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perceived among the spectators the late Rererend Ole Lund, of Weyerlöse, who, being an old, grey-headed man, had a venerable aspect, she bent low out of the chaise to salute him, thinking most likely that he was the patriarch of the country. She liked her quarters in Nykjöbing Castle well enough, for she remained five days, and the goodwives of the place had to take their turns in going up to the castle to cook for her. She was very well pleased, too, with all their cookery, and with the rare wines and such like that were rummaged together for her entertainment. Then she proceeded to Copenhagen, to her consort."

În 1717, the elder Seidelin took his son to Copenhagen, and placed him as apprentice with the court apothecary, Herr Becker. One of the first events that struck him there was the bicentenary festival of the Reformation, which was celebrated for three days together with an enthusiasm of velvet coats and embroidered breeches on the part of kings, knights, and nobles, such as the Reformation seems little likely ever to evoke again. Lutheranism drove to court in those days in a gorgeous equipage, with six horses, and six lackeys, all in fine new liveries, covered with lace, besides outriders and runners; was escorted by the guards in their gala uniform ; was thundered at with military honours by all the troops that could be crowded together; was speechified to by Rector: Magnificus and the other learning of the kingdom; attended divine service under a perfect flutter of gold lace, and plumes, and ermine ; and banqueted royally to the clatter of silver and blaze of gold.

Anno 1718, the health of the late King Frederick IV.'s queen Louisa began to be very delicate, so much so that she had to keep her bed, and a new doctor, called Gaulcke, was sent for from Germany. He was immediately appointed her physician, and abode continually beside her in her palace, where he caused a little laboratory to be fitted up, in which he himself prepared sundry medicines for the queen's use. Now, coming frequently to my

master's, he conceived so great a favour for me that he begged my master to let me attend upon him at the palace to help him in these preparations. Sometimes he took me with him in his carriage along with the necessary drugs, vases, and instruments ; on which occasions I had the honour to make up his prescriptions—powder, or whatever else it might be—in the queen's ante-room, in presence of all the ladies and gentlemen; and, as soon as it was ready, he took a dose of it and went in with it to the queen ... But Dr. Gaulcke could not succeed in bringing back the queen's health, for it pleased God, anno 1719, to call her away. Whereupon, King Frederick caused a magnificent castrum doloris to be laid out for her remains in the palace church, and had the funeral conducted to Roeskilde with all possible royal pomp, the Crown Prince, with Prince Charles, and other members of the royal family, accompanying it; but the king went not himself, though the state mourning coach paraded in its proper place with all usual signs of sorrow as if the king had been sitting in it. On the other hand, on the day following, whilst the funeral train was yet in Roeskilde, His Majesty did cause his former mistress, Countess Anna Sophia Reventlow, who had already for some years been called Duchess of Schleswig, to hold her progress publicly in an equipage hung with black from her own mansion to the palace, where, that same evening, he was married to her, in presence of a few of her friends, by the German chaplain, Herr Clausen, So that the royal children, on their return from Roeskilde, found that they had got a new mother and the king a new consort. A fortnight later, a great solemnity was ordered at Fredericksberg, to which the king invited both his own and the foreign ministers, the higher clergy, the magistrates, and professors, &c. and caused the queen's crown, on a red velvet cushion, embroidered with gold, to be borne into the audience chamber by the wife of the grand chancellor and the Countess Lansvig. He then himself took the crown, and

placed it on the head of his consort, and fifteen or sixteen regiments, horse and those two ladies, her sisters, had to foot, whose fine accurate drill it was a fasten it, as that it might not fall; pleasure to behold. When the review whereupon he publicly declared her was over the troops would march in Queen of Denmark and Norway, and perfect order, the one regiment behind conducted her to the royal table, where the other, into Berlin by one gate, past she dined with the crown on her head. the palace, and out by another gate Again, a fortnight later, she held her to the camp again. All which, being public entry into Copenhagen as queen, extremely remarkable, I neglected not, with great splendour and all wonted on fitting occasion, to observe and conceremony; at night, there were illumi- sider. . . . . The princes of the royal nations and all the tokens of joy which, house, with their consorts and families, in the short time, could be got in such as the Markgraves Albert and readiness.”

