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19. CONTRACT WORK HOURS AND SAFETY STANDARDS ACT - OVERTIME
COMPENSATION GENERAL 52.222-4
This contract, to the extent that it is of a character specified in the Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act (40 U.S.C. 327-333)(the Act), is subject to the following terms and all other applicable provisions and exceptions of the Act and the regulations of the Secretary of Labor.
(a) Overtime requirements. A Contractor or subcontractor shall not require or permit any laborer or mechanic to work in excess of 8 hours in any calendar day, or 40 hours in any workweek, on any part of the contract work subject to the Act; unless, the laborer or mechanic receives compensation at a rate not less than 1 1/2 times the basic rate of pay for all hours worked in excess of 8 hours in any calendar day, or 40 hours in any workweek, whichever produces the greater amount of overtime.
(b) Violation, liability for unpaid wages, and liquidated damages. If the terms of paragraph (a) above are violated, the Contractor and any subcontractor responsible for the violation shall be liable to any affected employee for unpaid wages.
In addition, the Contractor and subcontractor shall be liable to the United States for liquidated damages. These damages are computed for each individual laborer or mechanic at $10 for each calendar day on which the employee was required or permitted to be employed in violation of paragraph (a) above.
(c) Withholding for unpaid wages and liquidated damages. The Contracting Officer may withhold from the contractor, from any moneys payable on account of work performed by the Contractor or subcontractor, such amounts as may administratively be determined to be necessary to satisfy any liabilities of the Contractor or subcontractor for unpaid wages and liquidated damages as provided in paragraph (b) above.
(d) Subcontracts. The Contractor and subcontractor shall insert paragraphs (a) through (d) of this clause in all subcontracts.
(e) Records. The Contractor shall maintain payroll records containing the information specified in 29 CFR 516.2(a). These records shall be preserved for 3 years from contract completion. The contractor will make the records available for inspection by authorized representatives of the
[Contracting Officer insert the name of agency] and the Department of Labor, and will permit such representatives to interview employees during working hours on the job.
PATENT RIGHTS (LONG FORM) 41 CFR 9-9.107-5(a)
(1) "Subject invention" means any invention or discovery of the contractor conceived or first actually reduced to practice in the course of or under this contract, and includes any art, method, process, machine manufacture, design or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof or any variety of plants, whether patented or unpatented under the Patent Laws of the United States of America or any foreign country.
(2) "Contract" means any contract, grant, agreement, understanding, or other arrangement, which includes research, development, or demonstration work, and includes any assignment or substitution of parties.
(3) "States and domestic municipal governments" means the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any political subdivision and agencies thereof.
(4) "Government agency" includes an executive department, independent commission; board, office, agency, administration, authority, government corporation, or other Government establishment of the Executive Branch of the Government of the United States of America.
(5) "To the point of practical application" means to manufacture, in the case of a composition or product, to practice in the case of a process, or to operate in the case of a machine and under such conditions as to establish that the invention is being worked and that its benefits are reasonably accessible to the public.
(6) "Patent Counsel" means the Department of Energy Patent Counsel assisting the procuring activity.
(b) Allocation of principal rights.
(1) Assignment to the Government.
The contractor agrees or assign to the Government the entire right, title, and interest throughout the world in and to each subject invention, except to the extent that rights are retained by the contractor under paragraph (b)(2) and (c) of this clause.
(2) Greater rights determinations.
The contractor or the employee-inventor with authorization of the contractor may request greater rights than the nonexclusive license and the foreign patent rights provided in paragraph (c) of this clause on identified inventions in accordance with 41 CFR Section 9-9. 109-6(d). Such requests must be submitted to patent Counsel (with notification by Patent Counsel to the Contracting Officer) at the time of the first disclosure pursuant to paragraph (e)(2) of this clause, or not later than 9 months after conception or first actual reduction to practice, whichever occurs first, or such longer periods as may be authorized by Patent Counsel (with notification by Patent Counsel to the Contracting Officer) for good cause shown in writing by the contractor.
(c) Minimum rights to the contractor.
(1) Contractor license.
The contractor reserves a revocable, nonexclusive, paid-up license in each patent application filed in any country on a subject invention and any resulting patent in which the Government acquires title. The license shall extend to the contractor's domestic subsidiaries and affiliates, if any, within the corporate structure of which the contractor is a part and shall include the right to grant sublicenses of the same scope to the extent the contractor was legally obligated to do so at the time the contract was awarded. The license shall be transferable only with approval of DOE except when transferred to the successor of that part of the contractor's business to which the invention pertains.
(2) Revocation limitations.
The contractor's nonexclusive license retained pursuant to paragraph (c)(1) of this clause and sublicenses granted thereunder may be revoked or modified by DOE, either in whole or in part, only to the extent necessary to achieve expeditious practical application of the subject invention under DOE'S publish licensing regulations (10 CFR 781), and only to the extent an exclusive license is actually granted. This license shall not be revoked in that field of use and/or the geographical areas in which the contractor, or its sublicensee, has brought the invention to the point of practical application and continues to make the benefits of the invention reasonably accessible to the public, or is expected to do so within a reasonable time.
