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the dispute unless the party producing $ 900.118 Costs. the same consents to its examination by

The parties jointly shall pay for the the other parties to the dispute.

stenographic record. A copy of the recNo evidence offered by one party shall

ord shall be furnished by the parties to be received except in the presence of all

the arbitrator and shall be forwarded by parties unless the parties so agree in a

him to the Administrator, ultimately to submission specifying the nature of the

be filed in the office of the hearing clerk. evidence to be received.

The arbitrator shall not receive comFinal determination as to what will be

pensation for parties to the dispute. considered confidential information shall be made by the arbitrator.

Subpart--Miscellaneous Regulations The arbitrator may request the opin

AUTHORITY: $$ 900.200 to 900.211 issued ions of economists, marketing specialists, under sec. 10, 48 Stat. 37, as amended; 7 statisticians, lawyers, accountants, and U.S.C. 610. other experts.

$ 900.200 Definitions. When more than two arbitrators are designated to hear a dispute, and they As used in this subpart, the terms as disagree, the award of the majority shall defined in the act shall apply with equal be the final award. If the arbitrators force and effect. In addition, unless the are evenly divided, there shall be no context otherwise requires: award.

(a) The term “act" means Public Act A stenographic record of all the pro

No. 10, 73d Congress (48 Stat. 31), as ceedings during an arbitration must be amended and as reenacted and amended made.

by the Agricultural Marketing Agree

ment Act of 1937 (50 Stat. 246, 7 U.S.C. $ 900.116 Award.

601), as amended; An award shall be made within ten (b) The term “Department” means the days after the close of the hearing. United States Department of AgriculThe award shall be in writing and shall

ture; cover only points of dispute raised in (c) The term "Secretary" means the the submission.

Secretary of Agriculture of the United The arbitrator, in making the award, States, or any officer or employee of the may use his own technical knowledge in Department to whom authority has hereaddition to the evidence submitted by tofore been delegated, or to whom authe parties.

thority may hereafter be delegated, to act The award shall state the period dur- in his stead; ing which it shall be in effect, said period (d) The term "General Counsel" to be not less than thirty days from the means the General Counsel of the effective date thereof; and said period Department; may be extended by agreement among

(e) The term “Administrator” means the parties upon notification thereof to

the Administrator of the Consumer and the Administrator, unless or until the

Marketing Service, with power to redeleAdministrator withdraws his approval.

gate, or any officer or employee of the The arbitrator shall sign the award in

Department to whom authority has been

delegated or may hereafter be delegated the presence of a notary public, or, when

to act in his stead. more than one arbitrator is designated

(f) [Reserved] the arbitrator shall sign in the presence

(g) The term "FEDERAL REGISTER" of each other.

means the publication provided for by Copies of the award shall be delivered

the act of July 26, 1935 (49 Stat. 500), to the parties by the Division.

and acts supplementary thereto and $ 900.117 Approval of award.

amendatory thereof;

(h) The term “marketing agreement” The award shall not become effective

means any marketing agreement or any until approved by the Secretary, and the amendment thereto which may be enSecretary will not approve an award if

tered into pursuant to section 8b of the there is evidence of fraud, or evidence of act; misconduct upon the part of the arbitra- (i) The term “marketing order" means tor, or lack of evidence to support the any order or any amendment thereto award, or if the award provides for any which may be issued pursuant to section unfair trade practice.

8c of the act;

(j) The term “person" means any individual, corporation, partnership, association, or any other business unit;

(k) The term "oficial” means the Secretary, any oficer, employee, or other person employed or appointed by the Department, and any agency or agent appointed by the Secretary to administer a marketing agreement or a marketing order, and any agent or employee of any such agency or agent;

(1) The term "information” means and includes reports, books, accounts, records, and the facts and information contained therein and required to be furnished to or acquired by any oficial pursuant to the provisions of any marketing agreement or marketing order. [25 F.R. 5907, June 28, 1960, as amended 26 F.R. 7796, Aug. 22, 1961, 28 F.R. 579, Jan. 23, 1963) 8 900.201 Investigation and disposition

of alleged violations. Whenever the Administrator has reason to believe that any handler has violated, or is violating, the provisions of any marketing order, he may institute such investigation and, after due notice to such handler, conduct such hearing in order to determine the facts as, in his opinion, are warranted. If, in the opinion of the Administrator and the General Counsel, the facts developed as a result of such investigation or hearing warrant such action, the General Counsel shall refer the matter to the Attorney General for appropriate action. $ 900.210 Disclosures of information.

