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for public projects and all persons who are displaced from their homes, businesses or farms. § 4.3 Definitions.

As used in this part

(a) "Administrator” means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency or his designee.

(b) "Business” means a lawful activity, other than a farm operation, conducted primarily

(1) For the purchase, sale, lease, or rental of personal and real property, or the manufacture, processing, or marketing of products, commodities, or other personal property;

(2) For the sale of services to the public; or

(3) By a nonprofit organization.

(c) "Displacing Agency” means EPA or the Federal or State agency responsible for carrying out the project for which real property is to be acquired.

(d) “Dwelling” includes a singlefamily house, a single-family unit in a multifamily building, a unit of a condominium or cooperative housing project, a mobile home, or any other residential unit.

(e) "Economic rent” means the amount of rent a tenant or homeowner would have to pay for a dwelling similar to the acquired dwelling in a comparable area on the private market.

(f) "Farm operation" means a lawful activity conducted solely or primarily for the production of one or more agricultural products or commodities, including timber, for sale or home use and customarily producing those products or commodities in sufficient quantity to be capable of providing at least one-third of the operator's income, however, in instances where such operation is obviously a farm operation it need not contribute one-third to the operation's income for him to be eligible for relocation payments.

(g) "Federal agency” means a department, agency, or instrumentality in the Executive Branch of Government (except the National Capital Housing Authority), any wholly-owned Government corporation (except the District of Columbia Redevelopment Land Agency), and the Architect of the Capitol, the Federal Reserve Banks and branches thereof.

(h) “Federal financial assistance" means a contract, grant, loan, or contri

bution by the United States to a State or State agency, other than a Federal guarantee or insurance or an annual payment or capital loan to the District of Columbia

(i) “Federally assisted” means, with respect to States or State agencies, assisted by a contract, grant, loan, or contribution by the United States, other than a Federal guarantee or insurance or an annual payment or capital loan to the District of Columbia.

(j) "Homeowner” means an individual or family who owns a dwelling.

(k) "Initiation of negotiations” means the date the displacing agency makes its first personal contact with the owner of real property, or his representative, to discuss price of the property to be acquired.

(1) "Mortgage" means a lien commonly given to secure an advance on, or the unpaid purchase price of, real property under the laws of the State in which real property is located, together with any credit instruments secured thereby.

(m) "Own” means holding any of the following interests in a dwelling or a contract to purchase one of those interests:

(1) A fee title.
(2) A life estate.
(3) A 99-year lease.

(4) A lease with at least 50 years to run from the date of acquisition of the property.

(5) An interest in a cooperative housing project which includes the right to occupy a dwelling.

(n) "Person” includes a partnership, company, corporation, or association as well as individual.

(o) “State” means any of the several States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, a territory or possession of the United States, the trust territories of the Pacific Islands, or a political subdivision of any of those jurisdictions.

(p) “State agency” means a department, public body, agency or instrumentality of a State or of a political subdivision of a State, or any department, agency or instrumentality of two or more States or of two or more political subdivisions of a State or States, the National Capital Housing Authority and the District of Columbia Redevelopment Land Agency.

(q) "Tenant” means an individual or family who rents, or is temporarily in

lawful possession of a dwelling, including a sleeping room. § 4.5 Applicability.

This part applies to projects which are part of a Federal or federally-assisted program administered by the Environmental Protection Agency and which, after January 1, 1971, cause the displacement of persons or the acquisition of real property. $ 4.7 Displaced person; qualifications.

(a) Subject to the requirements of paragraphs (c), (d), and (e) of this section, a person qualifies as a displaced person for the purposes of this part if after January 1, 1971, he moves from real property, or moves his personal property from real property, on which he resides or conducts a business or farm operation, and the move is a direct result of

(1) The initiation of negotiations for the real property;

(2) A written notice from the displacing agency of its intent to acquire the real property by a definite date; or

(3) A written order from the displacing agency to vacate the real property; for a project undertaken by the Environmental Protection Agency or a State agency receiving Federal financial assistance from EPA.

