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“ And to give him an easy lun," &c.] Of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat. Gen. ii, 16, 17. See Rom. ii, 14, 15; Levit. xviii, 5; Ezek. xx, 11; Rom. x, 5; Gal. iii, 12.
“ Added thereto a threatening of death.”] In the day that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die. Gen. ii, 17.
“ Foreseeing that Adam would wilfully transgress the same." And who, as I, shall call and shall declare it, and the things that are coming and shall come? Isa. xliv, 7. See Isa. xli, 22, 23.-Known unto God are all his WORKS from the beginning of the world. Acts xv, 18.
“ And all man's works too.", Thou understandest my thoughts afar off. Psalm cxxxix, 2. Gen. iii, 6; 2 Cor. xi, 3; 1 Tim. ii, 13, 14; Eccles. vii, 29; Isa. xlv, 21.
" And thereby make himself and his posterity liable to condemnation.”] All have sinned and come short of the glory of God. Rom. iii, 23,-By one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin. v, 12, 18, 19.—The wages of sin is death. vi, 23. Acts xvii, 26; Heb. vii, 10; Job xiv, 1, &c.; 2 Cor. v, 14, xi, 3 ; Rev. ii, 7; Gen. iii, 24; Deut. xxvii, 26; Gal. iii, 10; James ii, 10.
“God was mercifully affected towards man."y The Lord God, merciful and gracious. Exod. xxxiv, 6.-He loved us first. 1 John iv, 19; see verse 11.- Thou art a God gracious and merciful, slow to anger. Jonah iv, 2; 2 Chron. xxx, 9.-For thou, Lord, art good and ready to forgive-a God full of compassion and gracious. Psalm lxxxvi, 5, 15.—The Lord is slow to anger. As a father pitieth his children. Psalm ciii, 8, 13.—His tender mercies are over all his works. Psalm çxi, 4, and cxlv, 8, 9.— The riches of his goodness, and forbearance, and long-suffering. Rom. ii, 4.-Be ye merciful, as your Father is merciful. Luke vi, 36. Isa. lv, 7: Jer. xxxi, 20; Joel ii, 13; Numb. xiv, 18, 19; Neh. ix, 17; Deut. v, 9, 10; Jer. xxxii, 18.
“ Out of respect to his justice he would not give way,” &c.] He will by no means clear the guilty. Exod. xxxiv, 7.-For thou
both of an affirmation and a negation, and the remainder to contain entire negations. For this mode of stating their opinions, it will be seen by a subsequent note, they received a reprimand from the reverend Fathers in Synod assembled, who regarded ABSOLUTE REPROBATION as one of those sacred things which might not be touched by hands profane. In the Four Articles which the Remonstrants afterwards presented, they did not insert such a number of negatives, and there is consequently less variation between them and the Articles here inserted. The Bishop's model has been the regular scholastic arrangement of TENETS and REJECTIONS, which was adopted by the British Divines and others of “ the Colleges," as they were termed, at the Synod of Dort.
The title which the Remonstrants prefixed to their Articles was the follow. ing: “ These are the sentiments of the Remunstrants concerning the First Article on PREDESTINATION, which in their conscience they have hitherto thought, and still do think, to be agreeable to the word of God."-EDITOR.
art not a God that hath pleasure in wickedness, neither shall evil dwell with thee. Psalın v, 4.-But your iniquities have separated, &c. Isa. lix, 2.
" And to his truth."I Thou shalt die the death; and He is a God that cannot lie, nor repent, nor deny himself, Gen. ii, 17. Tit. i, 2 ; Heb. vi, 18; Num. xxiii, 19; 2 Tim. ii, 13.
« Till justice be satisfied." 7 The Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all ; and made his soul an offering for sin. He was wounded for our transgressions. Isa. liii, 5, 6, 10.-Thus it behoved Christ to suffer ; Luke xxiv, 26, 46.-the just for the unjust: 1 Pet. iii, 18.-to give his life a ransom for many. Matt. xx, 28; 1 Tim. ii, 6.-I restored that which I took not away. Psalm lxix, 4. Phil. ii, 7, 8; Matt. iii, 15, v, 17; Gen. iii, 15; Mark x, 45 ; 1 John iii, 8; Luke ii, 14.
“ And till his hatred of sin be made known,"&c.] Thou art not a God that hath pleasure in wickedness; thou hatest the workers of iniquity; thou abhorrest the bloody and deceitful man, &c. Psalm v, 4-6.-Thou hatest iniquity. Psalm xlv, 7.-The froward are an abomination to the Lord. Prov. xi, 20.-Your ini. quities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid his face from you. Isa. lix, 2. Psalm vii, 11, 12; Isa. lxv, 12.