Louis, item, the Dowager Markgravine This was the second marriage of Philip with her family, resided conFrederick IV. to Countess Anna Sophia stantly in Berlin ; but the king and Reventlow. After carrying her off queen, with their numerous family, from her family, notwithstanding the resided for the most part at Potsdam, strongest opposition from her mother, where the king had built a fine palace, he formally married her in 1712, during with offices, and laid out a garden. the life-time of his first queen, so that, Nay, he had caused his generals, minisfor nine years, he had two wives. After ters, and other high office-bearers, to his death, his son banished Anna Sophia build a town there, as each of them to Jutland, where she spent the rest of required a mansion to reside in while her days, but not till she had been attending court. He had also erected forced to give up several estates and a three or four splendid churches; and it good deal of jewellery, given or left to was at Potsdam, moreover, that for his own her by the late king.

especial diversion he kept his big grenaHaving served the period of his ap- diers,—a corps of 2,000 men or upwards, prenticeship and a year to boot, it was all of them uncommonly tall, strong time for Seidelin to think about his fellows, whom he had been collecting Wanderjahre. He left his native land for a great many years at much at Easter, 1722, and, after marvelling trouble and expense. Nevertheless the sufficiently at the wonders of Lübeck king was wont to come to Berlin once a and Hamburgh, accepted, “in the name week by the space of two or three days, of God,” the offer of a situation at and then he came for the most part on Nordhausen in Thuringia, where, how- horseback, attended by two pages, but ever, his employer starved him so pain- never resided in the principal part of fully on mashed turnips and “salad the palace. On the contrary he had leaves, with a little soup poured over caused to be fitted up for himself two them, made of smoked bacon, chopped rooms on the ground floor, with a bed in up with an egg and sour vinegar"-never one of them; and this lodging, which giving him “a decent roast of meat all was close to the street, was surrounded the time”-and, what was worse, crept by an ordinary railing, but strongly about the house at night on felt slippers guarded by a number of sentries at ten to make sure that the shop-boys were paces from each other. For in one of stealing nothing, that Seidelin was not these rooms was the stair which led slow in seeking other quarters. These down to his treasure-chamber-a place he found in Berlin, again in the house consisting of several massive vaults with of a court apothecary, and entered upon iron doors, full of all kinds of gold and his functions on New Year's Day, 1723. silver coins in neat strong sacks and

“There was always a large garrison bags, regularly arranged on shelves from in Berlin, and at Michaelmas of every floor to ceiling, and with a label on each year the king reviewed an army of sack telling what sort of coin it con

tained, and how much. There was not East Friesland, &c. yet without opanother potentate in Europe that had pressing his subjects by extraordinary such a treasure-chamber.

exactions. Once, as I was standing “When the king came thus to Berlin in the shop door, the king came galhe gave no audiences either to his own loping from Potsdam, with his two ministers, or the foreign ambassadors, or pages after him, and, on getting off the generals, or anybody else, except on his horse at the entrance to his chambers, parade, and, when the parade was over, I saw with surprise how he threw the he would say to one or two of the nobles bridle over the railing, and, having perpresent, whether they were his own or ceived that one of the horse's hind shoes foreign : 'To-day I will dine with you, was loose, caused a page to hold up the and to-morrow with you ;' for he held foot, while he himself looked about for no kitchen in Berlin either for himself a stone and knocked the nails tight or anybody else. He was a singular again. Another day I saw the king prince; uncommonly thrifty and saving; going along a street in Berlin, when all all royal splendour was abolished at his at once he espied a paper of pins in the court. He kept but two pages and as mire; he at once stopped and raked the many lackeys (other authorities say six paper out with his stick, and called to or eight] ; his table at Potsdam was a girl who was passing that she should supplied with no more than six dishes, pick it up. ...". amongst which were oftentimes kale, After making a short tour at Easter, peas, bacon, &c.; and in the evening 1724, he goes on again, with three dishes; confects there were “As soon as I had returned from none, saving a plate of biscuits for the Leipzig and Wittenberg, the royal Colqueen and princesses ; neither would he legium Medico-Chirurgicum in Berlin was eat out of silver. Toward evening he inaugurated ; whereupon I set myself always had his Tabacks-Collegium, at with extreme diligence to profit thereby, which there appeared sometimes generals and neglected the lecture of no professor, and sometimes lieutenants, but neither although I lodged a full mile (English) he nor they got anything but a pipe of from the anatomical theatre, viz. in the tobacco, a glass of beer, and a slice of house of my former employer, and must bread and butter ready cut. If the needs travel that distance twice a day, queen happened to have a dish at sup- thither and back, even in winter: yet per which she knew the king liked, she did I not regret it, God granting me sent him word, whereupon he went to health. With more especial diligence her apartment, ate some, and then re- I attended on the chemical lessons of turned to his Tabacks-Compagnie. His Professor Neumann, which were held dress was always the uniform of the big in the house of the court apothecary, grenadiers.

