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TITLE 22-FOREIGN RELATIONS
Part Chapter 1-Department of State....... Chapter II—Commissions, Boards, Institutes and Foundations. ---- ....... 801
Note: Other regulations issued by Department of State appear in Title 32, Chapter XXIV.
CROSS REFERENCES: Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Justice, see Aliens and Nationality, Title 8, Chapter I.
Omice of the Secretary of Commerce, see Title 15, Subtitle A.
Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, Department of Commerce, see Title 15, Chapter III.
Bureau of Customs, Department of the Treasury, see Title 19, Chapter I.
CHAPTER 1-DEPARTMENT OF STATE
N. B.: Dates appearing in the citations of source of documents codified in this chapter, such as dates of issuance, approval, or effectiveness, are obtained from the original document. For general statutory provisions governing effective dates, validity, and constructive notice see section 7 of the Federal Register Aet (49 Stat. 502; 44 U.S.C. 307) and sections 3 and 4 of the Administrative Procedure Act (60 Stat. 238; 6 U.S.C. 1002, 1003).
Subchapter A–The Department and the Foreign Service
Functions and organization. (Added] 1
Subchapter B—The Department
Procedure for the handling and settlement of certain tort claims cognizable
under the Federal Tort Claims Act and the Small Claims Act, and of claims
cognizable only under the act of June 19, 1939. [Added]
gram. [Cross Reference)
act of May 22, 1918, as amended. [Amended)
(Amended) Visas: Documents required of alien seamen and airmen entering the United
Subchapter C—The Foreign Service
101a Foreign Service personnel. (Amended]
Accounts. (Amended) 120 Miscellaneous. (Amended]
Former Parts 1 and 2 superseded by new Part 1.
Subchapter E–Munitions Control 201 International traffic in arms, ammunition, and implements of war. (Note]
Subchapter F—Reparations 301 World War II. (Amended]
Subchapter G-Aid to Foreign Nations [Added] 401 Aid to war-devastated countries. !
ABBREVIATIONS: The following abbreviations are used in this chapter: CFR
Code of Federal Regulations
Statutes at Large
United States Code
Subchapter A–The Department and the Foreign Service
1.402 Secretariat of the Interdepartmen
tal Committee on Scientific and CODIFICATION: By Departmental Regula
Cultural Cooperation." tion OR 1, approved by the Assistant Secre- 1.410 Office of Public Affairs. tary of State, April 2, 1947, 12 F.R. 2345. 1.420 Office of Information and Educaformer Part 1 (Organization) and former
tional Exchange. Part 2 (Functions) were superseded by a 1.500 Assistant Secretary; Economic AI. new Part 1 (Functions and Organization). Prior to supersedure of former Part 1, $ 1.2
fairs. was amended in the following respects dur
1.510 Office of International Trade Policy. ing the period covered by this Supplement:
1.520 Office of Financial and Development 1. In $ 1.2 (g) (6), under Office of the
Policy. Foreign Service, the entry "Division of
1.530 Office of Economic Security Policy. Training Services" was changed to “Foreign
1.540 Office of the Foreign Liquidation Service Institute", by Departmental Regula
Commissioner. tion 108.42, Secretary of State, effective
1.570 Office of Transport and CommunicaMarch 7, 1947, 12 F.R. 1545.
tions, 2. In 8.1.2 (g) (7) the entry "Division of 1.600 Assistant Secretary: Transportation Map Intelligence and Cartography" was
and Communication Affairs. changed to “Map Division", by Departmental 1.610 Office of Transport and CommunicaRegulation 108.40, Secretary of State, Jan. 20,
tions, 1947, effective Feb. 4, 1947, 12 F.R. 791, 885.
1.1000 Assistant Secretary; Political Affairs. Sec.
1.1010 Office of American Republic Affairs. 1.1 The Department.
1.1110 Office of European Affairs. 1.100 Secretary of State.
1.1130 Office of Far Eastern Affairs. 1.110 Under Secretary of State.
1.1150 Office of Near Eastern and African 1.111 Policy Planning Staff.
Affairs. 1.130 Under Secretary of State for Eco 1.1510 Office of Special Political Affairs. nomic Affairs.
1.1800 Assistant Secretary; Administration. 1.160 Counselor.
1.1810 Office of Controls. 1.170 Special Assistant to the Secretary for
1.1820 Director General of the Foreign SeryPress Relations. 1.190 Executive Secretariat.
ice. 1.200 Assistant Secretary of State; occu
1.1824 Board of Examiners for the Foreign pied areas.
Service. 1.300 Special Assistant to the Secretary for
1.1830 Office of the Foreign Service. Research and Intelligence.
1.1840 Office of Budget and Planning. 1.310 Office of Intelligence Research.
1.1850 Office of Departmental Administra1.320 Office of Intelligence Collection and
1.1900 Legal Adviser. 1.400 Assistant Secretary; Public Affairs. 1.401 UNESCO Relations Staff.
1g 1.570 was redesignated 1.610.
