Red Star Over Malaya
Red Star Over Malaya is an account of the inter-racial relations between Malays and Chinese during the final stages of the Japanese occupation. In 1947, none of the three major race of Malaya - Malays, Chinese, and Indians - regarded themselves as pan-ethnic "e;Malayans"e; with common duties and problems. With the occupation forcibly cut them off from China, Chinese residents began to look inwards towards Malaya and stake political claims, leading inevitably to a political contest with the Malays. As the country advanced towards nationhood and self-government, there was tension between traditional loyalties to the Malay rulers and the states, or to ancestral homelands elsewhere, and the need to cultivate an enduring loyalty to Malaya on the part of those who would make their home there in future. As Japanese forces withdrew from the countryside, the Chinese guerrillas of the communist-led resistance movement, the Malayan People's Anti-Japanese Army (MPAJA), emerged from the jungle and took control of some 70 per cent of the country's smaller towns and villages, seriously alarming the Malay population. When the British Military Administration sought to regain control of these liberated areas, the ensuing conflict set the tone for future political conflicts and marked a crucial stage in the history of Malaya. Based on extensive archival research, Red Star Over Malaya provides a riveting account of the way the Japanese occupation reshaped colonial Malaya, and of the tension-filled months that followed Japan's surrender. This book is fundamental to an understanding of social and political developments in Malaysia during the second half of the 20th century.
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The MCP and the AntiJapanese Movement
The Malay Independence Movement
THE CONTEST FOR POSTWAR MALAYA 19456
The MPAJA Guerrillas Takeover
Outbreak of Violence and Reign of Terror
The MalayMCPChinese Conflict
Conflict between the Communists and the
The MalayBritish Conflict
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Abdul Abdullah AJUF Allied anti-Japanese areas armed arrested attacked August bandits Batu Pahat Bharu Chin Peng clashes collaborators colonial commander Committee Communist Party cooperation Datuk Onn Democratic district Force 136 officers Giyu Gun groups Haji headquarters Ibid Ibrahim Yaacob independence Indian Indonesia Raya intelligence inter-racial interview Ipoh Ishak Islam Itagaki Japan Japanese army Japanese occupation Japanese surrender Japanese troops Johor jungle kampung Kedah Kelantan Kempeitai killed Kiyai Salleh KMT guerrillas KRIS Kuala Lumpur Lai Tek leaders London MacMichael Malaya Command Malayan Communist Party Malayan Union Malays and Chinese Malaysia MCP’s Melayu Mountbatten MPAJA guerrillas MPAJU MPAJU/MPAJA mukim National nationalist Negeri Sembilan organization Overseas Chinese Pahang party’s Penang people’s Perak police station political pre-war racial Regiment reported resistance movement rulers Sabilillah SEAC Sejarah Selangor Sept September Singapore struggle Sultan Syonan Tek’s Tengku Terengganu town units University of Malaya village Willan