(b) A person may qualify as a displaced person, regardless of—

(1) Whether the property is acquired by a Federal or State agency;

(2) The method of acquisition;

(3) The name or status of the person who acquires or holds fee title to the property; or

(4) Whether Federal funds contribute directly to the payment for the property, if the property must be acquired for a Federal or federally-assisted program or project, and the end result is to serve or be considered to serve in the public interest.

(c) A person does not qualify as a displaced person under paragraph (a) (1) or (2) of this section until

(1) The displacing agency becomes entitled to possession of the real property under an agreement or a court order in a condemnation proceeding for acquiring the property;

(2) The owner conveys title to the real property to the displacing agency; or

(3) The owner and the displacing agency enter into a contract for the purchase of the real property, but only if the real property is not to be reoccupied be

fore the agency is to acquire title or the right to possession.

(d) A person, other than the former owner or tenant, who enters into rental occupancy of real property after its ownership passes to the displacing agency, does not qualify as a displaced person for the purposes of this part.

(e) A person who enters into OCcupancy of real property after the initiation of negotiations for that property or the issuance of a notice of intent to acquire that property by a given date, as the case may be, does not qualify as a displaced person for the purposes of this part. § 4.11 Comparable replacement dwell

ing; requirements. A dwelling is a comparable replacement dwelling for the purposes of this part if it is—

(a) Decent, safe, and sanitary;

(b) Functionally equivalent and substantially the same as the dwelling being acquired with respect to

(1) Number of rooms;
(2) Area of living space;
(3) Age; and
(4) State of repair.

(c) In an area not generally less desirable than the dwelling being acquired with respect to

(1) Public utilities; and
(2) Public and commercial facilities.

(d) Reasonably accessible to the place of employment of the head of the displaced family or the displaced individual, as the case may be;

(e) Adequate to accommodate the displaced family or individual;

(f) In an equal or better neighborhood;

(g) Available on the market; and

(h) Within the financial means of the displaced family or individual. § 4.13 Decent, safe, and sanitary dwell

ing; requirements. (a) A dwelling is decent, safe, and sanitary for the purposes of this part if it

(1) Meets the applicable State or local building, plumbing, electrical, housing, and occupancy codes or similar ordinances or regulations for existing structures;

(2) Has a continuing and adequate supply of potable safe water;

(3) Has a kitchen or an area set aside for kitchen use which contains a sink in good working condition and connected

to hot and cold water, and properly connected to a sewage disposal system;

(4) Has a stove and refrigerator in good operating condition, if required by local code, ordinance, or custom, or, if not so required, utility service connections and adequate space for these installations in the kitchen or area set aside for kitchen use;

(5) Except in a geographical area where it is not normally included in new housing, has an adequate heating system in good working order capable of maintaining a minimum temperature of 70° F. in the living area (not including the bedrooms) under local outdoor design temperature conditions;

(6) Has a bathroom, well lighted and ventilated and affording privacy to a person within it, containing a lavatory and a bathtub or shower stall, properly connected to an adequate supply of hot and cold running water, and a flush toilet, all in good working order and properly connected to a sewage disposal system;

(7) Has an electrical wiring system in each room;

(8) Is structurally sound, clean, weathertight, and in good repair and adequately maintained;

(9) Has a safe, unobstructed means of egress leading to a safe open space at ground level and, in the case of a multidwelling building, access from each dwelling unit directly or through a common corridor to a means of egress to a safe open space at ground level and, in the case of a multidwelling building of more than two stories, at least two means of egress from the common corridor on each story;

(10) Has sleeping, living, cooking, and dining floor space (exclusive of such enclosed spaces as closets, pantries, bath or toilet rooms, service rooms, connecting corridors, laundries, unfurnished attics, foyers, storage spaces, cellars, utility rooms (or similar spaces) which

(i) Measures at least 150 square feet for the first occupant and 100 square feet (70 square feet in the case of a mobile home) for each additional occupant;

(ii) Is subdivided into adequately ventilated rooms sufficient to accommodate the occupants;

(11) Is reasonably convenient to community services including schools, stores, and public transportation; and

(12) Open to all persons regardless of race, color, religion, sex, or national ori

gin and consistent with the requirements of title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968.