inasmuch as he was wont to demonstrate “For the rest he lived very lovingly by experiments in the laboratory whatwith his queen, and they had many ever he had treated of in his lecture. children ; he attended regularly the There was always an immense concourse house of God, and made his soldiers do of auditores—even of clever physicians the same. What he liked best was and surgeons—who sat and wrote down money and soldiers, and of both he upon their knee everything he said, as gathered together a great quantity, yet if each word had been worth a ducat. did he not in his lifetime conquer other The most learned chymicus Dr. Pott lands by means of them than the pro- also delivered his physico-chymical lecvince of Stettin in Pomerania. His tures in the same place, but had no such son, the present king, who at that time concourse; for, although what he stated was a prince of eleven or twelve years, was extremely learned and profound, has acquired still more money and sol- yet was it not so readily to be underdiers, and with them has taken many stood or so profitable, especially for lands, such as Silesia, Polish Prussia, beginners, as Herr Neumann's. Such other vacant hours as I had, I employed written for, and others were set to work in taking lessons in the French tongue on decorations for the court festivities : from a firstrate French teacher, and in all which was got ready before King learning from a music-master to play on George's arrival ; so that the Prussian the flaute-douce ; later in the evening Court really looked very magnificent, I occasionally frequented the dancing and no longer like itself. And, indeed, school. This I continued one whole it was very pleasant to see those two year as I had proposed : the professors kings drive through Berlin in such a were, particularly at first, very pains- fine coach, and afterwards dine together taking, and the chamber of anatomy was along with the whole royal Prussian that winter well supplied with a very house. The King of Prussia conducted great number of cadavera of both sexes, his father-in-law in like manner to the old and young, even of lying-in women, royal treasure-chamber. And there was, so that there was enough to practise on moreover, talk of a double marriage bein all branches of anatomy; and, when tween the two kings, viz. between the anything particular occurred at the Crown Prince of Prussia, his present hospital of the Charité, we were per- Majesty, and the eldest princess of the mitted to be present.

Prince of Wales, as also between the “Among the extraordinary and re- eldest prince of this Prince of Wales markable things that took place in and the Princess Royal of Prussia. But Berlin during my stay there, may be this august visit and all the grandeur reckoned the following :-“ King lasted but a few days ; for, as soon as George I. of Great Britain, who likewise the King of England was gone, the King was Elector of Hanover, having come to of Prussia caused all the new liveries Germany that year, formed the resolu- to be packed up in boxes, to be kept tion that he would come likewise to Ber- till they were again wanted, dismissed lin, to visit his son-in-law and daughter, the new lackeys, and resumed his the King and Queen of Prussia. On former economy. .... It was a strange hearing that, these latter set about with and remarkable thing that the king had all their might making such preparations in his head at this time, viz. to people a as were necessary to receive with be- piece of waste land in the province of coming respect this their august father Prussia. To this end he invited a and guest in their royal palace in Berlin. number of the reformed from the Pfalz, All economy was wholly put aside. The who were suffering oppression from the king hired twenty-four pages and forty Catholics in that country. They willackeys, who were all clad in velvet and lingly accepted the offered conditions, fine cloth of a dark blue colour, with red and came to Brandenburg to be transbreeches most richly embroidered with ported further. But, this not being sufgold lace. Also, the splendid royal ficient, the king caused young country equipages which were still standing from lads and girls of his own subjects to cast the time of the king's father, the late lots, that every tenth one should be magnificent Fredericus Primus, had to sent to Prussia ; and of these, too, be brought out for a day and inspected; there came, about the same time, beand, in truth, they were so rich and tween five and six hundred on their costly that I never afterwards saw their journey. When they arrived, the king like, even in France. The royal gens- This emigration from the Palatinate, which d'armes had to be rigged out in new Seidelin says he witnessed, must not be conuniforms. A pretty considerable army founded with the later exodus from Salzburg, was drawn together round Berlin to

of which we have all read in Mr. Carlyle's

book. Friedrich Wilhelm toiled for many divert the King of England by their years in getting inhabitants to that " piece of manoeuvres. All the great nobles and waste land." There were emigrations to their ladies were summoned to appear

