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(j) A person discharged from the Army on the ground of alienage or upon the request of the accredited diplomatic representative of the country of which the man is a citizen or subject.

Note 1.-The Adjutant General of the Army has issued instructions to all Camp Commanders to note on all discharges and on Form 10290 (p. 254) the specific reason for discharge. The Local Board should accept this reason for discharge in reclassifying registrant. Furthermore, before any discharge is issued to a selected man on grounds of alienage, dependency, etc., Camp Commanders have been instructed to forward the application to the State Adjutant General for remark. The State Adjutant General shall transmit this application to the Local Board for remark only. Neither Local Board nor State Adjutant General shall make any recommendation. (Circular letter, April 27, 1918.)

Note 2. Classification in Class V (j) shall not prevent a Local Board from reclassifying upon change of status in respect of his citizenship pursuant to Section 117 a registrant so classified. (Circular letter, April 27, 1918.)

Note 3.-Diplomatic requests for the exemption or discharge of registrants should not be considered when made directly to the Local Board, but should be only acted upon when presented to the Provost Marshal General's Office. (Circular letter, April

27, 1918.) (k) A subject or citizen of a cobelligerent country who has enlisted or enrolled in the forces of such country under the terms of a treaty between such country and the United States providing for reciprocal military service of their respective citizens or subjects.

Note 1.-On request of any registrant or of a recruiting officer of a recruiting mission duly accredited by a country with which the United States has a treaty providing for tħe reciprocal drafting into the military forces of the respective countries of subjects or citizens of one country residing in the territory of the other, Local Boards shall furnish to any such registrant who has stated on his registration card that he is a subject of such country, a certificate in the following form, either in writing or by telegraph: “It is hereby certified that

a registrant of this Local Board, stated on his registration card that he is a subject of

Note 9.-A registrant who is a subject or citizen of a cobelligerent country with which the United States has a treaty providing for the reciprocal drafting into the military forces of the respective countries of subjects or citizens of one country residing in the territory of the other, and who has not so enlisted or enrolled as provided in paragraph (k) supra, shall be subject to military service in the forces of the United States, and entitled to exemption or discharge therefrom under the laws and regulations from time to time in force.

(1) A citizen or subject of a country neutral in the present war (as defined in note 1) who has declared his intention to become a citizen of the United States but has not been finally naturalized, provided he shall file an affidavit (P. M. G. 0. Form 1041, p.) withdrawing his intention to become a citizen of the United States and claiming relief from liability to military service. The registrant must surrender his original duplicate copy of his declaration of intention to become a citizen of the United States if it is in his possession.

Note 1.-The following countries are not neutral in the present war, to wit: Belgium, Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Cuba, France, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Italy, Japan, Liberia, Montenegro, Nicaragua, Panama, Portugal, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Siam; Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, and Turkey. All other countries are neutral, and subparagraph (I), section 79, applies only to citizens or subjects of such neutral countries who have declared their intention to become citizens of the United States, but who have not been finally naturalized. (C. S. S. R. No. 6, Aug. 15, 1918.)

Note 2.See n. 2, Rule XII, paragraph (f) su prd, as to Filipinos. (m) A declarant or nondeclarant British subject (including a Canadian) who presents to his local board a certificate of exemption from military service in the forces of the United States issued by the British Government before the expiration of the period of time in which his involuntary induction has been suspended as prescribed in section 156-Å. Such certificates are issued by the British Ambassador at Washington under the authority of Article III of Part I and Article Ill of Part II of the conventions between this country and Great Britain and Canada. Such certificates may be special or general, temporary or conditional, and may be modified, renewed, or revoked in the discretion of the British Government. Persons holding such certificates shall, so long as the certificates are in force, remain in Class V and shall not be liable to military service in the forces of the United States.

RULE XIII. Any registrant, not classified in Class V under subparagraph (h) of Rule XII who is

(a) In prison serving sentence or awaiting trial; or, (b) In a reformatory or correctional institution; or, (c) At large on bail under criminal process;

Shall first be classified and recorded as any other registrant; but, pending his discharge from confinement, or the final disposition of his case, he shall be treated as standing at the bottom of Class IV, and so recorded by entering in red ink next to and in the same column with his name on the Classifieation List (Form 1000, p. 187) the figure IV.

RULE XIV. Any registrant who is found by a Local Board to be a member of any well-recognized religious sect or organization organized and existing May 18, 1917, and whose then existing creed or principles forbid its members to participate in war in any form, and whose religious convictions are against war or participation therein in accordance with the creed or

principles of said religious organization, shall be furnished by such Local board with a certificate (Form 1008, sec. 280, p. 225) to that effect and to the further effect that, by the terms of section 4 of the Selective Service Law, he can only be required to serve in a capacity declared by the President to be noncombat. ant. He shall be classified, however, as is any other rgistrant; but he shall be designated upon all classifications, forms, records, certificates, and other writings of Local and District Boards in which his name appears by the insertion of a cipher (0) after his name.

Note 1.-In transcribing registration cards Local Boards must see to it that religious objectors are indicated at the right hand of Space Twelve by symbol zero. (Telegram A-3801, Feb. 2, 1918.)

Note 2.—Registrants claiming exemption from combatant service under Rule XIV, section 79, are not to be placed in a deferred class on this claim alone. Such registrant shall be classified as any other registrant; shall be issued Form 1008 (p. 225) and shall be classified in one of the classes according to his claims or lack of claim for deferred classification. Any registrant already placed in a deferred class on the ground of his being a conscientious objector shall have his case reopened and he shall be classified irrespective of whether or not a certificate of noncombatancy has been issued. (Telegram B-1418, June 10, 1918.)