(b) If the applicable local housing code does not conform to all the requirements of paragraph (a) of this section but is reasonably comparable, the agency providing relocation assistance may submit a copy of the local code to the Administrator for approval as acceptable standards for decent, safe, and sanitary housing.

(c) In case of extreme hardship or other similar extenuating circumstances involving a displaced individual or family, the displacing agency may, with the concurrence of the Administrator, waive any requirement of paragraph (a) (1) through (11) of this section. $ 4.17 Decent, safe, and sanitary rental

sleeping rooms; requirements. (a) A rental sleeping room is decent, safe, and sanitary for the purposes of this part if it

(1) Meets the applicable State or local building, plumbing, electrical, housing, and occupancy codes or similar ordinances or regulations for existing structures;

(2) Except in a geographical area where it is not normally included in new housing, has an adequate heating system in good working order which will maintain a minimum temperature of 70° F. under local outdoor design temperature conditions;

(3) Has an electrical wiring system;

(4) Is structurally sound, clean, weathertight, and in good repair and adequately maintained;

(5) Has a safe, unobstructed means of egress leading to a safe open space at ground level and, in the case of a rooming house, access from each sleeping room directly or through a common corridor to a means of egress to a safe open space at ground level and, in the case of a rooming house of more than two stories, at least two means of egress from the common corridor on each story;

(6) Is reasonably convenient to community services such as schools, stores and public transportation;

(7) Has at least 100 square feet of habitable floor space for the first occupant and 50 square feet of habitable floor space for each additional occupant; and

(8) Has use of a bathroom, well lighted and ventilated and afforded privacy to a person within it, including a door that can be locked if the facilities are separate

from the sleeping room, containing a (2) Relocation assistance programs lavatory and a bathtub or shower stall, offering the services described in Subpart properly connected to an adequate sup- D of this part will be provided for disply of hot and cold running water, and placed persons; a flush toilet, all in good working order (3) The public was or will be adeand properly connected to a sewage dis quately informed of the relocation payposal system.

ments and services which will be avail(9) Open to all persons regardless of able under Subparts D, E, F, and G of race, color, religion, sex, or national ori this part; and gin and consistent with the requirements (4) Comparable replacement dwellof title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of ings will be available, or provided if 1968.:

necessary, a reasonable period in advance (b) If the applicable local housing of the time any person is to be displaced. code does not meet all the requirements (b) EPA may not proceed with any of paragraph (a) of this section but is phase of a Federal project if that phase reasonably comparable, the agency pro will cause the displacement of any person viding relocation assistance may submit until it is determined that a copy of the local code to the Admin

(1) Based on a current survey and istrator for approval as acceptable stand analysis of available replacement housards for decent, safe, and sanitary

ing and in consideration of competing housing.

demands for that housing, comparable (c) In case of extreme hardship or

replacement dwellings will be available other similar extenuating circumstances within a reasonable period of time prior involving a displaced individual or fam

to displacement; and ily, the displacing agency may, with the

(2) Adequate provisions have been concurrence of the Administrator, waive

made to provide orderly, timely, and any requirement of paragraph (a) (1)

efficient relocation of displaced individthrough (8) of this section.

uals and families to comparable replace§ 4.19 Records.

ment dwellings with minimum hardship

to those affected. Each displacing agency shall maintain relocation records in accordance with $ 4.35 Determinations; acquisition of the requirements of appendix A to this

real property. part and make them available during No Federal project to which this part regular business hours for inspection by applies and which will result in the acthe Administrator. The records shall be quisition of real property shall be apretained by the agency for at least 3 proved until the Administrator deteryears after completion of a project. mines that adequate provisions have been Subpart B-Requirements for Federal

made to

(a) Fully comply with the requireProjects

ments of Subpart I, of this part; and § 4.31 Scope.

(b) Inform the public of the acquisiThis subpart prescribes requirements

tion policies, requirements, and paygoverning the administration of real ments which will apply to the project. property acquisition and relocation as $ 4.37 Appeals. sistance for displaced persons for projects which are part of a Federal program

Any person aggrieved by a determinaadministered by the Environmental Pro

tion made by EPA, in connection with a tection Agency.