All information in the possession of any official which relates to the business or property of any person, and which was furnished by, or obtained from, such person pursuant to the provisions of any marketing agreement or marketing order, shall be kept confidential and shall not be disclosed, divulged, or made public, unless otherwise expressly provided in said marketing agreement or marketing order, or unless said person authorizes said official, in writing, to disclose such information, except that:

(a) Such information may be disclosed, divulged, or made public if it has been obtained from or furnished by a person who is not the person to whose business or property such information relates or an employee of such latter person, or if such information is otherwise required by law to be furnished to an oficial;

(b) Such information may be furnished to other officials for use in the regular course of their official duties;

(c) Such information may be combined and published in the form of general statistical studies or data in which the identity of the person furnishing such information or from whom it was obtained shall not be disclosed;

(d) Such information may be disclosed upon lawful demand made by the President or by either House of Congress or any committee thereof, or, if the Secretary determines that such disclosure is not contrary to the public interest, such information may be disclosed in response to a subpena by any court of competent jurisdiction.

(e) Such information may be offered in evidence (whether or not it has been obtained from or furnished by the person against whom it is offered) by or on behalf of the Secretary, the United States, or the official who obtained it or to whom it was furnished, in any administrative hearing held pursuant to section 8c (15) (A) of the act or in any action, suit, or proceeding, civil or criminal, in which the Secretary or the United States or any such official is a party, and (1) which is instituted (i) for the purpose of enforcing or restraining the violation of any marketing agreement or marketing order, or (ii) for the purpose of collecting any penalty or forfeiture provided for in the act, or (iii) for the purpose of collecting any monies due under a marketing agreement or marketing order, or (2) in which the validity of any marketing agreement or marketing order, or any provision of either, is challenged or involved.

(f) Such information may be furnished to the duly constituted authorities of any State, pursuant to a written agreement made under authority of section 10(i) of the act, to the extent that such information is relevant to transactions within the regulatory jurisdiction of such authorities. $ 900.211 Penalties.

Any oficial who shall have violated the provisions of $ 900.210 by wilfully divulging, disclosing, or making public any information acquired by or furnished to or in the possession or custody of such official pursuant to the provisions of a marketing agreement or marketing order shall be subject to a penalty of $100 for each offense. (The civil penalty provided in this section is prescribed under the authority contained in sec. 10(c) of

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secs.

the act (7 U.S.C. 610(c)); this provision is not intended to supersede the provision in sec. 8d(2) of the act (7 U.S.C. 6080(2)) for criminal liability and removal from office. Subpart-Procedure for Conduct of

Referenda To Determine Producer Approval of Milk Marketing Orders To Be Made Effective Pursuant to Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as Amended AUTHORITY: The provisions of this Subpart issued under

1-19, 48 Stat. 31, as amended; 7 U.S.C. 601-674.

SOURCE: The provisions of this Subpart appear at 30 F.R. 15412, Dec. 15, 1965, unless otherwise noted. $ 900.300 General.

Unless otherwise prescribed, the procedure contained in this subpart shall be applicable to each producer referendum conducted for the purpose of ascertaining whether the issuance by the Secretary of a milk marketing order is approved or favored, as required under the applicable provisions of the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended (48 Stat. 31, as amended, 7 U.S.C. 601-674). The procedure in this subpart replaces the procedure for conducting similar referenda (15 F.R. 5177) issued August 7, 1950. $ 900.301 Definitions.

As used in this subpart and in all supplementary instructions, forms, and documents, unless the context or subject matter otherwise requires, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

(a) Act. “Act" means Public Act No. 10, 73d Congress (48 Stat. 31), as amended, and as re-enacted and amended by the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937 (50 Stat. 246), as amended.

(b) Department. Department" means the United States Department of Agriculture.