C. CLASSIFICATION WITH RESPECT TO ENGAGEMENT IN INDUSTRIES, OCCUPATIONS, OR EMPLOYMENTS, INCLUDING AGRICULTURE.

Section 80. Principles governing classification with respect

to engagement in industries, occupations, or employments, including agriculture, found to be necessary to the maintenance of the Military Establishment or the effective operation of the milirtary forces or the main

tenance of national interest during the emergency. District Boards are charged with the duty of selecting the individuals whose engagement in industry, including agriculture, or whose occupations or employments are such as to require their continued service in civil life rather than in the Army.

In order to provide for the necessary adjustments between the necessities of the Military Establishment and the requirements of the industries, occupations, and employments, including agriculture, found to be necessary to the maintenance of the Military Estab: lishment, the effective operation of the military forces, and the maintenance of the national interest during the emergency, there shall be appointed by each District Board three persons to be known as industrial advisers to the District Board.

One such person for each District Board shall be nominated by the Department of Labor, one by the Department of Agriculture, and one by each District Board, who shall thereupon be appointed by the respective District Boards.

Whenever, in the discretion of the President, more than three such industrial advisers are required by a District Board, the President may call upon the Department of Labor, or the Department of Agriculture, or the District Board to nominate such additional industrial advisers, who shall thereupon be appointed by such District Board.

Such industrial advisers so appointed by each District Board shall not in any sense be members of such District Board, shall have no right to vote at any meetings thereof, and shall have and exercise only the rights, duties, powers, and functions herein specifically given.

Such advisers shall have the right to furnish all pertinent information to the District Board and may attend meetings of the Board upon request of the Board to which they are attached.

Such advisers may place before the District Board at its meetings, or at such other time as the Board may request, all facts and information in their possession as to the Preference Lists issued by the Priorities Division of the War Industries Board. Such lists shall not be regarded as binding upon the District Board in its conclusions as to whether or not any particular industry, occupation, or employment, including agriculture, is a necessary industry, occupation, or employment within the meaning of the law and regulations, nor shall such lists prevent the District Board from holding as necessary any industry, occupation, or employment, including agriculture, not contained therein. Such Preference Lists and other facts and information in the possession of such advisers will supplement the information in the possession of the District Boards and will also be used to assist the District Boards in dealing with specific cases.

Inasmuch as the United States Employment Service under the Department of Labor has already established throughout the Nation State advisory boards and numerous recruiting agencies in divisions of the country and is therefore familiar with the needs for skilled labor in each community and the supply in each community, the advice of the industrial adviser nominated by the Department of Labor will be of great value to the District Boards in arriving at their decisions as to whether or not individuals engaged in certain industries, occupations or employments are engaged in work necessary to the maintenance of the Military Establishment, the effective operation of the military forces, or the maintenance of the national interest during the emergency.

The Department of Agriculture has special facilities for being informed as to the supply of labor for agricultural purposes and the demand for such labor in the various communities of the Nation, and such information will be, through the adviser nominated by the Department of Agriculture, available to the District Boards and helpful in assisting such Boards in determining the claims by or in respect of registrants based upon their engagement in agriculture.

The necessity of not seriously interfering with certain occupations - and employments, such as financial, commercial, educational, hospital work, care of the public health, or with the conduct of certain other activities necessary to the public welfare and the prosecution of the war, requires that the District Boards have the cooperation of such advisers so that persons necessary in such activities be not removed therefrom. To this end the adviser nominated by the District Board

should bring to the attention of the District Board the questions as to whether or not individuals engaged in some particular industry, occupation, or employment are so necessary thereto as to outweigh the benefit to the Nation should they be drafted into the Army.

Such advisers shall, under rules to be prescribed by the Local Boards, have access to the Questionnaires and other records in the files of the Local Boards, and shall confer with persons engaged in various industries, occupations, and employments for the purpose of having the cases of certain individual registrants, by whom or in whose behalf no claim for deferred classification has been made, presented to the District Board for consideration and determination as to whether or not such registrants should be placed in a deferred class.

If any such adviser files with the District Board a claim on Form 1001-A (p. 210) for deferred classification on the ground of a registrant being engaged in a necessary industry, occupation, or employment, including agriculture, the District Board shall forward such claim to the Local Board having jurisdiction, and upon receipt thereof it will be the duty of such Local Board to certify the Questionnaire and record of any such registrant to the District Board for consideration, although no claim by or in respect of such registrant for deferred classification has been made or such registrant has waived deferred classification; provided the day and hour fixed to report for military duty has not arrived. If the information and the affidavits necessary for the classification of the registrant because of his engagement in a necessary industry, occupation, or employment, including agriculture, are not contained in the Questionnaire of such registrant, it shall be the duty of such Local Board to give the opportunity by reasonable extension of time to those interested in obtaining a deferred classification, to furnish the information and supply the affidavits required by the Questionnaire and the Regulations. Pending the final classification of such registrant he shall not be inducted into military service.

It shall be the duty of such advisers to confer with the managers and heads of various industries, and those familiar with the needs in occupations and employments, including agriculture, and instruct such persons as to their right under the Regulations to file a claim for deferred classification in respect of any registrant who has failed or refused to file a claim for deferred classification in his own behalf or who has waived his claim for deferred classification.

Such advisers should in all ways cooperate with the District Boards in order that the information in their possession may at all times be available to the District Boards and be made use of in the work of classifying registrants.

If, under the authority of Rule XXVII, section 101, a Local Board determines to consider a case for deferred classification because the registrant is engaged in a necessary industry, occupation, or employment, including agriculture, notwithstanding no claim for deferred classification on that ground has been made, the Local Board shall, after indorsing the recommendation on the Questionnaire, forward the Questionnaire and record to the District Board having jurisdiction. The District Board shall thereupon consider the case and proceed to classify the registrant, notwithstanding the

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