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shortned for their contumacy, and the Flood was brought upon the World twenty years sooner than was design'd, if their Provocations had not hasten'd it.

4. Variations in Chronology may sometimes proceed from the Likeness of two Words, which occafion'd the writing the one for the other. Thus Ačts xiii. 20. some read, wis &T&Ci Te Telaxodious, not ĚTEOI Telegxccions. Some famous Copies, from whence most others now remaining may have been transcribed might happen to be uncorrect in some of these less material parts of Scripture : the Numeral Letters were easily mistaken, as we see our Figures now are ; and when they number'd by Letters, Mistakes might the oftner happen, because the Transcribers might unawares write down a Letter of the foregoing or following Word , instead of the true Numeral Letter, when there was any Likeness between them; and the Hebrew Letters being some of them so very much alike, might be a readier occasion of Mistake. This change of Numeral Letters some think to have occasion'd the Difficulty concerning the Age of Abazia, Son of Jehoram King of Judah , when he began to reign 2 Kings viii. 26. 2 Chron. xxii. 2. And that such Mistakes have been made in transcribing the Septuagint, is evident, because the several Copies of that Version have different accounts of Chronology, and they also differ from the Copies made use of by Africanus and Eusebius. Mistakes of this kind are very common in all Greek and Latin Authors; and to prevent this In

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*]. 20. bearing the like Resemblance to 0. 40. As g. 3. does to f. 40. which occasion'd the mistake of three days in the Septuaginig for forty in the Hebrew, Jon. iii. 4.

u Error fortaile ex notis ortus -nusquam non ifto modo in bonis utriusque Lingua Scriptoribus eft peccatum. Casaub. ad Theoph. Charact. Proem. Sed non dubito Librariorum porius negligentia, præsertim cot jam feculis intercedentibus veritatem fuiffe corruptam,


, .

conveniency, Mr. Greaves acquaints us, that the Emperor Vlug Beg, Nephew to Tamerlane the Great, * in his Astronomical Tables (the most accurate of any in the East) has express’d the Numbers of the principal Epocha's, first in Words at length, and again in Figures, and then a third time in particular Tables : whofe Example this excellent Author alledgeth for his own Exactness in describing the Dimensions of the Pyramids after the same manner; supposing it very improbable', if any one of these Accounts should happen to be alter'd, that two of them should not agree, and that those two which agree, shall not express the true Number.

5. In some places, the Alterations which cause the differences in the Chronology of the Septuagint from that of the Hebrew Text, are so uniform, that they could not be made but by design of some Transcribers, or of the Translators themselves. For instance, in the Lives of the five first Patriarchs, and of Enoch the seventh, they add an hundred years before their having Children, and deduct the same number of years from the time they liv'd afterwards : which is Y conjectur'd to have been done, because they suppos’d that by years there, are to be understood Lunar years, or Months, and so they alter'd the Chronological account of their Lives. For if those be the years meant by the Hebrew account, they must have been Fathers deed is a very absurd Supposition, not only for the Reason now mention'd, and because Methuselah himself, by this account, would not have liv'd much more than Fourscore Solar years, but because Moses in his Relation of the Flood, and upon other occasions expresly divides the year into Months. But another quam ur Propheta erraverit. Sicur in hoc ipfo noftro opusculo futurum credimus, ur defcribentium incuria , quæ non incuriose à nobis sunt digesta, vitientur. Sulpic. Sever. Histor. Sacr. lib. i. cap. 70. * Greaves Pyramidogr. y Vid. Lud. Capell. Chron. Sacr.


Conjecture is, that it might be supposed, that as Mens
Lives were longer then, so the Age at which they
were capable of Marriage, must not be the same that
it is now, but must bear proportion to the length of
their Lives; and therefore they altered the Chrono-
logy, to make the Patriarchs Fathers of Children at
such an Age, as might answer to the Age at which
Men are capable of having Children in these latter
Times. · But according to the Septuagint, Methuselah
out-lived the Flood fifteen Years, which contradicts
the History of the Flood, as it is related in that Ver-
fion : This probably could not happen but by some
Alteration afterwards made ; for tho' it was thus in
? Eusebius's time in the Books, which were every where
in common use, yet it was not in all Copies. How-
ever, this shews that the Variations in the Septuagint,
can with no reason be alledged against the Authority
of the Hebreto Account.

The mention of Cainan, the Son of Arphaxad, both in the Version of the Septuagint, and in the Gospel of St. Luke, tho'it be not in the Hebrew, is a matter of greater difficulty. But Bishop » Walton notwithstanding, saw sufficient reason to conclude however, with such caution and candor as became so great a Judgment, that the Septuagint followed the Hebrero Copies of those Times : and the Answers to the Arguments brought to prove the contrary, have since been considerably enforced by the Learned Isaac Vossius.

