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New Universal Geographical
G RA M M A R:

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C Ο Ο Ν Τ RI E

E S
Are laid down according to the most Exact
GEOGRAPHICAL OBSERVATIONS,

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H I S T TOR Y

OF ALL THE DIFFERENT
KINGDOMS of the WORLD,

Is interspersed in such a Manner,
As to render the Study of Geography both Useful

and Entertaining.
UNDER THESE THREE HEADS:
1. A Compendious System of Astro Ill. A particular description :
nomy.

Countries contained in pack querie
II. The Gengraphical Definitions, Pro of the World ; their Cities, conf}

blems, and General Divisions of the Towns, respective forms ot G' vern-
Earth, necessary to be understood as ment, Forces, Revenues, Taxes, and
an Introduction to this Grammar. History.

TOGETHER WITH
An Account of the Air, Soil. Produce, Traffic, Curiosities, Arms, Religion,
Language, Universities, Bishoprics, Manners, Customs, Habits, and

Coins, in use in the several Kingdoms and States treated of.
And a Chronological Table of remarkable cvents from the creation to the present time.

.

The Second EDITION, with large Additions.

ILLUSTRATED WITH A NEW AND CORRECT SET OF

MAPS OF THE COUNTRIES DESCRIBED.

The whole being an Improvement and Continuation of
MR S A L M O N’s GRAMMA R.

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E DIN BURGH:
PRINTED FOR I. SPOTTISWOOD, BOOKSELLE.

M.DCC.LXXXII.

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Τ Ο Τ Η Ε

P U B L

I

C..

As

the design of every Publication of this kind is to give a complete account of the different countries described, so far at least as it is possible to do froin the discoveries of travellers and navigators; it is hoped, that in the perufal of the following sheets, the Reader in this view will not be disappointed.

Every publication of the kind that hath hitherto appeared has been consulted upon this occasion: And as no perforinance on any subject is either so absolutely perfect as to be entirely without defeat, or lo totally despicable as that nothing valuable can be extracted from it; by collecting what was of the greatest importance, and rejecting those parts which seemed more trifling; from other publications of the fame nature, it hath been studied to make che present Grammar the most complete, as well for Instruction as Entertainment, of any hitherto extant; and in every respect to deserve the title of, The UNIVERSAL GEOGRAPHICAL GRAMMA R.

It would be impertinent to expatiate in the praise of a performance the crue merit of which every Reader mult determine for himself. It is hoped, however, that the candid Reader will ex. cuse the observation of any inaccuracy in Mr Salmon, who, though he in the Preface to his Grammar, declared that he was more particular in his description of the British Isles than any other part of the world, yet in his account of Scotland he is unaccountably deficient : His deficiencies in this relpect have been supplied ; and it hath also been studied to render the Historical part complete to the present time, especially with regard to America : and as the war with the Colonies is, perhaps, an event of greater importance to this country than any recorded in history, it is hoped, that an accurate account of it will render this work truly valuable to the Public in general.

That nothing might be wanting towards the rendering of this Grammar as complete as possible, a description is added of the Iands in the South-Sea discovered by the late Voyagers, also a new Chronological Table of remarkable events, inventions, and discoveries.

The PUBLISHER. w

This GRAMMAR contains One hundred and fixty pages, or Ten Sheetsy Trore than any Geographical Grammar ever printed in this kingdom,

A 2

4 8

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1.
THE

IE World, to front the title
II. The Artificial Sphere, p. 23
III. Europe, p. 89
IV. Spain and Portugal, p. 92
V. France, p. 122
VI. Italy, p. 151
VII. The Seven United Provinces, with the Austrian, French,

and Dutch Netherlands, p. 180
VIII. Germany, p. 204
IX. Hungary, with Turkey in Europe, p. 237
X. Poland, Lithuania, and Prussia, p. 251
XI. Rusia, or Muscovy in Europe, p. 270
XII. Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and Finland, p. 290
XIII. England and Wales, P. 341
XIV. Scotland, p. 478
XV. Ireland, p. 518
XVI. Asia, p. 540
XVII, Turkey in Afia, p. 543
XVIll. The East Indies, p. 575
XIX. China, p. 599
XX. Africa, p. 619
XXI. North America, p. 643
XXII. The Welt Indies, p. 670
XXIII, South America, p. 688

N. B. The binder is desired to beat the book before he place

the maps.

THE

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