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HEARINGS

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE

COMMITTEE ON

GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-NINTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

AUGUST 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 29, 30, 31, AND SEPTEMBER 1, 6, 7, 12,

13, AND 14, 1966

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TOR*IT

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

67-906

WASHINGTON : 1966

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office

Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price $2.25

COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

WILLIAM L. DAWSON, Illinois, Chairman CHET HOLIFIELD, California

FLORENCE P. DWYER, New Jersey JACK BROOKS, Texas

OGDEN R. REID, New York L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina

FRANK HORTON, New York PORTER HARDY, JR., Virginia

DONALD RUMSFELD, Illinois JOHN A, BLATNIK, Minnesota

WILLIAM L. DICKINSON, Alabama ROBERT E. JONES, Alabama

JOHN N. ERLENBORN, Illinois EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland

HOWARD H. CALLAWAY, Georgia JOHN E. MOSS, California

JOHN W. WYDLER, New York DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida

ROBERT DOLE, Kansas HENRY S. REUSS, Wisconsin

CLARENCE J. BROWN, JR., Ohio JOHN S. MONAGAN, Connecticut

JACK EDWARDS, Alabama
TORBERT H. MACDONALD, Massachusetts
J. EDWARD ROUSH, Indiana
WILLIAM S. MOORHEAD, Pennsylvania
CORNELIUS E. GALLAGHER, New Jersey
WILLIAM J. RANDALL, Missouri
BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York
JIM WRIGHT, Texas
FERNAND J. ST GERMAIN, Rhode Island
DAVID S. KING, Utah
JOHN G. DOW, New York
HENRY HELSTOSKI, New Jersey

CHRISTINE RAY DAVIS, Staff Director

JAMES A. LANIGAN, General Counsel
MILES Q. ROMNEY, Associate General Counsel

J. P. CARLSON, Minority Counsel
WILLIAM H. COPENHAVER, Minority Professional Staff

MILITARY OPERATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE

CHET HOLIFIELD, California, Chairman EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland

FRANK HORTON, New York WILLIAM S. MOORHEAD, Pennsylvania HOWARD H. CALLAWAY, Georgia WILLIAM J. RANDALL, Missouri

WILLIAM L. DICKINSON, Alabama JIM WRIGHT, Texas FERNAND J. ST GERMAIN, Rhode Island

HERBERT ROBACK, Staff Administrator

PAUL RIDGELY, Investigator
DOUGLAS G. DAHLIN, Counsel

JOSEPH LUMAN, Defense Analyst
CATHERINE KOEBERLEIN, Research Analyst

II

CONTENTS

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609

Hearings held in Washington. D.C. on-

Monday, August 15, 1966..

Tuesday, August 16, 1966.

Wednesday, August 17, 1966

Thursday, August 18, 1966

Friday, August 19, 1966..

Monday, August 29, 1966.

Tuesday, August 30, 1966-

Wednesday, August 31, 1966

Thursday, September 1, 1966.

Tuesday, September 6, 1966..

Wednesday, September 7, 1966.

Monday, September 12, 1966.

Tuesday, September 13, 1966.

Wednesday, September 14, 1966.--

Statement of

Charyk, Dr. Joseph V., president, Communications Satellite Corp---

Duncan, C. C., assistant vice president, American Telephone & Tele-

graph Co.; accompanied by George E. Ashley, general attorney,

Long-Lines Department..

Gallagher, Edward A., president, Western Union International, Inc.;

accompanied by Robert E. Conn, vice president and counsel.'.
Gates, Howard P., Jr., Assistant for Communications and Avionics

Systems, Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Research and
Development);accompanied by Samuel P. Brown, Technical Director,
U.S. Army Satellite Communications Agency; Col. Robert H. Scales,
Director of Programs; and Lt. Col. Seth Day, Office of the Chief

of Research and Development, U.S. Army -
Glasser, Maj. Gen. Otto, Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff, Research

and Development, Headquarters, U.S. Air Force; accompanied by
Col. Marion B. Gibson, System Program Director, Communica-
tions Satellite System Program Office, Space Systems Division,
Air Force Systems Command; Col. Alfred J. Diehl, Air Staff booster
development officer; and Lt. Col. Nicholas S. ' Polio, Air Staff

communications satellite development officer...
Goldenthall, Col. Mitchell, commanding officer, U.S. Army Satellite

Communications Agency, Fort Monmouth, N.J..