“ And his love of righteousness.” | Thou lovest righteousness. Psalm xlv, 7.-Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, to declare his righteousness; that he might be just, &c. He is the avenger of unrighteousness. Rom. iii, 24-26.
TENET I. For the satisfying of his justice, he did ordain the Mediator Jesus Christ, who should be made a sacrifice for sinful men, suffer death for them, and [should] by his blood, shed for their reconciliation, obtain right of saving them upon terms befitting mercy and justice.
PROOFS OUT OF SCRIPTURE. “ Christ ordained the Mediator." To us a Son is given, Isa. ix, 6.—So God loved the world, that he gave his only-begotten Son. John ii, 16.-In this was manifested the love of God towards us, because that God sent his only-begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins. 1 John iv, 9, 10.-But God commendeth his love towards us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Rom. v, 8, &c.—For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and man, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself a ransom for all. 1 Tim. ii, 5, 6. See Heb. xii, 2, 24, 25.
« Made a sacrifice, and suffered death for sinful men."y He became obedient unto death. Philip. ii, 8.-I lay down my life for my sheep. John x, 11, 15–18: see John xv, 13.-He tasted death for every man. Heb.ii, 9.-Christ died for our sins. 1 Cor. xv, 3.—He died unto sin once. Rom. iv, 25, vi, 10.-—Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree. 1 Peter ii, 24.-Christ our passover is sacrificed for us. 1 Cor. v, 7.-When thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin. Isa. liii, 10.-- Who loved us, and gave himself for us, an offering and sacrifice of a sweet-smelling savour. Ephes. ii, 2.-He is the propitiation for our sins. 1 John ii. 1, 2.-Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood. Rom. iii, 25; see Heb. v, 1, &c. ; viji, 3, &c. ; ix, 11-14, 22, 26–28; x, 5, 10, 12, 14.—He is the Lamb of God, that taketh away the sin of the world. John i, 29.He gave his life a ransom, Mark x, 45 ;-and purged our sins. Heb. i, 3.-He was made sin for us, 2 Cor. v, 21 ;-and made a curse ; Gal. iii, 13.-to redeem us that were under the Law; and delivered us from the curse of the law, Gal. iii, 13; from the power of darkness, Col. i, 13; from the fear of death, Heb. ii, 14; Hos, xiii, 14; 1 Cor. xv, 55: and from the wrath to come; 1 Thes. i, 10; Rom. v,9; and obtained eternal redemption for us. Heb. ii, 12; Luke i, 68; 2 Tim. 1, 10.
" By his blood shed for their reconciliation.”] This is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. Matt. xxvi, 28.--He washed us from our sins in his own blood. Rev. i, 5; see Rev. v, 6, 12; 1 Johni, 7; 1 Pet. i, 18– 20.-God was in Christ reconciling the world to himself. 2 Cor. v, 18, &c.-When we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son. Rom. v, 10.-Having made peace through the blood of his cross, Col.i, 20–22: ii, 12-14. through him we have access unto the Father. Ephes. ii, 13, 18.
“ Should obtain right of saving them.”] He shall see his seed and justify many. Isa. liii, 10, 11.-Ye are bought with a price. 1 Cor. vi, 20.-Which he (God) hath purchased with his own blood. Acts xx, 28 ; 1 Peter ii, 9; 2 Peter ii, 1.--All are delivered unto me of my Father. Matt. xi, 27 ; xxviii, 18.-The Father hath committed all judgment unto the Son John iii, 35; v, 22; xvii, 2.- The Son of man is come to seek and save that which was lost. Matt. xviii, 11 ; Luke xix, 10; see Heb, ii, 14, -17.-In whom we have redemption. Col. i, 14 ; Ephes. i, 7, 8; 1 Cor. i, 30; 1 Pet. i, 2, 3; Rev. iii, 14.
“ Upon terms befitting mercy and justice.” | For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the Devil. I John iii, 8.--For he shall save his people from
their sins. Matt. i, 21; see Rom. vi, 1, 2; Ephes. i, 4, 6.- I am come to call sinners to repentance. Matt. ix, 13.—That he might redeem us from all iniquity, and from our vain conversation; Tit. ii, 11-14; and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works. i Peter i, 18.--He hath redeemed us unto God, that we might become servants to God, Rev. V, 9; see 1 Peter iv, 1,2; might have our fruit unto holiness, Rom. vi, 22; and live unto righteousness; 1 Peter ii, 24 ; that the righteousness of the Law might be fulfilled in us; Rom. viii, 3, x, 4; that the Lord God mnight dwell amongst us, Psalm lxviii, 18 ; and that we might live to him, 2 Cor. v, 14, 15; Rom. xiv, 9; Heb. v, 9; and set forth his praise and glory. 1 Pet. ii, 9; 1 Cor. vi, 30.-Therefore, if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature. 2 Cor. v, 17.