(3) Revocation procedures.
Before modification or revocation of the license or sublicense, pursuant to paragraph (c)(2) of this clause, DOE shall furnish the contractor a written notice of its intention to modify or revoke the license and any sublicense thereunder, and the contractor shall be allowed 30 days, or such longer periods as may be authorized by the Patent Counsel (with notification by Patent Counsel to the Contracting Officer) for good cause shown in writing by the contractor, after such notice to show cause why the license or any sublicense should not be modified or revoked. The contractor shall have the right to appeal, in accordance with 10 CFR 781, any decision concerning the modification or revocation of his license or any sublicense.
(4) Foreign patent rights.
Upon written request to Patent Counsel (with notification by Patent Counsel to the Contracting Officer), and subject to DOE security regulations and requirements there shall be reserved to the contractor, or the employee inventor with authorization of the contractor, the patent rights to a subject invention in any foreign country where the Government has elected not to secure such rights provided:
(i) The recipient of such rights, when specifically requested by DOE and three years after issuance of a foreign patent disclosing said subject invention, shall furnish DOE a report setting forth:
(A) The commercial use that is being made, or is intended to be made, of said invention, and
(B) The steps taken to bring the invention to the point of practical application or to make the invention available for licensing.
(ii) The Government shall retain at least an irrevocable, nonexclusive, paid-up license to make, use, and sell the invention throughout the world by or on behalf of the Government (including any Government agency) and States and domestic municipal governments, unless the Head of the Agency or designee determines that it would not be in the public interest to acquire the license for the States and domestic municipal governments.
(iii) Subject to the rights granted in (c)(1), (2) and (3) of this clause, the Head of the Agency or designee shall have the right to terminate the foreign patent rights granted in this paragraph (c)(4) in whole or in part unless the recipient of such rights demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Head of the Agency or designee that effective steps necessary to accomplish substantial utilization of the invention have been taken or within a reasonable time will be taken.
(iv) Subject to the rights granted in (c)(1), (2) and (3) of this clause, the Head of the Agency or designee shall have the right, commencing four years after foreign patent rights are accorded under this paragraph (c)(4), to require the granting of a nonexclusive or partially exclusive license to a responsible applicant or applicants, upon terms reasonable under the circumstances, and in appropriate circumstances to terminate said foreign patent rights in whole or in part, following a hearing upon notice thereof to the public, upon a petition by an interested person justifying such hearing:
(A) If the Head of the Agency or designee determines, upon review of such material as he deems relevant, and after the recipient of such rights or other interested person has had the opportunity to provide such relevant and material information as the Head of the Agency or designee may require, that such foreign patent rights have tended substantially to lessen competition or to result in undue market concentration in any section of the United States in any line of commerce to which the technology relates; or
(B) Unless the recipient of such rights demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Head of the Agency or designee at such hearing that the recipient has taken effective steps, or within a reasonable time thereafter is expected to take such steps, necessary to accomplish substantial utilization of the invention.
(d) Filing of patent applications.
(1) With respect to each subject invention in which the contractor or the inventor requests foreign patent rights in accordance with paragraph (c)(4) of this clause, a request may also be made for the right to file and prosecute the U.S. application on behalf of the U.S. Government. If such request is granted, the contractor or inventor shall file a domestic patent application on the invention within 6 months after the request for foreign patent rights is granted, or such longer period of time as may be approved by the Patent Counsel for good clause shown in writing by the requestor. With respect to the invention, the requestor shall promptly notify the Patent Counsel (with notification by Patent Counsel to the Contracting Officer) of any decision not to file an application.
(2) For each subject invention on which a domestic patent application is filed by the contractor or inventor, the contractor or inventor shall:
(i) Within 2 months after the filing of a patent application or within 2 months after submission of the invention disclosure, if the patent application has been filed previously, deliver to the Patent Counsel a copy of the application as filed including the filing date and serial number;
(ii) Within 6 months after filing the application or within 6 months after submitting the invention disclosure if the application has been filed previously, deliver to the Patent Counsel a duly executed and approved, assignment to the Government, on a form specified by the Government;
(iii) Provide the Patent Counsel with the original patent grant promptly after a patent is issued on the application; and
(iv) Not less than 30 days before the expiration of the response period for any action required by the Patent and Trademark Office, notify the Patent Counsel of any decision not to continue prosecution of the application.
(3) With respect to each subject invention in which the contractor or inventor has requested foreign patent rights, the contractor or inventor shall file a patent application on the invention in each foreign country in which such request is granted, in accordance with applicable statutes and regulations, and within one of the following periods:
(i) Eight months from the date of filing a corresponding United States application, or if such an application if not filed, six months from the date the request was granted.
(ii) Six months from the date a license is granted by the Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks to file the foreign patent application, where such filing has been prohibited by security reasons; or
(iii) Such longer periods as may be approved by the Patent Counsel for good cause shown in writing by the contractor or inventor.