Hawkins, Howard R., president, RCA Communications, Inc.; ac-

companied by Edwin W. Peterson, vice president and controller;

and Leonard W. Tuft, vice president and general attorney-

Holifield, Hon. Chet, Member of Congress from the State of California,

chairman of the Military Operations Subcommittee:

Opening statement.

Statement on August 29, 1966.--

Horwitz, Hon. Solis, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Administra-

tion.

Horwitz, Hon. Solis, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Administra-

tion; and Lt. Gen. Alfred D. Starbird, Director, Defense Communi-
cations Agency, accompanied by Rear Adm. Francis D. Boyle, U.S.
Navy, Deputy Director, Defense Communications Agency, satellite
project office: David L. Solomon, technical advisor, Office of the
Secretary of Defense; and Col. Lee Paschall, U.S. Air Force, Defense

Communications Agency..

202

166

204

Statement of-Continued

Jaffe, Leonard, Director of Space Applications Programs, Office of

Space Science and Applications, National Aeronautics and Space

Administration --

League, Archie W., Director of Air Traffic Service, Federal Aviation

Agency; accompanied by Joe Conerly, Deputy Director, Systems
Research and Development Service; and Col. Richard May, U.S.

Air Force, Chief of the Communications Staff, Air Traffic Service...

Loy, Frank E., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Transporta-

tion and Telecommunications..

3

McCormack, James, chairman, Communications Satellite Corp.; ac-

companied by Allen E. Throop, general counsel. -

4

O'Connell, Hon. James D., Director of Telecommunications Manage-

ment, Office of Emergency Planning, Executive Office of the Presi-

dent; accompanied by Fred W. Morris, Jr., associate director (ad-

vanced concepts and technology); William E. Plummer, associate

director (frequency management); Col. Harold R. Johnson, U.S.

Air Force, assistant director for plans and programs; Victor F.

Evans, deputy associate director (national communications);

Ralph' L. Člark, special assistant for international telecommunica-

tions study: Charles E. Lathey, special assistant for telecommuni-

cations mobilization planning; and John J. O'Malley, assistant

legal counsel.

249, 303, 3

Rogers, Thomas F., Deputy Director Defense Research and Engi-

neering (Electronics and Information Systems), Department of

Defense; accompanied by Willie L. Moore, Jr., Deputy Assistant

Director (Command and Control).

3,1

Scott, Richard P., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Com.

munications; accompanied by Philip F. Patman, Office of the Legal

Adviser; Thomas E. Nelson, Office of Telecommunications; and

C. Grant Shaw, Office of Communications..

3

Sohier, Walter D., General Counsel, National Aeronautics and Space

Administration; accompanied by Edmond C. Buckley, associate

administrator for tracking and data acquisition.--

4

Starbird, Lt. Gen. Alfred D., U.S. Army, Director, Defense Communi-

cations Agency--

Starbird, Lt. Gen. Alfred D., U.S. Army, Director, Defense Communi-

cations Agency; accompanied by Rear Adm. Francis D. Boyle,

Deputy Director; Col. Lee Paschall, U.S. Air Force; and Walter

H. Morse, counsel.--

1

Strassburg, Bernard, Chief, Common Carrier Bureau, Federal Com-

munications Commission; accompanied by Asher H. Ende, deputy

chief; and Henry Geller, general counsel-
Tower, Bertram B., chairman of the board, ITT World Communica-

tions, Inc.; accompanied by John A. Hartman, Jr., vice president
and general counsel, American Cable & Radio Corp (ITT).

Weeks, Rear Adm. Robert H., U.S. Navy, Assistant Chief of Naval

Operations (Communications), Director of Naval Communications;

accompanied by Capt. Merton D. Van Orden, U.S. Navy--

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by-

Air Transport Association: Statement for the record in the form of a

letter from S. G. Tipton, president, Air Transport Association, to
Chairman Holifield, dated September 21, 1966..