Prussia from many parts of Germany, but I in handsome equipages.

have never read elsewhere of one from the Some opera

Palatinate, though the Polish Elector there people, men as well as women, were did quarrel with his subjects.

gave each of the girls permission to and with that His Majesty called a genselect her husband from among the d'arme and said, “Take this fellow, and young men ; and, as soon as any one was lead him straightway out of the town!' fixed on, he was married forthwith, the —Please your Majesty,' replied the clergy having received orders to that doctor, 'I have done no harm, and effect, so that two hundred couples and mean to do none. I am departing in a upwards were married in the churches few minutes with the mail, and beseech of Berlin in the course of two or three your Majesty but to grant me time to days. Some lads went to the altar eat a morsel of food at the inn ere I go.' pretty quietly, but others had wet eyes, -Hold your tongue !' cried the king, and were as white as if they had been repeating his order; 'take him out of going to the scaffold ; the women-folk the town this instant, and bring me word looked all glad. But this kind of when you have done it!'- Whereupon diversion had nearly gone too far; for the soldier dragged the doctor away ; but, there were two girls of Berlin who came when they had gone a bit, the doctor to the king and offered to go to Prussia bribed the trooper to let him halt and with the rest, on condition that they get something to eat; after which he might have two young merchants whom continued his journey with the coach. they named; whereupon, to everybody's As I happened to be standing just be surprise, the king gave his consent, and hind him, I feared lest I should also forced these swains into this wedlock, fare like him; but the king rode away probably with a promise of some special again; so I escaped, and had a good support. But at that all the respectable view of the parade, which I must conyoung men of Berlin got frightened, and fess was well worth the trouble of I myself as much as any of them. At seeing, for the men were all like giants, last, however, the whole party were sent their muskets were big in proportion, forward to Prussia, and so the alarm was and the drill was splendid. After the at an end.

parade I called on the biggest of the “Before I left Berlin, I went out to grenadiers, whose name was Jonas ; he Potsdam again, to see the big grenadiers was a Norwegian, and, therefore, & on parade. Now just at the hour of countryman of my own; he showed me parade the mail-coach happened to come his gloves, which were so large that I in, and with it a travelling doctor from could put my hand into every finger, foreign parts, who, being as desirous as and his shoes, which were more than myself to see the big grenadiers, went half an ell (Danish) long. Even the straightway to the parade-ground. He bigger boys in Potsdam were fond of was a decent-looking man, and wore a the diversion of running, at their full smart suit of blue clothes, with an elon- height, between Jonas's legs; but once, gated peruke, which, being in that place when he got tired of the sport, and a somewhat unusual, drew the king's eye, middling-sized boy was running between who at once came galloping down on the his legs in this fashion, Jonas suddenly doctor, and asked him—'Who are you?' struck his knees together, and hit the

Please your Majesty,' said the doctor, boy on the temples so that he fell down I am a doctor medicince, and I live in dead : but Jonas was not punished. such-and-such a place.'—What are you Notwithstanding his great height, his doing here?' said the king.- Please legs were crooked ; on which account your Majesty,' quoth he, 'I have but the king inquired of various physicians this moment arrived with the mail, and and surgeons whether they could not desired to take advantage of the oppor- be broken and fastened together again tunity to do myself the pleasure of seeing so as to look straight. But whether Four Majesty's famous grenadiers.' — 'What!: cried the king, what business

1 Seidelin was in no danger, for the king's

wrath was doubtless excited solely by the wig. have you with my grenadiers ? Look

There are many stories of his attacks on wigs you after your books and your patients !' when they were larger than he approved of.

No. 61.- VOL. XI.

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