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it in them, was driven from them in dis- State will not interfere. Well, you say gust because he could not find it. Here we are prepared for that. We can cast is one, who, because he has the most away revenues, we can endure poverty. logical and consistent mind of any who Who doubted it? You may accuse us were engaged in the same movement with of being mercenary ; of binding' ourhim, must desert the English Church, selves by oaths, and of breaking them though he clings to it with a human fond- rather than part with some pelf. But ness, such as one rarely discovers in we have not the least wish to retaliate the those he has left behind, amidst all charge. We never doubted Dr. Pusey's their bitter denunciations of those who willingness to make sacrifices for conare untrue to it.
science' sake. But that is not the And why might he not have clung question. It is not, “Will you be poor ?” to it? Why might not Mr. Scott's lessons but “ Will you be a sect?” Will you have been felt each year with increasing give up all claim to be witnesses for the force; why might not they have been unity of the nation ? Will you consent expanded into discoveries of the sacred to be witnesses only for a certain sepaness of a national calling and a national rate system? It is because we do not life; why might not these have only been consent to this that the Queen claims more fresh and vigorous because he could a right to deal with her ecclesiastical not be content without a Church of all subjects just as she deals with her lay kindreds and nations; of the past, the pre- subjects; that she takes pains to have sent, and the future; of those on earth, justice done to the first class, as well as and those who have left the earth; such as to the second ; that she does not leave the Bible would seem to teach us is esta- them to the mercy of those who have blished in Christ? Why not £–because solemnly declared beforehand what would the system stood in the way. Because be the result of the inquiry, and who the Scott system, the Anglican system, invoke a furious public opinion to act and the Romish system, must exclude upon those who swear to judge according each other, must each try to exist by it- to evidence and law. self, and to comprehend in its hard (2).But Dr. Manning and Cardinal intellectual bands all living relations, Wiseman—what shall we say to them ? all divine Persons.
This. You ridicule the miserable conThere is a third argument, which I dition of England. Perhaps it is very am almost ashamed to speak of, but miserable. You say we shall never be which I see is exercising considerable happy till we acknowledge the Apostle influence. “The Dissenters turn us who was crucified on the Janiculum as “into ridicule, the Roman Catholics turn the ground of our faith. Well ! let us go “ us into ridicule, for not being able to to the Janiculum, and see the model of a “ eject from our communion those whom happy place. Perhaps that may induce “ we dislike. We might, perhaps, en- us to think more of him who was cruci“ dure the scoffs of the Patriot news- fied on the Janiculum than of Him who “ paper, but, when we have listened to was crucified on Calvary. We have “then, Dr. Manning and Cardinal heard how sadly the Church is beset by “ Wiseman are upon us.” An intole- the world in other parts of Europe ; rable calamity, indeed! Yet, perhaps, there, in Rome, we shall find the Eden like others, it may be faced if we can which has kept itself unspotted from summon a little resolution. Let us the world ; there we shall learn what that meet each enemy by turn. (1) The Dis- heavenly society is which ecclesiastics senting objection. That is easily re- are able to establish when they have the moved. You have only to become a dominion in their own hands. Our sect like one of their sects--frankly to countrymen do, in considerable numbers, avow that you are—and the difficulty is endeavour to acquaint themselves with at an end. You may cashier your this chosen spot of the universe. I think ministers, as they cashier theirs ; the they feel the power of its old associations, classical and medieval, at least as with himself. Read and consider this much as the Italians feel them. I think extract from his letter : some of them are at least as willing as “Pledges have been the fashion ; and ever to see in its modern life the realiza. “a general election is at no great distion of an ideal which has long dwelt in tance. Let Churchmen, on the printheir minds. I am sure, if they found “ciple of the Anti-Corn-Law League, a priesthood powerful to suppress moral " league themselves for the protection evils, to extinguish gambling, to put “ of the faith.' "The Church is in dandown brigandage, they would come back “ger,' has been, and will again be, a triumphantly and tell us what poor “strong rallying-cry. And now the creatures we are, and how much good “peril is not of some miserable temit would do us to be like these divine .6 poral endowment, but of men's souls. men of another faith. If we do not “Let men league together to support hear of such things—if we hear of a “ no candidate for Parliament who will priesthood which is impotent for all « not pledge hiinself to do what in him these great ends; which is ready to “ lies to reform a Court) which has in make use of the worst means to accom “ principle declared God's Word not to plish the ends that it does consider “ be His Word, and Eternity not to be sacred; which exhibits all the ugliest “ Eternity. And let them support perfeatures of the world under the forms “sons, of whatever politics, who will of the Church;which has utterly alienated “so pledge themselves. Let men bind the population that it rules, and has ex- “themselves not to give over, but to cited a longing in that population, in “ continue besieging the House of ParItaly, in Europe for deliverance—we “ liament by their petitions, and beare not, as I conceive, to turn these “seeching Almighty God in their prayers, tidings into capital for Protestantism “until they shall obtain some security or the English Church ; we are not “ against this State-protection of unto reject any hints which our Romanist “ belief. Better be members of the advisers—be they cardinals, monsignori, “ poorest Church in Christendom, which or the poorest priests—may offer us re- “ can repel 'the wolves which spare not specting our evils and for our reforma- “ the flock,' than of the richest, in tion. But we are most distinctly to " which the State forces us to accept as say—“We cannot reform our evils “her ministers those whom our Lord “ by becoming imitators on a poor and “ calls 'ravening wolves.' Withal see “ feeble scale of this ecclesiastical govern- “ we to it, that we pray God earnestly “ ment; the nearer we approach to it « day by day to stem this flood of un“ the further we shall recede from the “ godliness, and to convert those who “ kingdom of righteousness and peace; “are now, alas ! enemies of the faith 6 the less shall we be able to help other “and of God.” “ nations to claim their places in that You see what we are told here. All “ kingdom.”