TENET II. Upon the consideration of his blood, as shed, he decreed that all those who should believe in that Redeemer, and persevere in that faith, should, through mercy and grace, by him be made partakers of salvation ; but such as would not believe in him, but die in infidelity, should therefore be punished with eternal death; reprobation being decreed upon precedent infidelity and dying therein.
PROOFS OUT OF SCRIPTURE. “ Upon the consideration of his blood as shed.”y The Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. Rev. xiii, 8. -Behold my servant whom I uphold, mine elect in whom my soul delighteth. Isa. xlii, 1 ; see 1 Peter i, 20.—Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified. Isa. xlix, 3.-- According to his own purpose and grace which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began. 2 Tim. i, 9.
" Who should believe in that Redeemer.”y That whosoever believeth in him should not perish but have everlasting life: He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life. John iii, 14-16, 36.And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son and believeth on him, may have everlasting life. John vi, 40 ; see verses 47, 54, 58.--I live by the faith of the Son of God. Gal, ii, 20.—Whosoever believeth on him shall not be confounded. i Peter ii, 6, 7; see Rom. ix, 30, 33.-He that believeth and is baptized, shall be saved. Mark xvi, 16.---Who are kept by the power of God through faithuntosalvation. I Peteri, 2,5. Now the just shall live by faith. Heb. x, 38.-Thou standest by faith. Rom. xi, 20.- Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace, &c. Rom. iv, 16. - The Saviour of them that believe. i Tim. iv, 10.–Verily, verily I say unto you, He that heareth my word and believeth on hiin that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation ; but is passed from death unto life. John v, 24.-These things have I written unto you that believe, that ye may know that ye have eternal life. 1 John iv, 13.- We believe that through the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved. Acts xv, 11.
“ And persevere in that faith, should be made partakers of salvation, fc. To them who by patient continuance in well-doing, &c. Rom. ii, 7.-But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved. Blessed is that servant whom his Lord, when he cometh, shall find so doing. Matt. xxiv, 13, 46; 1 Tim. ii, 15.He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, hath the Father and the Son. 2 John 9.-1f that which ye have heard from the be. ginning shall remain in you. 1 John ii, 24.-If ye continue in his goodness. Rom. xi, 22.--If yè continue in the faith, rooted and built up. Col. 1, 23; ii, 5–8.--If ye hold fast stedfastly unto the end. Heb. iii, 6, 12, 14.-If ye mortify the deeds of the body. Rom. viii, 13.-Cast not away your confidence. Heb. X, 35. to the end.-Hold fast till I come, that no man take thy crown. Rev. ii, 25 ; iii, 11.-Receive not the grace of God in vain. 2 Cor. vi, 1.-Beware lest, being led away with the error of the wicked, ye fall from your own stedfastriess. But grow in grace. 2 Pet. iii, 17, 18-Work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. Phil. ii, 12.-If a man strive for masteries, yet is he not crowned except he strive lawfully. If we deny him, he also will deny us. 2 Tim. ii, 5, 12.—To him that overcometh will I give of the hidden manna and grant to sit with me on my throne, and make him a pillar, and he shall not be hurt of the second death. Rev. ii, 11, 17, 26; iii, 12, 21.-Be thou faithful unto the death, and I will give thee a crown of life. Rev. ii, 10.I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith; henceforth is laid up for me a crown of righteousness. 2 Tim. iv, 7, 8; see Job xxvii, 3-6; Luke viji, 15.
" Such as would not believe, but die in infidelity, should therefore be punished with eternal death."y He that believeth not, shall be damned. Mark xvi, 16.--He that believeth not is condemned already, the wrath of God abideth on him. John ii, 18, 36.Whosoever transgresseth and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God. 2 John v, 9: see Isa. xxvii, 11.-Because of unbelief they were broken off. Rom. xi, 20.-For the wages of sin is death. Rom. vi, 23.-The wicked shall be turned into hell. Psalı ix, 17.-Upon the ungodly he shall rain snares, &c. Psalm xi, 6.-But the fearful and unbelieving and abominable &c., shall have their portion in the lake that burneth with fire and brimstone. Rev, xxi, 8 ; xxii, 15.- Because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience. Ephes. v, 5, 6.-Be not deceived,--the unrighteous shall not in