smith-- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2

Statement of Dr. Thomas O. Paine, Administrator, National Aeronautics

and Space Administration; accompanied by Astronaut James A. Lovell,

Commander of Apollo 13; Astronaut John L. Swigert, Jr., Command

Module Pilot of Apollo 13; Dr. Rocco A. Petrome, Apollo Program

Director; and Glynn S. Lunney, Apollo 13 Mission Director - - - - - - - - - - 2

Summary of actions following accident -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2

- Review Board investigation of accident - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3

WT Impact of future manned flights-------------------------------- 4

Apollo 13 effect on future programs------------------------------ 4

Statement of Dr. Rocco A. Petrone, Apollo Program Director-- - - - - - - - - - 5

yo Problems noted 54 hours into mission---------------------------- 5

Intensive investigation----------------------------------------- 6

: Expect early resolution of problem------------------------------- 10

a Statement of Glynn S. Lunney, Apollo 13 Mission Director- - - - - - - - - - - - - 11

Lunar module as lifeboat--------------------------------------- 11

| Summary of events-------------------------------------------- 14

Consumables status-------------------------------------------- 17

Sequence for entry--------------------------------------------- 19

Statement of Astronauts James A. Lovell, Commander of Apollo 13; and

John L. Swigert, Jr., Command Module Pilot of Apollo 13-- - - - - - - - - - - 21

Report of low morale completely false---------------------------- 21

Summarizes action after explosion ------------------------------- 22

Describes feelings over situation--------------------------------- 23

Transfer spacecraft control to lunar module----------------------- 23

Comments on environmental system ----------------------------- 24

Employs Apollo 8 technique------------------------------------ 25

Shows film of spacecraft interior--------------------------------- 26

Questions by Committee members----------------------------------- 28

Keeping cool under adverse conditions--------------------------- 28

I Space program stimulus to education----------------------------- 28

| Questions design changes of Apollo 13---------------------------- 29

No safety shortcuts caused by budget cuts------------------------ 29

- Meteoroid damage chances------------------------------------- 29

| Man will travel solar system------------------------------------ 30

| Foreign cooperation during Apollo 13 mission--------------------- 31

Abort procedures---------------------------------------------- 34

Emergency procedures outlined---------------------------------- 35

| Answers “last moon mission” remarks---------------------------- 36

o !"rease in pressure-------------------------------------------- 36

: \" unnecessary risk------------------------------------------- 36

- Technology transfer benefits------------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37

Reaction to adversity prompts confidence------------------------ 39

Educational background of witnesses----------------------------- 39

- Apollo 13 Review Board--------------------------------------- 45

l Status of Apollo 14 mission------------------------------------- 45

Holy cutoff of engine------------------------------------------ 46

NASA Control Center----------------------------------------- 46

alue of space investment-------------------------------------- 47

Possible cause of blaze.---------------------------------------- 47

Qomplete qualification test.------------------------------------ 48

!hemational space cooperation--------------------------------- 48

officulty with oxygen tank-l.----------------------|-- 49

Significance of lunar experiment]. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 49

Spice program applications to pollution------------------------- 50

| Appendix: Establishment of Apollo 13 Review Board......III-III 52

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