the agencies of a contested election, all These jokes of Dissenters and Ro- the furious passions of the different parmanists, be they ever so pointed, ought ties of the land, all their most grovelling not then, I think, to move us much. interests, are to be invoked for the purIt moves me very much more to seepose of exalting what is called the spiriwhat kind of weapons an English tual power above the secular. All quesClergyman-not a vulgar agitator, but a divine of the devoutest character and
1 “It has been suggested, that no church
should be offered for consecration, no sums purpose--is ready to use for the sake of
given for the building of churches, which by securing a formal and judicial ratifica consecration should become the property of tion of the sentence which has already the present Church of England, no sums given gone forth from his lips against a num
for endowment in perpetuity, until the present
heresy-legalizing Court shall be modified. ber of those who possess the same ordi- This will show our rulers that we are in - nation, who have taken the same vows earnest."
tions concerning the improvement of the think, might know better than a Canon dwellings of the people, concerning their of Christ Church. And he is the person education, concerning the well-being of himself to bait the hook! the myriads in India and in our colonies, My dear Sir, while I have been talkare to be treated as nothing; the one ing so much about ourselves, and about · question asked of every candidate is the world in general, I have not forgotto be-"Sir, will you, or will you not, ten you. I thought, as I said at the “ vote for the abolition of the present beginning of my letter, that I should “ Court of Appeal in questions of doc- help you best by showing you how much * trine ?” The most reckless adventurer, the question which is likely to agitate the most profligate man, who will give every colony is the same with that which the proper answer to the question, is to is now occupying the mother-country be preferred to the most mature states and the old world. The word Motherman, to the most virtuous Christian, Country may cease to have a meaning who answers it wrongly, or refuses to for you. I cannot tell how soon the answer it at all. I entreat all English- time of separation may be appointed for men, I entreat all thoughtful men in the any of you. But surely you will strive colonies, to read and weigh this pro- that it may not occur in its most bitter gramme, to consider from whom it has and aggravated form, and that the clergy proceeded, and how deliberate it is. may not be the instruments in making That is Dr. Pusey's way of proving that the breach. I remember, when the he is in earnest. I do not say that such · first movement for the establishment of earnestness may not be attended with a colonial bishoprics was commenced, what considerable measure of success. Par- sympathy it excited among many statesties among us are nicely balanced. The men interested in the well-being of the number of Tories, or Whigs, or Radicals, colonies—some from whom I should who may be ready to take this pledge have expected no such feeling--because in hopes of securing the votes of the it seemed to them the method most clergy I cannot the least calculate. Nor likely to make the religious feelings of can I make another calculation. Dr. the colonists a bond of union, and not Pusey says, “It is a question of im- a cause of separation, among themselves, mortal souls.” It is, indeed! The souls and between them and the natives. of candidates, which may be made I remember how“ beautiful souls,” little knavish and hypocritical by these en troubled about political considerations, gagements—the souls of electors, which welcomed it with a sympathy still may be drawn into drunkenness and keener, because they thought the Bishops ferocity, now as in former days, by would teach the new world what a the shriek of “The Church in dan- fatherly government is, and so in the best ger"--I believe no man is able to esti manner link it to the old world. Are mate. The whole system of pledges the hopes of both to be equally disapI hold to be an unconstitutional, im- pointed? Whilst you call yourselves moral, godless one. And there are no our dependencies, are we to think that persons on whom they operate so mis- we have only helped to confuse you rechievously as upon ambitious young specting all your relations and duties; men eager to obtain seats in parliament, that we have sent among you that which not debased, but not over scrupulous in is to renew the worst contentions of conscience, willing to make their way the former ages of Christendom mixed by fair means, if possible, but ready to with all the special perplexities of our obtain help by identifying themselves own? If you should leave us, are we with some opinion which will tell on the to think that we have cast you off hustings, and which may be afterwards dowered with the curse of a civil and explained away in Parliament. How religious war ? many noble souls have been destroyed My friend, God will assuredly bring by these temptations, none, I should good even from the evil if it should be