(c) Secretary. "Secretary” means the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States, or any oficer or employee of the Department to whom authority has heretofore been delegated, or to whom authority may hereafter be delegated, to act in his stead.

(d) Administrator. “Administrator" means the Administrator of the Consumer and Marketing Service, with power to redelegate, or any officer or employee of the Department to whom

authority has been delegated or may hereafter be delegated to act in his stead.

(e) Person. "Person" includes any individual, partnership, corporation, association, and any other business unit.

(f) Order. "Order" means the marketing order (including an amendatory order) with respect to which the Secretary has directed that a referendum be conducted.

(g) Producer. “Producer” means any person who is a dairy farmer and who, during the representative period, met the requirements of the term “producer" as defined in the order had such order been in effect during the representative period.

(h) Handler. "Handler" means any person who, during the representative period, met the requirements of the term "handler" as defined in the order had such order been in effect during the representative period.

(i) Feferendum agent. "Referendum agent” means the person designated by the Secretary to conduct the referendum.

(j) Representative period. “Representative period” means the period designated by the Secretary pursuant to section 8c of the act (7 U.S.C. 608c).

(ki Cooperative association. Cooperative association" means any association of producers that the administrator has found to be qualified pursuant to section 6080(12) of the act. $ 900.302 Associations eligible to vote.

(a) Any association of producers, not previously determined to be a cooperative association may file an application for a determination as to whether it is a cooperative association and thus eligible to vote in a referendum. Such application shall be filed with the Administrator at least 60 days prior to the holding of the referendum: Provided, however, That the Administrator may permit the filing of an application in less than 60 days when, in the opinion of the Administrator, such filing would not delay the conduct of the referendum.

(b) Within a time fixed by the referendum agent, but not later than 5 days prior to the final date for balloting, each cooperative association electing to vote shall, upon the request of the referendum agent, furnish to him a certified list showing the name and address of each producer for whom it claims the right to vote and the plant at which such person's milk was received during the representative period.

$ 900.303 Conduct of referendum.

The referendum shall be conducted by mail in the manner prescribed in this subpart. The referendum agent may utilize such personnel or agencies of the Department as are deemed necessary by the Administrator. $ 900.304 Who may vote.

(a) Each producer shall be entitled to only one vote and to cast one ballot in each referendum; and no person who may claim to be a producer shall be refused a ballot. Each producer casting more than one ballot with conflicting votes shall thereby invalidate all bal. lots cast by such producer in such referendum. Each ballot cast shall contain a certification by the person casting the ballot that he is a producer.

(b) Except as provided in section 8c (5) (B) of the act, as amended, any cooperative association eligible under $ 900.302 may, if it elects to do so, vote and cast one ballot for producers who are members of, stockholders in, or under contract with, such cooperative association. A cooperative association shall submit, with its ballot, a certified copy of the resolution authorizing the casting of the ballot. Each such cooperative association entitled to vote in a referendum casting more than one ballot with conflicting votes shall thereby invalidate all ballots cast by such voter in such referendum.

(c) Voting by proxy or agent, or in any manner, except by the producer or cooperative association will not be permitted; however, a producer which is other than an individual may cast its ballot by a person who is duly authorized and such ballot shall contain a certification by such person that the person on whose behalf the ballot is cast is a producer. $ 900.305 Duties of referendum agent.

The referendum agent shall also:

(a) For purposes of mailing, prepare à record of producers which will disclose the name of each such person, his address, the name of the handler who received the producer's milk during the representative period, and the name of the cooperative association, if any, which claims the right to vote for the producer. Such record may be compiled from readily available sources, including the following:

(1) Records of the Department;

(2) Producer records supplied by han. dlers;

(3) Health authority records;

(4) Certifications signed by dairy farmers who claim to be producers;

(5) Any other reliable sources of information which may be av to the referendum agent.

(b) Apply, as a guide, the following criteria in preparing a record of producers:

(1) When the order requires approval by an appropriate health authority before a person meets the definition of producer, only those persons having such approval and who otherwise meet the definition may be regarded as producers. When the definition of producer requires the shipment of milk to a handler or a plant as well as health authority approval, only those persons having such approval and whose milk was received by a handler or at a plant may be regarded as producers.

