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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON LABOR

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
LABOR ANI) PUBLIC WELFARE
UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTY-FOURTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION
ON

S. 18

A BILL TO AMEND THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT OF 1938 SO AS TO ESTABLISH A MINIMUM WAGE OF $1 AN HOUR

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A BILL TO AMEND THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT OF 1938, AS AMENDED, TO INCREASE Thourly WAGE FROM 75 CENTS

S. 247

A BILL TO INCREASE THE NATIONAL MINIMUM WAGE TO $1 AN HOUR

S. 662

A BILL TO AMEND THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT OF 1938 TO ESTABLISH A $1.25 MiniMoogy WAGE, AND FOR OTHER

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A BILL TO AMEND THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT OF 1938, AS AMENDED, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

S. 1127

A BILL TO AMEND THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT OF 1938, As AMENDED

S. 1288

A BILL TO AMEND THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT OF 1938 TO

INCLUDE IN THE DEFINITION OF “AGRICULTURE" THE MAINTENANCE

AND OPERATION OF DITCHES, CANALS, RESERVOIRS, AND WATERWAYS

WHEN MAINTAINED AND OPERATED FOR FARMING PURPOSES, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

S. 1437

A BILL TO AMEND THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT BY CLARIFYING THE DEFINITION OF “EMPLOYEE,” AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

S. 1447

A BILL TO AMEND THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT SO AS TO CLARIFY THE MEANING OF THE TERM “QUTSIDE BUYER OF POULTRY, EGGS, CREAM, OR MILK IN THEIR RAW OR NATURAL STATE"

PART 3 AND STATISTICAL APPENDIX
MAY 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 17, AND 18, 1955

Printed for the use of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 62569 WASHINGTON : 1955

COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE
LISTER HILL, Alabama, Chairman

JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana H. ALEXANDER SMITH, New Jersey
MATTHEW M. NEELY, West Virginia IRWING M. IVES. New York
PAUL H. DOUGLAS, Illinois WILLIAM A. PURTELL, Connecticut
HERBERT H. LEHMAN, New York BARRY M. GOLD WATER, Arizona
JOHN F. KENNEDY, Massachusetts GEORGE H. BENDER, Ohio
PAT McNAMARA, Michigan GORDON ALLOTT, Colorado

STEwART E. McCLURE, Staff Director

SUBCOMMITTEE ON LABOR

PAUL H. DOUGLAS, Illinois, Chairman MATTHEW M. NEELY, West Virginia H. ALEXANDER SMITH, New Jersey PAT MoMAMARA, Michigan BARRY M. GOLD WATER, Arizona John S. Folksy THE, General Counsel of the Committee FRED. H. BLUM, Consultant to the Subcommittee on Labor

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Statement of Page
American Federation of Teachers------------------------------- 1571
Baldwin, William H., chairman, committee on public affairs, National
Urban League----------------------------------------------- 1435
Ballon, Charles, attorney, Affiliated Dress Manufacturers, Inc.------- 1334

Barkin, Solomon, chairman CIO Fair Labor Standards Committee-1529, 1541

Birkhead, Kenneth M., executive director, the American Veterans Committee------------------------------------------------- 1566

Bridenstine, Merwyn G., professor of business administration and associate director of bureau of business and government research,

University of Arkansas--------------------------------------- 1485
Brown, Louis, wage and compensation officer, Department of Agri-
culture and Labor, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands------------------ 1296
Buffalo Chamber of Commerce---------------------------------- 1575
Carter, Lyle, Washington (D. C.) urban league------------------- 1438
Donahue, George R., the Association of Catholic Trade Unionists -- 1418
Dubinsky, David, president, International Ladies Garment Workers'
Union------------------------------------------------------ 1285
Epstein, Morton D., Hammonton, N.J., South Jersey Manufacturing
& Contractors Association------------------------------------ 1320
Fernös-Isern, Dr. A., Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico.------- 1252
Frazier, Mrs. Montrosa, National Council of Negro Women--------- 1414.
Geismar, Sylvan, Association of Shirt Manufacturers and Philadelphia
Shirt & Pajama Manufacturers------------------ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1330
Ginsberg, Leon, Clothing Manufacturers Association of the United
States of America.-------------------------------------------- 1328
Harris, Dr. Seymour, chairman, New England Governors' Committee
on the Textile Industry-------------------------------------- 1438