in store for you. The mere condemnation of principles which are dear to many of us should not cause us trouble ; that may give them strength and diffusion. If the ecclesiastical courts are established here or among you, they will assuredly introduce persecution; and persecution, now as of old, carries blessings with it. I think it seems to have had that effect upon one of the persons most interested in the Capetown controversy. I sympathized as little as you did with the Bishop of Natal, while I thought he was leading our people to question the worth of the Mosaic records, for I find in them the great testimonies to God as the Deliverer of a Nation, and the Author of its law. But I sympathized intensely with his mild and Christianlike “Remarks on the recent proceed ings of the Bishop of Capetown,” and of his “Letter to the Laity of the Diocese of Natal.” There are many passages in both to which I might take exception, but on the whole they seem to me manly and excellent protests against injustice and oppres. sion ; most opportune vindications of the liberty of the Church, as well as of the authority of the Queen.
I am anxious to bear that testimouy to you, because you will perceive from the tone of this letter how thoroughly I am convinced the Bible is now, as it was in past time, the great and effectual testimony on behalf of God's kingdoni and therefore of human freedom. Whatever weakens its power is, I am satisfied, injurious to both. But I am also satisfied that all inquiries will strengthen its power, and that ecclesiastical courts, under pretence of exalting it, will do all that in them lies to make it a dead letter, to crush it under their interpretations, to hide it from the people.
Let us try for this reason, and not for any fear of what they may do against us, to hinder their establishment. But let us resort to no election cries, no contrivances for bribing candidates and electors, or terrifying Prime Ministers. Those whose aim is to promote secularity in the clergy and laity will adopt such practices, to show that they are in earnest. Those who love God and His truth, I trust, will utterly despise them.
Yours very truly,
F. D. MAURICE
She filled. Not hours, not minutes left;
Each second a life's gone :
Little you know of broken hearts,
My Kitty, blithe and wise, Grave Mary, with the woman soul
Dawning through childish eyes. And long, long distant may God keep
The day when each shall know
His baptism of woe!
Which He permits to be ;
We talk of wrecks at sea.
Wakes soft o'er moor and dale,
A noble “fairy” tale.
Till, o'er this chaos of despair
Rose, like celestial breath, The law of order, discipline,
Obedience unto death.
The soldiers mustered upon deck,
As mute as on parade; “ Women and children to the boats !”
And not a man gainsaid.
Without a murmur or a moan
They stood, formed rank and file, Between the dreadful crystal seas
And the sky's dreadful smile.
In face of death they did their work
As they in life would do, Embarking at a quiet quay
A quiet, silent crew.
“Now each man for himself. To the
boats !" Arose a passing cry. The soldier-captain answered, “Swamp
The women and babes ?—No, die!”
'Twas six o'clock in the morning,
The sea like crystal lay, When the good troop-ship “Birkenhead”
Set sail from Simon's Bay. The Cape of Good Hope on her right
Gloomed at her through the noon : Brief tropic twilight fled, and night
Fell suddenly and soon.
Dim grew the pleasant land;
Its starry arch out-spanned.
Smoked, chatted ; and below
While on the ship sailed slow. Six hundred and thirty souls held she,
Good, bad, old, young, rich, poor ;
God knew them all. --Secure.
That held the hungering seas;
“ The Master hath need of these."
And so they died. Each in his place,
Obedient to command They went down with the sinking ship,
Went down in sight of land.
The great sea oped her mouth, and closed
O'er them. Awhile they trod The valley of the shadow of death,
And then were safe with God.
My little girlies—What ! your tears
Are dropping on the grass, Over my more than “ fairy” tale,
A tale that “really was !”
On, onward still the vessel went,
Till, with a sudden shock,
Nay, dry them. If we could but see
The joy in angels' eyes :
of pure self-sacrifice,