$ 1.100 Secretary of State. The Secretary of State, as head of the Department of State and principal adviser to the President in the determination and execution of United States foreign policy, has general direction over all the functions of the Department.
$ 1.110 Under Secretary of State(a) Purpose. To advise and assist the Secretary in the formulation, determination, and execution of United States foreign policy.
(b) Major functions. The Under Secretary:
(1) Serves as the Secretary's principal adviser and as Acting Secretary of State during his absence.
(2) Assists in providing policy direction to the American delegations to the United Nations and its afiliated agen
Sec. 1.2511 Advisory Committee for the Foreign
Service Institute. 1.2551 Committee of Expert Examiners.
AUTHORITY: $$ 1.1 to 1.2551, inclusive, issued under R.S. 161, 60 Stat. 237; 5 U.S.C., 22, 1001 et seq. More specific authority cited after section affected.
SOURCE: $81.1 to 1.2551, inclusive, contained in Departmental Regulation OR 1, approved by the Assistant Secretary of State, April 2, 1947, 12 F.R. 2345, except as noted following provisions affected.
$ 1.1 The Department-(a) Purpose. The Department of State is the agency of the United States created by law to assist the President in the formulation and execution of foreign policy, and in the conduct of foreign affairs and of certain domestic affairs.
(b) Major functions. In fulfilling its purpose the Department performs the following functions:
(1) Develops plans for peace and security among all nations; participates in the United Nations and other international organizations; furthers international understanding through dissemination of information and through the development of cultural relations with all peoples.
(2) Conducts diplomatic correspondence; negotiates treaties and other international agreements; and participates in international conferences, congresses, expositions, and similar activities.
(3) Has jurisdiction over the settlement of international claims and the arbitration of international disputes to which the United States is a party.
(4) Correlates the foreign activities of all Federal agencies.
(5) Administers the laws and programs for passport, visa, and munitionimport and -export control.
(6) Assists the National Intelligence Authority in the collection of information and research.
(7) Administers the Foreign Service of the United States.
(8) Conducts oficial correspondence with the States of the Union, including that concerning Constitutional amendments and the ascertainment of presidential electors; has custody of the Seal of the United States; and issues the "Foreign Relations of the United States," the “Statutes at Large of the United States," and other publications of public interest relating to foreign and domestic affairs.
(3) Assists in directing the execution of policy-determinations affecting international conferences, congresses, and committees in their consideration of methods whereby groups of nations may carry on activities cooperatively.
(4) Assists in directing the Department's relationships with Congress in obtaining support of our foreign policy.
(c) Organization. The Under Secretary is assisted by the Policy Planning Staff. (Paragraph (c) added, by DROR 3, June 3, 1947, 12 F.R. 5301)
$ 1.111 Policy Planning Staff-(a) Purpose. Under the direction of the Un. der Secretary of State, to assure the development within the Department, of long-range policy that will serve as a framework for program-planning and a guide for current policy decisions and operations.
(b) Major functions. The Policy Planning Staff shall advise and assist the Under Secretary by performing the following functions:
(1) Formulating and developing, for the consideration and approval of appropriate officials of the Department, longterm programs for the achievement of American foreign-policy objectives.
(2) Anticipating problems which the Department may encounter in the discharge of its mission.
(3) Undertaking studies and preparing reports on broad politico-military problems which the Department may submit for consideration by SWNCC, the Committee of Three, or other similar bodies.
(4) Examining, independently or upon reference by the Secretary or the Under Secretary, problems and developments affecting United States foreign policy in order to evaluate the adequacy of current policy and making advisory recommendations pertaining thereto.
(5) Coordinating planning activities within the Department of State.
In the discharge of the above functions, the Policy Planning Staff has no operational responsibility and will not issue directives, instructions, etc., to the operational organizations of the Department or to missions in the field. However, in order to insure a realistic basis for planning, close contact shall be maintained between the staff and operational organizations and the latter shall be responsible for keeping the staff informed of their planning activities.
(c) Organization. The Policy Plan. ning Staff shall be:
(1) Headed by a Director to report and be responsible to the Under Secretary.
(2) Assisted by panels of special ad. visers from the operating branches of the Department, from other departments or agencies, and from outside the Government.
(3) Serviced administratively by the Executive Secretariat. [DR OR 3, June 3, 1947, 12 F.R. 5301]
$ 1.130 Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs-(a) Purpose. To advise and assist the Secretary in the formulation, determination, and execution of the foreign economic policy as a part of the over-all foreign policy of the United States.
(b) Major functions. The Under Secretary for Economic Affairs:
(1) Advises the Secretary on international economic relations.
(2) Assists in the formulation of foreign economic policy and coordinates foreign economic programs and activities.
(3) Serves as Acting Secretary of State during the absence of the Secretary and Under Secretary.
(4) Acts for the Secretary and the President on international economic matters as required.
(5) Represents the Department on numerous interagency committees.
$ 1.160 Counselor-(a) Purpose. To advise and assist the Secretary in the consideration and solution of major problems of foreign relations as assigned to him.