There is reason to believe, that the Hebrew and the Samaritan Account were the same in St. Jerom's time, and that the difference between them has happened since.

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z Euseb. Chron.

a Prolegom. ix. S. 64, &c. 6 Castigat. ad Script. Georg. Horn. c. 4.

Siquidem & in Hebræis & Samaritanorum libris ita scriptum reperi. Ét vixit Mathusala, &c. Hieron. Quæft. in Gen. vid. & Capell. Chron. Sacr.

6. The Son often reigning with the Father, his Reign is sometimes put down as commencing from his Partnership with his Father in the Kingdom, and in other places, from his reigning alone after his Father's decease. Thus the difficulties are explained concerning the beginning of the Reigns of a Fehoram King of Israel , Son of Abab and Fehoram King of Judah, Son of Jehosaphat, 2 Kings i. 17. iii. I. For it is said expresly, that Jehosaphat being then King of fudah, Jehoram the Son of Fehosaphat, King of Judah, began to reign, 2 Kings viii. 16. It is likewise manifest, that Fehoash, the Son of Jehoahaz, King of Israel, must reign with his Father three Years, 2 Kings xiii. 1, 10. This is also applyed in the explication of other Questions by St. Jerom. The Reign of Azariah is computed from his taking the Government upon himself at fixteen Years of Age, in the 27th Year of Jeroboam King of Israel; for then he is said to begin to reign, 2 Kings xv. i. whereas his Father Amaziah lived but to the fifteenth Year of Feroboum's Reign, 2 Kings xiv. 17. In the Kingdom of Israel, there was a long Interregnum between Jeroboam the Second and Zachariah, 2 Kings xiv. 23. xv. 8. Some align a threefold computation of the Years of Nebuchadnezzar's Reign, the first from his laying Siege to Jerusalem, the second from his taking it, and the beginning of the Captivity, the third from his entire Monarchy after the Conquest of Egypt. Others assign two beginnings of Nebuchadnezzar's Reign, the one from his coming with his

d. Quod commodiùs explicari non poteft, quàm illâ admissà Hypothesi, quæ eodem illo Anno 17. Jehosaphati, Jehoramum ejus filium Judæ Proregem conftitutum fuiffe, ejúsque vicariæ potestatis Anno 2. (Jehosaphati patris desinente 18.) mortuo fratri Achaziz successiffe in Regno Ifraclicico Jehoramum alterum, ex Prorege jam Regem factum. Cujus deinde ita regnantis Apno 5. Jehoramum quoque Judæ Proregem à vivente Patre Jehosaphato, jam seniore, Regni factum fuiffe confortem, & quafi ex Cafare creatum Auguftum, uffer. Chron. Sacr. p. 7. • Hieron. ad Vigal.



Army into Syria, during the Life of his Father, the other from his Father's Death.

7. The Terms of Time in Computation, are sometimes taken inclusively, and at other times exclusively, Matth. xvii. 1. we read, After fix days Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John his Brother, and bringeth them up into an high Mountain apart ; and in like manner, Mark ix. 2. But this is faid, Luke ix. 28. to come to pass about an eight days after; which is very consistent with what the other Evangelists write. For St. Matthew and St. Mark speak exclusively , reckoning the six days between the time of our Saviour's Discourse, which they there relate, and his Transfiguration; but St. Luke includes the day in which he had that difcourse with his Disciples, and the day of his Tranffiguration, and reckons them with the six intermediate days. The ' Rabbins also observe, that the very first day of a Year may stand in computation for that Year : and by this way of reckoning, mistakes of Years current for Years compleat , or Years' compleat for 8 Years current, in the successions of so many Kings, and the Transactions of Affairs for so long a time, may amount to a considerable number of Years. For this reason Thucydides says, he computes the Years of the Peloponnesian War, not by the Magistrates yearly chosen during that time, but by so many Summers and Winters: Whereas i Polybiots, Fosephus, and Plutarch, have been thought to contradict themselves, because they sometimes reckon by current, and sometimes by compleat Years.

There, and several other ways, by which Disputes in Chronology may be occasioned, are a sufficient Argument to us, that they do not imply, that there were


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Lightf, Harm. of the N. Test. s. ix.

Ημείς το ακριβές ίσως α Γνουμε απάνων τε και αριθμόν, δια το μη αναδείξεφθαι εν ή τερας βίβλοις που επηρέχονίας plas y nueens. Theoph, ad Eurolych: 1. 3. Thucyd, lib. v. 4. 20. i Ruald. in Plur. Animadv. 45.


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