(2) When the order requires shipment to a handler or to a plant, without regard to health authority approval, a person may not be regarded as a producer, except as provided in subparagraph (6) of this paragraph, unless his name appears on the handler's producer records.

(3) In the case of a producer that is other than an individual, the business unit shall be regarded as the producer.

(4) No person may be included in the record more than once although he may operate more than one farm, hold more than one health authority approval, or appear on more than one handler's producer records.

(5) In the event the health authority records are not available, are inaccurate, or are incomplete, the appearance of the producer's name on a handler's records as an approved producer shall be prima facie evidence of health authority approval.

(6) In the event any handler refuses or fails to make his records available to the referendum agent, a certification signed by the producer shall be regarded by the referendum agent as prima facie evidence that such person is eligible to vote.

(c) Verify the information supplied by each cooperative association which wishes to vote on behalf of producers, as follows:

(1) Examine the records of the cooperative association for the purpose of ascertaining whether each producer claimed by the cooperative association is a member of, stockholder in, or under contract with the cooperative association.

(2) Identify the persons ascertained to be members of, stockholders in, or under contract with a cooperative association which wishes to vote on behalf of its producers with the names of producers which appear on the record compiled pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section.

(3) In determining whether a cooperative association may vote on behalf of a producer the following criteria shall be used:

(1) The cooperative association may vote for each producer who is a member of, stockholder in, or under contract with such cooperative association on the date of the order directing that the referendum be conducted.

(ii) The cooperative association may cast only one ballot for all such producers.

(iii) Whenever more than one cooperative association claims the right to vote for a producer only the cooperative association which furnished evidence satisfactory to the referendum agent that such association was in fact marketing the milk of the producer on the date of the referendum order may vote for such producer. 8 900.306 Notice of the referendum.

(a) The referendum agent shall at least 5 days prior to the final date for balloting:

(1) Mail to each cooperative association which has elected to cast a ballot on behalf of its producers and to each of all other known producers, a notice of the referendum which will include instructions for completing the ballot, a statement as to the time within which the ballot must be mailed to, and received by, the referendum agent, a copy of the final decision, and a ballot containing a description of the terms and conditions of the order.

(2) Give public notice of the referendum:

(i) By furnishing press releases and other information to available media of public information (including but not limited to press, radio, and television facilities) serying the area, announcing the time within which ballots must be completed and mailed to and received by the referendum agent, eligibility requirements, where additional information

may be procured, and other pertinent information; and

(ii) By such other means as said agent may deem advisable. $ 900.307 Time for voting.

There shall be no voting except within the time specified by the referendum agent as stated in the notice of the referendum. $ 900.308 Tabulation of ballots.

(a) General. The referendum agent shall verify the information supplied with each ballot. If he ascertains that the person who cast the ballot was eligible to do so, that the ballot is complete and was mailed and received within the prescribed time, the ballot shall be eligible to be counted. If the referendum agent ascertains that the person who cast the ballot was not eligible to do so, or if the producer who cast the ballot was a member of, stockholder in, or under contract with a cooperative association which cast a valid ballot, or if the ballot is not completed or cast in accordance with instructions, or if the ballot was not mailed to or received by the referendum agent within the prescribed time, the ballot shall be marked "disqualified" with a notation on the ballot as to the reason for the disqualification. The total number of ballots cast, including the disqualified ballots, shall be ascertained. The number of eligible ballots cast approving and the number of eligible ballots cast disapproving the issuance of the order shall also be ascertained. The ballots marked "disquali. fied” shall not be considered as approving or disapproving the issuance of the order, and the persons who cast such ballots shall not be regarded as participating in the referendum.

(b) Individual-handler pool provisions. Whenever separate approval of the pooling provisions of the order is required by section 6080(5) (B) (i) of the act, any ballot which approves the issuance of the order and disapproves the pooling provisions, or approves the pool. ing provisions and disapproves the issuance of the order, shall be disqualified; and the referendum agent shall mark the ballot accordingly.

(c) Record of results of the referendum. The referendum agent shall notify the Administrator of the number of eligible ballots cast, the count of the votes, the number of disqualified ballots and the number of producers who were

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