Hos. A. F., president, International Woodworkers of America,
IO

Higgins, Very Reverend Monsignor, director, social action depart-
ment, National Catholic Welfare Conference-------------------- 1382.
Hodgson, Thomas H., chairman, Minnesota Wage-and-Hour Exemp-
tion Committee, and executive vice president, Minnesota Retail
Federation, Inc.---------------------------------------------- 1303
Jones, Rowland, Jr.. president, American Retail Federation--------- 1478
Keyserling, Leon H., on behalf of Americans for Democratic Action-- 1453
King, Lloyd W., executive secretary, American Textbook Publishers

Institute--------------------------------------------------- 1316
Lane, Mrs. Marie D., Washington representative, American Public -
Welfare Association----------------------------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1417
Lester, Dr. Richard A., chairman, Department of Economics and
Sociology, Princeton University------------------------------- 1399
Levy, Milton J., counsel, National Coat and Suit Industry Recovery
Board------------------------------------------------------ 1340
Levy. Morton R., president, Pennsylvania Clothing Contractors
Association------------------------------------------------- 1324
Lubin, Isador, industrial commissioner, State of New York--------- 1363
Magee, Miss Elizabeth S., general secretary, The National Consumers
League----------------------------------------------------- 1428
Meyner, Hon. Robert B., Governor of New Jersey----------------- 1551
Minnesota Hotel Association------------------------------------ 1309
Minnesota Restaurant Association. Inc.--------------------------- 1310
Mitchell, Clarence, director, Washington bureau, National Association
for the Advancement of Colored People.------------------------ 1470
National Council of Jewish Women------------------------------ 1571
Noble, William, Sandoval, Ill------------------------------------ 1584
Patton, James G., president, National Farmers Union-------------- 1355
Poole, Rufus, counsel, American Retail Federation------...--------- 1481

Statement of Continued Page
Reed, Mrs. Marion, chairman, minimum wage committee, Consumers
League of New Jersey---------------------------------------- 1434

Rabbino, Maurice L., executive secretary, Shirt Institute, Inc., and
the Manufacturers' Association of Robes, Leisurewear, Shirts and

Rainwear, Inc.----------------------------------------------- 1339
Rothman, Hon. Stuart, Solicitor of Labor - - - - ---------------- 1494, 1511
Sandhaus, Samuel, president, Merchants Ladies Garment Associa-
tion, Inc.---------------------------------------------------- 1350
Schmidt, Dr. Emerson P., director, economic research, Chamber of
Commerce of the United States ' ' ' ". . 1473
Schuman, Adolph P., president, San Francisco Coat and Suit Manu-
facturers Association----------------------------------------- 1347

Sierra Berdecia, Fernando, Secretary of Labor of Puerto Rico - - - - - - 1258

Thomas, Julius A., National Urban League----------------------- 1437
United Church Women----------------------------------------- 1571
Upgren, Dr. Arthur, dean and director of research, the Amos Tuck
chool of Business Administration----------------------------- 1482

Wickenden, Mrs. Elizabeth, American Association of Social Workers-- 1422
Wickens, Mrs. Aryness Joy, Acting Commissioner of Labor Statistics-- 1503,
- 1536, 1537
Additional information
As a result of the sharp reduction in death rate in Puerto Rico between

Effect of increasing minimum wage rates to 90 cents $1.10, and $1.25,
manufacturing R."." workers, by selected industry groups,

Additional information—Continued Page
Estimates of increase in consumer prices for low-income families,
January 1950–March 1955------------------------------------ 1503
Facts related to impact of a $1.25 per hour minimum wage upon
independent telephone companies in Michigan-- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1553
Gross National product, National income, personal income, and labor
income, 1938, 1950 to 1955. - - - ------------------------------- 1381
Hourly wage for factory workers--------------------------------- 1441
Income of a wage earner's family in Puerto Rico 1941–53-- - - - - - - - - 1283
Increase in average hourly earnings in industries and industry groups,
October 1949 to February 1955------------------------- - - - - __ – 1411
Increases in minimum rates of Puerto Rican industries effected under
wage-hour orders by cents per hour and percentage-------------- 1275
Index numbers, minimum wages, and gross hourly earnings, 1941,
1949, and 1958--------------------------------------------- . 1439