(b) Major functions. The Counselor:
(1) Serves as Acting Secretary of State during the absence of the Secretary, the Under Secretary, and the Under Secretary for Economic Affairs.
(2) Assists the Secretary in negotiating treaties and agreements with other governments.
(3) Assists on the relationship of domestic policies to our foreign policy. [Preceding section, in small type, superseded by following section, also in small type, during period covered by this Supplement]
$ 1.160 counselor-(a) Purpose. To advise and assist the Secretary in the consideration and solution of major problems of foreign relations as assigned to him.
(b) Major functions. The Counselor serves with the rank of an Assistant Secretary of State and performs such functions as may be assigned to him from time to time by the Secretary or the Under Secretary. [DR-OR 7, Aug. 1, 1947, effective Oct. 1, 1947, 12 F.R. 6451) (Preceding section, in small type, superseded by following section during period covered by this Supplement]
$ 1.160 Counselor-(a) Purpose. To advise and assist the Secretary in the consideration and solution of problems of foreign relations as assigned to him, and in the maintenance of liaison with the Congress and the Bureau of the Budget in connection with the development and implementation of United States foreign policy except with respect to security, budgetary, and other administrative matters which do not come within the scope of the provisions of this part.
(b) Major functions. The Counselor, who serves with the rank of an Assistant Secretary of State:
(1) Performs such functions in the field of foreign affairs as may be assigned to him by the Secretary or the Under Secretary.
(2) Has responsibility for the maintenance of liaison with the Congress, in. ' cluding direction of:
(i) Consultation with Members of the Congress concerning foreign policy developments, legislative proposals, and related matters, including testimony before Congressional committees.
(ii) Correspondence with Members of the Congress and with Government offcials and private individuals concerning Congressional matters.
(iii) Development of the Department's legislative program; and the presentation to the Congress of legislative proposals, and treaties and other international agreements.
(iv) Maintenance of liaison with the Bureau of the Budget in connection with reports to Congress, proposals for legislation, and related matters.
(c) Organization. The office of the Counselor consists of:
(1) The immediate office of the Counselor, including the office of his Special Assistant.
(2) Legislative Counsel, who will:
(i) Assist in the preparation of legislation and coordinate its presentation to the Bureau of the Budget and the Congress, in consultation with the interested ofices of the Department as to policy affecting their respective fields of responsibility.
(ii) Maintain liaison with Members of the Congress and Congressional committees concerning proposed legislation, including the furnishing of information, the making of arrangements for the scheduling of hearings and the appearance of officers before committees, and the providing of assistance to committee staffs.
(iii) Receive requests from Members of the Congress, oral or written, for expressions of opinion on proposed legislation of direct or indirect interest to the Department, and give clearance to responses.
(iv) Receive requests from the Bureau of the Budget, oral or written, for the views of the Department on proposed legislation, enrolled enactments of the Congress, and Executive orders, and give clearance to responses.
(y) Clear other reports to Congress and the Bureau of the Budget.
(vi) Clear communications between the Department of State and Members of the Congress, other departments and agencies, and private individuals, pertaining to legislative matters.
(vii) Serve as the central point for receiving requests for general information from Congressional offices.
(viii) Furnish legislative reference service to the Department and information concerning Congressional action or views on matters of current interest.
(ix) Perform such other functions as may be assigned by the Counselor within the scope of his responsibility.
(d) Relationships within the Department. The Counselor:
(1) Will be guided by the advice of the Under Secretary for Economic Affairs, the Assistant Secretaries, and the Legal Adviser in policy matters affecting their respective fields of responsibility. Close coordination will be effected between the related functions of the Counselor and the Assistant Secretary-Administration, the latter having responsibility for liaison with the Congress and the Bureau of the Budget in security, budgetary, fiscal, and other administrative matters, including arrangements for travel in foreign countries of Members of the Congress;
(2) Will control consultation and other relationships with Members of the Congress and the Bureau of the Budget in matters concerning legislation and the formulation and execution of foreign policy. The offices and divisions of the Department will cooperate with the Office of the Counselor in these matters for the purpose of giving advice and other assistance and of obtaining clearance and approval of any proposed action in connection therewith. [DR-OR 10, Dec. 16, 1947, effective Dec. 20, 1947, 12 F.R. 8674]
§ 1.170 Special Assistant to the Secretary for Press Relations-(a) Purpose. To represent the Secretary in dealing with representatives of the foreign and domestic press and of radio, news-reel, and photographic agencies on news de- , velopments relating to the Department.
(b) Major functions. The office of the Special Assistant to the Secretary for Press Relations performs the following functions:
(1) Șerves as adviser to the Secretary on press relations.
(2) Arranges and assists at press conferences held by the Department.
(3) Plans, prepares, and releases information to all news media on the activities and policies of the Department.
(4) Arranges for press services and relations at international conferences held in the United States and provides a Press Officer at international conferences held abroad.
(5) Prepares the News Digest, a daily summary of news stories, editorials, magazine articles, columns and radio