1
American Communications Association: Statement for the record in

the form of a letter from Joseph P. Selly, president, American
Communications Association, to Herbert Roback, staff administra-

tor, Military Operations Subcommittee, dated September 12, 1966..

Boyle, Rear Adm. Francis D., U.S. Navy, Deputy Director, Defense

Communications Agency: Excerpt from 1964 hearings on satellite

communications...

Duncan, C. C., assistant vice president, American Telephone &

Telegraph Co.:

Exhibit A.-Brief summary of some of the special services

furnished by the Bell System to the U.S. Government.-

Exhibit B.-Overseas Government private line circuits provided

by the Bell System and its overseas correspondents--

Exhibit C.-Extent of overseas utilization of commercial satellite

circuits..

643

letters, statements, etc.—Continued

Gallagher, Edward A., president, Western Union International, Inc.:

Exhibit A.-Proposal for ownership and operation of U.S. satellite

earth stations..

Exhibit B.- Recommendation for a satellite industry liaison

committee

Application of Western Union International to the FCC for au-

thorization to provide satellite circuits in the Pacific under

composite rate tariffs, filed September 14, 1966..

Letter from Maj. Gen. George Pickett, DČA, to Western Union

International, Inc., containing the request for proposals for

the 30 Pacific circuits, May 2, 1966----

Letter from Henry G. Catucci, vice president, WUI, to Maj. Gen.

George Pickett, DCA, expressing intent to offer proposal, dated

May 12, 1966

Letter from R. E. Conn, WUI, to George P. Sampson, vice

president, Comsat Corp., requesting information, dated May 12,

1966..
Letter from George Sampson, Comsat Corp., to Robert E. Conn,

WUI, furnishing information and rates, dated May 13, 1966--

Telegram from G. P. Sampson, Comsat Corp, to Hawaiian

Telephone Co., ITT Worldcom, RCA Communications, and

WUI, containing clarifying information on Comsat's quotes,

dated May 26, 1966..

Letter from Maj. Gen. George Pickett, DCA, to Western Union

International, presenting position on carriers authorized to

provide the 30 circuits, dated May 23, 1966.

Letter from Henry G. Catucci, vice president, WUI, to Maj.

Gen. George Pickett, DCA, in reply, dated May 27, 1966---

Letter from Henry G. Catucci, vice president, WUI, to Maj.
Gen. George Pickett, DCA, containing WUÍ proposal, dated

May 31, 1966.--

Letter from Henry G. Catucci, vice president, WUI, to Maj. Gen.

George Pickett, DCA, containing clarifications, dated June 3,

1966..

Letter from George P. Sampson, vice president, Comsat Corp., to

Robert E. Conn, vice president, WUI, notifying of change in

Comsat quotation, dated June 22, 1966--

Letter from Henry "G. Catucci, vice president, WUI, to Maj.

Gen. George Pickett, DCA, requesting reopening of the com-

petition due to change in Comsat quotation, and because of

the FCC authorized user decision, dated June 24, 1966.

Letter from Maj. Gen. George Pickett, DCA, to Western Union

International, notifying of intent to award to Comsat, dated

July 1, 1966

Letter from H. G. Catucci, vice president. WUI, to Maj. Gen.

George Pickett, DCA, containing further request for reopening

competition, dated July 13, 1966-

Letter from Maj. Gen. George Pickett, DCA, to H. G. Catucci,

vice president, WUI, denying W UI request to submit revised

quotations, dated July 18, 1966..

Letter from Henry G. Catucci, vice president, WUI, to Col.

Lee M. Paschall, DCA, requesting copies of contracts with

Comsat, dated August 2, 1966.--

Letter from Henry G. Catucci, vice president, WUI, to Colonel

Paschall, DCA, renewing request, dated August 25, 1966--

Letter from Col. Lee M. Paschall, DCA, to Henry G. Catucci,

vice president, WUI, refusing WUI request, dated August 30,

1966.

Gates, Howard P., Jr., Assistant for Communications and Avionics

Systems Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Research

and Development):

Additional statement re urgency of communications requirements

for IDCSP

Letter from Lt. Gen. Austin W. Betts, Chief of Research and

Development, U.S. Army, to Chairman Holifield, dated

August 31, 1966---

648

653

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