Letters and telegrams:
Arbaugh, D., National Broom Manufacturing Co., Pueblo, Colo.,

to Hon. Gordon Allott, April 20, 28, 1955------------------- 1558
Bridges, Hon. Styles, to chairman, April 22, 1955, and enclosure- 1565
Byrnes, Joseph B., Chicago, Ill., to chairman, May 17, 1955- - - - 1559

Chastain, C.W., general manager, Grand River Mutual Telephone
Corp., Princeton, Mo., to chairman, April 25, 1955, and en-
closures------------------------------------------------ 1548

Clapp, Eugene H., president, Penobscot Chemical Fibre Co.,
Boston, Mass., to Hon. H. Alexander Smith, April 11, 1955. 1580

Collins, Linton M., attorney for Van Camp Sea Food Co., Inc., to

chairman, April 28, 1955- - - - ----------------------------- 1300
Crane, Robert C., publisher, Elizabeth Daily Journal, Elizabeth,
N. j. to Hon. H. Alexander Smith, April 20, 1955----------- 1579
Deas, S. P. secretary, Southern Pine Industry Committee, New
Orleans, i.a., to chairman, May 16, 1955- - - - --------------- 1398
Douglas, Hon. Paul H., to Hon. Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting
Commissioner of Labor Statistics, April 18, 1955- - - - -------- 1540
Drukker, Dow H., Jr., publisher, the Passaic Baily News, Passaic
No j. to Hon. H. Alexander Smith, April 22, so ". . . 1574
Du Bell, Lester B., Du Bell Lumber Co., Camden, N. J., to Hon.
H. Alexander Smith, April 21, 1955------------------------ 1573

Feldman, Erwin, director-counsel, National Association of House
Dress Manufacturers, New York, N. Y., to chairman, May 26,

1955--------------------------------------------------- 1353
Ferré, Luis A., vice chairman, Republican Party of Puerto Rico,
to chairman, May 7, 1955-------------------------------- 1576

Field, Maxwell, executive vice president, New England Shoe &
Leather Association, Boston, Mass., to Hon. Lister Hill, May
19, 1955------------------------------------------------ 1576

Gilman, Albert, executive secretary, National Hand Embroidery &
Novelty Manufacturers Association, Inc., New York, N. Y.,

to chairman, May 13, 1955------------------------------- 1572
Graham, Robert L., Jr., general counsel, American Stamp
Dealers Association, Inc., to committee--------------------- 1566

Haines, Harry B., publisher, the Paterson *..."; News, Pater-
son, N. J., to Hon. H. Alexander Smith, April 18, 1955------- 1579
Hall, Cameron P., National Council of the Churches of Christ in
the United States of America, to chairman, May 10, 1955- - - - 1556
Hardy, Clifford H., executive secretary, National Cotton Ginners
Association, to Stewart McClure, staff director, April 13, 1955,
and enclosures------------------------------------------ 1554
Holio John R., owner-manager, the Madison, Atlantic City,
N. J., to Hon. H. Alexander Smith, April 25, 1955----------- 1548
Jackson, C. W., vice president, North Star Woolen Mill Co., to
Morris o international representative, TWWA (Čio),
10,

Cleveland, May 13, 1955------------------------- 1572
Lifson, Edward A., Albert Lifson & Sons, Elizabeth, N. J., to

Hon. H. Alexander Smith, April 22, 1955------------------- 1573
Long, H. Coleman, Alabama Ginners, Uniontown, Ala., to Hon.

Lister Hill, April 28, 1955- - - ----------------------------- 1576

Long, W. J., Jr., president, the Carolinas Ginners Association,
Inc., Bennettsville, S. C., to chairman, April 26, 1955 -------- 1555

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