Federal project or program, concerning

the eligibility for, or amount of, any pay§ 4.33 Determinations; displacement of

ment to such person under the regulapersons.

tions in this part, may appeal from such (a) No Federal project to which this

determination to the Administrator. Appart applies which will result in the dis peals shall be submitted in writing and placement of any person shall be ap

addressed to the Administrator, Enviproved by EPA until the Administrator ronmental Protection Agency, Washingdetermines that

ton, D.C. 20460. No appeal will be con(1) Fair and reasonable relocation sidered unless it is received by the Adpayments will be provided to displaced ministrator within 90 days of the date persons as required by Subparts E, F, and of receipt by the person aggrieved of G of this part;

written denial, in whole or in part, of his

application for payment. The appeal of any person, a State agency shall subshould include written substantiation of mit a relocation plan to EPA. The relothe appeal. An appeal may be presented cation plan shall include: by the attorney of the person aggrieved (1) An inventory of the characteror by the person himself. The Adminis

istics and needs of persons to be distrator or his designated representative

placed. This inventory may be based shall promptly issue a decision on the

upon a representative sampling process

rather than a complete occupancy appeal, which decision may either up

survey. hold the original determination or allow

(2) An estimated inventory of curthe claimed relief in whole or ir. part.

rently available comparable replaceThe decision shall be reduced to writing,

ment dwellings. and shall state the facts and law upon

(3) Identification of any phase of the which it is based. A copy of the decision

project which will require the displaceshall be furnished to the person ag

ment of any person. grieved. The decision shall constitute the (4) An analysis of the information refinal EPA decision on the application for quired by subparagraphs (1), (2), and payment.

(3) of this paragraph which

(i) Discusses relocation problems and § 4.39 State agency providing real prop

possible solutions; erty for a Federal project.

(ii) Provides an analysis of Federal, (a) Whenever a State agency is obli- State, and community programs curgated to provide the necessary real rently in operation in the project area property incident to a Federal project, which will affect the availability of the Environmental Protection Agency housing; may not accept that real property until (iii) Provides information on concurit is determined that the State agency

rent displacement and relocation by has carried out all the requirements of

other governmental agencies or private this subpart. However, until July 1, 1972,

concerns; this section is applicable to a State (iv) Describes the methods to be used agency only to the extent that agency is

to relocate displaced persons; and able to meet the requirements of this

(V) Explains the amount of lead time subpart under State law.

necessary to carry out a timely, orderly, (b) The cost to a State agency of pro and humane relocation program. viding the payments and services re

(b) Before beginning any phase of a quired by this subpart shall be paid in

project receiving Federal financial asthe same manner and to the same extent

sistance, which phase will require the as the cost of the real property acquired

displacement of any person, a State for the project. However, until July 1,

agency shall submit to EPA a complete 1972, the Environmental Protection

statement of the procedure it will follow Agency will pay a State agency the full

in furnishing relocation services and amount of the first $25,000 of the cost of

making payments. The statement shall providing payments and services for any

include: displaced person.

(1) A declaration of understanding Subpart C-Requirements for

that the Uniform Relocation Assistance

and Real Property Acquisition Policies Federally Assisted Projects

Act of 1970, and this regulation, are ap$ 4.51 Scope.

plicable to federally assisted projects This subpart prescribes requirements

including those projects on which real governing the administration of real

property acquisition is financed by State property acquisition and relocation as

money, but where Federal financial assistance for displaced persons for proj

sistance will be used in construction. ects which are part of a federally as

(2) A description of procedures to be sisted program administered by the

used to provide public information Environmental Protection Agency.

through brochures, public hearings,

newspapers, radio, television, and other 8 4.53 State agency required to submit

means of available assistance and payrelocation plan and statement of re

ments to displaced persons. A copy of location procedure.

brochures shall be appended. (a) As part of its application for (3) A description of the moving exFederal financial assistance for any proj- pense payments to which displaced perect which will entail the displacement sons are entitled and the methods em

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